A report on BaghdadIran–Iraq War and Shiraz

Top-left to bottom-right: Iranian child soldier on the frontlines

Iranian soldier in a trench wearing a gas mask to guard against Iraqi chemical attacks

Port quarter view of the USS Stark listing to port after being mistakenly struck by an Iraqi warplane

Pro-Iraq MEK forces killed during Iran's Operation Mersad

Iraqi prisoners of war after the recapture of Khorramshahr by Iranian forces

ZU-23-2 anti-aircraft gun being used by the Iranian Army
Shiraz in a photo by Canadian astronaut Chris Hadfield from the ISS on 20 March 2013 (1392 Nowrooz).
Meeting of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Houari Boumédiène and Saddam Hussein (left to right) during the Algiers Agreement in 1975.
An illustration of Shiraz by French traveler Jean Chardin in 1670s while he was travelling through the Safavid empire
An 1808 picture of Baghdad from the print collection in Travels in Asia and Africa, etc. (ed. J. P. Berjew, British Library)
Ruhollah Khomeini rose to power after the Iranian Revolution.
Narenjestan Qavam
An 1468 painting of Floods in Baghdad by Shirwan
Location of Khuzestan Province in Iran which Iraq planned to annex
Shiraz Garden Drives in the north has gardens predating the city's expansion
The Round city of Baghdad between 767 and 912 AD
Iranian President Abolhassan Banisadr, who was also commander-in-chief, on a Jeep-mounted 106mm recoilless anti-tank gun. Banisadr was impeached in June 1981.
Sunset in Shiraz, with Derock Mountain in the background
Baghdad Museum is a local history museum. It features 70 scenes from different periods using lifesize models presenting Baghdad life
The Shatt al-Arab on the Iran–Iraq border
The Qur'an Gate was a part of the great city wall built under the Buyid dynasty
Courtyard of Mustansiriya madrasa, established by Al-Mustansir in 1227
Destroyed Iranian C-47 Skytrain
Tomb of Hafez, in memory of the celebrated Persian poet Hafez.
Khan Murjan, built in the 14th century as a caravanserai
Iranian F-14A Tomcats equipped with AIM-54A, AIM-7 and AIM-9 missiles.
Tiling in Atigh Mosque
Al Khulafa mosque retains an Abbasid-era minaret
Resistance of the outnumbered and outgunned Iranians in Khorramshahr slowed the Iraqis for a month.
An Iran Air Airbus A320 Approaching Shiraz International Airport (2011)
Zumurrud Khatun Tomb in Baghdad (built in 1202 AD)
Iranian president Abulhassan Banisadr on the battlefront
Shiraz Metro
Conquest of Baghdad by the Mongols in 1258 CE
Iraqi President Saddam Hussein and Massoud Rajavi, the leader of MEK and the National Resistance Council of Iran (NCRI) in 1988.
Shiraz has the Iran's third Bus rapid transit
Central Asian Turko-Mongol conqueror Timur sacked the city and spared almost no one
The surprise attack on H-3 airbase is considered to be one of the most sophisticated air operations of the war.
Shiraz Train Station
The Shabandar Café in Baghdad, 1923
Iranian soldier holding an IV bag during the Iran–Iraq War
View of Shiraz roads and bridges in 2020
Manadotory Iraq, 1921
Iranian Northrop F-5 aircraft during Iran-Iraq war
Pars Shiraz Stadium
Three Iraqi Levies, who volunteered in 1946 for service as ground crew with the Royal Air Force, look over the side of the ORBITA as it pulls into the docks at Liverpool. Left to right, they are: Sergeant Macko Shmos, Lance Corporal Adoniyo Odisho and Corporal Yoseph Odisho.
Iraqi T-62 tank wreckage in Khuzestan Province, Iran
Omid Norouzi. 2012 Olympic gold medalist.
Freedom Monument, Tahrir square in Downtown Baghdad
Iraqi soldiers surrendering after the Liberation of Khorramshahr
View of downtown Baghdad, March 2017
Saddam Hussein in 1982
Baghdad as seen from the International Space Station
An admonitory declaration issued from the Iraqi government in order to warn Iranian troops in the Iran–Iraq War. The statement says: "Hey Iranians! No one has been downtrodden in the country where Ali ibn Abi Ṭālib, Husayn ibn Ali and Abbas ibn Ali are buried. Iraq has undoubtedly been an honorable country. All refugees are precious. Anyone who wants to live in exile can choose Iraq freely. We, the Sons of Iraq, have been ambushing foreign aggressors. The enemies who plan to assault Iraq will be disfavoured by God in this world and the hereafter. Be careful of attacking Iraq and Ali ibn Abi Ṭālib! If you surrender, you might be in peace."
Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi
Al-Ma'mun's Telecommunication Center in downtown Baghdad
95,000 Iranian child soldiers were made casualties during the Iran–Iraq War, mostly between the ages of 16 and 17, with a few younger.
Firouz Naderi
The Iraqi National Symphony Orchestra performing in July 2007
Furthest ground gains
Karim Khan Zand
The National Ballet performing in 2007
Iranian POWs in 1983 near Tikrit, Iraq
Panoramic view of Shiraz at night
Chaldean Catholic Cathedral of Our Lady of Sorrows
Iranian child soldier
Vakil Bazaar Dieulafoy 1881
The Baghdad Convention Center
Iraqi POW who was shot by Iranian troops after they conquered the Iraqi Majnoon oil field in October 1984
Women from Shiraz Dieulafoy 1881
Qushla Square
Iranian troops fire 152 mm D-20 howitzer
Shiraz, André D. Deslandes, 1671
Madina Stadium
Battle of the Marshes Iran front 1983 rest after exchange of fire 152 mm D-20 H
Qur'an Gate, Harold F. Weston
Al-Shaab Stadium
Operation Earnest Will: Tanker convoy No. 12 under US Navy escort (21 October 1987)
Shiraz, Jean Struys, 1681
Baghdad Eyalet in 1609 CE.
A map indicating the attacks on civilian areas of Iran, Iraq, and Kuwait targeted during the "War of the Cities".
Lotf Ali Khan
Baghdad Vilayet in 1900 CE.
Iraqi commanders discussing strategy on the battlefront (1986)
Imamzadeh Ali ebn e Hamze
Souk in Baghdad, 1876 CE.
Iranian President Ali Khamenei on the battlefront during the Iran–Iraq War
Delgosha Garden
Kadhimiya Mosque
Operation Dawn 8 during which Iran captured the Faw Peninsula.
Qavam House
Armenian Orthodox Church of Baghdad
Iranian soldier killed during the Iran–Iraq War with Rouhollah Khomeini's photo on his uniform
Nasir ol Molk Mosque
Saray Mosque
The People's Mujahedin of Iran, supported by Saddam, started a ten-day operation after both the Iranian and Iraqi governments accepted UN Resolution 598. Casualty estimates range from 2,000 to 10,000.
Afif-Abad Garden (Arms Museum)
Khilani Mosque
Adnan Khairallah, Iraqi Defense Minister, meeting with Iraqi soldiers during the war
Eram Garden
Baghdadi Museum
IRGC navy speedboats using swarm tactics
Shapouri House
Iraq National Museum
An Iranian soldier wearing a gas mask during the Iran–Iraq War.
Tomb of Saadi
Al Zawra'a Park
The Iranian frigate IS Sahand burns after being hit by 20 U.S. air launched missiles and bombs, killing a third of the crew, April 1988
Khwaju Kermani's tomb
Al Salam Palace
Iranian soldiers captured during Iraq's 1988 offensives
Shah Cheragh
Al Faw Palace
USS Vincennes in 1987 a year before it shot down Iran Air Flight 655
Pars Museum
Abu Nawas Street
MEK Soldiers killed in Operation Mersad in 1988
Atigh Mosque
Al-Shaheed Monument in Baghdad was erected to commemorate the fallen Iraqi soldiers during the war.
Luna Park
Iranian Martyr Cemetery in Isfahan
Jahan Nama Garden
Iranian Martyrs Museum in Tehran
Saraye Moshir
An Iranian soldier's funeral in Mashhad, 2013
Ghavam ol Molk Mansion
An Iraqi Mil Mi-24 on display at the military museum of Sa'dabad Palace in Iran
Zinat ol Molk Mansion
President Ronald Reagan and Vice President George H. W. Bush work in the Oval Office of the White House, 20 July 1984.
Saadat Mansion
USS Stark (FFG-31) listing following two hits by Exocet missiles.
Vakil Bazaar
Victims of the 1987 chemical attack on Sardasht, West Azerbaijan, Iran
Vakil Mosque
Damage to a mosque in Khoramshahr, Iran, the city that was invaded by Iraq in September 1980
Water Museum
Vakil Bath
Stone Museum
Khan School
Mausoleum of Emir Ali
Margoon Waterfall
Shapur cave
Sangtarashan cave
Plain of Fritillaria imperialis, Sepidan County
Pooladkaf Ski Resort
Sassanid Palace at Sarvestan
Qal'eh Dokhtar

Iran's new Islamic administration was regarded in Baghdad as an irrational, existential threat to the Ba'ath government, especially because the Ba'ath party, having a secular nature, discriminated against and posed a threat to the fundamentalist Shia movement in Iraq, whose clerics were Iran's allies within Iraq and whom Khomeini saw as oppressed.

- Iran–Iraq War

In August 1393, Baghdad was occupied by the Central Asian Turkic conqueror Timur ("Tamerlane"), by marching there in only eight days from Shiraz.

- Baghdad

He left his native town at a young age for Baghdad to study Arabic literature and Islamic sciences at Al-Nizamiyya of Baghdad.

- Shiraz

However, the Iran–Iraq War of the 1980s was a difficult time for the city, as money was diverted by Saddam Hussein to the army and thousands of residents were killed.

- Baghdad

Abbas Dowran, Skillful phantom and fighter jet pilot who died during the Iran–Iraq War

- Shiraz

While interior cities such as Tehran, Tabriz, Qom, Isfahan and Shiraz received numerous raids, the cities of western Iran suffered the most.

- Iran–Iraq War

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