Badakhshan

BadakshanBadakhshan SubahBadakhshonBadakhshan MountainsBadakhshan provinceBadakhshánBadakhshānBadakshis
Badakhshan is a historic region comprising parts of what is now northeastern Afghanistan, eastern Tajikistan, and the Tashkurgan county in China.wikipedia
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Badakhshan Province

BadakhshanBadakshan Province Badakhshan
The name is retained in Badakhshan Province, which is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan and is located in North-East Afghanistan.
It is part of a broader historical Badakhshan region.

Music of Badakhshan

Badakhshan
The music of Badakhshan is an important part of the region's cultural heritage.
Badakhshan is a region of Tajikistan and Afghanistan with a unique musical heritage, especially that of the remote Pamiri Ismailis.

Lapis lazuli

lapislapis-lazulilapislazuli
Lapis lazuli was traded exclusively from there as early as the second half of the 4th millennium BC.
As early as the 7th millennium BCE, lapis lazuli was mined in the Sar-i Sang mines, in Shortugai, and in other mines in Badakhshan province in northeast Afghanistan.

List of mirs of Badakhshan

Jehandar Shahmirs of Badakhshan
The region was ruled over by the mirs of Badakhshan.
The Mir of Badakhshan was the ruler of Badakhshan, a region that occasionally was politically independent and at other times was subservient to Afghanistan.

Silk Road

Silk Routesilk tradesilk
Badakhshan was an important region when the Silk Road passed through.
Significantly, these mines were not very far from the lapis lazuli and spinel ("Balas Ruby") mines in Badakhshan, and, although separated by the formidable Pamir Mountains, routes across them were apparently in use from very early times.

Pamiris

PamiriPamiri peoplePamir
Tajiks and Pamiris are the majority while a tiny minority of Kyrgyzs and Uzbeks also are found in their own villages.
In the Pamiri languages, the Pamiris refer to themselves as Pamiri or Badakhshani, a reference to the historic Badakhshan region where they live.

Sultan Muhammad (Badakhshan)

Sultan MuhammadLaliShah Sultan Muhammad
Sultan Muhammad of Badakhshan was the last of a series of kings who traced their descent to Alexander the Great.
Sultan Muhhammad was a 15th-century ruler of Badakhshan.

Akbar

Akbar the GreatEmperor AkbarJalaluddin Muhammed Akbar
When Akbar became Mughal Emperor, his stepbrother Mirza Muhammad Hakim's mother had been killed by Shah Abul Ma'ali.
Akbar's minority and the lack of any possibility of military assistance from the Mughal stronghold of Kabul, which was in the throes of an invasion by the ruler of Badakhshan Prince Mirza Suleiman, aggravated the situation.

Sultan Mahmud Mirza

Sultan MahmudMahmud Mirza
He was killed by Abu Sa'id Mirza the ruler of Timurid Empire and took possession of Badakhshan, which after his death fell to his son, Sultan Mahmud Mirza, who had three sons, Baysinghar Mirza, Ali Mirza and Khan Mirza.
Then Amir Khusraw and Qambar Ali Shah, with the consent of Sultan Mirza Ahmad, took him to Hisar to rule there and later dominated the territories south of Quhqa (Quhlugha) and mountains to the Hindu Kohtin Kush Range, including Termez, Caghaniyan, Hisan, Khuttalan, Kunduz and Badakhshan.

Spinel

Balas rubybalas rubiesspinels
According to Marco Polo, Badashan/ Badakshan was a province where Balas ruby could be found under the mountain "Syghinan" (Shighnan).
"Balas" is derived from Balascia, the ancient name for Badakhshan, a region in central Asia situated in the upper valley of the Panj River, one of the principal tributaries of the Oxus River.

Abu Sa'id Mirza

Abu Sa'idAbu Sa'id (Timurid dynasty)Sultan Abu Sa'id Mirza
He was killed by Abu Sa'id Mirza the ruler of Timurid Empire and took possession of Badakhshan, which after his death fell to his son, Sultan Mahmud Mirza, who had three sons, Baysinghar Mirza, Ali Mirza and Khan Mirza.
The sultan even succeeded in conquering Badakhshan, a region which Timur himself had gained only nominal suzerainty over.

Babur

BabarZahir-ud-din Muhammad BaburBabur Beg
He submitted to Mughal Emperor Babur in 1504 CE.
For three years, Babur concentrated on building a strong army, recruiting widely amongst the Tajiks of Badakhshan in particular.

Tajikistan

TadjikistanTajikRepublic of Tajikistan
Badakhshan is a historic region comprising parts of what is now northeastern Afghanistan, eastern Tajikistan, and the Tashkurgan county in China.
The Pamiris of Badakhshan, a small population of Yaghnobi people, and a sizeable minority of Ismailis are all considered to belong to the larger group of Tajiks.

Fayzabad, Badakhshan

FayzabadFeyzabadFaizabad
In the 19th century the capital was moved to Jurm, until if finally was relocated back to Fayzabad, Badakhshan.
At that time the city replaced Munjan as the capital of Badakhshan.

List of mirs of Shighnan

Mir of Shighnanmirs of Shighnan
Bahadur Shah obtained aid of the Mir of Shighnan and took Fayzabad, Badakhshan.
The Mir of Shighnan was the ruler of Shighnan, a region that occasionally was politically independent and at other times was subservient to Badakhshan, the Khanate of Kokand, and Afghanistan.

Isma'ilism

IsmailiIsmailisIsma'ili
The main religions of Badakhshan are Ismaili Islam and Sunni Islam.
Badakhshan, which includes parts of northeastern Afghanistan and southeastern Tajikistan, is the only part of the world where Ismailis make up the majority of the population.

Hindu Kush

HindukushHindu-KushHindu Kush Mountains
Not succeeding in raising disturbances in Kabul, he made for the frontier of Badakhshan, and luckily finding some adherents, he managed to get from his grandson the territory between Taiqan and the Hindu Kush.
The Eastern Hindu Kush range, also known as the High Hindu Kush range, is mostly located in northern Pakistan and the Nuristan and Badakhshan provinces of Afghanistan.

Balkh

BactraZariaspaBalh
Bent on making conquests, he invaded Balkh in 1560, but had to return. Like neighboring Balkh Subah, Badakshan was shortly conquered in 1641 by Mughal padshah (emperor) Shah Jahan, who turned it also into a short-lived subah (imperial top-level province), only to be lost again in 1647.
He noted the Arab invasion and that the king of Balkh at the time had fled to nearby Badakshan.

Nasir Khusraw

Naser KhosrowNasir-i KhusrawNasir-i-Khusraw
Nasir Khusraw propagated Ismailism.
After wandering from place to place, he found refuge in Yamgan (about 1060 A.D.) in the mountains of Badakhshan, where he spent as a hermit the last decades of his life, gathering a considerable number of devoted adherents, who have handed down his doctrines to succeeding generations.

Mir Yar Beg

He died in 1815 leaving 5 sons of whom Mir Yar Beg succeeded as ruler.
Mir Yar Beg was a ruler within Badakhshan, who in the early 19th century was defeated by the khan of Kunduz, Mir Muhammad Murad Beg.

Wakhan

Tegermansu PassWakhan MountainsPamir-e Wakhan
Badakhshan's boundaries were decided by the Anglo-Russian agreement of 1873, which expressly acknowledged "Badakhshan with its dependent district Wakhan" as "fully belonging to the Amir of Kabul", and limited it to the left or southern bank of the Amu Darya (also called Oxus).
It contains the headwaters of the Amu Darya (Oxus) River, and was an ancient corridor for travellers from the Tarim Basin to Badakshan.

Ahmad Shah Durrani

Ahmad Shah AbdaliAhmed Shah AbdaliAhmed Shah Durrani
After the conquest of Badakhshan by Ahmad Shah Durrani in the later half of the 18th century, the capital was relocated to Faizabad, then known as Jauzun.
The Qing and loyal Uighurs like Emin Khoja crushed the revolt and drove Burhan-ud-din and Khan Khoja to Badakhshan.

Kashgar

KashgariaKashgharShule
When Mirza Ibrahim fell in the war with Balkh, Khurram Begum wanted to send the Khanum to her father, Shah Muhammad of Kashgar; but she refused to go.
Besides Chinese men, other men such as Hindus, Armenians, Jews, Russians, and Badakhshanis (Pamiris) intermarried with local Uyghur women.

Mirza Muhammad Hakim

Hakim MirzaMirza Hakim
When Akbar became Mughal Emperor, his stepbrother Mirza Muhammad Hakim's mother had been killed by Shah Abul Ma'ali.

Subah

subahssarkarsSuba
Like neighboring Balkh Subah, Badakshan was shortly conquered in 1641 by Mughal padshah (emperor) Shah Jahan, who turned it also into a short-lived subah (imperial top-level province), only to be lost again in 1647.