Axis mundi

world pillarmoundNavel of the Worldworld mountaincosmic mountainCosmic Treeholy mountainworld treeworld-treeanchor them to the planet's surface below
The axis mundi (also cosmic axis, world axis, world pillar, center of the world, world tree), in certain beliefs and philosophies, is the world center, or the connection between Heaven and Earth.wikipedia
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Heaven

celestialParadiseheavenly kingdom
The axis mundi (also cosmic axis, world axis, world pillar, center of the world, world tree), in certain beliefs and philosophies, is the world center, or the connection between Heaven and Earth.
Another belief is in an axis mundi or world tree which connects the heavens, the terrestrial world, and the underworld.

Maypole

maypole danceMay poleMaypole dancing
It may have the form of a natural object (a mountain, a tree, a vine, a stalk, a column of smoke or fire) or a product of human manufacture (a staff, a tower, a ladder, a staircase, a maypole, a cross, a steeple, a rope, a totem pole, a pillar, a spire).
Some scholars classify maypoles as symbols of the world axis (axis mundi).

Kunlun (mythology)

KunlunKunlun MountainMount Kunlun
Mount Kunlun fills a similar role in China. In addition to the Kunlun Mountains, where it is believed the peach tree of immortality is located, the Chinese folk religion recognizes four other specific mountains as pillars of the world.
The Kunlun or Kunlun Shan is a mountain or mountain range in Chinese mythology, an important symbol representing the axis mundi and divinity.

Skyscraper

skyscraperssupertallsupertall skyscraper
Its proximity to heaven may carry implications that are chiefly religious (pagoda, temple mount, minaret, church) or secular (obelisk, lighthouse, rocket, skyscraper).
The skyscraper, in name and social function, is a modern expression of the age-old symbol of the world center or axis mundi: a pillar that connects earth to heaven and the four compass directions to one another.

Cross

Greek crosscross symbolcross-crosslets fitchy
It may have the form of a natural object (a mountain, a tree, a vine, a stalk, a column of smoke or fire) or a product of human manufacture (a staff, a tower, a ladder, a staircase, a maypole, a cross, a steeple, a rope, a totem pole, a pillar, a spire).
"four elements" (Chevalier, 1997) or the cardinal points, or the unity of a vertical axis mundi or celestial pole with the horizontal world (Koch, 1955).

Black Hills

Black Hills of South DakotaBlack Hills, South DakotaPaha Sapa
Sioux beliefs take the Black Hills as the axis mundi.
Both the Sioux and Cheyenne also claimed rights to the land, saying that in their cultures, it was considered the axis mundi, or sacred center of the world.

Mircea Eliade

Eliade, MirceaEliadeAllan
In Mircea Eliade's opinion, "Every Microcosm, every inhabited region, has a Centre; that is to say, a place that is sacred above all."
A recurrent theme in Eliade's myth analysis is the axis mundi, the Center of the World.

Shamanism

shamanshamansshamanic
The axis mundi symbol may be found in cultures utilizing shamanic practices or animist belief systems, in major world religions, and in technologically advanced "urban centers".
Generally, shamans traverse the axis mundi and enter the "spirit world" by effecting a transition of consciousness, entering into an ecstatic trance, either autohypnotically or through the use of entheogens or ritual performances.

World tree

Cosmic TreeAustras koksgiant oak
Likewise, the ancient Greeks regarded several sites as places of earth's omphalos (navel) stone, notably the oracle at Delphi, while still maintaining a belief in a cosmic world tree and in Mount Olympus as the abode of the gods.

Mandala

mandalasmaṇḍalamandalic
The axis mundi is often associated with mandalas.
A mandala can also represent the entire universe, which is traditionally depicted with Mount Meru as the axis mundi in the center, surrounded by the continents.

Omphalos

Omphalos Stonecenter of the worldomphalus
Likewise, the ancient Greeks regarded several sites as places of earth's omphalos (navel) stone, notably the oracle at Delphi, while still maintaining a belief in a cosmic world tree and in Mount Olympus as the abode of the gods. The spot functions as the omphalos (navel), the world's point of beginning.

Mesoamerican world tree

World Treecentral world treeCosmic Tree
The Mesoamerican world tree connects the planes of the Underworld and the sky with that of the terrestrial realm.
In the Mesoamerican context, world trees embodied the four cardinal directions, which also serve to represent the fourfold nature of a central world tree, a symbolic axis mundi which connects the planes of the Underworld and the sky with that of the terrestrial realm.

Eight Pillars

eight mountain pillars
They are symbolically important as types of axis mundi and cosmology.

Bon

BönBonpoBon religion
Tradition also tells that he was born in the land of Tagzig Olmo Lung Ring (considered an axis mundi) which is traditionally identified as Mount Yung-drung Gu-tzeg (“Edifice of Nine Sauwastikas”), possibly Mount Kailash, in western Tibet.

Southeastern Ceremonial Complex

Mississippian Ideological Interaction SphereS.E.C.C.Braden style
It is also a central tenet in the Southeastern Ceremonial Complex.
These three worlds were connected by an axis mundi, usually portrayed as a cedar tree or a striped pole reaching from the Under World to the Over World.

Serpent (symbolism)

serpentserpentsserpentine
A special status accrues to the thing suspended: a serpent, a victim of crucifixion or hanging, a rod, a fruit, mistletoe.
Sometimes the Tree of Life is represented (in a combination with similar concepts such as the World Tree and Axis mundi or "World Axis") by a staff such as those used by shamans.

Tree of life

The Tree of Lifeholy treeLife
The Tree of Life and the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil in Genesis present two aspects of the same image.
World trees embodied the four cardinal directions, which represented also the fourfold nature of a central world tree, a symbolic axis mundi connecting the planes of the Underworld and the sky with that of the terrestrial world.

Chinese folk religion

ChineseChinese religionChinese traditional religion
In addition to the Kunlun Mountains, where it is believed the peach tree of immortality is located, the Chinese folk religion recognizes four other specific mountains as pillars of the world.
The Yellow God (黃神 Huángshén) or "Yellow God of the Northern Dipper" (黃神北斗 Huángshén Běidǒu) is of peculiar importance, as he is a form of the universal God (Tian or Shangdi) symbolising the axis mundi (Kunlun), or the intersection between the Three Patrons and the Five Deities, that is the center of the cosmos.

Sampo

a magical artifactThe Sampo
The Sampo has been interpreted in many ways: a world pillar or world tree, a compass or astrolabe, a chest containing a treasure, a Byzantine coin die, a decorated Vendel period shield, a Christian relic, etc. In the Kalevala, compiler Lönnrot interpreted it to be a quern or mill of some sort that made flour, salt, and gold out of thin air.

Mount Kailash

KailashKailasaKailas
Mount Kailash is holy to Hinduism and several religions in Tibet.
Bön, a religion native to Tibet, maintain that the entire mystical region and Kailash, which they call the "nine-story Swastika Mountain", is the axis mundi, Tagzig Olmo Lung Ring.

Lingam

lingaShivalingaShiva Linga
To some Shaivites, it symbolizes the axis of the universe.

Rehue

It is a Mapuche representation of the axis mundi or shamanic world tree symbolising connection with the various levels of the cosmos and utilised as such by the machi (Mapuche shamans).

Hill of Uisneach

UisnechUisneachLoch Lugborta
It is seen as a kind of omphalos or axis mundi of Ireland, a meeting place between the Earth and the Otherworld and the source of creation.

Potomitan

The potomitan constitutes a ritual representation, in a specifically Haitian context, of the axis mundi and, more specifically the world tree.