Balochistan

BaluchistanBalochistan regionBalochBaluchiBeluchistanBalouchistanBaluchParicaniansBalochiBalochistan (region)
Balochistan (also Baluchistan or Baluchestan, often interpreted as the "Land of the Baloch") is an arid desert and mountainous region in south-western Asia.wikipedia
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Baloch people

BalochBalochisBaluch
Balochistan (also Baluchistan or Baluchestan, often interpreted as the "Land of the Baloch") is an arid desert and mountainous region in south-western Asia.
The Baloch or Baluch (Balochi: بلوچ) are an Iranian people who live mainly in the Balochistan region of the southeastern-most edge of the Iranian plateau in Pakistan, Iran, and Afghanistan, as well as neighboring regions, including those in India; and having a significant diaspora in the Arabian Peninsula.

Balochistan, Pakistan

BalochistanBalochistan ProvinceBaluchistan
It comprises the Pakistani province of Balochistan, the Iranian province of Sistan and Baluchestan, and the southern areas of Afghanistan, including Nimruz, Helmand and Kandahar provinces.
The name "Balochistan" means "the land of the Baloch".

Pashtunistan

PakhtunkhwaPakhtunistanindependent
Balochistan borders the Pashtunistan region to the north, Sindh and Punjab to the east, and Persian regions to the west.
Pashtunistan borders Iran to the west, Persian and Turkic-speaking areas (Turkestan) to the north, Kashmir to the northeast, Punjab to the east, and Balochistan to the south.

Makran

Makran CoastMekranMakrān
South of its southern coastline, including the Makran Coast, are the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman.
Makran (, undefined) is a semi-desert coastal strip in Balochistan, in Pakistan and Iran, along the coast of the Gulf of Oman.

Sindh

Sindh ProvinceSindSindh, Pakistan
Balochistan borders the Pashtunistan region to the north, Sindh and Punjab to the east, and Persian regions to the west.
Permanent settlements at Mehrgarh, currently in Balochistan, to the west expanded into Sindh.

Western Asia

West AsiaSouthwest AsiaWest Asian
Balochistan (also Baluchistan or Baluchestan, often interpreted as the "Land of the Baloch") is an arid desert and mountainous region in south-western Asia.
The Dasht-e Kavir and Dasht-e Lut deserts in eastern Iran naturally delimit the region from Balochistan and South Asia.

Punjab

Punjab regionPanjabPunjabi
Balochistan borders the Pashtunistan region to the north, Sindh and Punjab to the east, and Persian regions to the west.
It bordered the Balochistan and Pashtunistan regions to the west, Kashmir to the north, the Hindi Belt to the east, and Rajasthan and Sindh to the south.

Helmand Province

HelmandHelmand cultureEtymandrus
It comprises the Pakistani province of Balochistan, the Iranian province of Sistan and Baluchestan, and the southern areas of Afghanistan, including Nimruz, Helmand and Kandahar provinces.
There were also links between Shahr-i Sokhta I, II and III periods, and Mundigak III and IV periods, and between the sites of Balochistan and the Indus valley at the end of the 4th millennium, as well as in the first half of the 3rd millennium BC.

South Asia

SouthSouth AsianSouthern Asia
Balochistan (also Baluchistan or Baluchestan, often interpreted as the "Land of the Baloch") is an arid desert and mountainous region in south-western Asia.
The Indian Plate includes most of South Asia, forming a land mass which extends from the Himalayas into a portion of the basin under the Indian Ocean, including parts of South China and Eastern Indonesia, as well as Kunlun and Karakoram ranges, and extending up to but not including Ladakh, Kohistan, the Hindu Kush range and Balochistan.

Dravidian languages

DravidianDravidian languageSouthern
Taking them to be proto-Dravidian in origin, he interprets the term as meaning either a proper name milu-akam (from which tamilakam was derived when the Indus people migrated south) or melu-akam, meaning "high country", a possible reference to Balochistani high lands.
Only two Dravidian languages are spoken exclusively outside the post-1947 state of India: Brahui in the Balochistan region of Pakistan and Afghanistan; and Dhangar, a dialect of Kurukh, in parts of Nepal and Bhutan.

Panjgur

Bannajbur
Al-Muqaddasī, who visited the capital of Makran - Bannajbur, wrote c.
Panjgur or Panggur (Balochi and undefined), with the older name Bannajbur, is a small town in Panjgur District, Balochistan.

Gedrosia

Gedrosian DesertAparytaeGedrosii
During the time of Alexander the Great (356–323 BC), the Greeks called the land Gedrosia and its people Gedrosoi, terms of unknown origin.
Gedrosia is the Hellenized name of the part of coastal Baluchistan that roughly corresponds to today's Makran.

Balochistan, Afghanistan

BalochistanBaluchistanAfghan region of Balochistan
It comprises the Pakistani province of Balochistan, the Iranian province of Sistan and Baluchestan, and the southern areas of Afghanistan, including Nimruz, Helmand and Kandahar provinces.

Paratarajas

PāratarājasArjunaParataraja
From the 1st century to the 3rd century CE, the region was ruled by the Pāratarājas (lit.
They then moved through Seistan to reach Baluchistan in the 1st century CE, where they settled, first on the coast, and then in the interior.

Indus Valley Civilisation

Indus Valley CivilizationHarappanIndus Valley
Johan Hansman relates the term "Baloch" to Meluḫḫa, the name by which the Indus Valley Civilisation is believed to have been known to the Sumerians (2900–2350 BC) and Akkadians (2334–2154 BC) in Mesopotamia.
Beginning in the early 1970s, following a chance flash flood which exposed a portion of an archaeological site at the foot of the Bolan Pass in Balochistan, excavations was carried out in Mehrgarh by French archaeologist Jean-François Jarrige and his team.

Akkadian Empire

AkkadAkkadianAkkadians
Johan Hansman relates the term "Baloch" to Meluḫḫa, the name by which the Indus Valley Civilisation is believed to have been known to the Sumerians (2900–2350 BC) and Akkadians (2334–2154 BC) in Mesopotamia.
Indus-Mesopotamia relations also seem to have expanded: Sargon of Akkad (circa 2300 or 2250 BC), was the first Mesopotamian ruler to make an explicit reference to the region of Meluhha, which is generally understood as being the Baluchistan or the Indus area.

Ghaznavids

Ghaznavid EmpireGhaznavidGhaznavid dynasty
The region was fully Islamized by the 9th century and became part of the territory of the Saffarids of Zaranj, followed by the Ghaznavids, then the Ghorids.
Under the reign of Mas'ud I, the Ghaznavid dynasty began losing control over its western territories to the Seljuq dynasty after the Battle of Dandanaqan, resulting in a restriction of its holdings to modern-day Afghanistan, Pakistan (Punjab and Balochistan).

Balochi language

BalochiBaluchiBaloch
Balochi is a Northwestern Iranian language spoken primarily in the Balochistan region divided between Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan.

Brahui language

BrahuiBrahviBrohi
Brahui is spoken in the central part of Pakistani Balochistan, mainly in Kalat, Khuzdar and Mastung districts, but also in smaller numbers in neighboring districts, as well as in Afghanistan which borders Pakistani Balochistan; however, many members of the ethnic group no longer speak Brahui.

Tanbur

tamburatambouratanbour
The main instruments of Baluchi music are the sorud fiddle, the doneli double flute, the benju zither, the tanburag lute, and the dholak.
There is also a Taleshi tanbur in small region Talesh in the north of Iran, and Tanburak (Tanburg) in Balochistan in the southeast of Iran.

Bolan Pass

Arid

ariditydryarid region
Balochistan (also Baluchistan or Baluchestan, often interpreted as the "Land of the Baloch") is an arid desert and mountainous region in south-western Asia.

Desert

desertsaridhigh desert
Balochistan (also Baluchistan or Baluchestan, often interpreted as the "Land of the Baloch") is an arid desert and mountainous region in south-western Asia.

Region

Regionalregionslocal region
Balochistan (also Baluchistan or Baluchestan, often interpreted as the "Land of the Baloch") is an arid desert and mountainous region in south-western Asia.

Nimruz Province

NimruzNimrozNimroz Province
It comprises the Pakistani province of Balochistan, the Iranian province of Sistan and Baluchestan, and the southern areas of Afghanistan, including Nimruz, Helmand and Kandahar provinces.