Map of the Baltic Sea region
Danish Straits and southwestern Baltic Sea
A Vendel-era helmet, at the Swedish Museum of National Antiquities
Åland between Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia
Viking expeditions (blue lines)
Cape Arkona on the island of Rügen in Germany, was a sacred site of the Rani tribe before Christianization.
The Tjängvide image stone dating from 800 to 1099, example of Viking art
Main trading routes of the Hanseatic League (Hanse).
Gamla Uppsala (Old Uppsala), a site of religious and political importance in the early days of Sweden
In 1649 the settlement of the Latvian-speaking Kursenieki spanned from Klaipėda to Gdańsk along the coast of the Baltic Sea.
Skog tapestry, made most probably during the late 13th century.
The naval Battle of the Sound took place on 8 November 1658 during the Dano-Swedish War.
Gustav I liberated Sweden from Christian II of Denmark, ending the Kalmar Union. He established the House of Vasa which ruled Sweden and Poland until the 17th century
The burning Cap Arcona shortly after the attacks, 3 May 1945. Only 350 survived of the 4,500 prisoners who had been aboard
Gustavus Adolphus at the Battle of Breitenfeld in 1631.
Baltic drainage basins (catchment area), with depth, elevation, major rivers and lakes
The Swedish Empire between 1611 and 1815, with its absolute peak between 1658 and 1660.
Curonian Spit in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia
The Battle of Poltava in 1709. In the following years, Russia and her allies occupied all Swedish dominions on the Baltic coast and even Finland.
Regions and basins of the Baltic Sea: 
1 = Bothnian Bay
2 = Bothnian Sea
1 + 2 = Gulf of Bothnia, partly also 3 & 4
3 = Archipelago Sea
4 = Åland Sea
5 = Gulf of Finland
6 = Northern Baltic Proper
7 = Western Gotland Basin
8 = Eastern Gotland Basin
9 = Gulf of Riga
10 = Bay of Gdańsk/Gdansk Basin
11 = Bornholm Basin and Hanö Bight
12 = Arkona Basin 6–12 = Baltic Proper
13 = Kattegat, not an integral part of the Baltic Sea
14 = Belt Sea (Little Belt and Great Belt)
15 = Öresund (The Sound) 14 + 15 = Danish Straits, not an integral part of the Baltic Sea
Illustration of starvation in northern Sweden, Famine of 1867–1869
Satellite image of the Baltic Sea in a mild winter
Swedish emigrants boarding ship in Gothenburg in 1905
Traversing Baltic Sea and ice
A Swedish soldier during World War II. Sweden remained neutral during the conflict.
On particularly cold winters, the coastal parts of the Baltic Sea freeze into ice thick enough to walk or ski on.
Tage Erlander (left), Prime Minister under the ruling Swedish Social Democratic Party from 1946 to 1969.
Piles of drift ice on the shore of Puhtulaid, near Virtsu, Estonia, in late April
Sweden joined the European Union in 1995 and signed the Lisbon Treaty in 2007.
Depths of the Baltic Sea in meters
Second day of the Stockholm Husby riots. The picture shows three cars on fire in the Stockholm suburb of Husby, 20 May 2013
Baltic Sea near Klaipėda (Karklė).
View of the Stora Sjöfallet National Park
Skerries form an integral and typical part of many of the archipelagos of the Baltic Sea, such as these in the archipelago of Åland, Finland.
Scania in southern Sweden
Stockholm archipelago
Sandhamn island, Stockholm archipelago
Aerial view of Bornholm, Denmark
Köppen climate classification types of Sweden using the 0°C isotherm
Population density in the Baltic Sea catchment area
Köppen climate classification types of Sweden using the -3°C isotherm
Vasilyevsky Island in Saint Petersburg, Russia
Map of Sweden's five major vegetation zones
Stockholm in Sweden
The current King of Sweden, Carl XVI Gustaf, and his consort, Queen Silvia
Riga in Latvia
Rosenbad, in central Stockholm, has been the seat of the Government since 1981.
Helsinki in Finland
The Riksdag chamber, at the time of a vote, in 2009
Gdańsk in Poland
The party leaders lined up before the start of the televised live debate on 12 September 2014.
Tallinn in Estonia
Municipal divisions of Sweden
Satellite photo of the Baltic Sea surrounding Gotland, Sweden, with algae bloom (phytoplankton) swirling in the water
Kingdoms of Svear (Sweonas) and Götar (Geats) in the 12th century, with modern borders in grey
Pedestrian pier in Sellin, Germany
The Riksdag, the Swedish Parliament in 2014
Svetlogorsk resort town in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia
Bonde Palace in Stockholm, seat of the Supreme Court of Sweden
Mrzeżyno beach in Poland
The EU parliament in Brussels. Sweden is a member state of the European Union.
Development aid measured in GNI in 2009. Source: OECD. As a percentage Sweden is the largest donor.
The Saab JAS 39 Gripen is an advanced Swedish multi-role fighter aircraft of the Swedish Air Force.
The Infantry fighting vehicle CV90, which is produced and used by Sweden
Gross regional product (GRP) per capita in thousands of kronor (2014)
A proportional representation of Sweden exports, 2019
Sweden is home to Volvo Cars, an automobile company with its headquarters in Gothenburg
Real GDP growth in Sweden, 1996–2006
Sweden is part of the Schengen Area and the EU single market.
Nordstan is one of the largest shopping malls in northern Europe
Ringhals Nuclear Power Plant, located south of Gothenburg
The Öresund Bridge between Malmö and Copenhagen in Denmark
Stockholm Central Station
Alfred Nobel, inventor of dynamite and institutor of the Nobel Prize
Population density in the counties of Sweden.
people/km²
Distribution of speakers of the Swedish language
The Protestant Katarina Church in Stockholm
The second oldest mosque in Sweden is the Malmö Mosque, inaugurated in 1984
Historical development of life expectancy in Sweden
Uppsala University (established 1477)
Nationalmuseum in Stockholm
The Swedish band ABBA in April 1974, a few days after they won the Eurovision Song Contest
Djurgårdsbron
Kalmar Cathedral
Headquarters of Sveriges Television in Stockholm
The writer and playwright August Strindberg
Walpurgis Night bonfire in Sweden
Cinnamon rolls originated in Sweden and Denmark.
Former World No. 1 tennis player Björn Borg
Former world No. 1 tennis player Björn Borg

The Baltic Sea is an arm of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Sweden and the North and Central European Plain.

- Baltic Sea

In spite of the high latitude, Sweden often has warm continental summers, being located in between the North Atlantic, the Baltic Sea, and vast Russia.

- Sweden

33 related topics

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Finland

Nordic country in Northern Europe.

Nordic country in Northern Europe.

Finland on a medieval map, which is part of the Carta marina (1539)
Reconstruction of Stone Age dwelling from Kierikki, Oulu
Stone Age bear head gavel found in Paltamo, Kainuu.
An ancient Finnish man's outfit according to the findings of the Tuukkala Cemetery in Mikkeli, interpretation of 1889. The cemetery dates from the late 13th century to the early 15th century.
Late Iron Age swords found in Finland
The Swedish Empire following the Treaty of Roskilde of 1658.
Dark green: Sweden proper, as represented in the Riksdag of the Estates. Other greens: Swedish dominions and possessions
Now lying within Helsinki, Suomenlinna is a UNESCO World Heritage Site consisting of an inhabited 18th-century sea fortress built on six islands. It is one of Finland's most popular tourist attractions.
Pioneers in Karelia (1900) by Pekka Halonen
White firing squad executing Red soldiers after the Battle of Länkipohja (1918)
Finnish military leader and statesman C. G. E. Mannerheim as general officer leading the White Victory Parade at the end of the Finnish Civil War in Helsinki, 1918
J. K. Paasikivi and P. E. Svinhufvud, both at the time future presidents of the Republic of Finland, discuss the Finnish monarchy project in 1918.
Finnish troops raise a flag on the cairn in April 1945 at the close of the World War II in Finland
Areas ceded by Finland to the Soviet Union after World War II. The Porkkala land lease was returned to Finland in 1956.
Urho Kekkonen, the eighth president of Finland (1956–1982)
Finland joined the European Union in 1995 and signed the Lisbon Treaty in 2007.
Topographic map of Finland
There are some 187,888 lakes in Finland larger than 500 square metres and 75,818 islands of over 0,5 km2 area, leading to the denomination "the land of a thousand lakes". Picture of Lake Pielinen in North Karelia.
The brown bear (Ursus arctos) is Finland's national animal. It is also the largest carnivore in Finland.
Köppen climate classification types of Finland
The Parliament of Finland's main building along Mannerheimintie in Töölö, Helsinki
The Session Hall of the Parliament of Finland
The Court House of the Supreme Court
Martti Ahtisaari receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in 2008
Finnish Leopard 2A4 tank Ps 273–106 in a combat demonstration at Comprehensive security exhibition 2015 in Tampere.
Sisu Nasu NA-110 tracked transport vehicle of the Finnish Army. Most conscripts receive training for warfare in winter, and transport vehicles such as this give mobility in heavy snow.
People gathering at the Senate Square, Helsinki, right before the 2011 Helsinki Pride parade started.
Angry Birds Land, a theme park in the Särkänniemi amusement park, in Tampere, Pirkanmaa; the mobile phone game Angry Birds, developed in Finland, has become a commercial hit both domestically and internationally.
A treemap representing the exports of Finland in 2017
The two existing units of the Olkiluoto Nuclear Power Plant. On the far left is a visualization of a third unit, which, when completed, will become Finland's fifth commercial nuclear reactor.
Supply of electricity in Finland
The Oasis of the Seas was built at the Perno shipyard in Turku.
Flags of the Nordic countries from left to right: Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, and Denmark
Medieval old town in Porvoo is one of the most popular tourist destinations in summers for those who are fascinated by the old look.
The historical Tavastia Castle (or Häme Castle) in Hämeenlinna, Tavastia Proper is located close to the Lake Vanajavesi.
Municipalities of Finland:
The Evangelical Lutheran Helsinki Cathedral
The Meilahti Tower Hospital, part of the Helsinki University Central Hospital (HUCH) in Töölö, Helsinki
Development of life expectancy in Finland
Helsinki Central Library Oodi was chosen as the best new public library in the world in 2019
Pupils at the school of Torvinen in Sodankylä, Finland, in the 1920s
Auditorium in Aalto University's main building, designed by Alvar Aalto
The library of the University of Eastern Finland in Snellmania, the Kuopio campus of the university
The sauna is strongly associated with Finnish culture
A smoke sauna in Ruka, Kuusamo
Mikael Agricola (1510–1557), Bishop of Turku, a prominent Lutheran Protestant reformer and the father of the Finnish written language
Akseli Gallen-Kallela, The Defense of the Sampo, 1896, Turku Art Museum
The Finnish composer Jean Sibelius (1865–1957) was a significant figure in the history of classical music.
Perttu Kivilaakso of Apocalyptica
The Finnish filmmakers Edvin Laine and Matti Kassila in 1955
Linus Torvalds, the Finnish software engineer best known for creating the popular open-source kernel Linux
Karelian pasty (karjalanpiirakka) is a traditional Finnish dish made from a thin rye crust with a filling of rice. Butter, often mixed with boiled egg (egg butter or munavoi), is spread over the hot pastries before eating.
Paavo Nurmi lights the 1952 Summer Olympics flame
Finland's men's national ice hockey team is ranked as one of the best in the world. The team has won four world championships (1995, 2011, 2019 and 2022) and one Olympic gold medal (2022)
Kankkunen on the Laajavuori stage of the 2010 Rally Finland

It shares land borders with Sweden to the northwest, Norway to the north, and Russia to the east, with the Gulf of Bothnia to the west and the Gulf of Finland across Estonia to the south.

Commercial contacts in the Baltic Sea region grew and extended during the eighth and ninth centuries.

Hanseatic League

Medieval commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in central and northern Europe.

Medieval commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in central and northern Europe.

The Hanseatic League was a powerful economic and defensive alliance that left a great cultural and architectural heritage. It is especially renowned for its Brick Gothic monuments, such as Stralsund's St. Nikolai Church and its City Hall, shown here. UNESCO lists the old town of Stralsund, together with Wismar, as a World Heritage Site.
Foundation of the alliance between Lübeck and Hamburg
Main trading routes of the Hanseatic League
Town Hall of Reval (now Tallinn, Estonia)
Stargard Mill Gate, Pomerania, today in Poland
Georg Giese from Danzig, 34-year-old German Hanseatic merchant at the Steelyard, painted in London by Hans Holbein
View of the in the port city of Gdańsk (Danzig), today in Poland
Hanseatic museum in Bergen, Norway
Heinrich Sudermann
Modern, faithful painting of the Adler von Lübeck – the world's largest ship in its time
Hanseatic Seal of Elbing (now Elbląg)
Hanseatic Seal of Stralsund
Map of the Hanseatic League, showing principal Hanseatic cities
The Oostershuis, a kontor in Antwerp
The Hanseatic Warehouse in King's Lynn is the only surviving League building in England
Europe in 1097
Europe in 1430
Europe in 1470
Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539)

During the peak of its power, the Hanseatic League had a virtual monopoly over maritime trade in the North and Baltic seas.

The Hanseatic League fully restored its power in Gustav Vasa's Sweden and Frederick I's Denmark, 1523 after the war.

Lübeck

City in Northern Germany.

City in Northern Germany.

Lübeck as illustrated in the Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493
Entry of the Fusilier battalion on June 18, 1871 in Lübeck.
Hospital of the Holy Spirit, one of the oldest social institutions of Lübeck (1260)
City hall
St. Mary's Church
Lübeck Cathedral and historic buildings at the Obertrave
Salzspeicher
Niederegger marzipan
The Lübeck Academy of Music
The skyline of the old town as seen from North
Lübeck main station (Lübeck Hbf)
Lübeck civil registration office, in the St. Jürgen zone
The beach of Travemünde
Lübeck Airport
Ephraim Carlebach 1936
Willy Brandt in 1980
JF Overbeck, self portrait with family 1820
Dieterich Buxtehude
Robert Christian Ave-Lallemant in 1851
Heinrich (left) and Thomas Mann in 1902
C.F.Heineken 1726

With around 217,000 inhabitants, Lübeck is the second-largest city on the German Baltic coast and in the state of Schleswig-Holstein, after its capital of Kiel, and is the 35th-largest city in Germany.

🇸🇪 Gotland, Sweden (1999)

Lithuania

Country in the Baltic region of Europe.

Country in the Baltic region of Europe.

Lithuania's name in writing, 1009
Baltic amber was once a valuable trade resource. It was transported from the region of modern-day Lithuania to the Roman Empire and Egypt through the Amber Road.
Changes in the territory of Lithuania from the 13th to 15th century. At its peak, Lithuania was the largest state in Europe. Lithuania's strength was its toleration of various cultures and religions.
Trakai Island Castle, the former residence of the Grand Dukes and capital city of the medieval state
Battle of Grunwald and Vytautas the Great in the centre
The victory of the Polish-Lithuanian forces over the Muscovites at the Battle of Orsha in 1514
Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania in Vilnius, marked 6, in 1600
Emilia Plater, often nicknamed as a Lithuanian Joan of Arc, leading peasant scythemen during the 1831 uprising
Bishop Motiejus Valančius resisted Russification. He urged protest against the closing of Catholic churches and organised book printing in Lithuanian in Lithuania Minor
The original 20 members of the Council of Lithuania after signing the Act of Independence of Lithuania, 16 February 1918.
Lithuanian armoured train Gediminas 3, used in Lithuanian Wars of Independence and Lithuanian soldiers
Antanas Smetona was the first and last president of interbellum Lithuania (1919–1920, 1926–1940)
Lituanica above New York in 1933. The transatlantic flight was one of the most precise in aviation history. It equaled, and in some aspects surpassed, Charles Lindbergh's classic flight.
Soldiers of the Red Army enter the territory of Lithuania during the first Soviet occupation in 1940.
Lithuanian resistance fighters. The armed resistance was 50,000 strong at its peak.
Site of the Paneriai massacre, where the German Nazis and their collaborators executed up to 100,000 people of various nationalities. About 70,000 of them were Jews.
Monument in Naujoji Vilnia in memory of the Soviet deportations from Lithuania
The Baltic Way was a mass anti-Soviet demonstration where approx. 25% of the population of the Baltic states participated
An Anti-Soviet rally in Vingis Park of about 250,000 people. Sąjūdis was a movement which led to the restoration of an Independent State of Lithuania.
On 13 January 1991, Soviet forces fired live rounds at unarmed independence supporters and crushed two of them with tanks, killing 13 in total. To this day, Russia refuses to extradite the perpetrators, who were convicted of war crimes.
Physical map and geomorphological subdivision of Lithuania.
White stork is the national bird of Lithuania which has the highest-density stork population in Europe.
Seimas — Parliament of Lithuania
Commemoration of the Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania in the historical Seimas hall where it was originally signed in 1990. The ceremony is attended by the Lithuanian President, Prime Minister, Chairman of the Seimas and other high-ranking officials.
Statutes of Lithuania were the central piece of Lithuanian law in 1529–1795
Lithuanian police cruiser in Gediminas Avenue, Vilnius
Stamp dedicated to Lithuania's presidency of the European Union. Post of Lithuania, 2013.
Lithuania was recently a member of the United Nations Security Council. Its representatives are on the right side.
Lithuanian Army soldiers with their NATO allies during Iron Sword 2014
Lithuanian Army soldiers marching with their dress uniforms in Vilnius. An officer stands out with a sword.
Real GPD per capita development of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania
Lithuania's GDP per capita compared to rest of the world (2020)
Lithuania, GNI per capita, PPP (current international $), 2016
A proportional representation of Lithuania exports, 2019
Nasdaq Vilnius Stock Exchange, located in K29 business centre in Konstitucijos Avenue, Vilnius
LituanicaSAT-2 in the thermal-vacuum chamber.
Druskininkai is a popular spa town
Telia (skyscraper with the old Teo LT logo) and Huawei headquarters in Vilnius
Major highways in Lithuania
Marijampolė railway station, completed in 1924
Mineral water spring in Birštonas
FSRU Independence in port of Klaipėda
Kruonis Pumped Storage Plant
Population of Lithuania 1915–2014
Population density
Kaunas Clinics is the largest and the most advanced medical institution in Lithuania.
Hill of Crosses near Šiauliai
Vilnius University, one of the oldest universities in the region. It was established by Stephen Báthory, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, in 1579.
Vilnius University Life Sciences Center in the Sunrise Valley
The earliest known Lithuanian glosses (between 1520 and 1530) written in the margins of Johannes Herolt book Liber Discipuli de eruditione Christifidelium. Words: teprÿdav[ſ]ʒÿ (let it strike), vbagÿſte (indigence)
The first Lithuanian printed book Catechism of Martynas Mažvydas (1547, Königsberg)
The title page of Radivilias (1592, Vilnius). The poem celebrating commander Mikalojus Radvila Rudasis (1512–1584) and recounts the famous victory of Lithuanian Armed Forces over Moscow troops (1564).
Vilnius Cathedral by Laurynas Gucevičius
Gryčia (traditional dwelling house, built in the 19th century)
Kings' Fairy Tale (1908–1909) by Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis
Lithuanian National Drama Theatre
Romuva Cinema, the oldest still operational cinema in Lithuania
Painter and composer M.K. Čiurlionis
Rock band Antis, which under firm censorship actively mocked the Soviet Union regime by using metaphors in their lyrics, during an Anti-Sovietism, Anti-communism concert in 1987
Lithuanian dark rye bread
Cepelinai, a potato-based dumpling dish characteristic of Lithuanian cuisine with meat, curd or mushrooms
Lithuania has longlasting beer brewing traditions
Lithuania men's national basketball team is ranked eighth worldwide in FIBA Rankings.

It is one of three Baltic states and lies on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea.

It has a maritime border with Sweden to the west on the Baltic Sea.

Riga

Capital of Latvia and is home to 605,802 inhabitants (2022), which is a third of Latvia's population.

Capital of Latvia and is home to 605,802 inhabitants (2022), which is a third of Latvia's population.

The building of the Brotherhood of Blackheads is one of the most iconic buildings of Old Riga (Vecrīga).
Riga in the 16th century
Riga in 1650. Drawing by Johann Christoph Brotze
German troops entering Riga during World War I
"Baltische Post" was a German language newspaper in Riga during the early 20th century.
Damaged Riga Old Town and St. Peter's Church during the World War II
Flower laying ceremony at the Freedom Monument in 2012
Riga City Council
The Latvian National Opera
Riga Castle
Arena Riga, home to multiple sports clubs of Riga
Skonto Stadium
One of the several trolleybus types in Riga
A Škoda 15 T tram in Riga
Riga is a large hub in the Passenger Train network: commuter train frequency in 2016
Bank of Latvia
Riga Stock Exchange early 20th century. Now The Art Museum Riga Bourse
Alberta iela 13
Alberta iela 2a
Staircase of Alberta ielā 12
Aleksandra Čaka iela 26
Riga Art Nouveau Museum
Strēlnieku iela 4a

The city lies on the Gulf of Riga at the mouth of the Daugava river where it meets the Baltic Sea.

🇸🇪 Norrköping, Sweden

Estonia

Country in Northern Europe.

Country in Northern Europe.

Bronze Age stone-cist graves
Iron Age artefacts of a hoard from Kumna
Independent counties of Ancient Estonia in the beginning of the 13th century
Medieval Estonia and Livonia after the crusade
Kuressaare Castle in Saaremaa dates back to the 1380s
"Academia Dorpatensis" (now University of Tartu) was founded in 1632 by King Gustavus as the second university in the kingdom of Sweden. After the king's death it became known as "Academia Gustaviana".
Carl Robert Jakobson played a key role in the Estonian national awakening.
Declaration of Independence in Pärnu on 23 February 1918. One of the first images of the Republic.
Estonian armoured train during the Estonian War of Independence
According to the 23 August 1939 Nazi-Soviet Pact "the Baltic States (Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania)" were divided into German and Soviet "spheres of influence" (German copy)
The Red Army troops crossing Soviet-Estonian border in October 1939 after Estonia had been forced to sign the Bases Treaty
The capital Tallinn after bombing by the Soviet Air Force during the war on the Eastern Front in March 1944
Estonian Swedes fleeing the Soviet occupation to Sweden (1944)
The blue-black-white flag of Estonia was raised again on the top of the Pikk Hermann tower on February 24, 1989.
Baltic Way in Estonia
The barn swallow (H. r. rustica) is the national bird of Estonia.
Estonia Endla Nature Reserve 07 Forest
Haanja Nature reserve where violations of Natura 2000 area logging is taking place.
The seat of the Parliament of Estonia in Toompea Castle
Building of the Supreme Court of Estonia in Tartu
US President Barack Obama giving a speech at the Nordea Concert Hall in Tallinn
Foreign ministers of the Nordic and Baltic countries in Riga, 2016
Estonian soldiers during a NATO exercise in 2015
KAPO (Kaitsepolitsei) headquarters in Kassisaba, Kesklinn, Tallinn
An Estonian Patria Pasi XA-180 in Afghanistan
Administrative divisions of Estonia
A proportional representation of Estonia exports, 2019
The central business district of Tallinn
Real GPD per capita development of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania
Estonia's GDP growth from 2000 till 2012
The oil shale industry in Estonia is one of the most developed in the world. In 2012, oil shale supplied 70% of Estonia's total primary energy and accounted for 4% of Estonia's gross domestic product.
Rõuste wind farm in Lääneranna Parish
Graphical depiction of Estonia's product exports in 28 colour-coded categories
Population of Estonia 1960–2019. The changes are largely attributed to Soviet immigration and emigration.
Estonian folk dancers
A Russian Old Believer village with a church on Piirissaar island
Ruhnu stave church, built in 1644, is the oldest surviving wooden building in Estonia
Distribution of Finnic languages in Northern Europe
The University of Tartu is one of the oldest universities in Northern Europe and the highest-ranked university in Estonia. According to the Top Universities website, the University of Tartu ranks 285th in the QS Global World Ranking.
Building of the Estonian Students' Society in Tartu. It is considered to be the first example of Estonian national architecture. The Treaty of Tartu between Finland and Soviet Russia was signed in the building in 1920.
ESTCube-1 is the first Estonian satellite.
The Estonian National Museum in Tartu.
The Estonian Song Festival is UNESCO's Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
Arvo Pärt was the world's most performed living composer from 2010 to 2018.
Jaan Kross is the most translated Estonian writer.
A traditional farmhouse built in the Estonian vernacular style
Mulgipuder, a national dish of Estonia made with potatoes, groats, and meat. It is very traditional food in the southern part of Estonia.
Tartu Ski Marathon in 2006

It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland across from Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea across from Sweden, to the south by Latvia, and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia.

Helsinki

Capital, primate, and most populous city of Finland.

Capital, primate, and most populous city of Finland.

Central Helsinki in 1820 before rebuilding. Illustration by Carl Ludvig Engel.
Construction of Suomenlinna began in the 18th century.
A map of Helsinki in 1645
Helsinki seen from Sentinel-2
Helsingin keskustaajama, an officially recognized urban area
A map of Helsinki's capital region (in orange) and its sub-regional municipalities (in light orange)
An aerial view of Malmi in the northern part of Helsinki
A statue of Tsar Alexander II of Russia, the Grand Duke of Finland, sculpted by Walter Runeberg and Johannes Takanen and erected in 1894 in front of the Helsinki Cathedral at the Senate Square in Helsinki. He was known as a well regarded emperor among the majority of Finns during the grand duchy times.
The Helsinki Cathedral is among the most prominent buildings in the city.
Hotel Kämp, the most luxurious hotel in Helsinki, located in Kluuvi
The Restaurant Kappeli from the 19th century in the Esplanadi Park
The view across Eläintarhanlahti in summertime
Casino Helsinki, a non-profit casino owned by government-owned Veikkaus, on Mikonkatu in the city center
The 134 m Majakka in Kalasatama has been built on top of the Redi shopping centre. It is currently Finland's tallest building.
The Helsinki City Hall houses the City Council of Helsinki.
Uspenski Cathedral.
Helsinki Synagogue in 2020
Kamppi Center, a shopping and transportation complex in Kamppi
Main building of the University of Helsinki as seen from the Senate Square.
Haaga-Helia University of Applied Sciences is the largest business polytechnic in Finland.
The Finnish National Theatre (1902), designed by architect Onni Tarjanne. In front of it, the memorial statue of Aleksis Kivi.
Havis Amanda, a fountain sculpture at the Helsinki Market Square
Strange Fruit performing at the Night of the Arts in Helsinki
Sanomatalo, a current office building of Sanoma Corporation
Café Ekberg, the oldest coffeehouse of Helsinki, along the Bulevardi in the Kamppi district
A terrace of the Restaurant Roslund at the Teurastamo area
The Helsinki Olympic Stadium was the centre of activities during the 1952 Summer Olympics.
Helsinki region roads
Old American cars assemble at the Market Square on the evening of the first Friday of every month
Central railway station, inaugurated 1919
The South Harbour
The Helsinki Metro with its characteristic bright orange trains is the world's northernmost subway.
A tram at the Esplanadi in Kaartinkaupunki, Helsinki
Karl Fazer, the chocolatier and Olympic sport shooter best known for founding the Fazer company
Erkki Karu, film director and producer
Tarja Halonen, former president of Finland
Kim Hirschovits, ice hockey player
Linus Torvalds, the software engineer best known for creating the popular open-source kernel Linux
Esa-Pekka Salonen, conductor and composer
Sinebrychoff Art Museum (1842)
Helsinki University Museum "Arppeanum" (1869)
The Cygnaeus Gallery Museum (1870)
The Mannerheim Museum (1874; 1957 as museum)
The Military Museum of Finland (1881)
Classical art museum Ateneum (1887)
The Design Museum (1894)
{{ill|Tram Museum|fi|Ratikkamuseo}} (Ratikkamuseo) (1900)
The National Museum of Finland (1910)
The Helsinki City Museum (1911)
The Finnish Museum of Natural History (1913)
Kunsthalle Helsinki art venue (1928)
Didrichsen Art Museum (1964)
Helsinki Art Museum (1968)
Kiasma museum of contemporary art (1998)
Amos Rex art museum (2018)

According to a theory presented in the 1630s, at the time of Swedish colonisation of coastal areas of Finland, colonists from Hälsingland in central Sweden had arrived at what is now known as the Vantaa River and called it Helsingå ("Helsinge River"), which gave rise to the names of Helsinge village and church in the 1300s.

Owing to the mitigating influence of the Baltic Sea and North Atlantic Current (see also Extratropical cyclone), temperatures during the winter are higher than the northern location might suggest, with the average in January and February around -4 C.

Stockholm

Detail of engraving of Stockholm from Suecia Antiqua et Hodierna by Erik Dahlbergh and Willem Swidde, printed in 1693
Panorama over Stockholm c. 1868 as seen from a hot air balloon
Stockholm in 1917
Stockholm City Centre after the 1960s
Satellite image of Stockholm in 2018 by ESA
The municipal council chamber (Rådssalen), inside Stockholm City Hall
Victoria Tower is one of the tallest buildings in Stockholm, located in Kista.
Headquarters of Ericsson
Stockholm School of Economics
Strandvägen as seen from the island of Djurgården
Djurgårdsbron bridge
Stockholm Public Library, designed by architect Gunnar Asplund
View of Stockholm from Avicii Arena
Söder Torn, an 86 m building in Södermalm
The main hall of the Vasa Museum with a scale model of Vasa as it might have looked on its maiden voyage to the left and the preserved ship itself to the right
Moragården, one of many historical homesteads at the Skansen open-air museum
Royal Dramatic Theatre, one of Stockholm's many theatres
Bookpublisher, Norstedt Building, seen from Vasabron, in Riddarholmen
Friends Arena
Scenes after Hammarby won their first national bandy title in 2010
Stockholm Marathon, near Kungsträdgården in 2008
Park on the island of Djurgården in central Stockholm
A southbound full-length (3 car) C20 metrotrain departing from the Gamla stan station
An A34 tram on line 7 at Djurgårdsbron
Norra länken (North link) motorway in Stockholm
A control point for the congestion charge leading up to Essingeleden
Viking Grace, one of many cruiseferries on the routes to Finland and Åland
Stockholm Central Station

Stockholm is the capital and largest city of Sweden as well as the largest urban area in Scandinavia.

The city stretches across fourteen islands where Lake Mälaren flows into the Baltic Sea.

Turku

City and former capital on the southwest coast of Finland at the mouth of the Aura River, in the region of Finland Proper (Varsinais-Suomi) and the former Turku and Pori Province (Turun ja Porin lääni; 1634–1997).

City and former capital on the southwest coast of Finland at the mouth of the Aura River, in the region of Finland Proper (Varsinais-Suomi) and the former Turku and Pori Province (Turun ja Porin lääni; 1634–1997).

Turku Cathedral, 1814, prior to the Great Fire in 1827
Great Fire of Turku, a painting by R. W. Ekman
A daguerreotype photograph of the Nobel House, the first photograph taken in Finland, from 1842
Aurakatu area in the 1910s
Aura River seen further away from central Turku
IV District, or Martti, is one of the smallest but most densely populated districts of Turku.
Area of Turku cathedral in autumn.
People celebrating Vappu in central Turku
MS Oasis of the Seas, formerly the world's largest passenger ship, was built in Turku.
Traditional Medieval Market of Turku in summer 2006.
Turku Cathedral, one of the most notable historical buildings in Finland.
Paavo Nurmi Marathon is run every summer.
The Turku Court of Appeal and Academy House of Turku
Turku City Hall, on the west side of the Aura River
Locomotives at Turku Central railway station
Viking Line's M/S Viking Grace on her in the Turku Archipelago.
VR Class Hv1 steam locomotive at Turku railway station in the 1920s
The main building of the University of Turku
Turku Main Library
President Mauno Koivisto

Turku is the oldest city in Finland, and served as the most important city of the eastern part of the Kingdom of Sweden (modern-day Finland).

Situated by the Baltic Sea and sheltered by the islands of the Archipelago Sea, Turku has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb).

Klaipėda

Klaipėda city seal, 1446 (diameter 200 mm). From the Archive of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation, Berlin.
Preserved historic timber framed architecture
Historical illustration of Memel (1684)
Spit fortress
Klaipėda Town Hall was the temporary residence of the King Frederick William III of Prussia, his wife Queen Louise and their children.
Central Post Office, the former residence of Friedrich Wilhelm Argelander and monarchs of Prussia
Early 20th-century view of the city
Supreme Commander of the Lithuanian Army Silvestras Žukauskas in Klaipėda, 1925
Visit of Adolf Hitler following the German annexation of the city, March 1939
Private boats in Klaipėda
Costa Pacifica in Klaipėda
Klaipėda's climate is under the influence of the Baltic Sea.
The Dutchman's Cap
The port of Klaipėda handled more than 31 million tons of cargo in 2010
K and D complex
A narrow gauge railway station in 1920
Palanga International Airport
View to the Klaipėda central ferry port terminal – the Old Ferry port
Klaipėda Bus Station
Old town of Klaipėda
One of Klaipėda's most recognizable symbols – The Meridianas
Klaipėda Drama Theatre
Look alike fachwerk style building "Old Mill hotel"
Port of Klaipėda in 1852
Biržos Bridge, photographed before 1930. The bascule bridge was an important source of income for the city.
Klaipėda Old Town in 1932
Klaipėda is famous for Švyturys brewery, established in 1784.
Klaipėda beach
Arka Monument for united Lithuania
Klaipėda University
Ieva Simonaitytė Public Library
Sculpture next to Klaipėda Railway Station
Statue of a boy in Klaipėda harbor
Modern buildings in Klaipėda
Litas commemorative coin dedicated to Klaipėda city (2002)

Klaipėda (Memel; Kłajpeda; Клайпеда; ) is a city in Lithuania on the Baltic Sea coast.

🇸🇪 Karlskrona, Sweden, since 1989