A report on QatarSaudi Arabia and Bahrain

Excavation of a Kassite dye site on Al Khor Island
Anthropomorphic stela (4th millennium BC), sandstone, 57x27 cm, from El-Maakir-Qaryat al-Kaafa (National Museum of Saudi Arabia, Riyadh)
A 1745 Bellin map of the historical region of Bahrain
Abbasid Caliphate at its greatest extent, c. 850.
A 1794 map depicting Catura in the Historical region of Bahrain.
The "Worshipping Servant" statue (2500 BC), above 1 m in height, is much taller than any possible Mesopotamian or Harappan models. Photo courtesy of the National Museum of Korea.
Map showing the locations of the ancient burial mounds. There are an estimated 350,000 burial mounds.
A partially restored section of the ruined town of Zubarah.
Qaṣr Al-Farīd, the largest of the 131 rock-cut monumental tombs built from the 1st century BC to the 1st century AD, with their elaborately ornamented façades, at the extensive ancient Nabatean archaeological site of Hegra located in the area of Al-'Ula within Al Madinah Region in the Hejaz. A UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2008.
The Persian Empire in Sassanid era on the eve of the Arab conquest, c. 600 AD.
Qatar in an 1891 Adolf Stieler map
Colossal statue from Al-'Ula in the Hejaz (6th–4th century BC), it followed the standardized artistic sculpting of the Lihyanite kingdom, the original statue was painted with white
Facsimile of a letter sent by Muhammad to Munzir ibn-Sawa al-Tamimi, governor of Bahrain, in AD 628
Old city of Doha, January 1904.
At its greatest extent, the Umayyad Caliphate (661–750) covered 11100000 km2 and 62 million people (29 per cent of the world's population), making it one of the largest empires in history in both area and proportion of the world's population. It was also larger than any previous empire in history.
The Portuguese Fort of Barém, built by the Portuguese Empire while it ruled Bahrain from 1521 to 1602.
Zubarah Fort built in 1938.
The Battle of Badr, 13 March 624 CE
Arad Fort in Arad; constructed before the Portuguese assumed control.
A British Wilding series stamp, issued 1 April 1957, and overprinted for use in Qatar.
Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, the founding father and first king of Saudi Arabia
Purple – Portuguese in the Persian Gulf in the 16th and 17th centuries. Main cities, ports and routes.
Traditional dhows in front of the West Bay skyline as seen from the Doha Corniche.
Political map of Saudi Arabia
This photograph shows the coronation of Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa as the Hakim of Bahrain in February 1933.
Amiri Diwan of the State of Qatar, administrative office of the Emir.
Map of Saudi Arabian administrative regions and roadways
Map of Bahrain in 1825.
Emir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani with U.S. President Joe Biden in January 2022.
Map of oil and gas pipelines in the Middle-East
Manama harbor, c. 1870
Two Qatari Mirage 2000s fly in formation during Air Defense Exercise.
King Fahd with US President Ronald Reagan and future US President Donald Trump in 1985. The US and Saudi Arabia supplied money and arms to the anti-Soviet mujahideen fighters in Afghanistan.
A photograph of the First Oil Well in Bahrain, with oil first being extracted in 1931
Migrant workers in Doha.
As many as 500 princes, government ministers, and business people, including Prince Fahd bin Abdullah, were arrested by Saudi Arabian authorities as part of the 2017 Saudi Arabian purge
Overview of Manama, 1953.
Ad Dawhah (Doha), the most populous municipality in Qatar.
Abdullah ibn Muhammad Al ash-Sheikh with Bogdan Borusewicz in the Polish Senate, 26 May 2014
Manama souq in 1965
Municipalities of Qatar as of 2014
Verses from the Quran. The Quran is the official constitution of the country and a primary source of law. Saudi Arabia is unique in enshrining a religious text as a political document.
Satellite view of Bahrain and eastern Saudi Arabia in 2016.
Commercial district in Doha.
U.S. President Donald Trump and First Lady Melania Trump with King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud and the President of Egypt, Abdel Fattah Al Sisi, 21 May 2017
Bahrain map 2014
High-rise buildings in Doha.
U.S. President Barack Obama meets King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, July 2014
Greater flamingos (Phoenicopterus roseus) are native to Bahrain.
Qatar Central Bank's office in Doha.
Faisal Mosque in Islamabad is named after a Saudi king. The kingdom is a strong ally of Pakistan. WikiLeaks claimed that Saudis are "long accustomed to having a significant role in Pakistan's affairs".
Shaikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, the King of Bahrain
Tourist resort at Banana Island in Qatar
Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir with then British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson (now Prime Minister) in London, 16 October 2016
of the Royal Bahraini Navy taking part in a multilateral sea exercise
Oryx GTL plant in Qatar
Major Iran–Saudi Arabia proxy conflict locations
King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa meets U.S. President Donald Trump, May 2017
A proportional representation of Qatar exports, 2019
Flag of Al-Qaeda, a transnational terrorist group formed by Osama bin Laden, a Saudi Arabian national of Yemeni and Syrian extraction who was stripped of his Saudi passport in 1994.
Bahraini protests against the ruling Al Khalifa family in 2011
Hamad International Airport
"The Saudi pilots training in Italy 1935"—a scene from 'Our Eagles', one of four video wall shows made for the Royal Saudi Air Force Museum
Several people held a sit-in in solidarity with human rights activist Nabeel Rajab
Qatar Airways Airbus A380, Qatar Airways, one of the world's largest airlines, links over 150 international destinations from its base in Doha.
Saudi soldiers from the First Airborne Brigade.
GDP per capita development in Bahrain
Doha Metro
Deera Square, central Riyadh. It is a former site of public be-headings.
A proportional representation of Bahrain exports, 2019
Residential buildings at the Pearl
Saudi Arabia topography
Manama skyline as viewed from Juffair
Mosque in Qatar
Harrat Khaybar seen from the International Space Station. Saudi Arabia is home to more than 2000 dormant volcanoes. Lava fields in Hejaz, known locally by their Arabic name of harrat (the singular is harrah), form one of Earth's largest alkali basalt regions, covering some 180000 km2, an area greater than the state of Missouri.
The cities of Muharraq (foreground) and Manama (background)
National Museum of Qatar in Doha
A proportional representation of Saudi Arabia exports, 2019
The Tree of Life, a 9.75 meters high Prosopis cineraria tree that is over 400 years old
Museum of Islamic Art in Doha
Office of Saudi Aramco, the world's most valuable company and the main source of revenue for the state
The King Fahd Causeway as seen from space
Qatar National Library in Doha
The hajj is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, the holiest city for Muslims.
Bahrainis observing public prayers in Manama
The news desk of Al Jazeera English, a Qatari news channel
King Abdullah Financial Center is one of the largest investment centres in the Middle East, located in Riyadh
Gudaibiya mosque, in Manama
Lusail Sports Arena
Al-Hasa is known for its palm trees and dates. Al-Hasa has over 30 million palm trees which produce over 100 thousand tons of dates every year.
Female students at the University of Bahrain dressed in traditional garb
Al-Rayyan Stadium
Saudi Arabia population density (people per km2)
Ambulance in International Hospital of Bahrain
Lusail Iconic Stadium with capacity of 80,000 seats.
Laboratory buildings at KAUST
The Isa ibn Ali Al Khalifa house is an example of traditional architecture in Bahrain.
Student Center in Education City. Education City houses various educational facilities, including satellite campuses of eight international universities.
The Al-Yamamah Private University in Riyadh
An artisan making pottery using the traditional mud and water mixture on a revolving wheel.
Qatar University
UIS literacy rate Saudi Arabia population, 15 plus, 1990–2015
The Bahrain national football team playing Australia on June 10, 2009, in a World Cup qualifier
Historical development of life expectancy in Saudi Arabia
The podium ceremony at the 2007 Bahrain Grand Prix
Supplicating pilgrim at Al-Masjid Al-Ḥarām (The Sacred Mosque) in Mecca. The Kaaba is the cubic building in front of the pilgrim.
Non-Muslims are prohibited from entering the Islamic holy city of Mecca
Sarah Attar is a track and field athlete who competed at the 2012 Summer Olympics as one of the first two female Olympians representing Saudi Arabia.
The Masjid al-Haram is the holiest Islamic site, located in Mecca
The Mosque of the Prophet in Medina containing the tomb of Muhammad
King Abdullah practising falconry, a traditional pursuit in the country
Arabic coffee is a traditional beverage in Arabian cuisine
Uruguay – Saudi Arabia match at the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia
The 3000-year-old ancient historical city of Dumat al-Jandal in Al Jawf Province
The old city of Jeddah
Jabal Sawda ({{convert|3000|m|ft|abbr=on|disp=or}}) located in the 'Asir subrange of the Sarat Mountains
Abha City, located {{convert|2270|m|ft|abbr=on}} above sea level in the 'Asir Region
Beach promenade in Al-Wajh
Dhi 'ain village located in Al Bahah Province
The desert of Al-Rub' Al-Khali (The Empty Quarter)
Saad Khader from left and right Mohammad Al-Ali in 1979

It occupies the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula, and shares its sole land border with neighbouring Gulf Cooperation Council monarchy Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its territory surrounded by the Persian Gulf.

- Qatar

The Gulf of Bahrain, an inlet of the Persian Gulf, separates Qatar from nearby Bahrain.

- Qatar

It is bordered by the Red Sea to the west; Jordan, Iraq, and Kuwait to the north; the Persian Gulf, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates to the east; Oman to the southeast; and Yemen to the south.

- Saudi Arabia

Bahrain is situated between Qatar and the northeastern coast of Saudi Arabia, to which it is connected by the King Fahd Causeway.

- Bahrain

Bahrain is an island country off the east coast.

- Saudi Arabia

9 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Arab world

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The Arab world (العالم العربي '), formally the Arab homeland (الوطن العربي '), also known as the Arab nation (الأمة العربية '), the Arabsphere, or the Arab states''', consists of the 22 Arab countries which are members of the Arab League.

The Arab world (العالم العربي '), formally the Arab homeland (الوطن العربي '), also known as the Arab nation (الأمة العربية '), the Arabsphere, or the Arab states''', consists of the 22 Arab countries which are members of the Arab League.

Salah Zulfikar and Faten Hamama in the premiere of Bain Al-Atlal ("Among the Ruins") in Cairo, 1959
The Great Mosque of Kairouan (also called the Mosque of Uqba) was founded in 670 by the Arab general and conqueror Uqba ibn Nafi. The Great Mosque of Kairouan is located in the historic city of Kairouan in Tunisia.
The Maghreb (Western Arab world)
Abbasid caliphate (750 – 1258 CE)

Iraq and Bahrain, however, are Shia majority countries, while Lebanon, Yemen, and Kuwait have large Shia minorities.

In Saudi Arabia, Ismailite pockets are also found in the eastern Al-Hasa region and the southern city of Najran.

In terms of GDP per capita, Qatar is the richest developing country in the world.

Middle East

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Map of the Middle East between Africa, Europe, Central Asia, and Southern Asia.
Middle East map of Köppen climate classification.
Western Wall and Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem
Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem
The Kaaba, located in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Islam is the largest religion in the Middle East. Here, Muslim men are prostrating during prayer in a mosque.
Oil and gas pipelines in the Middle-East
Abu Dhabi – United Arab Emirates
Amman – Jordan
Ankara – Turkey
Baghdad, Iraq
Beirut – Lebanon
Cairo – Egypt
Damascus – Syria
Doha – Qatar
Dubai – United Arab Emirates
Istanbul – Turkey
Jerusalem – Israel
Kuwait City – Kuwait
Manama – Bahrain
Mecca – Saudi Arabia
Muscat – Oman
Nicosia – Cyprus
Ramallah – Palestine
Sana'a – Yemen
Tehran – Iran
Tel Aviv – Israel
Some henges at Göbekli Tepe were erected as far back as 9600 BC, predating those of Stonehenge, England, by over seven millennia. The site of the oldest known man-made religious structure.
Western Wall and Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem
1911 Ottoman calendar shown in several different languages such as: Ottoman Turkish (in Arabic script), Greek, Armenian, Hebrew, Bulgarian, and French.

The Middle East (الشرق الأوسط, ISO 233: ash-Sharq al-Awsat) is a geopolitical term that commonly refers to the region spanning Arabia (including the Arabian Peninsula and Bahrain), Asia Minor (Asian part of Turkey except Hatay Province), East Thrace (European part of Turkey), Egypt, Iran, the Levant (including Ash-Shām and Cyprus), Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq), and the Socotra Archipelago (a part of Yemen).

The most populous countries in the region are Egypt, Iran, and Turkey, while Saudi Arabia is the largest Middle Eastern country by area.

In 1958, the State Department explained that the terms "Near East" and "Middle East" were interchangeable, and defined the region as including only Egypt, Syria, Israel, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, and Qatar.

Arabic

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Semitic language that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE.

Semitic language that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE.

Safaitic inscription
The Namara inscription, a sample of Nabataean script, considered a direct precursor of Arabic script.
Arabic from the Quran in the old Hijazi dialect (Hijazi script, 7th century AD)
The Qur'an has served and continues to serve as a fundamental reference for Arabic. (Maghrebi Kufic script, Blue Qur'an, 9th-10th century)
Coverage in Al-Ahram in 1934 of the inauguration of the Academy of the Arabic Language in Cairo, an organization of major importance to the modernization of Arabic.
Taha Hussein and Gamal Abdel Nasser were both staunch defenders of Standard Arabic.
Flag of the Arab League, used in some cases for the Arabic language
Flag used in some cases for the Arabic language (Flag of the Kingdom of Hejaz 1916–1925).The flag contains the four Pan-Arab colors: black, white, green and red.
Different dialects of Arabic
Arabic calligraphy written by a Malay Muslim in Malaysia. The calligrapher is making a rough draft.

Gulf Arabic, spoken by around four million people, predominantly in Kuwait, Bahrain, some parts of Oman, eastern Saudi Arabia coastal areas and some parts of UAE and Qatar. Also spoken in Iran's Bushehr and Hormozgan provinces. Although Gulf Arabic is spoken in Qatar, most Qatari citizens speak Najdi Arabic (Bedawi).

Gulf Cooperation Council

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Rail transport map of Saudi Arabia. The GCC Railway, a proposed railway system to connect all six GCC member states, can be seen in yellow.
Euler Diagram for the Arab League, which contains members of the Gulf Cooperation Council

The Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (مجلس التعاون لدول الخليج العربية), also known as the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC; مجلس التعاون الخليجي), is a regional, intergovernmental, political, and economic union comprising Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.

Persian Gulf from space

Persian Gulf

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Mediterranean sea in Western Asia.

Mediterranean sea in Western Asia.

Persian Gulf from space
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Map of the Persian Gulf. The Gulf of Oman leads to the Arabian Sea. Detail from [[:File:MiddleEast.png|larger map of the Middle East]].
A historical map of the Persian Gulf in a Dubai museum with the word Persian removed
Picture depicting extent of early civilizations around the Persian Gulf, including Lackhmids and Sassanids.
Picture depicting the Achaemenid Persian empire in relation to the Persian Gulf.
A painting depicting the British Expeditionary Force off the coast of Ras Al Khaimah in 1809.
The Portuguese Castle on Hormuz Island (Gaspar Correia. "Lendas da Índia", c. 1556)
Operation Earnest Will: Tanker convoy No. 12 under US Navy escort in October 1987
Oil and gas pipelines and fields
Khasab, Musandam, Oman
Dubai, UAE
Abu Dhabi, UAE
Doha, Qatar
Manama, Bahrain
Khobar, Saudi Arabia
Kuwait City, Kuwait
Al-Faw, Iraq
Bandar Abbas, Iran
Dugong mother and her offspring in shallow water
Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins off the southern shore of Iran, around Hengam Island
Spinner dolphins leaping in the Persian gulf
Critically endangered Arabian humpback whales (being the most isolated, and the only resident population in the world) off Dhofar, Oman
Palm and sunset in Minoo Island

Its length is 989 km, with Iran covering most of the northern coast and Saudi Arabia most of the southern coast.

Countries with a coastline on the Persian Gulf are (clockwise, from north): Iran; Oman's Musandam exclave; the United Arab Emirates; Saudi Arabia; Qatar, on a peninsula off the Saudi coast; Bahrain, an island nation; Kuwait; and Iraq in the northwest.

Eastern Arabia (historical region of Bahrain) on a 1745 Bellin map

Eastern Arabia

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Eastern Arabia (historical region of Bahrain) on a 1745 Bellin map
A dhow, a common item depicting the culture of seafaring in Eastern Arabia. It is displayed in the coat of arms of Kuwait and Qatar.
Gerrha and its neighbors in 1 AD.
Asia in 600 CE, showing the Sassanid Empire before the Arab conquest
Phoenicians men their ships in service to Assyrian king Sennacherib, during his war against the Chaldeans in the Persian Gulf, c. 700 BC
Facsimile of a letter sent by Muhammad to Munzir ibn-Sawa al-Tamimi, governor of Bahrain in AD 628
Map of eastern and central Arabia in the 9th–10th centuries

Eastern Arabia (اَلْبَحْرَيْنِ) is a historical region stretching from Southern Iraq along the Persian Gulf coast and included regions in Iraq, Bahrain, Kuwait, Eastern Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, and Northern Oman.

Saudi Arabia is often considered a Gulf Arab state although most of the country's inhabitants do not live in Eastern Arabia with the exception of the Bahrani people who live in Qatif and al-Hasa oases and who historically inhabited the entire region of Eastern Arabia before the establishment of the modern day political borders.

Ethnoreligious groups in 2002. Zaydi Shi'a followers make up between 35% and 42.1% of Muslims in Yemen.

Saudi Arabian–led intervention in Yemen

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Ethnoreligious groups in 2002. Zaydi Shi'a followers make up between 35% and 42.1% of Muslims in Yemen.
King Salman of Saudi Arabia and Saudi Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir meet with U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry in September 2015
Saudi foreign minister Adel al-Jubeir announced a five-day ceasefire in Yemen, 8 May 2015
An airstrike in Sanaʽa,
11 May 2015
Protest against the military intervention in Yemen on 14 August 2020
Saudi Arabia's UK-supplied Eurofighter Typhoons are playing a central role in Saudi-led bombing campaign in Yemen.
The US Navy has actively participated in the Saudi-led naval blockade, which humanitarian organizations argue has been the main contributing factor to the outbreak of famine in Yemen.
Yemeni capital Sanaa after airstrikes, 9 October 2015
Protest against the military intervention in Yemen, New York City, December 2017
Protest outside 10 Downing Street against a visit by Saudi Arabian Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, London, March 2018
The conflict is exacerbating Yemen's water scarcity, Sanaa, 21 May 2015
An airstrike in Sanaʽa on a textile factory in July 2015 left more than 1,300 people unemployed (photo: A. Mojalli/VOA, November 2015)
Apartment building destroyed by a strike in Sanaa on 5 September 2015
Development of the number of IDPs and IDP returnees (January 2010 – June 2018)
"Let Yemen Live" protest at US and Saudi missions to the UN, New York City, December 2017
Yemen's former president Ali Abdullah Saleh was initially allied with Houthis, until they assassinated him on accounts of treason.
Yemen's President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 7 May 2015
Foreign Ministers of the U.S., the U.K., Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, before a working dinner focused on Yemen, 19 July 2016
Protesters against the US-backed Saudi-led war on Yemen were led away handcuffed by New York police outside the US mission to the UN on 11 December 2017
Registration of Indian citizens evacuating from Yemen, March 2015

On 26 March 2015, Saudi Arabia, leading a coalition of nine countries from West Asia and North Africa, launched an intervention in the Yemeni Civil War in response to calls from the president of Yemen Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi for military support after he was ousted by the Houthi movement.

The Saudi-led coalition has attacked the positions of the Houthi militia, and loyalists of the former President of Yemen, Ali Abdullah Saleh, supported by Iran (see Iran–Saudi Arabia proxy conflict), Fighter jets and ground forces from Egypt, Morocco, Jordan, Sudan, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, and Academi (formerly called Blackwater) took part in the operation.

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World Bank high-income economy

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Defined by the World Bank as a nation with a gross national income per capita of US$12,696 or more in 2020, calculated using the Atlas method.

Defined by the World Bank as a nation with a gross national income per capita of US$12,696 or more in 2020, calculated using the Atlas method.

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🇧🇭 Bahrain (1987–89, 2001–present)

🇶🇦 Qatar (1987–present)

🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia (1987–89, 2003–present)

A Salafi funeral site in Linxia, China

Salafi movement

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Reform branch movement within Sunni Islam that originated during the nineteenth century.

Reform branch movement within Sunni Islam that originated during the nineteenth century.

A Salafi funeral site in Linxia, China

In legal matters, Salafi Muslims are divided between those who, in the name of independent legal judgement (ijtihad), reject strict adherence (taqlid) to the four Sunni schools of law (madhahib) and those who remain faithful to them, namely, the Saudi scholars, who do not follow any specific madhhab.

1926), an Egyptian scholar based in Qatar.

The nearby Persian Gulf States of Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates have been among the countries that have condemned Qatar's actions.