Baldwin of Forde

Baldwin of ExeterBaldwinArchbishop BaldwinBaldwin, Archbishop of CanterburyAbbot BaldwinArchbishop of Canterbury
Baldwin of Forde or Ford (c. 1125 – 19 November 1190) was Archbishop of Canterbury between 1185 and 1190.wikipedia
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Archdeacon of Totnes

TotnesArchdeaconry of TotnesGeoffrey
Born in Exeter around 1125, Baldwin was the son of Hugh d'Eu, Archdeacon of Totnes, and a woman of unknown name who later became a nun.

Gerald of Wales

Giraldus CambrensisGeraldus CambrensisExpugnatio Hibernica
Baldwin spent some time in Wales with Gerald of Wales, preaching and raising money for the Third Crusade.
Having thus demonstrated his usefulness, Gerald was selected to accompany the Archbishop of Canterbury, Baldwin of Forde, on a tour of Wales in 1188, the object being a recruitment campaign for the Third Crusade.

Forde Abbey

Ford AbbeyFordeFord
After becoming a Cistercian monk he was named abbot of his monastery at Forde and subsequently elected to the episcopate at Worcester.
The third abbot, Abbot Baldwin, became Archbishop of Canterbury.

Gervase of Canterbury

GervaseGervase the Monk
Gervase of Canterbury's story that he was from an even humbler background has been shown by modern scholarship to stem from bias on the medieval chronicler's part.
Historical records show that Gervase took a prominent part in the disputes between the monks and Archbishop Baldwin (1185-1191) and was one of the monks sent to announce to the archbishop an appeal to the pope.

Richard I of England

Richard IRichard the LionheartKing Richard I
After the coronation of King Richard I, the new king sent Baldwin ahead to the Holy Land, where he became embroiled in the politics of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
Baldwin of Forde, Archbishop of Canterbury, reacted by remarking, "If the King is not God's man, he had better be the devil's".

Third Crusade

Baldwin spent some time in Wales with Gerald of Wales, preaching and raising money for the Third Crusade.
(No such tithe had been levied in the Empire.) In Britain, Baldwin of Exeter, the archbishop of Canterbury, made a tour through Wales, convincing 3,000 men-at-arms to take up the cross, recorded in the Itinerary of Giraldus Cambrensis.

Bishop of Worcester

WorcesterBishops of WorcesterBishop
Baldwin became Bishop of Worcester on 10 August 1180.

Peter of Blois

Petrus Blesensis
Baldwin especially was blamed for its harshness, although in February, along with his advisor Peter of Blois, he was in Normandy with the king.
Here he was tutored by Baldwin of Forde, a future Archbishop of Canterbury, and both studied under Umberto Crivelli, the future Pope Pope Urban III.

Roger Norreis

Roger Norreys
In October 1189, in an attempt to gain control, Baldwin appointed Roger Norreys as the chapter's prior, an appointment widely acknowledged by contemporaries as putting a useless individual into the office.
In 1187 he was appointed treasurer of the priory, and in that role was sent by the cathedral chapter to King Henry II of England to plead their case against Baldwin of Forde, the Archbishop of Canterbury.

Canterbury Cathedral

CanterburyChrist Church, CanterburyChrist Church Priory
The monks put forward three candidates from within Christ Church Priory: Odo, who had been prior of Christ Church and was then Abbot of Battle Abbey, Peter de Leia, a Cluniac prior of Wenlock Priory and later Bishop of St David's, and Theobald, Abbot of Cluny, but none of them found favour with the English bishops.
The monks often put forward candidates for Archbishop of Canterbury, either from among their number or outside, since the archbishop was nominally their abbot, but this could lead to clashes with the king or pope should they put forward a different man – examples are the elections of Baldwin of Forde and Thomas Cobham.

Robert Warelwast

Robert Warelwast, who was Bishop of Exeter from 1138 to 1155, had sent Baldwin to Italy to study law.
Warelwast was a patron of Baldwin of Exeter, the future Archbishop of Canterbury, sending Baldwin to Italy to study canon law.

Bartholomew Iscanus

BartholomewBartholomew, Bishop of ExeterBishop Bartholomew
Baldwin attracted the attention of Bartholomew Iscanus, Bishop of Exeter, who made him archdeacon at Totnes in about 1161, after Baldwin's father's death.
During his bishopric, he advanced the career of Baldwin of Forde, as it was Bartholomew who made Baldwin archdeacon.

Robert of Chichester

By 1155 Baldwin seems to have returned to England, where he joined the household of Robert of Chichester, Bishop of Exeter.
He brought in a number of clergy from the diocese of Salisbury, and acted as a patron to his successor Bartholomew Iscanus as well as Baldwin of Exeter, who was later to become Archbishop of Canterbury.

Gilbert Glanvill

Gilbert de GlanvilleGilbertGilbert de Glanvill
Baldwin delegated the administration of his spiritualities and temporalities to Gilbert Glanvill, the Bishop of Rochester, but entrusted any archiepiscopal authority to Richard FitzNeal, the Bishop of London.
Glanvill was a clerk of Archbishop Baldwin of Canterbury and the archdeacon of the Lisieux.

Hubert Walter

HubertArchbishop HubertHubert, Bishop of Salisbury
Leading the English advance guard, Baldwin left Marseilles ahead of Richard together with Hubert Walter and Ranulf de Glanvill.
In 1187 Walter, along with Glanvill and King Henry II, attempted to mediate a dispute between the Archbishop of Canterbury, Baldwin of Forde, and the monks of the cathedral chapter.

Isabella, Countess of Gloucester

Isabel of GloucesterIsabel, Countess of GloucesterIsabella of Gloucester
In August 1189 Baldwin objected to the marriage of Prince John, later King John, to Isabel of Gloucester, on the grounds of consanguinity.
Baldwin, Archbishop of Canterbury, declared the marriage null by reason of consanguinity and placed their lands under interdict.

Walter de Coutances

Walter of CoutancesGautier de CoutancesWalter de Constantiis
After Henry's death, Richard sought and obtained absolution for the sin of disobedience to his father from both Baldwin and Walter de Coutances, Archbishop of Rouen.
While at Lincoln, Coutances took part in the election of Baldwin of Forde as the new Archbishop of Canterbury, which took place at a council held in Westminster in 1184.

Roger of Worcester

RogerRoger, Bishop of WorcesterRoger FitzRobert
Other letters from John dealt with rumours concerning Roger, the Bishop of Worcester, who John had heard was speaking badly of Becket.

Owain Cyfeiliog

OwainOwen Cyveilioc
Baldwin excommunicated the only Welsh prince who refused to appear before him and take the cross, Owain Cyfeiliog.
In 1188, however, he refused to meet or support Baldwin, Archbishop of Canterbury and Giraldus Cambrensis when they journeyed around Wales to raise men for a crusade, and was excommunicated as a result.

Saladin tithe

Saladin tallagetithetithe for the crusade
It was popularly known as the "Saladin tithe" and was the most extensive tax ever collected in England up to that point.
Because assessments were made by dioceses, Baldwin of Exeter, the Archbishop of Canterbury was especially blamed.

Richard of Dover

RichardArchbishop RichardArchbishop of Canterbury
Baldwin was translated from the see of Worcester to the see of Canterbury in December 1184, after Henry II let it be known that he would accept only Baldwin at Canterbury; the previous incumbent, Richard of Dover, had died in April that year.

Hugh Nonant

Baldwin continued to conduct some ecclesiastical business however, dealing with the suspended Hugh Nonant, the Bishop of Coventry.
Holding these offices was against canon law, and the bishop's tenure in these offices may have been the cause of his quarrel with Baldwin of Forde.

Siege of Acre (1189–1191)

Siege of AcreSiege of Acre (1189–91)Battle of Acre
When Baldwin arrived at Acre on 12 October 1190, the Muslim forces in the city were under siege by the Frankish forces led by King Guy of Lusignan and Queen Sibylla of Jerusalem, who in turn were being besieged by Saladin.
Duke Frederick VI of Swabia arrived at the beginning of October with the rest of his father's army, after the Holy Roman Emperor had drowned in the Saleph River on 10 June, and shortly afterwards English Crusaders arrived under Baldwin of Exeter, Archbishop of Canterbury.

Isabella I of Jerusalem

IsabellaIsabella of JerusalemIsabella I
The heiress to the kingdom was Sibylla's half-sister Isabella; she was already married to Humphrey IV of Toron, but he was loyal to Guy and seems to have had no ambition to be king.
Baldwin of Forde, Archbishop of Canterbury, forbade her to marry Conrad, stating that both Isabella and Conrad would commit adultery if they married.

Humphrey IV of Toron

Humphrey IVHumphreyHumphrey of Toron
The heiress to the kingdom was Sibylla's half-sister Isabella; she was already married to Humphrey IV of Toron, but he was loyal to Guy and seems to have had no ambition to be king.
Before he died, Baldwin of Forde, the Archbishop of Canterbury, forbade Isabella to marry Conrad, stating that both Isabella and Conrad would commit adultery if they married.