Będzin

Medieval Holy Trinity Church
19th-century view of the Będzin Castle
Early 20th-century view of Będzin
Pre-war tenement houses in Będzin
Mizrachi Synagogue

City in Zagłębie Dąbrowskie, southern Poland.

- Będzin

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Dąbrowa Basin

Geographical and historical region in southern Poland.

EC Będzin power-plant and panorama
Defensive castle in Będzin from the Middle Ages
The memorial forest in memory of the Jews of Zagłębie, near the city of Modiin in Israel

Apart from the three main cultural and industrial centres of the area (Dąbrowa Górnicza, Sosnowiec and Będzin), the region also includes a number of smaller cities.

Dąbrowa Górnicza

City in Zagłębie Dąbrowskie, southern Poland, near Katowice and Sosnowiec.

Basilica of Saint Mary of the Angels
Memorial to local miners who were murdered by the Germans in Auschwitz
City Library
Voivodeship road 910 in city centre
"Zielona" Park
"Nemo" Waterpark
Municipal Office

At the same time it borders the cities and towns of Sosnowiec, Będzin, Siewierz and Sławków.

Silesian Voivodeship

Voivodeship, or province, in southern Poland, centered on the historic region known as Upper Silesia (Górny Śląsk), with Katowice serving as its capital.

Pless Castle in Pszczyna
Katowice is the capital of the Silesian Voivodeship
Jasna Góra in Częstochowa is the holiest Roman Catholic shrine in Poland
Gliwice, one of the oldest cities in Silesia
Bielsko-Biała is a major industrial, transport and touristic hub
Terminal A at Katowice International Airport
Silesian Regional Assembly
Little Beskids Landscape Park

Among the last ones the Southern part was included in Kraków Voivodeship Żywiec (Saybusch), Wilamowice (Wilmesau), Biała Krakowska (Biala) and Jaworzno), and the North Western part Będzin (Bendzin), Dąbrowa Górnicza (Dombrowa), Sosnowiec (Sosnowitz), Częstochowa (Tschenstochau), Myszków, Szczekociny (Schtschekotzin), Zawiercie, Sławków) belonged to Kielce Voivodeship.

Kraków Voivodeship (14th century – 1795)

Kraków Voivodeship 1300–1795 (Palatinatus Cracoviensis, Województwo Krakowskie) – a unit of administrative division and local government in the Kingdom of Poland from the 14th century to the partitions of Poland in 1772–1795 (see History of Poland during the Piast dynasty, Kingdom of Poland (1385–1569), and Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth).

Kraków Voivodeship in
the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1635.
Kraków Voivodeship in
the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1635.
Administrative division at the end of the 16th century

Among cities and towns of contemporary Poland, which were part of Kraków Voivodeship, are Będzin, Biała, Bochnia, Brzesko, Częstochowa, Dąbrowa Górnicza, Jasło, Jaworzno, Jędrzejów, Krzepice, Kłobuck, Miechów, Nowy Sącz, Nowy Targ, Oświęcim, Sosnowiec, Szczekociny, Zakopane, Zator, Zawiercie, and Żywiec.

Czeladź

Town in Zagłębie Dąbrowskie , in southern Poland, near Katowice and Sosnowiec.

Pod Filarami Palace
Fountain in front of Saturn Palace
Saint Stanislaus Church

The area of Czeladź is 16 km2, and it borders Będzin, Sosnowiec, Katowice and Siemianowice Śląskie.

Katowice Voivodeship

Katowice Voivodeship (województwo katowickie) can refer to one of two political entities in Poland:

Katowice Voivodeship

Będzin (63,100);

Nazi crimes against the Polish nation

Crimes against the Polish nation committed by Nazi Germany and Axis collaborationist forces during the invasion of Poland, along with auxiliary battalions during the subsequent occupation of Poland in World War II, consisted of the murder of millions of ethnic Poles and the systematic extermination of Jewish Poles.

Execution of ethnic Poles by German SS Einsatzkommando soldiers in Leszno, October 1939
Photos from The Black Book of Poland, published in London in 1942 by Polish government-in-exile.
A mass execution of 56 hostages in Bochnia near Kraków, 18 December 1939. In Palmiry, about 1,700 Poles were murdered in secret executions between 7 December 1939, and 17 July 1941
Announcement of execution of 100 Polish hostages as revenge for assassination of 5 German policemen and 1 SS-man by Armia Krajowa (quote: a Polish "terrorist organization in British service"). Warsaw, 2 October 1943
Expulsion of Poles from villages in the Zamość Region by German SS soldiers, December 1942
Stutthof concentration camp set up in September 1939; the first Nazi facility of its kind built outside of Germany; eventually 65,000 Polish prisoners were murdered in the camp
Czesława Kwoka-one of many Polish children murdered in Auschwitz by the Nazis
German notice from 30 September 1939 in occupied Poland, warning of the death penalty for refusal to work during harvest
Łapanka – Polish civilian hostages captured by German soldiers on the street, September 1939
Roll-call for 8-year-old girls at the child labour camp in Dzierżązna, set up as a sub-camp of the concentration camp for Polish children, adjacent to the Łódź Ghetto
German public execution of Polish civilians, Łódź, The Black Book of Poland, published in London in 1942 by Polish government-in-exile.
German public execution of Poles, Kraków, 26 June 1942
Bydgoszcz 1939 Polish priests and civilians at the Old Market, 9 September 1939
Polish Jews pulled from a bunker by German troops; Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, 1943
Polish civilians murdered by German SS troops, during the Warsaw Uprising, August 1944

In Imielin (4–5 September), 28 Poles were murdered; in Kajetanowice (5 September), 72 civilians were massacred in revenge for two German horses killed by German friendly fire; Trzebinia (5 September), 97 Polish citizens; Piotrków (5 September), Jewish section of the city was set on fire; Będzin (8 September), two hundred civilians burned to death; about 300 were shot to death in Turek (9 September) Klecko (9–10 September), three hundred citizens executed; Mszadla (10 September), 153 Poles; Gmina Besko (11 September), 21 Poles; Kowalewice (11 September), 23 Poles; Pilica (12 September); 36 Poles, 32 of them Jewish; Olszewo (13 September), 13 people (half of the village) from Olszewo and 10 from nearby Pietkowo including women and children stabbed by bayonets, shot, blown up by grenades, and burned alive in a barn; Mielec (13 September), 55 Jews burned to death; Piątek (13 September), 50 Poles, seven of them Jews.

Auschwitz concentration camp

Complex of over 40 concentration and extermination camps operated by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland (in a portion annexed into Germany in 1939) during World War II and the Holocaust.

Detailed map of Buna Werke, Monowitz, and nearby subcamps
Heinrich Himmler (second left) visits the IG Farben plant in Auschwitz III, July 1942.
Auschwitz I, 2009
Auschwitz clothing
Freight car inside Auschwitz II-Birkenau, near the gatehouse, used to transport deportees, 2014
Latrine in the men's quarantine camp, sector BIIa, Auschwitz II, 2003
Block 10, Auschwitz I, where medical experiments were performed on women
Defendants during the Doctors' trial, Nuremberg, 1946–1947
Block 11 and (left) the "death wall", Auschwitz I, 2000
The "death wall" showing the death-camp flag, the blue-and-white stripes with a red triangle signifying the Auschwitz uniform of political prisoners.
Romani children, Mulfingen, Germany, 1943; the children were studied by Eva Justin and later sent to Auschwitz.
A reconstruction of crematorium I, Auschwitz I, 2014
Entrance to crematorium III, Auschwitz II, 2008
One of the Sonderkommando photographs: Women on their way to the gas chamber, Auschwitz II, August 1944
New arrivals, Auschwitz II-Birkenau, May/June 1944
Captain Witold Pilecki
The camp badge for non-Jewish Polish political prisoners
Telegram dated 8 April 1944 from KL Auschwitz reporting the escape of Rudolf Vrba and Alfréd Wetzler
Aerial view of Auschwitz II-Birkenau taken by the RAF on 23 August 1944
Sonderkommando member Zalmen Gradowski, pictured with his wife, Sonia, buried his notebooks near crematorium III. Sonia Gradowski was gassed on 8 December 1942.
Ruins of crematorium IV, Auschwitz II, blown up during the revolt
Gallows in Auschwitz I where Rudolf Höss was executed on 16 April 1947
Camp of Death pamphlet (1942) by Natalia Zarembina<ref>{{harvnb|Fleming|2014|p=194}}; {{harvnb|Zarembina|Harriman|1944}}.</ref>
Halina Krahelska report from Auschwitz Oświęcim, pamiętnik więźnia ("Auschwitz: Diary of a prisoner"), 1942.{{sfn|Krahelska|1985}}

Designated as Aussenlager (external camp), Nebenlager (extension camp), Arbeitslager (labor camp), or Aussenkommando (external work detail), camps were built at Blechhammer, Jawiszowice, Jaworzno, Lagisze, Mysłowice, Trzebinia, and as far afield as the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia in Czechoslovakia.

Royal city in Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth

Urban settlement within the crown lands (królewszczyzna).

Medal commemorating the Law on the Cities
Warsaw in the 18th century
Gdańsk in the 16th century
Poznań in the 17th century
Elbląg in the 18th century
Toruń in the 17th century
Kraków, Kleparz and Kazimierz in the 17th century - agglomeration of three royal cities
Lviv in the 17th century
Lublin in the 17th century
Kamianets-Podilskyi in the 17th century
Przemyśl in the 17th century
Sandomierz in the 17th century
Chełm in the 18th century
Biecz in the 17th century
Lutsk in the 18th century
Vilnius in the 17th century
Grodno in the 16th century
Kaunas in the 17th century
Brest in the 17th century
Mogilev in the 18th century
Trakai in the 17th century
Wawel Castle, Kraków (World Heritage Site)
Royal Castle, Warsaw (World Heritage Site)
Royal Castle, Lublin
Royal Castle, Sandomierz
Royal Castle, Łęczyca
Royal Castle, Będzin
Royal Castle, Sanok
Royal Castle, Poznań
Royal Castle, Tykocin
Remainings of the Royal Castle, Nowy Sącz
Remainings of the Royal Castle, Olsztyn
Remainings of the Royal Castle, Kremenets
Royal Castle, Piotrków Trybunalski
Old Grodno Castle
Green Gate, Gdańsk
Kraków Old Town (World Heritage Site)
Warsaw Old Town (World Heritage Site)
Medieval Town of Toruń (World Heritage Site)
Vilnius Old Town (World Heritage Site)
Lviv Old Town (World Heritage Site)
Poznań Old Town
Gdańsk Main City
Lublin Old Town
Bydgoszcz Old Town
Sandomierz Old Town

Będzin

Province of Upper Silesia

Province of the Free State of Prussia from 1919 to 1945.

Upper Silesia (red) within the Free State of Prussia (yellow).
Province of Upper Silesia during World War II, composed of merged German and Polish territories.
Upper Silesia (red) within the Free State of Prussia (yellow).
Government building in Oppeln, 1930s

1) Landkreis Bendsburg