Balangay

Balangay (Butuan Boat)balangaysbarangaysDiwata ng Lahi
Balangay (formerly synonymous with Butuan boat), also known as balanghai or Spanish barangayanes, is a type of plank boat adjoined by a carved-out plank edged through pins and dowels.wikipedia
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Philippines

FilipinoPhilippinePhilippine Islands
The Balanghai Festival is also a celebration in Butuan, Agusan del Norte to commemorate the coming of the Austronesian migrants that settled the Philippines, on board the balangay boats.
Although highly diverse, they are collectively known as bangka (also baroto, baloto, or paraw; archaic: balangay, sakayan, biray, biroko, etc.).

Butuan

Butuan CityButuan, Agusan del NorteAmbangan Archeological Site in Libertad
The Balanghai Festival is also a celebration in Butuan, Agusan del Norte to commemorate the coming of the Austronesian migrants that settled the Philippines, on board the balangay boats.
Evidence of these trading links are in the discovery of 11 balangay boats around Ambangan in Barangay Libertad, which was described as the only concentration of archaeological, ancient, ocean-going boats in Southeast Asia.

Austronesian peoples

AustronesianAustronesiansAustronesian people
The Balanghai Festival is also a celebration in Butuan, Agusan del Norte to commemorate the coming of the Austronesian migrants that settled the Philippines, on board the balangay boats.
In the case of the Philippines, the villages themselves are referred to as barangay, from an alternate form of balangay, a type of sailboat used for trading and colonization.

Bangka (boat)

bangkapanco
The oldest recovered boats in the Philippines are the 9 to 11 balangay found in Butuan dated to 320 CE, all specimens of whom were typical lashed-lug Austronesian boats.

Agusan del Norte

AgusanAgusan del Norte Province, PhilippinesAgusandel Norte
The Balanghai Festival is also a celebration in Butuan, Agusan del Norte to commemorate the coming of the Austronesian migrants that settled the Philippines, on board the balangay boats.
The ancient Balangay boats were found in Butuan, excavated in the Balangay Shrine across the Masao River from Bood Promontory.

Karakoa

Cora-cora
Karakoa were similar to and were sometimes confused with balangay, but can be differentiated in that they possessed raised decks (burulan) amidships and on the outriggers.

Lepa (ship)

lepalepa-lepa
The prow and the stern are also made from flat carved blocks of wood, and not posts or curving planks as in vessels like the balangay.

Spanish language

SpanishSpanish-languageCastilian
Balangay (formerly synonymous with Butuan boat), also known as balanghai or Spanish barangayanes, is a type of plank boat adjoined by a carved-out plank edged through pins and dowels.

Filipinos

FilipinoFilipinaFilipino people
Balangay were the first wooden watercraft excavated in Southeast Asia and are evidence of early Filipino craftsmanship and their seamanship skills during pre-colonial times.

Austronesian languages

AustronesianAustronesian languageAustronesian language family
The name barangay originated from balangay, the Austronesian word for "sailboat".

Antonio Pigafetta

Antonio Figafetta
When Antonio Pigafetta went ashore to parley with the ruler of Mazua, they sat together in a boat drawn up on shore which Pigafetta called a balangai.

Luzon

Luzon IslandNorthern LuzonLuzon, Philippines
On the other hand, when the Spaniards reached Luzon, they found this word for boat also being used for the smallest political unit of Tagalog society.

Tagalog people

TagalogTagalogsTagalas
On the other hand, when the Spaniards reached Luzon, they found this word for boat also being used for the smallest political unit of Tagalog society.

Cagayan

Cagayan ProvinceProvince of CagayanCagayan Province LGU
As in Northern Luzon particularly in the province of Cagayan, balangay is used as a medium in getting food for the Ibanags.

Taiwan

Republic of ChinaFormosaRepublic of China (Taiwan)
The Tao people of Taiwan have traditionally been adept at crafting balangays, a tradition that still continues in modern times.

Orchid Island

Lanyu IslandLanyuLanyu Township
They are regarded as descendants of the vessels used by the ancestors of the Tao people when they settled Orchid Island from Batanes at approximately 1200 CE.

Batanes

Batanes IslandsBatan IslandsBatanes Group of Islands
They are regarded as descendants of the vessels used by the ancestors of the Tao people when they settled Orchid Island from Batanes at approximately 1200 CE.

Heritiera littoralis

looking-glass mangroveDungonlittoralis
The planks, which were made from a hardwood called doongon in the Philippines (Heritiera littoralis), were fastened together every 12 centimetres, also by hardwood pin measuring some 19 centimetres long, which were driven into holes on the edge of each plank.

Arenga pinnata

sugar palmarenkaong
Cordage known as cabo negro (Arenga pinnata) was used for the purpose.