Aviation

air transportairflyingair transportationaviatorair trafficaviation industryflypowered flightAerial Transportation
Aviation, or air transport, refers to the activities surrounding mechanical flight and the aircraft industry.wikipedia
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Airplane

aeroplaneplaneairplanes
Aircraft includes fixed-wing and rotary-wing types, morphable wings, wing-less lifting bodies, as well as lighter-than-air craft such as balloons and airships.
The broad spectrum of uses for airplanes includes recreation, transportation of goods and people, military, and research.

Aircraft

heavier-than-airheavier-than-air flightheavier-than-air aircraft
Aviation, or air transport, refers to the activities surrounding mechanical flight and the aircraft industry.
The human activity that surrounds aircraft is called aviation.

Otto Lilienthal

LilienthalLilienthal, OttoGerman glider experiments
Some of the most significant advancements in aviation technology came with the controlled gliding flying of Otto Lilienthal in 1896; then a large step in significance came with the construction of the first powered airplane by the Wright brothers in the early 1900s.
Karl Wilhelm Otto Lilienthal (23 May 1848 – 10 August 1896) was a German pioneer of aviation who became known as the "flying man".

Alberto Santos-Dumont

Alberto Santos DumontSantos DumontSantos-Dumont
Early dirigible developments included machine-powered propulsion (Henri Giffard, 1852), rigid frames (David Schwarz, 1896) and improved speed and maneuverability (Alberto Santos-Dumont, 1901)
Alberto Santos-Dumont (20 July 1873 – 23 July 1932) was a Brazilian inventor and aviation pioneer, one of the very few people to have contributed significantly to the development of both lighter-than-air and heavier-than-air aircraft.

Clément Ader

Clement AderAderAder, Clement
The first recorded powered flight was carried out by Clément Ader on October 9, 1890 in his bat-winged, fully self-propelled fixed-wing aircraft, the Ader Éole.
He is remembered primarily for his pioneering work in aviation.

General aviation

general-aviationGAgeneral
After World War II, especially in North America, there was a boom in general aviation, both private and commercial, as thousands of pilots were released from military service and many inexpensive war-surplus transport and training aircraft became available.
General aviation (GA) represents the private transport and recreational flying component of aviation, as well as the manufacturing or building process of those aircraft.

Boeing 707

707Boeing 707-300Boeing 707-321B
By the 1950s, the development of civil jets grew, beginning with the de Havilland Comet, though the first widely used passenger jet was the Boeing 707, because it was much more economical than other aircraft at that time.
Dominating passenger air transport in the 1960s and remaining common through the 1970s, the 707 is generally credited with ushering in the Jet Age.

Abbas ibn Firnas

Ibn FirnasArmen Firmanmanned flight
Later, somewhat more credible claims of short-distance human flights appear, such as the winged flights of Abbas ibn Firnas (810–887), Eilmer of Malmesbury (11th century), and the hot-air Passarola of Bartholomeu Lourenço de Gusmão (1685–1724).
Ibn Firnas reportedly made an early attempt at aviation.

Ryanair

Ryan AirRyanair Flight 296Ryanair Holdings
At the same time, low-cost carriers such as Ryanair, Southwest and WestJet have flourished.
The airline has been characterised by its rapid expansion, a result of the deregulation of the aviation industry in Europe in 1997 and the success of its low-cost business model.

SpaceShipOne

Scaled Composites SpaceShipOneSpace Ship OneSpaceship One
On June 21, 2004, SpaceShipOne became the first privately funded aircraft to make a spaceflight, opening the possibility of an aviation market capable of leaving the Earth's atmosphere.
These are controlled using aviation-style stick and pedals.

George Cayley

Sir George CayleyCayleySir George Cayley's coachman
In 1799, Sir George Cayley set forth the concept of the modern airplane as a fixed-wing flying machine with separate systems for lift, propulsion, and control.

Fixed-wing aircraft

fixed-wingaircraftfixed wing
The first recorded powered flight was carried out by Clément Ader on October 9, 1890 in his bat-winged, fully self-propelled fixed-wing aircraft, the Ader Éole.

Freedoms of the air

open skiesOpen Skies Agreementfifth freedom
Since then, open skies agreements have resulted in increased competition and choice for consumers, coupled with falling prices for airlines.
Originally a shipping term, cabotage now covers aviation, railways and road transport.

Index of aviation articles

Aviation articles
Aviation is the design, development, production, operation, and use of aircraft, especially heavier-than-air aircraft.

Timeline of aviation

List of years in aviationhistory of manned flight
This is a timeline of aviation history, and a list of more detailed aviation timelines.

Aeronautics

aeronauticalaeronautaeronautic
The term "aviation" is sometimes used interchangeably with aeronautics, although "aeronautics" includes lighter-than-air craft such as airships, and includes ballistic vehicles while "aviation" technically does not.

Environmental impact of aviation

Aviation and the environmentAviationAviation and climate change
Despite emission reductions from automobiles and more fuel-efficient and less polluting turbofan and turboprop engines, the rapid growth of air travel in the past years contributes to an increase in total pollution attributable to aviation.

Radar

radar stationradarsradar system
Controllers may co-ordinate position reports provided by pilots, or in high traffic areas (such as the United States) they may use radar to see aircraft positions.
In aviation, aircraft can be equipped with radar devices that warn of aircraft or other obstacles in or approaching their path, display weather information, and give accurate altitude readings.

Flight

flyingflyflies
Aviation, or air transport, refers to the activities surrounding mechanical flight and the aircraft industry.

Helicopter

helicoptersrotorcraftchopper
Aircraft includes fixed-wing and rotary-wing types, morphable wings, wing-less lifting bodies, as well as lighter-than-air craft such as balloons and airships.

Aerostat

aerostatslighter than airenvelope
Aircraft includes fixed-wing and rotary-wing types, morphable wings, wing-less lifting bodies, as well as lighter-than-air craft such as balloons and airships.

Balloon (aeronautics)

balloonballoonistballoons
Aircraft includes fixed-wing and rotary-wing types, morphable wings, wing-less lifting bodies, as well as lighter-than-air craft such as balloons and airships.

Airship

dirigibleairshipsdirigibles
Aircraft includes fixed-wing and rotary-wing types, morphable wings, wing-less lifting bodies, as well as lighter-than-air craft such as balloons and airships.

Hot air balloon

hot-air balloonhot air balloonsballoon
Aviation began in the 18th century with the development of the hot air balloon, an apparatus capable of atmospheric displacement through buoyancy.