Balangay

baeangayBalangay (Butuan Boat)barangays
The Balangay (formerly synonymous with Butuan boat) is a plank boat adjoined by a carved-out plank edged through pins and dowels.wikipedia
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Butuan

Butuan City Butuan CityAmbangan Archeological Site in Libertad
The Balanghai Festival is also a celebration in Butuan, Agusan del Norte to commemorate the coming of the early migrants that settled the Philippines, on board the Balangay boats. Since the 10th century, Butuan appeared to have been in good relations with the Srivijaya.
Evidence of these trading links are in the discovery of 11 balangay boats around Ambangan in Barangay Libertad, which was described as the only concentration of archaeological, ancient, ocean-going boats in Southeast Asia.

Karakoa

joangasLanong
Karakoa, a similar vessel used primarily as a warship
Karakoa were similar to and were sometimes confused with balangay, but can be differentiated in that they possessed raised decks (burulan) amidships and on the outriggers.

Agusan del Norte

AgusanAgusan del Norte Province, PhilippinesAgusandel Norte
The Balanghai Festival is also a celebration in Butuan, Agusan del Norte to commemorate the coming of the early migrants that settled the Philippines, on board the Balangay boats.
The ancient Balangay boats were found in Butuan, excavated in the Balangay Shrine across the Masao River from Bood Promontory.

Lepa (ship)

lepa
Lepa (ship)
The prow and the stern are also made from flat carved blocks of wood, and not posts or curving planks as in vessels like the balangay.

Lancaran (ship)

Lancaran
Lancaran (ship)
Balangay

Paraw

Filipinos

FilipinoFilipinaPhilippine
The balangay was the first wooden watercraft excavated in Southeast Asia and is evidence of early Filipino craftsmanship and their seamanship skills during pre-colonial times.

Philippines

🇵🇭FilipinoPhilippine
The Balanghai Festival is also a celebration in Butuan, Agusan del Norte to commemorate the coming of the early migrants that settled the Philippines, on board the Balangay boats.

Austronesian languages

AustronesianAustronesian languageAustronesian language family
The name barangay originated from balangay, the Austronesian word for "sailboat".

Antonio Pigafetta

Antonio Figafetta
When Antonio Pigafetta went ashore to parley with the ruler of Mazua, they sat together in a boat drawn up on shore which Pigafetta called a balangai.

Luzon

Luzon Islandnorthern LuzonNorth Luzon
On the other hand, when the Spaniards reached Luzon, they found this word for boat also being used for the smallest political unit of Tagalog society.

Tagalog people

TagalogTagalogsTagalas
On the other hand, when the Spaniards reached Luzon, they found this word for boat also being used for the smallest political unit of Tagalog society.

Cagayan

Cagayan ProvinceProvince of CagayanCagayan Province, Philippines
As in Northern Luzon particularly in the province of Cagayan, balangay is used as a medium in getting food for the Ibanags.

Taiwan

🇹🇼FormosaRepublic of China
The Tao people of Taiwan have traditionally been adept at crafting balangays, a tradition that still continues in modern times.

Orchid Island

LanyuLanyu IslandLanyu Township
They are regarded as descendants of the vessels used by the ancestors of the Tao people when they settled Orchid Island from Batanes at approximately 1200 CE.

Batanes

Batanes IslandsBatan ArchipelagoBatanes Island
They are regarded as descendants of the vessels used by the ancestors of the Tao people when they settled Orchid Island from Batanes at approximately 1200 CE.

Heritiera littoralis

looking-glass mangroveDungonlittoralis
The planks, which were made from a hardwood called doongon in the Philippines (Heritiera littoralis), were fastened together every 12 centimetres, also by hardwood pin measuring some 19 centimetres long, which were driven into holes on the edge of each plank.

Arenga pinnata

sugar palmarenkaong
Cordage known as cabo negro (Arenga pinnata) was used for the purpose.

Blueprint

blueprintsblue printBlueprinting
The boats were finely manufactured without any blueprints and were taught to be made from one generation to another and uses a technique still used by boat makers of Sibutu Island in the Southern Philippines.

Sibutu

Sibutu IslandSibutu Passage
The boats were finely manufactured without any blueprints and were taught to be made from one generation to another and uses a technique still used by boat makers of Sibutu Island in the Southern Philippines.

Srivijaya

Srivijaya EmpireSrivijaya KingdomSrivijayan
Since the 10th century, Butuan appeared to have been in good relations with the Srivijaya.

Mindanao

southern PhilippinesRegion Xisland of Mindanao
Being located on the coast of Mindanao, balangays were often docking at Butuan bay keeping good business between the local people of Butuan and traders from the neighboring empire and neighboring islands.

Avalokiteśvara

AvalokitesvaraJūichimen KannonThousand-armed Avalokiteśvara
Various goods, extending to the statue of Avalokiteśvara and the Golden Tara of Butuan, were traded across Maritime Southeast Asia.