Baltic Fleet

Russian Baltic FleetBalticRed Banner Baltic FleetSoviet Baltic Fleet8th FleetBaltic Sea FleetRussian FleetBaltflotBaltic (Sail) FleetBaltic Navy
The Baltic Fleet (Балтийский флот, translit. Balticskiyy Flot) is the fleet of the Russian Navy in the Baltic Sea.wikipedia
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Imperial Russian Navy

Russian Imperial NavyRussian NavyRussian
Established 18 May 1703, under Tsar Peter the Great as part of the Imperial Russian Navy, the Baltic Fleet is the oldest Russian Navy formation.
It had a revival in the latter part of the century during the reign of Tsar Nicholas II, but most of its Pacific Fleet along with the Baltic Fleet which was sent to the Far East and was destroyed in the humiliating Russo-Japanese War of 1904.

Soviet Navy

SovietNavyRed Navy
In 1918 the fleet was inherited by the Russian SFSR then the Soviet Union in 1922, where it was eventually known as the Twice Red Banner Baltic Fleet as part of the Soviet Navy, as during this period it gained the two awards of the Order of the Red Banner.
The Soviet Navy was divided into four major fleets: the Northern, Pacific, Black Sea, and Baltic Fleets; under separate command was the Leningrad Naval Base.

Cornelius Cruys

Cornelis CruysCornelis KruseCruys
The first commander was a recruited Dutch admiral, Cornelius Cruys, who in 1723 was succeeded by Count Fyodor Apraksin.
Cornelius Cruys (Niels Creutz, Корнелий Крюйс; 14 June 1655 – 14 June 1727) was a Norwegian–Dutch admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy, and the first commander of the Russian Baltic Fleet.

Russian frigate Shtandart

Shtandartfirst frigatefirst ship
The fleet's first vessel was the 24-gun three-masted frigate Shtandart. She was the fleet's flagship, and is a prime example of the increasing role of the frigate design.
The frigate Shtandart was the first ship of Russia's Baltic fleet.

Baltiysk

PillauBaltijskPillau (Baltiysk)
The Baltic Fleet is headquartered in Kaliningrad and its main base in Baltiysk, both in Kaliningrad Oblast, and another base in Kronshtadt, Saint Petersburg in the Gulf of Finland.
Baltiysk, the westernmost town in Russia, is a major base of the Russian Navy's Baltic Fleet and a ferry-port on the route to St. Petersburg.

Fyodor Apraksin

Fyodor Matveyevich ApraksinApraksinCount Apraksin
The first commander was a recruited Dutch admiral, Cornelius Cruys, who in 1723 was succeeded by Count Fyodor Apraksin.
Count Fyodor Matveyevich Apraksin (also Apraxin; Фёдор Матве́евич Апра́ксин; 27 October 1661 – 10 November 1728, Moscow) was one of the first Russian admirals, governed Estonia and Karelia from 1712 to 1723, was made general admiral (1708), presided over the Russian Admiralty from 1718 and commanded the Baltic Fleet from 1723.

Kaliningrad

KönigsbergKaliningrad, RussiaKrólewiec
The Baltic Fleet is headquartered in Kaliningrad and its main base in Baltiysk, both in Kaliningrad Oblast, and another base in Kronshtadt, Saint Petersburg in the Gulf of Finland.
The Soviet Baltic Fleet was headquartered in the city in the 1950s.

Lodeynoye Pole

Lodeynopolskoye
The Imperial Russian Baltic Fleet was created during the Great Northern War at the initiative of Czar Peter the Great, who ordered the first ships for the Baltic Fleet to be constructed at Lodeynoye Pole in 1702 and 1703.
In 1703, the first ship of the Baltic Fleet was built here—a 28-cannon frigate called Shtandart.

Battle of Vyborg Bay (1790)

Battle of Vyborg BayVyborg BayBattle of Viborg Bay
During the Russo-Swedish War (1788–1790) the fleet, commanded by Samuel Greig, checked the Swedes at Hogland (1788) and the Viborg (1790).
The Swedish Navy suffered heavy losses, losing six ships of the line and four frigates, but Gustav III of Sweden eventually ensured a Swedish naval escape through a Russian naval blockade composed of units of the Baltic Fleet, commanded by Admiral Vasili Chichagov.

Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen

Fabian von BellingshausenBellingshausenAdmiral Thaddeus Bellingshausen
At about the same time, Russian Admiral Ivan Krusenstern circumnavigated the globe, while another Baltic Fleet officer — Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen — discovered the southern ice-covered continent, Antarctica.
Bellingshausen started his service in the Russian Baltic Fleet, and after distinguishing himself joined the First Russian circumnavigation of the Earth in 1803–1806, serving on the merchant ship Nadezhda under the captaincy of Adam Johann von Krusenstern.

Uragan-class monitor

Uragan'' classher classten sister ships
At the same time ten Uragan-class monitors based on the American-designed Passaic- class monitors were launched.
The Uragan class (also known as the Bronenosetz class, броненосец, "armor carrier" or "warship" ) was a class of monitors built for the Baltic Fleet of the Imperial Russian Navy.

Russian ironclad Petr Veliky

Petr VelikyPyotr VelikiyPetr Velikiy
In 1869, the fleet commissioned the first turret on a battleship in the world – Petr Veliky.
The ship made a cruise to the Mediterranean after they were installed, and before returning to the Baltic Fleet, where she remained for the rest of her career.

Battle of Svensksund

SvensksundSecond Battle of SvensksundBattle of Ruotsinsalmi
An impetuous Russian attack on the Swedish galley flotilla on 9 July 1790 at the Second Battle of Svensksund resulted in a disaster for the Russian Navy who lost some 9,500 out of 14,000 men and about one third of their flotilla.
Circumstances in the 1780s, including the war between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire, and the moving of a portion of the Russian Baltic Fleet to the Black Sea, prompted the Swedish king, Gustav III, to attack Russia in 1788.

Dogger Bank incident

North Sea Incident
During its passage through the North Sea the Fleet mistook a fleet of British fishing boats for Japanese torpedo boats and opened fire, killing three sailors in what is known as the "Dogger Bank incident".
The Dogger Bank incident (also known as the North Sea Incident, the Russian Outrage or the Incident of Hull) occurred on the night of 21/22 October 1904, when the Baltic Fleet of the Imperial Russian Navy mistook a British trawler fleet from Kingston upon Hull in the Dogger Bank area of the North Sea for Imperial Japanese Navy torpedo boats and fired on them.

Borodino-class battlecruiser

Navarin4 super-dreadnought battlecruisersBorodino'' class
Four more powerful battlecruisers of the Borodino class were under construction, but were never completed.
Also referred to as the Izmail class, they were laid down in late 1912 at Saint Petersburg for service with the Baltic Fleet.

Gangut-class battleship

Gangut''-classGangutGangut'' class
In late 1914, four dreadnoughts of the Gangut class entered service with the Fleet: ; ; ; and.
Their crews participated in the general mutiny of the Baltic Fleet after the February Revolution in 1917, and joined the Bolsheviks the following year.

Stepan Makarov

Stepan Osipovich MakarovAdmiral MakarovMakarov
Other outstanding inventors who served in the Baltic Fleet were Alexander Stepanovich Popov (who was the first to demonstrate the practical application of electromagnetic (radio) waves ), Stepan Makarov (the first to launch torpedoes from a boat), Alexei Krylov (author of the modern ship floodability theory), and Alexander Mozhaiski (co-inventor of aircraft).
Makarov served with the Baltic Fleet between 1867 and 1876, serving as flag captain under Admiral Andrei Popov.

Alexander Mozhaysky

Alexander MozhaiskyAlexander MozhaiskiAleksander Możajski
Other outstanding inventors who served in the Baltic Fleet were Alexander Stepanovich Popov (who was the first to demonstrate the practical application of electromagnetic (radio) waves ), Stepan Makarov (the first to launch torpedoes from a boat), Alexei Krylov (author of the modern ship floodability theory), and Alexander Mozhaiski (co-inventor of aircraft).
He served with the Baltic Fleet from 1850 to 1852.

Battle of Hogland

Hoglandat HoglandBattle of Hoagland
During the Russo-Swedish War (1788–1790) the fleet, commanded by Samuel Greig, checked the Swedes at Hogland (1788) and the Viborg (1790).
To succeed, the Russian Baltic Fleet had to be eliminated or blockaded in its ports at Reval (now Tallinn) and Kronstadt.

Ice Cruise of the Baltic Fleet

Ice VoyageIce CruiseIce Cruise of 1918
The "Ice Cruise" of the Baltic Fleet (1918), led by Alexey Schastny, saw the evacuation of most of the fleet's ships to Kronstadt and Petrograd.
The Ice Cruise of the Baltic Fleet was an operation which transferred the ships of the Baltic Fleet of the Imperial Russian Navy from their bases at Tallinn, at the time known as Reval, and Helsinki to Kronstadt in 1918.

History of the Russo-Turkish wars

Russo-Turkish WarsRusso-Turkish WarRussian-Turkish war
During the series of Russo-Turkish Wars, (1710-1711, 1735-1739, 1768-1774, 1787-1792, 1806-1812, 1828-1829), the fleet sailed into the Mediterranean Sea on the First and Second Archipelago Expeditions and destroyed the Ottoman Imperial Navy at the sea Battles of Chesma (1770), the Dardanelles (1807), Athos (1807), and Navarino (1827).
Naval operations of the Russian Baltic Fleet in the Mediterranean yielded victories under the command of Aleksey Grigoryevich Orlov.

British submarine flotilla in the Baltic

British submarines operated from bases in Finlandthe Baltic operationsa detachment of British Royal Navy submarines
During the war the Fleet was aided by a detachment of British Royal Navy submarines.
The squadron of nine submarines was attached to the Russian Baltic Fleet.

Battle of Tsushima

TsushimaBattle of the Japan SeaBattle of Tsushima Strait
After the defeat of earlier Siberian Military Flotilla vessels, in September 1904, a squadron under the command of Admiral Zinovy Rozhestvensky was sent on a famous high-speed dash around South Africa – stopping in French, German and Portuguese colonial ports: Tangier in Morocco, Dakar in Senegal, Gabon, Baía dos Tigres, Lüderitz Bay, and Nossi Be (Madagascar), then across the Indian Ocean to Cam Ranh Bay in French Indochina and then northward to its doomed encounter with the Japanese fleet at the Battle of Tsushima off the east coast of Korea in 1905, ending the Russo-Japanese War.
With the inactivity of the First Pacific Squadron after the death of Admiral Makarov and the tightening of the Japanese noose around Port Arthur, the Russians considered sending part of their Baltic Fleet to the Far East.

Kaliningrad Oblast

KaliningradKaliningrad RegionOblast Kaliningrad
The Baltic Fleet is headquartered in Kaliningrad and its main base in Baltiysk, both in Kaliningrad Oblast, and another base in Kronshtadt, Saint Petersburg in the Gulf of Finland.
The territory became strategically important as the headquarters of the Soviet Baltic Fleet.

Kronstadt rebellion

Kronstadt uprisingKronstadtKronstadt Revolt
Over the years, however, the relations of the Baltic Fleet sailors with the Bolshevik regime soured, and they eventually rebelled against the Soviet government in the Kronstadt rebellion in 1921, but were defeated, and the Fleet de facto ceased to exist as an active military unit.
Traditionally, Kronstadt served as the base of the Russian Baltic fleet and as defense for the approaches to Petrograd, located 55 km from the island.