Babenberg

House of BabenbergBabenbergerBabenbergsBabenberg dynastyBabenberg feudPopponidsBabenbergersBabenbergian BabenbergBabenberg Austria
Babenberg was a noble dynasty of Austrian margraves and dukes.wikipedia
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Babenberg was a noble dynasty of Austrian margraves and dukes.
Austria was ruled by the House of Babenberg until 1246 and by the House of Habsburg from 1282 to 1918.

Bamberg

Bamberg, GermanyTown of BambergBA
Originally from Bamberg in the Duchy of Franconia (present-day Bavaria), the Babenbergs ruled the Imperial Margraviate of Austria from its creation in 976 AD until its elevation to a duchy in 1156, and from then until the extinction of the line in 1246, whereafter they were succeeded by the House of Habsburg.
The town, first mentioned in 902, grew up by the castle Babenberch which gave its name to the Babenberg family.

Duchy of Austria

AustriaAustrianduchy
Originally from Bamberg in the Duchy of Franconia (present-day Bavaria), the Babenbergs ruled the Imperial Margraviate of Austria from its creation in 976 AD until its elevation to a duchy in 1156, and from then until the extinction of the line in 1246, whereafter they were succeeded by the House of Habsburg.
After the ruling dukes of the House of Babenberg became extinct in male line, there was as much as three decades of rivalry on inheritance and rulership, until the German king Rudolf I took over the dominion as the first monarch of the Habsburg dynasty in 1276.

Margraviate of Austria

March of AustriaAustriaMargrave of Austria
Originally from Bamberg in the Duchy of Franconia (present-day Bavaria), the Babenbergs ruled the Imperial Margraviate of Austria from its creation in 976 AD until its elevation to a duchy in 1156, and from then until the extinction of the line in 1246, whereafter they were succeeded by the House of Habsburg.
Originally under the overlordship of the Dukes of Bavaria, it was ruled by margraves of the Franconian Babenberg dynasty.

House of Henneberg

HennebergCounts of HennebergCount of Henneberg
839-41), they were related to the Frankish Robertian dynasty and ancestors of the Franconian Counts of Henneberg and of Schweinfurt.
Both the Capetian dynasty and the Elder House of Babenberg (Popponids) are direct male lineal descendants of Count Robert I and therefore referred to as Robertians.

Leopold I, Margrave of Austria

Leopold ILeopold of BabenbergLeopold I of Austria
2) The Austrian Babenbergs, descendants of Margrave Leopold I, who ruled Austria from 976 onwards.
940 – 10 July 994), known as the Illustrious (der Erlauchte), a member of the House of Babenberg, was Margrave of Austria from 976 until his death.

Bavaria

BayernFree State of BavariaBavarian
Originally from Bamberg in the Duchy of Franconia (present-day Bavaria), the Babenbergs ruled the Imperial Margraviate of Austria from its creation in 976 AD until its elevation to a duchy in 1156, and from then until the extinction of the line in 1246, whereafter they were succeeded by the House of Habsburg.
The territory of Ostarrichi was elevated to a duchy in its own right and given to the Babenberger family.

Poppo, Duke of Thuringia

PoppoPoppo of ThuringiaPoppo II
Another son, Poppo II, was margrave in Thuringia from 880 to 892, when he was deposed by King Charles' successor Arnulf of Carinthia.
Poppo, a Babenberg, was the younger brother of Henry of Franconia.

Conradines

ConradineConradine dynastyConradiner
The Popponids had been favoured by Charles the Fat, but Arnulf reversed this policy in favour of rivalling Conrad the Elder, a member of the Conradine dynasty from the Lahngau in Rhenish Franconia and relative of Arnulf's consort Ota.
He and his brothers apparently were in fact Arnulf's closest relatives, and he relied heavily on their support in his feud with the counts of Babenberg.

Poppo of Grapfeld

Poppo (I) of GrapfeldPopponids
Also called Popponids after their progenitor Count Poppo of Grapfeld (d.
As a grandson of Heimrich, Count in the Upper Rheingau, he was a descendant of the Robertian count Cancor, and therefore a member of the Frankish House of Babenberg (Popponids).

Adalbert of Babenberg

AdalbertAdalbert von Babenberg
The third, Adalbert, was summoned before the imperial court by the regent Archbishop Hatto I of Mainz, a partisan of the Conradines.
854 – 9 September 906 ) was a member of the Frankish house of Babenberg.

Henry, Margrave of the Franks

Henry of FranconiaHenryHenry I of Babenberg
One of Poppo's sons, Henry, served as princeps militiae under King Louis the Younger and was sometimes called margrave (marchio) and duke (dux) in Franconia under King Charles the Fat of East Francia.
The House of Babenberg, which governed the March of Austria from 976 until 1246, is generally regarded as descending from the Popponids, possibly through an unnamed daughter of Henry.

Duchy of Thuringia

ThuringiaLandgraviate of ThuringiaThuringian
The earliest known Babenberg count Poppo was first mentioned as a ruler in the Gau of Grabfeld, a historic region in northeastern Franconia bordering on Thuringia, in 819 AD.
This was an act of patronage by the king, for Conrad's house, the Conradines, were soon feuding with Poppo's, the Babenbergs.

Adalhard of Babenberg

AdalhardAdalhard von Babenberg
Clashes of arms occurred in 902, when the Conradine laid siege to Babenburg Castle and arrested Adalhard of Babenberg.
Adalhard of Babenberg (died c. 903) was a member of the Frankish house of Babenberg.

Henry I, Margrave of Austria

Henry IHenry I of AustriaHenry
Leopold was succeeded in 994 by his son Henry I, who continued his father's policy, was followed in 1018 by his brother Adalbert, whose marked loyalty to Emperor Henry II and his Salian successor Henry III was rewarded by many tokens of favour.
He was a member of the House of Babenberg.

Franconia

FranconiansFrankenFranconian
The Babenberg family can be broken down into two distinct groups: 1) The Franconian Babenbergs, the so-called Elder House of Babenberg, whose name refers to Babenburg Castle, the present site of Bamberg Cathedral.
In the early 10th century, the Babenbergs and Conradines fought for power in Franconia.

Conrad, Duke of Thuringia

Conrad the ElderConradConrad of Thuringia
The Popponids had been favoured by Charles the Fat, but Arnulf reversed this policy in favour of rivalling Conrad the Elder, a member of the Conradine dynasty from the Lahngau in Rhenish Franconia and relative of Arnulf's consort Ota.
Early in his career, Conrad feuded with the Babenbergs Henry of Franconia and Adalbert.

Adalbert, Margrave of Austria

AdalbertAdalbert of AustriaGlismod of West-Saxony
Leopold was succeeded in 994 by his son Henry I, who continued his father's policy, was followed in 1018 by his brother Adalbert, whose marked loyalty to Emperor Henry II and his Salian successor Henry III was rewarded by many tokens of favour.
He was a member of the House of Babenberg.

Leopold II, Margrave of Austria

Leopold IILeopold II of AustriaLeopold II the Fair
Leopold II, margrave from 1075, quarrelled with Emperor Henry IV during the Investiture Controversy, when he supported the papal side of Bishop Altmann of Passau.
Leopold II (1050 – 12 October 1095), known as Leopold the Fair (Luitpold der Schöne), a member of the House of Babenberg, was Margrave of Austria from 1075 until his death.

Ernest, Margrave of Austria

ErnestErnest of AustriaErnest the Brave
He was succeeded in 1055 by his nephew, Ernest.
He was a member of the House of Babenberg.

Louis the Child

Louis IVLouis IIILudwig IV
The struggle intensified at the beginning of the 10th century during the troubled reign of Arnulf's son King Louis the Child.
It was these two who assured that the royal court decided in favour of the Conradines against the Babenbergers in the matter of the Duchy of Franconia.

Conrad I of Germany

Conrad IConrad the YoungerConrad
Conrad the Younger became Duke of Franconia in 906 and King of East Francia (as Conrad I) in 911, while the Babenbergs lost their influence in Franconia.
At the same time, they competed vigorously for predominance in Franconia with the sons of the Babenbergian duke Henry of Franconia at Bamberg Castle.

Robertians

RobertianRobertian dynastyRobertian family
839-41), they were related to the Frankish Robertian dynasty and ancestors of the Franconian Counts of Henneberg and of Schweinfurt.

Leopold III, Margrave of Austria

Leopold IIILeopold III of AustriaSaint Leopold
Though Leopold had to cope with the invading troops of Duke Vratislaus II of Bohemia and was defeated at the 1082 Battle of Mailberg, the emperor was unable to oust him from his march or to prevent the succession of his son Leopold III in 1096.
He was a member of the House of Babenberg.

Duchy of Bavaria

BavariaBavarianDukes of Bavaria
Today, a direct lineal descent from the Bavarian House of Luitpolding is assumed.
Although ruled by the Ottonian descendants of Henry I, a cadet branch of the Saxon royal dynasty, the conflict of the Bavarian dukes with the German (from 962: Imperial) court continued: in 976, Emperor Otto II deposed his rebellious cousin Duke Henry II of Bavaria and established the Duchy of Carinthia on former Bavarian territory granted to the former Luitpolding Count palatine Henry III, who also became Margrave of Verona. Though Henry II reconciled with Emperor Otto's widow Theophanu in 985 and regained his duchy, the power of the Bavarian dukes was further diminished by the rise of the Franconian House of Babenberg, ruling as Margraves of Austria (Ostarrichi), who became increasingly independent.