Avraham Danzig

Rabbi instructing children in 2004

Rabbi, posek (legal decisor) and codifier, best known as the author of the works of Jewish law called Chayei Adam and Chochmat Adam.

- Avraham Danzig

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Posek

Term in Jewish law for a "decisor", a legal scholar who determines the position of halakha, the Jewish religious laws derived from the written and Oral Torah in cases of Jewish law where previous authorities are inconclusive, or in those situations where no clear halakhic precedent exists.

Toledot HaPoskim, History of the Jewish Codes, by Chaim Tchernowitz.

Avraham Danzig (1748–1820), Chayei Adam

Chayei Adam

A full set of the Babylonian Talmud

Chayei Adam (חיי אדם "The Life of Man") is a work of Jewish law by Rabbi Avraham Danzig (1748–1820), dealing with the laws discussed in the Orach Chayim section of the Shulchan Aruch.

Yechezkel Landau

Influential authority in halakha (Jewish law).

He also established a yeshiva there; Avraham Danzig, author of Chayei Adam, is amongst his best known students.

Shulchan Aruch

Most widely consulted of the various legal codes in Judaism.

Rabbi Abraham Danzig was the first in the Lithuanian Jewish community to attempt a summary of the opinions in the above-mentioned works in his Chayei Adam and Chochmath Adam.

Acharonim

Acharonim (אחרונים Aḥaronim; sing.

Yosef Karo
Isaac Aboab da Fonseca
Shneur Zalman of Liadi
Naftali Zvi Yehuda Berlin
Israel Meir Kagan
Menachem Mendel Schneerson
Ovadia Yosef

Avraham Danzig (1748—1820; Chayei Adam; Chochmat Adam)

Halakha

Collective body of Jewish religious laws which is derived from the written and Oral Torah.

A full set of the Babylonian Talmud
Sefer Torah at Glockengasse Synagogue (museum exhibits), Cologne
Hasidim walk to the synagogue, Rehovot, Israel.
A mixed-gender, egalitarian Conservative service at Robinson's Arch, Western Wall
Set of Mishneh Torah
Shulchan Aruch HaRav
Peninei Halakha Set
An illuminated manuscript of Arba'ah Turim from 1435

Chayei Adam and Chochmat Adam by Avraham Danzig (Poland, 1748–1820) are similar Ashkenazi works; the first covers Orach Chaim, the second in large Yoreh De'ah, as well as laws from Even Ha'ezer and Choshen Mishpat pertinent to everyday life.

Hebrew language

Northwest Semitic language of the Afroasiatic language family.

The word HEBREW written in modern Hebrew language (top) and in Paleo-Hebrew alphabet (bottom)
The Shebna Inscription, from the tomb of a royal steward found in Siloam, dates to the 7th century BCE.
Hebrew script used in writing a Torah scroll. Note ornamental "crowns" on tops of certain letters.
Rashi script
A silver matchbox holder with inscription in Hebrew
Aleppo Codex: 10th century Hebrew Bible with Masoretic pointing (Joshua 1:1).
Kochangadi Synagogue in Kochi, India dated to 1344.
Eliezer Ben-Yehuda
Hebrew, Arabic and English multilingual signs on an Israeli highway
Dual language Hebrew and English keyboard
Academy of the Hebrew Language
Hebrew alphabet

For example, Rabbi Avraham Danzig wrote the Chayei Adam in Hebrew, as opposed to Yiddish, as a guide to Halacha for the "average 17-year-old" (Ibid.

Yaakov Lorberbaum

Rabbi and posek.

The West Germanic languages

Similarly, the Chochmat Adam, by Rabbi Avraham Danzig, was written in consultation with Lorberbaum (as well as Rabbi Chaim Volozhin).

Psalm 19

19th psalm in the Book of Psalms, beginning in English in the King James Version: "The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork."

David Composing the Psalms, Paris Psalter, 10th century

Verse 15 (in the Hebrew) is recited in several parts of the Jewish prayer service, including: at the conclusion of the Amidah; during the removal of the Torah scroll from the Ark on Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, and Yom Tov; as part of Selichos; and at the conclusion of Tefillah Zakah, a prayer for Yom Kippur eve.

History of the Jews in Gdańsk

Separated from the rest of the city.

Great Synagogue
Danzig's delegation at the 1st Maccabiah (1932)
Great Synagogue in spring 1939. The banner reads "Come, lovely May, and free us from the Jews"
New Synagogue in Gdańsk-Wrzeszcz

Avraham Danzig, Rabbi, author Chayei Adam