Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Lokmanya TilakTilakLokamanya TilakLokmanya Bal Gangadhar TilakBalgangadhar TilakB.G. TilakB. G. TilakTilakiteB G TilakBal Gandagdhar Tilak
Bal Gangadhar Tilak (or Lokmanya Tilak, ; 23 July 1856 – 1 August 1920), born as Keshav Gangadhar Tilak, was an Indian nationalist, teacher, and an independence activist.wikipedia
379 Related Articles

V. O. Chidambaram Pillai

V.O. Chidambaram PillaiVOCChidambaram Pillai
He formed a close alliance with many Indian National Congress leaders including Bipin Chandra Pal, Lala Lajpat Rai, Aurobindo Ghose, V. O. Chidambaram Pillai and Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
He was a disciple of Bal Gangadhar Tilak.

Lal Bal Pal

Lal-Bal-PalLal, Bal, Pal
He was one third of the Lal Bal Pal triumvirate.
Lal Bal Pal (Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and Bipin Chandra Pal) were a triumvirate of assertive nationalists in British-ruled India in the early 20th century, from 1906 to 1918.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Mohammad Ali JinnahJinnahQuaid-e-Azam
He formed a close alliance with many Indian National Congress leaders including Bipin Chandra Pal, Lala Lajpat Rai, Aurobindo Ghose, V. O. Chidambaram Pillai and Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
In 1908, his factional foe in the Indian National Congress, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, was arrested for sedition.

Maharashtra

MaharastraMaharashtra StateMaharashtra, India
Tilak was born in an Indian Marathi Hindu Chitpavan Brahmin family in Ratnagiri as Keshav Gangadhar Tilak, in the headquarters of the Ratnagiri district of present-day Maharashtra (then Bombay Presidency) on 23 July 1856.
At the turn of the 20th century, the struggle for independence took shape, led by radical nationalist Bal Gangadhar Tilak and the moderates like Justice Mahadev Govind Ranade, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Pherozeshah Mehta and Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj, Dadabhai Naoroji, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, Jyotirao Phule – social reformers who were all born in this region.

Marathi people

MarathiMaharashtrianMaharashtrians
Tilak was born in an Indian Marathi Hindu Chitpavan Brahmin family in Ratnagiri as Keshav Gangadhar Tilak, in the headquarters of the Ratnagiri district of present-day Maharashtra (then Bombay Presidency) on 23 July 1856.
The most prominent personalities of Indian Nationalism in the late 19th and early 20th century, Gopal Krishna Gokhale and Bal Gangadhar Tilak, on opposite sides of the political spectrum, were both Marathi.Tilak was instrumental in using Shivaji and Ganesh worship in forging a collective Maharashtrian identity for the Marathi people.

Government Law College, Mumbai

Government Law CollegeGovernment Law College, BombayGLC
He left his M.A. course of study midway to join the LL.B course instead, and in 1879 he obtained his LL.B degree from Government Law College.

Sri Aurobindo

AurobindoAurobindo GhoshAurobindo Ghose
He formed a close alliance with many Indian National Congress leaders including Bipin Chandra Pal, Lala Lajpat Rai, Aurobindo Ghose, V. O. Chidambaram Pillai and Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
He established contact with Lokmanya Tilak and Sister Nivedita.

Fergusson College

Ferguson CollegeFergusson College, PuneFergusson
The Society established the Fergusson College in 1885 for post-secondary studies.
Indian Nationalists such as Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Vishnushastri Chiplunkar, and social reformer Gopal Ganesh Agarkar and Mahadev Namjoshi put their efforts into the formation of a school for their countrymen.

Indian National Congress

CongressINCIndian National Congress (I)
Tilak joined the Indian National Congress in 1890.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak, who tried to mobilise Hindu Indians by appealing to an explicitly Hindu political identity displayed in the annual public Ganapati festivals he inaugurated in western India, was prominent among the extremists.

Deccan Education Society

The New English School
The success of the school led them to set up the Deccan Education Society in 1884 to create a new system of education that taught young Indians nationalist ideas through an emphasis on Indian culture.
In 1880 Vishnushastri Chiplunkar and Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak established the New English School, one of the first native-run schools offering Western education in Pune.

Joseph Baptista

Joseph 'Kaka' BaptistaKaka Baptista
He adopted a new slogan coined by his associate Kaka Baptista: "Swaraj (self-rule) is my birthright and I shall have it."
Joseph "Kaka" Baptista (17 March 1864 – 1930) was an Indian politician and activist from Bombay (today known as Mumbai), closely associated with the Lokmanya Tilak and the Home Rule Movement.He was the first president of indian home rule league established in 1916.

Marathi language

MarathiMarathi-languageMarāthi
He is known for his quote in Marathi: "Swarajya is my birthright and I shall have it!". Tilak took up this issue by publishing inflammatory articles in his paper Kesari (Kesari was written in Marathi, and "Maratha" was written in English), quoting the Hindu scripture, the Bhagavad Gita, to say that no blame could be attached to anyone who killed an oppressor without any thought of reward.
Later under the editorship of Lokmanya Tilak, the newspaper was instrumental in spreading Tilak's nationalist and social views.

Gopal Ganesh Agarkar

Agarkar
Inspired by Vishnushastri Chiplunkar, he co-founded the New English school for secondary education in 1880 with a few of his college friends, including Gopal Ganesh Agarkar, Mahadev Ballal Namjoshi.
At one time a close associate of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, he was a co-founder of educational institutes such as the New English School, the Deccan Education Society and Fergusson College along with Tilak, Vishnushastri Chiplunkar, Mahadev Ballal Namjoshi, V. S. Apte, V. B. Kelkar, M. S. Gole and N. K. Dharap.

Honorary titles of Indian leaders

Bihar VibhutiDeenabandhuAcharya
He was also conferred with the title of "Lokmanya", which means "accepted by the people (as their leader)".

Pune

PoonaPune, IndiaPune City
During late 1896, a bubonic plague spread from Bombay to Pune, and by January 1897, it reached epidemic proportions.
In the period between 1875 and 1910, the city was a centre of agitation led by Gopal Krishna Gokhale and Bal Gangadhar Tilak.

Vishnushastri Krushnashastri Chiplunkar

Vishnushastri ChiplunkarVishnu Shastri ChiplunkarVishnushashtri Chiplunkar
and Vishnushastri Chiplunkar.
In 1880, he founded (together with Gopal Ganesh Agarkar and Bal Gangadhar Tilak) the newspapers Kesari (केसरी, in Marathi) and Mahratta (in English).He was also a co-founder The New English School in Pune.

Bhagavad Gita

GitaBhagavad-GitaBhagvad Gita
Tilak took up this issue by publishing inflammatory articles in his paper Kesari (Kesari was written in Marathi, and "Maratha" was written in English), quoting the Hindu scripture, the Bhagavad Gita, to say that no blame could be attached to anyone who killed an oppressor without any thought of reward.
The Gitas call for selfless action inspired many leaders of the Indian independence movement including Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Mahatma Gandhi; the latter referred to it as his "spiritual dictionary".

Kesari (newspaper)

KesariKesari'' (newspaper)
Tilak took up this issue by publishing inflammatory articles in his paper Kesari (Kesari was written in Marathi, and "Maratha" was written in English), quoting the Hindu scripture, the Bhagavad Gita, to say that no blame could be attached to anyone who killed an oppressor without any thought of reward.
Kesari (केसरी Sanskrit for Lion) is a Marathi newspaper which was founded in 1881 by Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak, a prominent leader of the Indian Independence movement.

Ratnagiri

Hatkhamba (Ratnagiri)Ratnagiri cityRatnagiri District
Tilak was born in an Indian Marathi Hindu Chitpavan Brahmin family in Ratnagiri as Keshav Gangadhar Tilak, in the headquarters of the Ratnagiri district of present-day Maharashtra (then Bombay Presidency) on 23 July 1856.
Ratnagiri is the birthplace of Indian freedom fighter Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak.

Khudiram Bose

Khudi Ram BoseKhudiram
On 30 April 1908, two Bengali youths, Prafulla Chaki and Khudiram Bose, threw a bomb on a carriage at Muzzafarpur, to kill the Chief Presidency Magistrate Douglas Kingsford of Calcutta fame, but erroneously killed two women traveling in it.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak, in his newspaper Kesari, defended the two young men and called for immediate swaraj. This was followed by the immediate arrest of Tilak by the British colonial government on charges of sedition.

Bipin Chandra Pal

Bipin PalBipinchandra PalBipin Pal’s
He formed a close alliance with many Indian National Congress leaders including Bipin Chandra Pal, Lala Lajpat Rai, Aurobindo Ghose, V. O. Chidambaram Pillai and Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
Along with Lala Lajpat Rai and Bal Gangadhar Tilak he belonged to the Lal, Bal, Pal trio that was associated with revolutionary activity.

Ratnagiri district

RatnagiriBurudjMalgund
Tilak was born in an Indian Marathi Hindu Chitpavan Brahmin family in Ratnagiri as Keshav Gangadhar Tilak, in the headquarters of the Ratnagiri district of present-day Maharashtra (then Bombay Presidency) on 23 July 1856.

Shrimadh Bhagvad Gita Rahasya

Gita RahasyaGeeta-Rahasya by Tilak
While in the prison he wrote the Gita Rahasya.
Shrimadh Bhagvad Gita Rahasya, popularly also known as Gita Rahasya or Karmayog Shashtra, is a 1915 Marathi language book authored by Indian social reformer and independence activist Bal Gangadhar Tilak while he was in prison at Mandalay, Burma.

Prafulla Chaki

PrafullaPrafulla Chandra Chaki
On 30 April 1908, two Bengali youths, Prafulla Chaki and Khudiram Bose, threw a bomb on a carriage at Muzzafarpur, to kill the Chief Presidency Magistrate Douglas Kingsford of Calcutta fame, but erroneously killed two women traveling in it.
He stated "that the Indian people will not win there freedom through these methods" However, Bal Gangadhar Tilak in his newspaper Kesari, defended the two young men and called for immediate swaraj. This was followed by the immediate arrest of Tilak by the British colonial government on charges of sedition.

Indian Home Rule movement

All India Home Rule LeagueHome Rule MovementIndian Home Rule
Tilak helped found the All India Home Rule League in 1916–18, with G. S. Khaparde and Annie Besant.
The movement lasted around two years between 1916–1918 and is believed to have set the stage for the independence movement under the leadership of Annie Besant all over India whereas B. G. Tilak participation was limited to the educated English speaking upper class Indians.