Topographic map of Jammu and Kashmir, with visible altitude for the Kashmir valley and Jammu region.
Verinag Spring is a major source of Jhelum River
A high-altitude alpine lake in the Himalayan range in Jammu and Kashmir
A passenger traversing the river precariously seated in a small suspended cradle Circa 1900
Jammu and Kashmir union territory (J and K) is bordered in carmine colour. Ladakh union territory (L) is bordered in blue colour.
Landscape of Azad Kashmir
Jhelum river, Baramullah, Kashmir, 1880s
Srinagar railway station
Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification
Jhelum River c. 1900; photo taken by Eugene Whitehead Esq.
NH1 near Sonamarg
Paddy field in Leepa valley
Jhelum River at Uri in Kashmir, 1903
University of Kashmir during autumn
A 1946 map of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir; present-day Azad Kashmir constitutes areas of the three western-most districts
Rope Bridge at Karli, 1908
The Jammu and Kashmir High Court on postal stamps of India
Muzaffarabad, the capital city of Azad Kashmir
Bridge over the river, Srinagar, 1969
Apples of Kashmir are famous for their taste
Bagh City
Jhelum river near Muzaffarabad (2014)
Boteh from an Antique Kashmiri Dochalla Shawl
Districts of Azad Kashmir
File:River Jehlum, Muzaffarabad
Inauguration of the first Khelo India Winter Games
Kotla, Bagh District
Near Muzaffarabad, 2014
Vaishno Devi Temple in winter
Neelum Valley is a tourist destination in Azad Kashmir.
The Jhelum at Verinag, 2014
Shalimar Gardens
Munda Gali, Leepa Valley
Jhelum River at Jhelum City, 2005
Dal Lake
Mirpur University of Science and Technology
Amarnath Cave

The Line of Control separates Jammu and Kashmir from the Pakistani-administered territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan in the west and north.

- Jammu and Kashmir (union territory)

It originates at Verinag and flows through the Indian administered territory of Jammu and Kashmir, to the Pakistani-administered territory of Azad Kashmir, and then into the Pakistani province of Punjab.

- Jhelum River

On its eastern side, Azad Kashmir is separated from the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir (part of Indian-administered Kashmir) by the Line of Control (LoC), which serves as the de facto border between the Indian- and Pakistani-controlled parts of Kashmir.

- Azad Kashmir

This valley has an average height of 1850 m above sea-level, but the surrounding Pir Panjal range has an average elevation of 10000 ft. The Jhelum River is the major Himalayan river which flows through the Kashmir valley.

- Jammu and Kashmir (union territory)

During the summer season, monsoon floods of the rivers Jhelum and Leepa are common due to extreme rains and snow melting.

- Azad Kashmir

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Political map of the Kashmir region, showing the Pir Panjal range and the Kashmir Valley or Vale of Kashmir


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Northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent.

Northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent.

Political map of the Kashmir region, showing the Pir Panjal range and the Kashmir Valley or Vale of Kashmir
Pahalgam Valley, Kashmir
Nanga Parbat in Kashmir, the ninth-highest mountain on Earth, is the western anchor of the Himalayas
Map of India in 1823, showing the territories of the Sikh empire (northermost, in green) including the region of Kashmir
1909 Map of the Princely State of Kashmir and Jammu. The names of regions, important cities, rivers, and mountains are underlined in red.
The prevailing religions by district in the 1901 Census of the Indian Empire
A white border painted on a suspended bridge delineates Azad Kashmir from Jammu and Kashmir
Topographic map of Kashmir
K2, a peak in the Karakoram range, is the second highest mountain in the world
The Indus River system
Large Kashmir Durbar Carpet (detail), 2021 photo. "Durbar", in this context, means Royal or Chiefly.
A Muslim shawl-making family shown in Cashmere shawl manufactory, 1867, chromolithograph, William Simpson
A group of Pandits, or Brahmin priests, in Kashmir, photographed by an unknown photographer in the 1890s
Brokpa women from Kargil, northern Ladakh, in local costumes

Today, the term encompasses a larger area that includes the Indian-administered territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh, the Pakistani-administered territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan, and the Chinese-administered territories of Aksai Chin and the Trans-Karakoram Tract.

Kashmir is traversed by three rivers namely Indus, Jehlum and Chenab.