A report on RishabhanathaJainism and Ayodhya

Idol of Lord Rishabhdeva at Palitana Tirth, Gujarat
The hand symbolizes Ahiṃsā, the wheel dharmachakra, the resolve to halt saṃsāra (transmigration).
Terracotta image of Jain Tirthankar dated fourth century BCE excavated from Ayodhya
Rishabha with mother Marudevi at Palitana
Classification of Saṃsāri Jīvas (transmigrating souls) in Jainism
Gold carving depiction of the legendary Ayodhya at the Ajmer Jain temple
Janma kalyāṇaka from the Kalpa Sutra, c. 14th–15th Century CE
Lord Neminatha, Akota Bronzes (7th century)
The Dhanadeva-Ayodhya inscription, first-century BC
Ruins of ancient Jain settlement from 2nd century BCE in Kankali Tila, Mathura depicting the scene of Nilanjana's Dance from life of Lord Rishabhdeva.
Jain miniature painting of 24 tirthankaras, Jaipur, c. 1850
Coin of ruler Muladeva, of the Deva dynasty minted in Ayodhya, Kosala. Obv: Muladevasa, elephant to left facing symbol. Rev: Wreath, above symbol, below snake.
Statuary representing meditation by Rishabhanatha in Kayotsarga posture. (Photo:Ajmer Jain temple)
Jain temple painting explaining Anekantavada with Blind men and an elephant
Ayodhya in 1785 as seen from river Ghaghara; painting by William Hodges. It depicts the Svargadvar Ghat. A mosque of Aurangzeb period in the background.
Rishabhanatha's moving over lotus after attaining omniscience
A Jain monk in meditation, wearing the characteristic white robe and face covering
United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, showing 'Ajodhia', 1903 map
Mount Kailash or Ashtapad, the Nirvana place of Rishabhdeva.
Nishidhi stone, depicting the vow of sallekhana, 14th century, Karnataka
Deepawali being celebrated at Ram ki Paidi ghat on the banks of Sarayu river in Ayodhya
Svetambara iconography of Rishabhanatha, in which he is identified by the bull stamped or carved below his feet. On the center of his chest is a shrivatsa.
Praying at the feet of a statue of Bahubali
Panoramic view of Ram ki Paidi ghat
Carving at Ambika Gumpha, Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves, 2nd century BCE
Jain worship may include ritual offerings and recitals.
Hanuman Garhi Temple
The famous 15 ft "Bade Baba" idol at Bade Baba temple, Kundalpur
Celebrating Das Lakshana (Paryushana), Jain Center of America, New York City
Sant Sri Paltds Temple
Palitana temples
The birth of Mahavira, from the Kalpa Sūtra (c.1375–1400 CE)
Sign board of Ayodhya Junction railway station
Statue of Ahimsa, Maharashtra, {{convert|108|feet}}
Kanak Bhavan Temple dedicated to Rama and his consort Sita is in the centre of Ayodhya.
Bawangaja, Madhya Pradesh, {{convert|84|feet}}
Idol of Suparśvanātha
Ayodhya Ghaat on the bank Ghaghara river
The {{convert|58.4|feet}} colossal at Gopachal Hill
A symbol to represent the Jain community was chosen in 1975 as part of the commemoration of the 2,500th anniversary of Mahavira’s nirvana.
Ghaghra river, locally known as Saryu, at Faizabad
The {{convert|45|feet}} tall rock cut idol at Chanderi
Rishabhdev, believed to have lived over 592.704×1018 years ago, is considered the traditional founder of Jainism.
Hanuman Garhi temple. A young priest is operating the Darshan system.
{{convert|31|feet}} statue made up of Ashtadhatu, Trilok Teerth Dham
The ruins of Gori Jain temples in Nagarparkar, Pakistan, a pilgrimage site before 1947.
Vijayraghav Mandir, Ayodhya
The {{convert|25|feet}} idol at Dadabari, Kota
Ranakpur Jain Temple
Steps on the bank of the Ghaghara
Ranakpur Jain temple, Ranakpur, Rajasthan
Dilwara Temples
Adinatha temple, Khajuraho, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Parshvanath Temple in Khajuraho
Vimal Vasahi, Dilwara temples
Girnar Jain temples
Panchakuta Basadi
Jal Mandir, Pawapuri
Lodhurva Jain temple
Palitana temples
Saavira Kambada Basadi, Moodbidri, Karnataka
Jain temple, Antwerp, Belgium
Brahma Jinalaya, Lakkundi
Hutheesing Jain Temple

Rishabhanatha, also ' (ऋषभदेव), Rishabhadeva, ' or Ikshvaku is the first Tīrthaṅkara (Supreme preacher) of Jainism and establisher of Ikshvaku dynasty.

- Rishabhanatha

Jainism traces its spiritual ideas and history through the succession of twenty-four Tirthankaras (supreme preachers of Dharma), with the first in the current time cycle being Rishabhadeva, whom the tradition holds to have lived millions of years ago; the twenty-third tirthankara Parshvanatha, whom historians date to 9th century BCE; and the twenty-fourth tirthankara, Mahavira around 600 BCE.

- Jainism

According to traditional accounts, he was born to king Nabhi and queen Marudevi in the north Indian city of Ayodhya, also called Vinita.

- Rishabhanatha

The Jain texts also describe it as the birthplace of five tirthankaras namely, Rishabhanatha, Ajitanatha, Abhinandananatha, Sumatinath and Anantnath, and associate it with the legendary Bharata Chakravarti.

- Ayodhya

The ninth century Jain poem Adi Purana also states that Ayodhya "does not exist by name alone but by the merit" of being unconquerable by enemies.

- Ayodhya

Puranakshetra – Places associated with the lives of great men, such as: Ayodhya, Vidisha, Hastinapur, and Rajgir.

- Jainism
Idol of Lord Rishabhdeva at Palitana Tirth, Gujarat

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Rama holding arrows


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Major deity in Hinduism.

Major deity in Hinduism.

Rama holding arrows
Gold carving depiction of the legendary Ayodhya at the Ajmer Jain temple
Rama is portrayed in Hindu arts and texts as a compassionate person who cares for all living beings.
Rama Raj Tilak from Ramayana
The Rama story is carved into stone as an 8th-century relief artwork in the largest Shiva temple of the Ellora Caves, suggesting its importance to the Indian society by then.
1870 painting on mica entitled, Incarnation of Vishnu
Valmiki composing the Ramayana.
Rama (left third from top) depicted in the Dashavatara (ten incornations) of Vishnu. Painting from Jaipur, now at the Victoria and Albert Museum.
Rama (Yama) and Sita (Thida) in Yama Zatdaw, the Burmese version of the Ramayana
A 5th century terracotta sculpture depicting Rama
In Northern, Central and Western states of India, the Ramlila play is enacted during Navratri by rural artists (above).
Rama's story is a major part of the artistic reliefs found at Angkor Wat, Cambodia. Large sequences of Ramayana reliefs are also found in Java, Indonesia.
The UNESCO World Heritage Site of Hampi monuments in Karnataka, built by the Vijayanagara Empire, includes a major Rama temple. Its numerous wall reliefs tell the life story of Rama.
Rama Temple at Ramtek (10th century, restored). A medieval inscription here calls Rama as Advaitavadaprabhu or "Lord of the Advaita doctrine".
Rama, along with his younger brother Lakshmana and wife Sita, exiled to the forest.
Rama in Forest
Ravana's sister Suparnakha attempts to seduce Rama and cheat on Sita. He refuses and spurns her (above).
Ravana kidnapping Sita while Jatayu on the left tried to help her. 9th-century Prambanan bas-relief, Java, Indonesia.
Hanuman meets Rama in the forest.
Sita Boomi Pravesh

Rama is said to have been born to Kaushalya and Dasharatha in Ayodhya, the ruler of the Kingdom of Kosala.

Rama legends are also found in the texts of Jainism and Buddhism, though he is sometimes called Pauma or Padma in these texts, and their details vary significantly from the Hindu versions.

Dasharatha was the king of Kosala, and a part of the solar dynasty of Iksvakus.