Azerbaijan

Republic of AzerbaijanAzerbaijan RepublicAZEAzerbaijaniAzeriAzerbaijani Republicrestoration of independence of AzerbaijanAzerbaidjanAzerisAZ
Azerbaijan (, ; Azərbaycan ), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azərbaycan Respublikası ), is a country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia.wikipedia
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Iran

PersiaIslamic Republic of IranIranian
It is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south. The exclave of Nakhchivan is bounded by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, and has an long border with Turkey in the northwest.
Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq.

Enclave and exclave

exclaveenclaveexclaves
The exclave of Nakhchivan is bounded by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, and has an long border with Turkey in the northwest.
The Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan is an example of an exclave.

Georgia (country)

GeorgiaGeorgianRepublic of Georgia
It is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south.
Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan.

Russia

Russian FederationRUSRussian
It is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south.
From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea.

Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic

NakhchivanNakhichevanNakhichevan Autonomous Republic
The exclave of Nakhchivan is bounded by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, and has an long border with Turkey in the northwest.
The Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic (Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası, ) is a landlocked exclave of the Republic of Azerbaijan, The region covers 5500 km2 with a population of 414,900, bordering Armenia (border 221 km) to the east and north, Iran (border 179 km) to the south and west, and Turkey (border 8 km) to the northwest.

Armenia

ArmenianRepublic of ArmeniaARM
It is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south.
on the Armenian Highlands, it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and Azerbaijan's exclave of Nakhchivan to the south.

Turkey

TurkishRepublic of TurkeyTUR
The exclave of Nakhchivan is bounded by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, and has an long border with Turkey in the northwest.
Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to its northwest; Georgia to its northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south.

Armenian-controlled territories surrounding Nagorno-Karabakh

its surrounding territoriessome of the surrounding areasurrounding occupied regions
The region and seven adjacent districts outside it became de facto independent with the end of the Nagorno-Karabakh War in 1994.
The Armenian-controlled territories surrounding Nagorno-Karabakh are areas formally part of Azerbaijan and situated outside the former Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast, which are since the end of the Nagorno Karabakh War controlled by the military forces of the de facto Republic of Artsakh supported by Armenia.

List of Turkic dynasties and countries

Turkic countriesTurkic statesList of Turkic states and empires
It is one of six independent Turkic states and an active member of the Turkic Council and the TÜRKSOY community.

Nagorno-Karabakh

Nagorno KarabakhArtsakhKarabakh
In September 1991, the Armenian majority of the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region seceded to form the Republic of Artsakh.
Nagorno-Karabakh is a disputed territory, internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan, but most of the region is governed by the Republic of Artsakh (formerly named Nagorno-Karabakh Republic), a de facto independent state with Armenian ethnic majority established on the basis of the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic.

Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic

Azerbaijan SSRAzerbaijani SSRAzerbaijan
In 1920 the country was incorporated into the Soviet Union as the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic.
On 5 February 1991, Azerbaijan SSR was renamed the Republic of Azerbaijan according to the Decision No.16-XII of Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan approving the Decree of the President of Azerbaijan SSR dated 29 November 1990, remaining in the USSR for another period before its independence in October 1991.

GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development

GUAMOrganization for Democracy and Economic DevelopmentOrganization for Democracy and Economic Development (GUAM)
It is one of the founding members of GUAM, the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons.
The GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development is a regional organization of four post-Soviet states: Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, and Moldova.

New Azerbaijan Party

YAP New Azerbaijan Party Yeni Azerbaijan Party
However, the ruling party, the New Azerbaijan Party, has been accused of authoritarianism and human rights abuses.
The New Azerbaijan Party (Yeni Azərbaycan Partiyası, YAP) is the ruling political party in Azerbaijan.

Persians

PersianIranianPersian people
According to a modern etymology, the term Azerbaijan derives from that of Atropates, a Persian satrap under the Achaemenid Empire, who was later reinstated as the satrap of Media under Alexander the Great.
In contemporary terminology, people of Persian heritage native specifically to present-day Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan are referred to as Tajiks, whereas those in the Caucasus (primarily in the present-day Republic of Azerbaijan and the Russian federal subject of Dagestan), albeit heavily assimilated, are referred to as Tats.

Musavat

Musavat PartyEquality PartyMüsavat
The name Azerbaijan was first adopted for the area of the present-day Republic of Azerbaijan by the government of Musavat in 1918, after the collapse of the Russian Empire, when the independent Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was established.
The Müsavat Party (Müsavat Partiyası, from Arabic مساواة musāwāt, meaning "equality, parity", Equality Party) is the oldest existing political party in Azerbaijan.

Caucasian Albania

AlbaniaArranAlbanian
Caucasian Albanians, the original inhabitants of northeastern Azerbaijan, ruled that area from around the 4th century BC, and established an independent kingdom. The Sasanian Empire turned Caucasian Albania into a vassal state in 252, while King Urnayr officially adopted Christianity as the state religion in the 4th century.
"Caucasian Albania" is a modern exonym for a former state located in ancient times in the Caucasus: mostly in what is now western Azerbaijan (where both of its capitals were located) and southern Dagestan.

Unitary state

Unitaryunitary republicunitary government
Azerbaijan is a unitary semi-presidential republic.

Turkic Council

Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking StatesCooperation Council of Turkic-Speaking States (Turkic Council)
It is one of six independent Turkic states and an active member of the Turkic Council and the TÜRKSOY community.
The member countries are Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkey.

Shirvan

Shirvan StyleEtymology of the park's nameSharvan
Until then, the designation had been used exclusively to identify the adjacent region of contemporary northwestern Iran, while the area of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was formerly referred to as Arran and Shirvan.
Today, the region is an industrially and agriculturally developed part of the Azerbaijan Republic that stretches between the western shores of the Caspian Sea and the Kura River, centered on the Shirvan Plain.

International Organization of Turkic Culture

TÜRKSOYTURKSOYJoint Administration of Turkic Arts and Culture
It is one of six independent Turkic states and an active member of the Turkic Council and the TÜRKSOY community.
The organization has its roots in meetings during 1992 in Baku and Istanbul, where the ministers of culture from Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkey, and Turkmenistan declared their commitment to cooperate in a joint cultural framework.

List of countries by unemployment rate

Unemployment rateunemployment rates6.9
It has a high rate of economic development and literacy, as well as a low rate of unemployment.

Sasanian Empire

SassanidSasanianSassanid Empire
The Sasanian Empire turned Caucasian Albania into a vassal state in 252, while King Urnayr officially adopted Christianity as the state religion in the 4th century.
At its greatest extent, the Sasanian Empire encompassed all of today's Iran, Iraq, Eastern Arabia (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatif, Qatar, UAE), the Levant (Syria, Palestine, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan), the Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Republic of Azerbaijan, Dagestan), Egypt, large parts of Turkey, much of Central Asia (Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan), Yemen and Pakistan.

Constitution of Azerbaijan

ConstitutionConstitution of Azerbaijan RepublicConstitution of the Azerbaijan Republic
While more than 89% of the population is Shia Muslim, the Constitution of Azerbaijan does not declare an official religion and all major political forces in the country are secularist.
It carries the "highest legal force" in Azerbaijan as per article 147.

Azerbaijani language

AzerbaijaniAzeriAzeri Turkish
The pre-Turkic population that lived on the territory of modern Azerbaijan spoke several Indo-European and Caucasian languages, among them Armenian and an Iranian language, Old Azeri, which was gradually replaced by a Turkic language, the early precursor of the Azerbaijani language of today.
Azerbaijani or Azeri, sometimes also Azerbaijani Turkic or less commonly referred to as Azerbaijani Turkish, is a term referring to two Turkic lects (North Azerbaijani and South Azerbaijani) that are spoken primarily by the Azerbaijanis, who live mainly in the Republic of Azerbaijan and Iran.

Tat people (Caucasus)

TatsTatTat people
Some linguists have also stated that the Tati dialects of Iranian Azerbaijan and the Republic of Azerbaijan, like those spoken by the Tats, are descended from Old Azeri.
The Tat people (also: Tati, Parsi, Daghli, Lohijon) are an Iranian people, presently living within Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Russia (mainly Southern Dagestan).