Balearic Islands

BalearicBalearicsBalearic islandBalearesIslas BalearesIlles BalearsAutonomous Community of the Balearic IslandsBalearic IslesBalearsInsulae Baleares
The Balearic Islands (, also, ; Illes Balears ; Islas Baleares ) are an archipelago of Spain in the western Mediterranean Sea, near the eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula.wikipedia
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Menorca

MinorcaMinorcanManûrqa
The four largest islands are Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza, and Formentera.
Menorca or Minorca (from Insula Minor, later Minorica) is one of the Balearic Islands located in the Mediterranean Sea belonging to Spain.

Ibiza

Ibiza, SpainEivissaEbusus
The four largest islands are Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza, and Formentera.
It is the third largest of the Balearic Islands, an autonomous community of Spain.

Cabrera, Balearic Islands

CabreraCabrera ArchipelagoCabrera Archipelago site of community importance
Many minor islands and islets are close to the larger islands, including Cabrera, Dragonera, and S'Espalmador.
Cabrera (, Capraia) is an island in the Balearic Islands, Spain, located in the Mediterranean Sea off the southern coast of Majorca.

Palma de Mallorca

PalmaPalma de Mallorca, SpainPalma, Majorca
The archipelago forms an autonomous community and a province of Spain, with Palma de Mallorca as the capital.
Palma, fully known as Palma de Mallorca ( or,, ), is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands in Spain.

Dragonera

Sa DragoneraDragonera Island
Many minor islands and islets are close to the larger islands, including Cabrera, Dragonera, and S'Espalmador.
Sa Dragonera is an uninhabited islet in the Balearic Islands, Spain, located just off the west coast of Majorca.

Formentera

The four largest islands are Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza, and Formentera.
Formentera is the smallest and more southerly island of the Pityusic Islands group (comprising Ibiza and Formentera, as well as various small islets), which belongs to the Balearic Islands autonomous community (Spain).

S'Espalmador

Espalmadorisland of EspalmaorS'Empalmador
Many minor islands and islets are close to the larger islands, including Cabrera, Dragonera, and S'Espalmador.
S'Espalmador (, Espalmador) is a small, privately owned uninhabited island located in the Balearic Islands.

Catalan language

CatalanCatalan-languageca
The co-official languages in the Balearic Islands are Catalan and Spanish.
It is the only official language of Andorra, and a co-official language of the Spanish autonomous communities of Catalonia, the Balearic Islands and Valencia (where the language is known as Valencian).

Archipelago

Island grouparchipelagicarchipelagos
The Balearic Islands (, also, ; Illes Balears ; Islas Baleares ) are an archipelago of Spain in the western Mediterranean Sea, near the eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula.
Indonesia, the Galapagos, Japan, the Philippines, Maldives, the Balearic Isles, the Bahamas, the Aegean Islands, Hawaii, the Canary Islands, and the Azores are all examples of well-known archipelagos.

Gymnesian Islands

The islands can be further grouped, with Majorca, Menorca, and Cabrera as the Gymnesian Islands (Illes Gimnèsies), and Ibiza and Formentera as the Pityusic Islands (Illes Pitiüses officially in Catalan), also referred to as the Pityuses (or sometimes informally in English as the Pine Islands).
The Gymnesians (Illes Gimnèsies, Gimnesias ), or Gymnesic Islands (Illes Gimnèsiques), is a collective name given to the two largest (and easternmost) Balearic islands, Mallorca and Menorca, distinguishing them from the Pityuses (Catalan: Illes Pitiüses; Spanish: Pitiusas), or Pine Islands, Ibiza and Formentera.

Nationalities and regions of Spain

RegionNationalities in Spainnationality
The 2007 Statute of Autonomy declares the Balearic Islands as one nationality of Spain.
Currently, the term "nationality" is used in reference to Aragon, Valencian Community, the Balearic Islands, the Canary Islands and Andalusia.

Provinces of Spain

Provinceprovincesprovincial
The archipelago forms an autonomous community and a province of Spain, with Palma de Mallorca as the capital.
Seven of the autonomous communities comprise no more than one province each: Asturias, Balearic Islands, Cantabria, La Rioja, Madrid, Murcia, and Navarra.

Cabrera Archipelago Maritime-Terrestrial National Park

Cabrera ArchipelagoCabrera National ParkIsland of Cabrera
Amongst the minor islands is Cabrera, the location of the Cabrera Archipelago Maritime-Terrestrial National Park.
The Cabrera Archipelago Maritime-Terrestrial National Park (Parc Nacional Maritimoterrestre de l'Arxipèlag de Cabrera, Parque Nacional Marítimo-Terrestre del Archipiélago de Cabrera) is a national park that includes the whole of the Cabrera Archipelago in the Balearic Islands (Illes Balears, Islas Baleares), an autonomous community that is part of Spain.

Pityusic Islands

PityusesPine IslandsPityussa
The islands can be further grouped, with Majorca, Menorca, and Cabrera as the Gymnesian Islands (Illes Gimnèsies), and Ibiza and Formentera as the Pityusic Islands (Illes Pitiüses officially in Catalan), also referred to as the Pityuses (or sometimes informally in English as the Pine Islands).
The Pityusic Islands, often referenced simply as the Pityuses (Pitiüses, Pitiusas; from the Greek πιτύα pitýa, pine tree), or commonly but informally (and ambiguously) as the Pine Islands, is the name given collectively to the Balearic Islands of Ibiza (Catalan: Eivissa), Formentera, S'Espalmador and other small islets in the Mediterranean Sea.

Iberian Peninsula

IberiaIberianPeninsula
The Balearic Islands (, also, ; Illes Balears ; Islas Baleares ) are an archipelago of Spain in the western Mediterranean Sea, near the eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula.
They would also occupy the province of the Byzantine Empire (552–624) of Spania in the south of the peninsula and the Balearic Islands.

Hispania Balearica

732, who, with Muratori, reads pro for prae.) They were afterwards made a separate province, called Hispania Balearica, probably in the division of the empire under Constantine.
Hispania Balearica was a Roman province encompassing the Balearic Islands off the east coast of modern Spain.

Autonomous communities of Spain

Autonomous communityCommunityautonomous communities
The archipelago forms an autonomous community and a province of Spain, with Palma de Mallorca as the capital.
Given the ambiguity in the constitution that did not specify which territories were nationalities and which were regions, other territories, besides the implicit three "historical nationalities", have also chosen to identify themselves as nationalities, in accordance with their historical regional identity, such as Andalusia, Aragon, the Balearic Islands, the Canary Islands, and the Valencian Community.

Languages of Spain

Official language(s)Official languageOfficial languages
The co-official languages in the Balearic Islands are Catalan and Spanish.

Balearic Sea

Catalan SeaBalearic (Catalan) SeaBalearic Abyssal Plain
The Balearic Front is a sea density regime north of the Balearic Islands on the shelf slope of the Balearic Islands, which is responsible for some of the surface-flow characteristics of the Balearic Sea.
The Balearic Sea (endotoponym: Mar Balear in Catalan and Spanish) is a body of water in the Mediterranean Sea near the Balearic Islands.

Punics

CarthaginiansPunicCarthaginian
As slingers, they served as mercenaries, first under the Carthaginians, and afterwards under the Romans.
Overseas, they established control over some coastal regions of Berber Northwest Africa in what is now Tunisia and Libya as well as Sardinia, Corsica, Sicily, the Balearic Islands, Malta and other small islands of the western Mediterranean.

Vandals

VandalVandalicVandal Kingdom
The Vandals under Genseric conquered the Islands sometime between 461 and 468 during their war on the Roman Empire.
By 439 they established a kingdom which included the Roman province of Africa as well as Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta and the Balearic Islands.

Sardinia

SardegnaSardinia, ItalySardinian
Mujahid al-Siqlabi, the ruler of the Taifa of Dénia, sent a fleet and seized control of the islands in 1015, using it as the base for subsequent expeditions to Sardinia and Pisa.
The nearest land masses are (clockwise from north) the island of Corsica, the Italian Peninsula, Sicily, Tunisia, the Balearic Islands, and Provence.

Taifa of Dénia

DeniaDéniaTaifa of Denia
Mujahid al-Siqlabi, the ruler of the Taifa of Dénia, sent a fleet and seized control of the islands in 1015, using it as the base for subsequent expeditions to Sardinia and Pisa.
With Dénia as its capital, the taifa included the Balearic Islands and parts of the Spanish mainland.

Hastein

HaestenHåsteinHæsten
The prosperous islands were thoroughly sacked by the Swedish Viking King Björn Ironside and his brother Hastein during their Mediterranean raid of 859–862.
Success followed with the sacking of Algeciras, where the mosque was burned, and then the ravaging of Mazimma in the Idrisid Caliphate on the north coast of Africa, followed by further raids into the Umayyad Caliphate at Orihuela, the Balearic Islands and Roussillon.

Quintus Caecilius Metellus Balearicus

Q. Caecilius MetellusQuintus Caecilius MetellusQuintus Caecilius Metellus Pius
The Romans, however, easily found a pretext for charging them with complicity with the Mediterranean pirates, and they were conquered by Q. Caecilius Metellus, thence surnamed Balearicus, in 123 BC.
During his consulship, he was awarded the command of the campaign against the pirates of the Balearic Islands.