BP

British PetroleumBP plcBP AustraliaBP AmericaBritish Petroleum CompanyAnglo-Persian Oil CompanyBP AmocoBP OilBP Alternative EnergyBP Chemicals Ltd
BP plc (formerly The British Petroleum Company plc, British Petroleum and BP Amoco plc) is a British multinational oil and gas company headquartered in London, England.wikipedia
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Deepwater Horizon oil spill

Deepwater Horizon'' oil spillBP oil spillGulf oil spill
The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill, the largest accidental release of oil into marine waters in history, resulted in severe environmental, health and economic consequences, and serious legal and public relations repercussions for BP. 1.8 MUSgal of Corexit oil dispersant were used in the cleanup response, becoming the largest application of such chemicals in US history.
The Deepwater Horizon oil spill (also referred to as the BP oil spill/leak, the BP oil disaster, the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, and the Macondo blowout) is an industrial disaster that began on April 20, 2010, in the Gulf of Mexico on the BP-operated Macondo Prospect, considered to be the largest marine oil spill in the history of the petroleum industry and estimated to be 8% to 31% larger in volume than the previous largest, the Ixtoc I oil spill, also in the Gulf of Mexico.

FTSE 100 Index

FTSE 100FTSEFTSE 100 Component
BP has a primary listing on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.
Britoil (acquired by BP)

List of largest companies by revenue

19th in the worldby revenuecompanies with the largest income
It is one of the world's seven oil and gas "supermajors", whose performance in 2012 made it the world's sixth-largest oil and gas company, the sixth-largest energy company by market capitalization and the company with the world's 12th-largest revenue (turnover).

Amoco

Amoco CanadaStandard Oil of IndianaAmerican Oil Company
British Petroleum merged with Amoco in 1998, becoming BP Amoco plc, and acquired ARCO and Burmah Castrol in 2000, becoming BP plc in 2001.
Amoco merged with British Petroleum in December 1998, forming BP Amoco.

Corexit

Corexit 9527Corexit 9500
The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill, the largest accidental release of oil into marine waters in history, resulted in severe environmental, health and economic consequences, and serious legal and public relations repercussions for BP. 1.8 MUSgal of Corexit oil dispersant were used in the cleanup response, becoming the largest application of such chemicals in US history.
It is produced by Nalco Holding Company, associated with BP and Exxon and an indirect subsidiary of Ecolab.

Texas City Refinery explosion

2005 explosion in HoustonBP Americas Texas CityBP Texas City facility
Among them were the 2005 Texas City Refinery explosion, which caused the death of 15 workers and resulted in a record-setting OSHA fine; Britain's largest oil spill, the wreck of Torrey Canyon in 1967; and the 2006 Prudhoe Bay oil spill, the largest oil spill on Alaska's North Slope, which resulted in a US$25 million civil penalty, the largest per-barrel penalty at that time for an oil spill.
The Texas City Refinery explosion occurred on March 23, 2005, when a hydrocarbon vapor cloud was ignited and violently exploded at the ISOM isomerization process unit at BP's Texas City refinery in Texas City, Texas, killing 15 workers, injuring more than 180 others and severely damaging the refinery.

British Tanker Company

British Tanker Co LtdBritish Tanker Co. Ltd.British Tanker Company Limited
In 1915, APOC established its shipping subsidiary the British Tanker Company and in 1916 it acquired the British Petroleum Company which was a marketing arm of the German Europäische Petroleum Union in Britain.
British Tanker Company Limited was the maritime transport arm of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company, the forerunner of BP.

ARCO

Atlantic Richfield CompanyAtlantic RichfieldRichfield
British Petroleum merged with Amoco in 1998, becoming BP Amoco plc, and acquired ARCO and Burmah Castrol in 2000, becoming BP plc in 2001.
It became a subsidiary of UK-based BP plc in 2000 through its BP West Coast Products LLC (BPWCP) affiliate.

Prudhoe Bay oil spill

2006 Alaskan oil spilloil spill in western Prudhoe Bay
Among them were the 2005 Texas City Refinery explosion, which caused the death of 15 workers and resulted in a record-setting OSHA fine; Britain's largest oil spill, the wreck of Torrey Canyon in 1967; and the 2006 Prudhoe Bay oil spill, the largest oil spill on Alaska's North Slope, which resulted in a US$25 million civil penalty, the largest per-barrel penalty at that time for an oil spill.
The Prudhoe Bay oil spill (2006 Alaskan oil spill) was an oil spill that was discovered on March 2, 2006 at a pipeline owned by BP Exploration, Alaska (BPXA) in western Prudhoe Bay, Alaska.

Standard Oil of Ohio

SOHIOStandard Oil Company of OhioStandard Oil Company of Ohio (Sohio)
British Petroleum acquired majority control of Standard Oil of Ohio in 1978.
Sohio was acquired by British Petroleum, now called BP.

TNK-BP

TNKTNK, the Tymen Oil CompanyTNK-BP Ltd.
From 2003 to 2013, BP was a partner in the TNK-BP joint venture in Russia.
On 1 September 2003, BP and a group of Russian businessmen represented by the AAR Consortium (Alfa-Access-Renova) announced the creation of TNK-BP, a strategic partnership to jointly hold their oil assets in Russia and Ukraine.

Mohammad Mosaddegh

MosaddeghMossadeghMossadeq
In March 1951, Razmara was assassinated and Mohammed Mossadeq, a nationalist, was elected as the new prime minister by the Majlis of Iran (parliament).
His government's most significant policy, however, was the nationalization of the Iranian oil industry, which had been built by the British on Persian lands since 1913 through the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC/AIOC) (later British Petroleum and BP).

1953 Iranian coup d'état

coup d'état1953 coupcoup
The anti-Mossadeq plan was orchestrated under the code-name 'Operation Ajax' by CIA, and 'Operation Boot' by SIS (MI6).
Mosaddegh had sought to audit the documents of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC), a British corporation (now part of BP) and to limit the company's control over Iranian oil reserves.

Prudhoe Bay Oil Field

Prudhoe Bayoil reservesPrudhoe Bay discovery
In 1953, British Petroleum entered the Canadian market through the purchase of a minority stake in Calgary-based Triad Oil Company, and expanded further to Alaska in 1959, resulting discovery of oil at Prudhoe Bay in 1969.
The field is operated by BP; partners are ExxonMobil and ConocoPhillips Alaska.

Anglo-Persian Oil Company

Anglo-Iranian Oil CompanyAnglo-Iranian Oil Co LtdAnglo-Iranian Oil Co.
BP's origins date back to the founding of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company in 1908, established as a subsidiary of Burmah Oil Company to exploit oil discoveries in Iran.
In 1935 APOC was renamed the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC) and in 1954 it was renamed again to the British Petroleum Company (BP), one of the antecedents of the modern BP public limited company, while its assets in Iran were nationalised and taken over by the National Iranian Oil Company. Britain's treasury purchased 51% of the company in 1914.

Burmah Oil

Burmah Oil CompanyBurmahBurma Shell
British Petroleum merged with Amoco in 1998, becoming BP Amoco plc, and acquired ARCO and Burmah Castrol in 2000, becoming BP plc in 2001. BP's origins date back to the founding of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company in 1908, established as a subsidiary of Burmah Oil Company to exploit oil discoveries in Iran. In 1927, Burmah Oil and Royal Dutch Shell formed the joint marketing company Burmah-Shell.
In 1966, Castrol was acquired by Burmah, which was renamed Burmah-Castrol. BP Amoco (now BP) purchased the company in 2000.

Grangemouth Refinery

Grangemouth Oil RefineryGrangemouthBP Grangemouth
Refineries were built in Llandarcy in Wales (the first refinery in the United Kingdom) and Grangemouth in Scotland.
That same year Scottish Oils was purchased by the Anglo-Persian Oil Company, a forerunner of the British Petroleum Company (later known as BP)

BP Canada

Amoco Canada Resources Inc.BP Canada Energy Trading Co.
The Canadian holding company of British Petroleum was renamed BP Canada in 1969; and in 1971, it acquired 97.8% stake of Supertest Petroleum.
BP Canada Energy Group ULC (commonly, BP Canada), is a Canadian oil and gas company headquartered in Calgary, Alberta, and a subsidiary of BP plc (formerly named British Petroleum).

Rosneft

Anglo-Siberian Oil CompanyRosneft JSCRosneft Oil Company
In Russia, BP owns a 19.75% stake in Rosneft, the world's largest publicly traded oil and gas company by hydrocarbon reserves and production.
49.4% of the total IPO volume accounted for four investors, including BP for US$1 billion, Petronas for US$1.5 billion, and the CNPC for $0.5 billion.

Royal Dutch Shell

ShellShell OilRoyal Dutch/Shell
In 1927, Burmah Oil and Royal Dutch Shell formed the joint marketing company Burmah-Shell.
In 1932, partly in response to the difficult economic conditions of the times, Shell-Mex merged its UK marketing operations with those of British Petroleum to create Shell-Mex and BP, a company that traded until the brands separated in 1975.

Peter Walters

Peter Ingram Walters
Peter Walters was the company chairman from 1981 to 1990.
He is a former CEO and chairman of British Petroleum.

Llandarcy

Llandarcy RefinerySwansea
Refineries were built in Llandarcy in Wales (the first refinery in the United Kingdom) and Grangemouth in Scotland.
The village, which lies near Junction 43 of the M4 motorway, was originally designed as a garden village to house the workers for the refinery, built by BP Oil between 1918–22.

Vertical integration

vertically integratedvertically-integratedvertically integrate
It is a vertically integrated company operating in all areas of the oil and gas industry, including exploration and production, refining, distribution and marketing, petrochemicals, power generation and trading.
Oil companies, both multinational (such as ExxonMobil, Royal Dutch Shell, ConocoPhillips or BP) and national (e.g., Petronas) often adopt a vertically integrated structure, meaning that they are active along the entire supply chain from locating deposits, drilling and extracting crude oil, transporting it around the world, refining it into petroleum products such as petrol/gasoline, to distributing the fuel to company-owned retail stations, for sale to consumers.

Talisman Energy

TalismanTalisman Energy (UK) LimitedTalisman Energy Inc.
In 1992, British Petroleum sold off its 57% stake in BP Canada (upstream operations), which was renamed as Talisman Energy.
It was one of Canada's largest independent oil and gas companies, and was formerly known as BP Canada Ltd. Prior to the renaming, British Petroleum (now, BP) sold off its 57% stake in the company to the public.

Tony Hayward

The head of exploration and production Tony Hayward.
Anthony Bryan Hayward (born 21 May 1957) is a British businessman and former chief executive of oil and energy company BP.