Bai Chongxi

Pai Chung-hsiBai Zongxi
Bai Chongxi (18 March 1893 – 1 December 1966; ;, Xiao'erjing: ﺑَﻰْ ﭼْﻮ ثِ) was a Chinese general in the National Revolutionary Army of the Republic of China (ROC) and a prominent Chinese Nationalist leader.wikipedia
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Omar (name)

OmarOmerÖmer
His Muslim name was Omar Bai Chongxi.

Chinese Civil War

civil warCommunist RevolutionChina
He and Li Zongren supported the anti-Chiang warlord alliance in the Central Plains War in 1930, then supported Chiang in the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War.
On April 12, in Shanghai, many Communist members in the KMT were purged through hundreds of arrests and executions on the orders of General Bai Chongxi.

Chiang Kai-shek

Chiang Kai ShekJiang JieshiChiang Kaishek
His relationship with Chiang Kai-shek was at various times antagonistic and cooperative. The Hui Muslim Xidaotang sect pledged allegiance to the Kuomintang after their rise to power and Bai Chongxi acquainted Chiang Kai-shek with the Xidaotang jiaozhu Ma Mingren in 1941 in Chongqing.
The NRA branched into three divisions: to the west was the returned Wang Jingwei, who led a column to take Wuhan; Bai Chongxi's column went east to take Shanghai; Chiang himself led in the middle route, planning to take Nanjing before pressing ahead to capture Beijing.

Huang Shaohong

Huang Shaoxiong
Bai and classmates Huang Shaohong and Li Zongren would become the three leading figures of Guangxi's military. With the outbreak of the Xinhai Revolution in 1911, under the leadership of Huang Shaoxiong, Bai joined a Students Dare to Die corps. Bai rose to fame during the warlord era by allying with Huang Shaohong (a fellow deputy commander of the Model Battalion of the Guangxi First Division) and Li Tsung-jen as supporters of Kuomintang leader Sun Yat-sen.
After the 1911 revolution he attended Guangxi Military Cadre Training School in Guilin along with Bai Chongxi and Li Zongren.

Guangxi

Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous RegionGuangxi ProvinceKwangsi
From the mid-1920s to 1949, Bai and his close ally Li Zongren ruled Guangxi province as regional warlords with their own troops and considerable political autonomy.
After a brief occupation by Chen Jiongming's Cantonese forces, Guangxi fell into disunity and profound banditry for several years until Li Zongren's Guangxi Pacification Army established the New Guangxi clique dominated by Li, Huang Shaohong, and Bai Chongxi.

Central Plains War

Battle of Central PlainsCentral Plainsnew regional warlords
He and Li Zongren supported the anti-Chiang warlord alliance in the Central Plains War in 1930, then supported Chiang in the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War.
Following the demilitarization conference in 1929, Li Zongren, Bai Chongxi and Huang Shaohong of the Guangxi clique broke off relations with Chiang in March 1929, which effectively started the confrontation between these commanders and the Nanjing government.

New Guangxi clique

GuangxiGuangxi Clique
This alliance, called the New Guangxi Clique, proceeded to move against Guangxi warlord Lu Rongting in 1924.
The Old Guangxi clique crumbled in the early 1920s, and was replaced by the New Guangxi clique, led by Li Zongren, Huang Shaohong, and Bai Chongxi.

Hui people

HuiChinese MuslimHui Muslim
He was of Hui ethnicity and of the Muslim faith.
His father was Muslim General Bai Chongxi, who had his children adopt western names.

Xinhai Revolution

1911 RevolutionChinese RevolutionChinese Revolution of 1911
With the outbreak of the Xinhai Revolution in 1911, under the leadership of Huang Shaoxiong, Bai joined a Students Dare to Die corps.
Under the leadership of Huang Shaohong, the Muslim law student Bai Chongxi enlisted in a Dare to Die unit to fight as a revolutionary.

Second Sino-Japanese War

Sino-Japanese WarJapanese invasion of ChinaJapanese invasion
He and Li Zongren supported the anti-Chiang warlord alliance in the Central Plains War in 1930, then supported Chiang in the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War.
The Japanese attempt to get the Muslim Hui people on their side failed, as many Chinese generals such as Bai Chongxi, Ma Hongbin, Ma Hongkui, and Ma Bufang were Hui.

Ma Liang (general)

Ma Liang
Prominent Muslims like Gen. Ma Liang, Ma Fuxiang and Bai Chongxi met in 1931 in Nanjing to discuss intercommunal tolerance between Hui and Han.
Prominent Muslims like Ma Liang, Ma Fuxiang and Bai Chongxi met in 1931 in Nanjing to discuss inter communal tolerance between Hui and Han.

Northern Expedition

North ExpeditionChinese RevolutionNorthern Expedition (1926–1927)
During the Northern Expedition (1926–28) Bai was the Chief of Staff of the National Revolutionary Army and credited with many victories over the northern warlords, often using speed, maneuver and surprise to defeat larger enemy forces. In 1928, during the Northern Expedition, Bai led Kuomintang forces in the defeat and destruction of Fengtian Clique Gen. Zhang Zongchang, capturing 20,000 of his 50,000 troops and almost capturing Zhang himself, who escaped to Manchuria.
The rebel and KMT forces merged under the command of Bai Chongxi, who launched a counteroffensive on 20 January.

Kuomintang

KMTNationalistnationalists
Bai rose to fame during the warlord era by allying with Huang Shaohong (a fellow deputy commander of the Model Battalion of the Guangxi First Division) and Li Tsung-jen as supporters of Kuomintang leader Sun Yat-sen. In 1928, during the Northern Expedition, Bai led Kuomintang forces in the defeat and destruction of Fengtian Clique Gen. Zhang Zongchang, capturing 20,000 of his 50,000 troops and almost capturing Zhang himself, who escaped to Manchuria.
KMT branch in Guangxi province, led by the New Guangxi Clique of Bai Chongxi and Li Zongren, implemented anti-imperialist, anti-religious, and anti-foreign policies.

Zhang Zongchang

Chang Tsung-chang
In 1928, during the Northern Expedition, Bai led Kuomintang forces in the defeat and destruction of Fengtian Clique Gen. Zhang Zongchang, capturing 20,000 of his 50,000 troops and almost capturing Zhang himself, who escaped to Manchuria.
In 1928, during the Northern Expedition, Gen. Bai Chongxi led Kuomintang forces that defeated and destroyed Zhang Zongchang's army, capturing 20,000 of his 50,000 troops and almost capturing Zhang himself, who escaped beyond the Great Wall to Manchuria.

Battle of Kunlun Pass

fighting for Kunlun Pass
Bai also directed the Battle of South Guangxi and Battle of Kunlun Pass to retake South Guangxi.
Realizing that inaction would result in being cut off, General Bai Chongxi, himself a native of Guangxi, asked the Nationalist Government for reinforcements.

National Revolutionary Army

Chinese Nationalist ArmyNationalist ArmyNRA
During the Northern Expedition (1926–28) Bai was the Chief of Staff of the National Revolutionary Army and credited with many victories over the northern warlords, often using speed, maneuver and surprise to defeat larger enemy forces. Bai Chongxi (18 March 1893 – 1 December 1966; ;, Xiao'erjing: ﺑَﻰْ ﭼْﻮ ثِ) was a Chinese general in the National Revolutionary Army of the Republic of China (ROC) and a prominent Chinese Nationalist leader.

Li Zongren

Li Tsung-jenDelinLee Tsung-jen
Bai and classmates Huang Shaohong and Li Zongren would become the three leading figures of Guangxi's military. From the mid-1920s to 1949, Bai and his close ally Li Zongren ruled Guangxi province as regional warlords with their own troops and considerable political autonomy. Bai rose to fame during the warlord era by allying with Huang Shaohong (a fellow deputy commander of the Model Battalion of the Guangxi First Division) and Li Tsung-jen as supporters of Kuomintang leader Sun Yat-sen.
Li and his close staff member, the Muslim General Bai Chongxi, were powerful partners in politics and military affairs.

Ili Rebellion

Three DistrictsThree Districts Revolution1944 Xinjiang uprising
During the Ili Rebellion Bai was considered by the government for the post of Governor of Xinjiang.
Bai Chongxi, the Defense Minister of China and a Muslim, was considered for appointment in 1947 as Governor of Xinjiang, but the position was given instead to Masud Sabri, a pro-Kuomintang Uyghur who was anti-Soviet.

Baoding Military Academy

Paoting military academyPaoting Military Officers' College
He graduated from the school in 1914, then underwent pre-cadet training for six months before attending the third class of Baoding Military Academy in June 1915.
Prominent graduates of the 3rd class in 1916 include Bai Chongxi, Cai Tingkai, Huang Shaohong, Zhang Zhizhong and Xia Wei.

Guilin

KweilinGuilin, ChinaScenery of Guilin
Bai was born in Guilin, Guangxi, and given the courtesy name Jiansheng .

Lu Rongting

This alliance, called the New Guangxi Clique, proceeded to move against Guangxi warlord Lu Rongting in 1924.
However, he was unable to fully recover his influence over the province due to the formation of the New Guangxi Clique led by Li Zongren and Bai Chongxi.

Xidaotang

The Hui Muslim Xidaotang sect pledged allegiance to the Kuomintang after their rise to power and Bai Chongxi acquainted Chiang Kai-shek with the Xidaotang jiaozhu Ma Mingren in 1941 in Chongqing.
The Xidaotang pledged allegiance to the Kuomintang after their rise to power, and in 1941, the Hui General Bai Chongxi introduced Chiang Kai-shek to Xidaotang leader Ma Mingren in Chongqing.

Ma Fuxiang

Ma Fu-hsiangMa Fuliang
Prominent Muslims like Gen. Ma Liang, Ma Fuxiang and Bai Chongxi met in 1931 in Nanjing to discuss intercommunal tolerance between Hui and Han.
Prominent Muslims like Ma Liang (general), Ma Fuxiang and Bai Chongxi met in 1931 in Nanjing to discuss inter communal tolerance between Hui and Han.

Masud Sabri

The position later was given to Masud Sabri, a pro-Kuomintang Uyghur leader.
Bai Chongxi, the Defence Minister of China and a Muslim, was considered for being appointed Governor of Xinjiang.

Pai Hsien-yung

Bai XianyongKenneth Hsien-yung PaiKenneth Pai
Bai sent his son Pai Hsien-yung to Catholic schools in Hong Kong.
Pai's father was the famous Kuomintang (KMT) general Bai Chongxi (Pai Chung-hsi), whom he later described as a "stern, Confucian father" with "some soft spots in his heart."