Baffin Island

BaffinBaffin LandBaffin Island herdsQikiqtaalukBaffin IslandsBaffinland
Baffin Island (ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓗᒃ, Qikiqtaaluk, Île de Baffin, Terre de Baffin), in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, is the largest island in Canada and the fifth-largest island in the world.wikipedia
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List of Canadian islands by area

Canada's 17th largest islandCanada's third largest island10th largest in Canada
Baffin Island (ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓗᒃ, Qikiqtaaluk, Île de Baffin, Terre de Baffin), in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, is the largest island in Canada and the fifth-largest island in the world.

Nunavut

NUGovernment of NunavutNunavut Territory
Baffin Island (ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓗᒃ, Qikiqtaaluk, Île de Baffin, Terre de Baffin), in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, is the largest island in Canada and the fifth-largest island in the world.
The capital Iqaluit (formerly "Frobisher Bay"), on Baffin Island in the east, was chosen by the 1995 capital plebiscite.

List of islands by area

world's largest islandlargest island in the worldlargest islands in the world
Baffin Island (ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓗᒃ, Qikiqtaaluk, Île de Baffin, Terre de Baffin), in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, is the largest island in Canada and the fifth-largest island in the world.

Iqaluit

Iqaluit, NunavutFrobisher BayIqualuit
Iqaluit, the capital of Nunavut, is located on the southeastern coast.
The city has a polar climate, influenced by the cold deep waters of the Labrador Current just off Baffin Island; this makes the city of Iqaluit cold, although the city is well south of the Arctic Circle.

Martin Frobisher

Sir Martin FrobisherFrobisherCathay Company
Until 1987, the town was called Frobisher Bay, after the English name for the bay on which it is located and was named for Martin Frobisher.
He probably sighted Resolution Island near Labrador in north-eastern Canada, before entering Frobisher Bay and landing on present-day Baffin Island.

Frobisher Bay

bay now named after himbay on Baffin IslandFrobisher "Strait
Until 1987, the town was called Frobisher Bay, after the English name for the bay on which it is located and was named for Martin Frobisher.
It is located in the southeastern corner of Baffin Island.

Baffin Bay

Baffin Sea
To the east are Davis Strait and Baffin Bay, with Greenland beyond.
Baffin Bay (Inuktitut: Saknirutiak Imanga; Avannaata Imaa; Baie de Baffin), located between Baffin Island and the west coast of Greenland, is a marginal sea of the North Atlantic Ocean.

Foxe Basin

the basin
The Foxe Basin, the Gulf of Boothia and Lancaster Sound separate Baffin Island from the rest of the Arctic Archipelago to the west and north.
Foxe Basin is a shallow oceanic basin north of Hudson Bay, in Nunavut, Canada, located between Baffin Island and the Melville Peninsula.

Baffin Mountains

BaffinBaffin Island
The Baffin Mountains run along the northeastern coast of the island and are a part of the Arctic Cordillera.
The Baffin Mountains are a mountain range running along the northeastern coast of Baffin Island and Bylot Island, Nunavut are part of the Arctic Cordillera.

Arctic Cordillera

The Baffin Mountains run along the northeastern coast of the island and are a part of the Arctic Cordillera.
It spans most of the eastern coast of Nunavut with high glaciated peaks rising through icefields and some of Canada's largest ice caps, including the Penny Ice Cap on Baffin Island.

Helluland

little Helluland
They believe it is the site of Helluland, referred to in the Icelandic sagas (Saga of the Greenlanders and the Saga of Erik the Red). Baffin Island is thought to be Helluland, and the archaeological site at Tanfield Valley is thought to have been a trading post.
Most scholars agree that Helluland corresponds to Baffin Island in the present-day Canadian territory of Nunavut.

Davis Strait

Davis StraitsDavisthe strait which came to bear his name
To the east are Davis Strait and Baffin Bay, with Greenland beyond.
It lies between mid-western Greenland and Nunavut, Canada's Baffin Island.

Lancaster Sound

LancasterLancaster Sound NMCA
The Foxe Basin, the Gulf of Boothia and Lancaster Sound separate Baffin Island from the rest of the Arctic Archipelago to the west and north.
It is located between Devon Island and Baffin Island, forming the eastern entrance to the Parry Channel and the Northwest Passage.

Auyuittuq National Park

Auyuittuq National Park ReserveAuyuittuqAuyuittuq N. P.
The highest peak is Mount Odin, with an elevation of at least 2143 m, although some sources say 2147 m. Another peak of note is Mount Asgard, located in Auyuittuq National Park, with an elevation of 2011 m. Mount Thor, with an elevation of 1675 m, is said to have the greatest purely vertical drop (a sheer cliff face) of any mountain on Earth, at 1250 m.
Auyuittuq National Park (ᐊᐅᔪᐃᑦᑐᖅ, "the land that never melts") is a national park located on Baffin Island's Cumberland Peninsula, in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, the largest political subdivision of Canada.

Fury and Hecla Strait

The Ping
South of the western end of the island is the Fury and Hecla Strait which separates the island from the Melville Peninsula on the mainland.
Situated between Baffin Island to the north and the Melville Peninsula to the south, it connects Foxe Basin on the east with the Gulf of Boothia on the west.

Inuktitut

Inuktitut languageInuktitukInuktitut writing
That year the community voted to restore the Inuktitut name.
The South Baffin dialect (Qikiqtaaluk nigiani, ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓗᒃ ᓂᒋᐊᓂ) is spoken across the southern part of Baffin Island, including the territorial capital Iqaluit.

Hudson Strait

Hudson's StraitHudsonHudson Straights
To the south lies Hudson Strait, separating Baffin Island from mainland Quebec.
This strait lies between Baffin Island and Nunavik, with its eastern entrance marked by Cape Chidley in Newfoundland and Labrador and Resolution Island off Baffin Island.

Nettilling Lake

Nettilling
The two largest lakes on the island lie in the south-central part of the island: Nettilling Lake (5542 km2) and Amadjuak Lake (3115 km2) further south.
Nettilling Lake is a cold freshwater lake located toward the south end of Baffin Island in Qikiqtaaluk Region, Nunavut, Canada.

Mount Asgard

AsgardMount Asgard, Baffin IslandMt. Asgard
The highest peak is Mount Odin, with an elevation of at least 2143 m, although some sources say 2147 m. Another peak of note is Mount Asgard, located in Auyuittuq National Park, with an elevation of 2011 m. Mount Thor, with an elevation of 1675 m, is said to have the greatest purely vertical drop (a sheer cliff face) of any mountain on Earth, at 1250 m.
It is located in Auyuittuq National Park, on the Cumberland Peninsula of Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada.

Mount Thor

The highest peak is Mount Odin, with an elevation of at least 2143 m, although some sources say 2147 m. Another peak of note is Mount Asgard, located in Auyuittuq National Park, with an elevation of 2011 m. Mount Thor, with an elevation of 1675 m, is said to have the greatest purely vertical drop (a sheer cliff face) of any mountain on Earth, at 1250 m.
Mount Thor, officially gazetted as Thor Peak, is a mountain with an elevation of 1675 m located in Auyuittuq National Park, on Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada.

Melville Peninsula

Rae IsthmusMelville PeninsulasMelville
South of the western end of the island is the Fury and Hecla Strait which separates the island from the Melville Peninsula on the mainland.
To the north the Fury and Hecla Strait separates it from Baffin Island.

Patricia Sutherland

In September 2008, the Nunatsiaq News, a weekly newspaper, reported that Patricia Sutherland, who worked at the Canadian Museum of Civilization had archaeological remains of yarn and cordage [string], rat droppings, tally sticks, a carved wooden Dorset culture face mask depicting Caucasian features, and possible architectural remains, which indicated that European traders and possibly settlers had been on Baffin Island not later than 1000 CE.
Much of her recent research has focused on evidence of a lengthy Norse presence on Baffin Island in the 11th to 13th centuries CE and trade between them and the now-extinct Dorset people of the region.

Tanfield Valley

Nanook
Baffin Island is thought to be Helluland, and the archaeological site at Tanfield Valley is thought to have been a trading post.
Tanfield Valley, also referred to as Nanook, is an archaeological site located on the southernmost projection of Baffin Island in the Canadian territory of Nunavut.

Gulf of Boothia

The Foxe Basin, the Gulf of Boothia and Lancaster Sound separate Baffin Island from the rest of the Arctic Archipelago to the west and north.
It is surrounded by, clockwise, Baffin Island, Fury and Hecla Strait, the Melville Peninsula, the Canadian mainland, the Boothia Peninsula and perhaps Bellot Strait if the Gulf can be said to extend that far north.

Arctic Archipelago

Canadian Arctic ArchipelagoCanadian arctic islandsArctic Islands
The Foxe Basin, the Gulf of Boothia and Lancaster Sound separate Baffin Island from the rest of the Arctic Archipelago to the west and north.