A report on Sweden and Baltic Sea

Map of the Baltic Sea region
Danish Straits and southwestern Baltic Sea
A Vendel-era helmet, at the Swedish Museum of National Antiquities
Åland between Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia
Viking expeditions (blue lines)
Cape Arkona on the island of Rügen in Germany, was a sacred site of the Rani tribe before Christianization.
The Tjängvide image stone dating from 800 to 1099, example of Viking art
Main trading routes of the Hanseatic League (Hanse).
Gamla Uppsala (Old Uppsala), a site of religious and political importance in the early days of Sweden
In 1649 the settlement of the Latvian-speaking Kursenieki spanned from Klaipėda to Gdańsk along the coast of the Baltic Sea.
Skog tapestry, made most probably during the late 13th century.
The naval Battle of the Sound took place on 8 November 1658 during the Dano-Swedish War.
Gustav I liberated Sweden from Christian II of Denmark, ending the Kalmar Union. He established the House of Vasa which ruled Sweden and Poland until the 17th century
The burning Cap Arcona shortly after the attacks, 3 May 1945. Only 350 survived of the 4,500 prisoners who had been aboard
Gustavus Adolphus at the Battle of Breitenfeld in 1631.
Baltic drainage basins (catchment area), with depth, elevation, major rivers and lakes
The Swedish Empire between 1611 and 1815, with its absolute peak between 1658 and 1660.
Curonian Spit in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia
The Battle of Poltava in 1709. In the following years, Russia and her allies occupied all Swedish dominions on the Baltic coast and even Finland.
Regions and basins of the Baltic Sea: 
1 = Bothnian Bay
2 = Bothnian Sea
1 + 2 = Gulf of Bothnia, partly also 3 & 4
3 = Archipelago Sea
4 = Åland Sea
5 = Gulf of Finland
6 = Northern Baltic Proper
7 = Western Gotland Basin
8 = Eastern Gotland Basin
9 = Gulf of Riga
10 = Bay of Gdańsk/Gdansk Basin
11 = Bornholm Basin and Hanö Bight
12 = Arkona Basin 6–12 = Baltic Proper
13 = Kattegat, not an integral part of the Baltic Sea
14 = Belt Sea (Little Belt and Great Belt)
15 = Öresund (The Sound) 14 + 15 = Danish Straits, not an integral part of the Baltic Sea
Illustration of starvation in northern Sweden, Famine of 1867–1869
Satellite image of the Baltic Sea in a mild winter
Swedish emigrants boarding ship in Gothenburg in 1905
Traversing Baltic Sea and ice
A Swedish soldier during World War II. Sweden remained neutral during the conflict.
On particularly cold winters, the coastal parts of the Baltic Sea freeze into ice thick enough to walk or ski on.
Tage Erlander (left), Prime Minister under the ruling Swedish Social Democratic Party from 1946 to 1969.
Piles of drift ice on the shore of Puhtulaid, near Virtsu, Estonia, in late April
Sweden joined the European Union in 1995 and signed the Lisbon Treaty in 2007.
Depths of the Baltic Sea in meters
Second day of the Stockholm Husby riots. The picture shows three cars on fire in the Stockholm suburb of Husby, 20 May 2013
Baltic Sea near Klaipėda (Karklė).
View of the Stora Sjöfallet National Park
Skerries form an integral and typical part of many of the archipelagos of the Baltic Sea, such as these in the archipelago of Åland, Finland.
Scania in southern Sweden
Stockholm archipelago
Sandhamn island, Stockholm archipelago
Aerial view of Bornholm, Denmark
Köppen climate classification types of Sweden using the 0°C isotherm
Population density in the Baltic Sea catchment area
Köppen climate classification types of Sweden using the -3°C isotherm
Vasilyevsky Island in Saint Petersburg, Russia
Map of Sweden's five major vegetation zones
Stockholm in Sweden
The current King of Sweden, Carl XVI Gustaf, and his consort, Queen Silvia
Riga in Latvia
Rosenbad, in central Stockholm, has been the seat of the Government since 1981.
Helsinki in Finland
The Riksdag chamber, at the time of a vote, in 2009
Gdańsk in Poland
The party leaders lined up before the start of the televised live debate on 12 September 2014.
Tallinn in Estonia
Municipal divisions of Sweden
Satellite photo of the Baltic Sea surrounding Gotland, Sweden, with algae bloom (phytoplankton) swirling in the water
Kingdoms of Svear (Sweonas) and Götar (Geats) in the 12th century, with modern borders in grey
Pedestrian pier in Sellin, Germany
The Riksdag, the Swedish Parliament in 2014
Svetlogorsk resort town in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia
Bonde Palace in Stockholm, seat of the Supreme Court of Sweden
Mrzeżyno beach in Poland
The EU parliament in Brussels. Sweden is a member state of the European Union.
Development aid measured in GNI in 2009. Source: OECD. As a percentage Sweden is the largest donor.
The Saab JAS 39 Gripen is an advanced Swedish multi-role fighter aircraft of the Swedish Air Force.
The Infantry fighting vehicle CV90, which is produced and used by Sweden
Gross regional product (GRP) per capita in thousands of kronor (2014)
A proportional representation of Sweden exports, 2019
Sweden is home to Volvo Cars, an automobile company with its headquarters in Gothenburg
Real GDP growth in Sweden, 1996–2006
Sweden is part of the Schengen Area and the EU single market.
Nordstan is one of the largest shopping malls in northern Europe
Ringhals Nuclear Power Plant, located south of Gothenburg
The Öresund Bridge between Malmö and Copenhagen in Denmark
Stockholm Central Station
Alfred Nobel, inventor of dynamite and institutor of the Nobel Prize
Population density in the counties of Sweden.
people/km²
Distribution of speakers of the Swedish language
The Protestant Katarina Church in Stockholm
The second oldest mosque in Sweden is the Malmö Mosque, inaugurated in 1984
Historical development of life expectancy in Sweden
Uppsala University (established 1477)
Nationalmuseum in Stockholm
The Swedish band ABBA in April 1974, a few days after they won the Eurovision Song Contest
Djurgårdsbron
Kalmar Cathedral
Headquarters of Sveriges Television in Stockholm
The writer and playwright August Strindberg
Walpurgis Night bonfire in Sweden
Cinnamon rolls originated in Sweden and Denmark.
Former World No. 1 tennis player Björn Borg
Former world No. 1 tennis player Björn Borg

The Baltic Sea is an arm of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Sweden and the North and Central European Plain.

- Baltic Sea

Situated in Northern Europe, Sweden lies west of the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Bothnia, providing a long coastline, and forms the eastern part of the Scandinavian Peninsula.

- Sweden

33 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Øresund, showing its northern and southern boundaries

Øresund

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Øresund, showing its northern and southern boundaries
Denmark (Zealand) seen from the Swedish (Scania) side of Øresund
Øresund Bridge from the air in September 2015
Kronborg castle is situated on the extreme northeastern tip of the island of Zealand at the narrowest point of the Øresund
Northern Øresund
Øresund Strait from Malmö
Øresund Bridge, Øresund

Øresund or Öresund (, ; Øresund ; Öresund ), commonly known in English as the Sound, is a strait which forms the Danish–Swedish border, separating Zealand (Denmark) from Scania (Sweden).

Øresund, along with the Great Belt, the Little Belt and the Kiel Canal, is one of four waterways that connect the Baltic Sea to the Atlantic Ocean via Kattegat, Skagerrak, and the North Sea; this makes it one of the busiest waterways in the world.

Denmark

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Nordic country in Northern Europe.

Nordic country in Northern Europe.

The gilded side of the Trundholm sun chariot dating from the Nordic Bronze Age
The Ladby ship, the largest ship burial found in Denmark.
Larger of the two Jelling stones, raised by Harald Bluetooth
Extent of the Dano-Norwegian Realm. After the Napoleonic Wars, Norway was ceded to Sweden while Denmark kept the Faroe Islands, Iceland and Greenland.
The Assault on Copenhagen on 11 February 1659 during the Second Northern War. Danish defenders under King Frederick III successfully repelled the forces of the Swedish Empire. Painting by Frederik Christian Lund.
The National Constitutional Assembly was convened by King Frederick VII in 1848 to adopt the Constitution of Denmark.
Denmark became a member of the European Union in 1973 and signed the Lisbon Treaty in 2007.
A satellite image of Jutland and the Danish islands
A map showing major urban areas, islands and connecting bridges
Bay of Aarhus viewed from southern Djursland
Beech trees are common throughout Denmark, especially in the sparse woodlands.
The European Environment Agency in Copenhagen
Christiansborg Palace houses the Folketing, the Supreme Court, and government offices.
King Christian V presiding over the Supreme Court in 1697.
The village of Kunoy on Kunoy island, in the Faroe Islands. Kalsoy island is at right.
Danish prime minister Mette Frederiksen (second from left) with foreign counterparts at the Nordic Council in Copenhagen, 2021
Danish MP-soldiers conducting advanced law enforcement training
A proportional representation of Denmark exports, 2019
Lego bricks are produced by The Lego Group, headquartered in Billund.
Denmark is a major producer and exporter of pork products.
With an investment of 8.5 million euros over the ten-year construction period, Denmark confirms participation in E-ELT.
Middelgrunden, an offshore wind farm near Copenhagen
Denmark railway network
Copenhagen Airport is the largest airport in Scandinavia and the 15th-busiest in Europe.
Roskilde Cathedral has been the burial place of Danish royalty since the 15th century. In 1995 it became a World Heritage Site.
The oldest surviving Danish lecture plan dated 1537 from the University of Copenhagen
Rigshospitalet in Copenhagen
Mjølnerparken in Copenhagen
Statue of philosopher Søren Kierkegaard
Director Lars von Trier, who co-created the Dogme film movement
Grundtvig's Church in Copenhagen, an example of expressionist architecture
A portrait of Hans Christian Andersen (1836), by Christian Albrecht Jensen
Woman in Front of a Mirror, (1841), by Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg
Smørrebrød, a variety of Danish open sandwiches piled high with delicacies
Michael Laudrup, named the best Danish football player of all time by the Danish Football Union

European Denmark is the southernmost of the Scandinavian countries, lying southwest of Sweden, south of Norway, and north of Germany.

The island of Bornholm is located east of the rest of the country, in the Baltic Sea.

Turku

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City and former capital on the southwest coast of Finland at the mouth of the Aura River, in the region of Finland Proper (Varsinais-Suomi) and the former Turku and Pori Province (Turun ja Porin lääni; 1634–1997).

City and former capital on the southwest coast of Finland at the mouth of the Aura River, in the region of Finland Proper (Varsinais-Suomi) and the former Turku and Pori Province (Turun ja Porin lääni; 1634–1997).

Turku Cathedral, 1814, prior to the Great Fire in 1827
Great Fire of Turku, a painting by R. W. Ekman
A daguerreotype photograph of the Nobel House, the first photograph taken in Finland, from 1842
Aurakatu area in the 1910s
Aura River seen further away from central Turku
IV District, or Martti, is one of the smallest but most densely populated districts of Turku.
Area of Turku cathedral in autumn.
People celebrating Vappu in central Turku
MS Oasis of the Seas, formerly the world's largest passenger ship, was built in Turku.
Traditional Medieval Market of Turku in summer 2006.
Turku Cathedral, one of the most notable historical buildings in Finland.
Paavo Nurmi Marathon is run every summer.
The Turku Court of Appeal and Academy House of Turku
Turku City Hall, on the west side of the Aura River
Locomotives at Turku Central railway station
Viking Line's M/S Viking Grace on her in the Turku Archipelago.
VR Class Hv1 steam locomotive at Turku railway station in the 1920s
The main building of the University of Turku
Turku Main Library
President Mauno Koivisto

Turku is the oldest city in Finland, and served as the most important city of the eastern part of the Kingdom of Sweden (modern-day Finland).

Situated by the Baltic Sea and sheltered by the islands of the Archipelago Sea, Turku has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb).

Areas in Southern Sweden with a Finnish-speaking population (2005)

Finnish language

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Uralic language of the Finnic branch, spoken by the majority of the population in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside of Finland.

Uralic language of the Finnic branch, spoken by the majority of the population in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside of Finland.

Areas in Southern Sweden with a Finnish-speaking population (2005)
Birch bark letter no. 292 is the oldest known document in any Finnic language.
Mikael Agricola, a 19th-century drawing by Albert Edelfelt
Elias Lönnrot as depicted in a 19th-century caricature – Lönnrot made several journeys to Karelia and Eastern Finland to collect folklore, from which he compiled the Kalevala.
Map of Finnish dialects and forms of speech
The Turku dialect is famous for its seemingly inverted questions. For example, "Ei me mittä kaffelle men?" looks like it means "So we don't go for coffees?" but actually means "Shall we go for coffees?"
A sign in Savonian dialect: "You don't get cognac here, but proper wheat made buns and good strong Juhla Mokka-brand coffee you will have. Welcome."
Example of a participle construction
Suomalaisen Sana-Lugun Coetus (1745) by Daniel Juslenius was the first comprehensive dictionary of the Finnish language with 16,000 entries.
The first page of Abckiria (1543), the first book written in the Finnish language. The spelling of Finnish in the book had many inconsistencies: for example, the sound could be represented by c, k or even g; the long u and the long i were represented by w and ij respectively, and ä was represented by e.

In Sweden, both Finnish and Meänkieli (which has significant mutual intelligibility with Finnish ) are official minority languages.

The Finnic group also includes Estonian and a few minority languages spoken around the Baltic Sea and in Russia's Republic of Karelia.

The Baltic Way was a mass anti-Soviet demonstration in 1989 where ca 25% of the total population of the Baltic countries participated

Baltic states

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Modern unofficial geopolitical term, typically used to group three countries: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.

Modern unofficial geopolitical term, typically used to group three countries: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.

The Baltic Way was a mass anti-Soviet demonstration in 1989 where ca 25% of the total population of the Baltic countries participated
An armoured train used in the Estonian War of Independence against Soviet Russia, 1919
According to the 1939 Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact "the Baltic States (Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania)" were divided into German and Soviet "spheres of influence" (German copy)
Geopolitical status in Northern Europe in November 1939
Baltic Assembly session in Seimas Palace, in Vilnius, Lithuania
Baltic Defence College serves as a centre of strategic and operational research and provides professional military education to intermediate- and senior-level officers and government officials
Downtown Tallinn
Downtown Riga
Downtown Vilnius
St. Olaf's church in Tallinn, Estonia
St. Peter's Lutheran Church, Riga, Latvia
Catholic Church of St. Johns, Vilnius, Lithuania
Forests cover over half the landmass of Estonia
Devonian sandstone cliffs in Gauja National Park, Latvia's largest and oldest national park
Jägala waterfall in Estonia is the highest in the Baltics
Gastilionys cliffs in Kauno Marios Regional Park near Kaunas
View from the Bilioniai forthill in Lithuania
Sand dunes of the Curonian Spit near Nida, which are the highest drifting sand dunes in Europe (UNESCO World Heritage Site).<ref>{{cite web |title=Nida and The Curonian Spit, The Insider's Guide to Visiting |url=https://maptrotting.com/nida-guide-baltic-coast/ |website=MapTrotting |access-date=3 January 2019 |date=23 September 2016}}</ref>
Estonia
Latvia
Lithuania
Estonia
Latvia
Lithuania
Language branches in Northern Europe
North Germanic (Faroe Islands, Iceland and Scandinavia)
Finnic (Finland, Estonia)
Baltic (Latvia, Lithuania)
Estonia

The three sovereign states on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea are sometimes referred to as the "Baltic nations", less often and in historical circumstances also as the "Baltic republics", the "Baltic lands", or simply the Baltics.

Since the Middle Ages, the Baltic Sea has appeared on maps in Germanic languages as the equivalent of 'East Sea': Ostsee, Østersøen, Oostzee, Östersjön, etc. Indeed, the Baltic Sea lies mostly to the east of Germany, Denmark, Norway, and Sweden.

Klaipėda

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Klaipėda city seal, 1446 (diameter 200 mm). From the Archive of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation, Berlin.
Preserved historic timber framed architecture
Historical illustration of Memel (1684)
Spit fortress
Klaipėda Town Hall was the temporary residence of the King Frederick William III of Prussia, his wife Queen Louise and their children.
Central Post Office, the former residence of Friedrich Wilhelm Argelander and monarchs of Prussia
Early 20th-century view of the city
Supreme Commander of the Lithuanian Army Silvestras Žukauskas in Klaipėda, 1925
Visit of Adolf Hitler following the German annexation of the city, March 1939
Private boats in Klaipėda
Costa Pacifica in Klaipėda
Klaipėda's climate is under the influence of the Baltic Sea.
The Dutchman's Cap
The port of Klaipėda handled more than 31 million tons of cargo in 2010
K and D complex
A narrow gauge railway station in 1920
Palanga International Airport
View to the Klaipėda central ferry port terminal – the Old Ferry port
Klaipėda Bus Station
Old town of Klaipėda
One of Klaipėda's most recognizable symbols – The Meridianas
Klaipėda Drama Theatre
Look alike fachwerk style building "Old Mill hotel"
Port of Klaipėda in 1852
Biržos Bridge, photographed before 1930. The bascule bridge was an important source of income for the city.
Klaipėda Old Town in 1932
Klaipėda is famous for Švyturys brewery, established in 1784.
Klaipėda beach
Arka Monument for united Lithuania
Klaipėda University
Ieva Simonaitytė Public Library
Sculpture next to Klaipėda Railway Station
Statue of a boy in Klaipėda harbor
Modern buildings in Klaipėda
Litas commemorative coin dedicated to Klaipėda city (2002)

Klaipėda (Memel; Kłajpeda; Клайпеда; ) is a city in Lithuania on the Baltic Sea coast.

🇸🇪 Karlskrona, Sweden, since 1989

Map of Kattegat and Skagerrak

Kattegat

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Map of Kattegat and Skagerrak
Älvsborg at Gothenburg, a sea fortress in the Kattegat
Grenen in Denmark is important for bird migrations and is a protected area.
Bjärekusten Nature Reserve with Hovs Hallar in Sweden.
There are several offshore windfarms in Kattegat.
Some of the world's busiest shipping lanes pass through Kattegat.
The larger shallow sand and stony reefs have been equipped with light signaling in modern times.
There are several small archipelagos near the mainland in the Swedish part of Kattegat.
The Swedish coasts in Kattegat are rocky shores, like this one in Kullaberg, or sandy or gravel beaches.
All the Danish coasts in Kattegat are sandy or gravel beaches with no exposed bedrock.

The Kattegat (Kattegatt ) is a 30000 km2 sea area bounded by the Jutlandic peninsula in the west, the Danish Straits islands of Denmark and the Baltic Sea to the south and the provinces of Västergötland, Skåne, Halland and Bohuslän in Sweden in the east.

Poland

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Country in Central Europe.

Country in Central Europe.

A reconstruction of a Bronze Age, Lusatian culture settlement in Biskupin, 8th century BC
Poland under the rule of Mieszko I, whose acceptance of Christianity under the auspices of the Latin Church and the Baptism of Poland marked the beginning of statehood in 966.
Casimir III the Great is the only Polish king to receive the title of Great. He built extensively during his reign, and reformed the Polish army along with the country's legal code, 1333–70.
The Battle of Grunwald was fought against the German Order of Teutonic Knights, and resulted in a decisive victory for the Kingdom of Poland, 15 July 1410.
Wawel Castle in Kraków, seat of Polish kings from 1038 until the capital was moved to Warsaw in 1596.
King John III Sobieski defeated the Ottoman Turks at the Battle of Vienna on 12 September 1683.
Stanisław II Augustus, the last King of Poland, reigned from 1764 until his abdication on 25 November 1795.
The partitions of Poland, carried out by the Kingdom of Prussia (blue), the Russian Empire (brown), and the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy (green) in 1772, 1793 and 1795.
Chief of State Marshal Józef Piłsudski was a hero of the Polish independence campaign and the nation's premiere statesman from 1918 until his death on 12 May 1935.
Polish Army 7TP tanks on military manoeuvres shortly before the invasion of Poland in 1939
Pilots of the 303 Polish Fighter Squadron during the Battle of Britain, October 1940
Map of the Holocaust in German-occupied Poland with deportation routes and massacre sites. Major ghettos are marked with yellow stars. Nazi extermination camps are marked with white skulls in black squares. The border in 1941 between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union is marked in red.
At High Noon, 4 June 1989 — political poster featuring Gary Cooper to encourage votes for the Solidarity party in the 1989 elections
Flowers in front of the Presidential Palace following the death of Poland's top government officials in a plane crash on 10 April 2010
Topographic map of Poland
Morskie Oko alpine lake in the Tatra Mountains. Poland has one of the highest densities of lakes in the world.
The wisent, one of Poland's national animals, is commonly found at the ancient and UNESCO-protected Białowieża Forest.
The Sejm is the lower house of the parliament of Poland.
The Constitution of 3 May adopted in 1791 was the first modern constitution in Europe.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, located in Warsaw
Polish Air Force F-16s, a single-engine multirole fighter aircraft
A Mercedes-Benz Sprinter patrol van belonging to the Polish State Police Service (Policja)
The Old City of Zamość is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
PKP Intercity Pendolino at the Wrocław railway station
Physicist and chemist Maria Skłodowska-Curie was the first person to win two Nobel Prizes.
Nicolaus Copernicus, the 16th century Polish astronomer who formulated the heliocentric model of the solar system.
Population of Poland from 1900 to 2010 in millions of inhabitants
Dolina Jadwigi — a bilingual Polish-Kashubian road sign with the village name
John Paul II, born Karol Wojtyła, held the papacy between 1978-2005 and was the first Pole to become a Roman Catholic Pope.
Jagiellonian University in Kraków
The Polish White Eagle is Poland's enduring national and cultural symbol
All Saints' Day on 1 November is one of the most important public holidays in Poland.
Lady with an Ermine (1490) by Leonardo da Vinci. It symbolises Poland's cultural heritage and identity.
Selection of hearty traditional comfort food from Poland, including bigos, gołąbki, żurek, pierogi, placki ziemniaczane, and rye bread.
Traditional polonaise dresses, 1780–1785.
Andrzej Wajda, the recipient of an Honorary Oscar, the Palme d'Or, as well as Honorary Golden Lion and Golden Bear Awards.
Headquarters of the publicly funded national television network TVP in Warsaw
The Stadion Narodowy in Warsaw, home of the national football team, and one of the host stadiums of Euro 2012.
The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at its greatest extent in 1619

Poland's territory extends from the Baltic Sea in the north to the Sudeten and Carpathian Mountains in the south.

Poland also shares maritime boundaries with Denmark and Sweden.

Viking Age picture stone, Gotland, Sweden.

Viking Age

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The period during the Middle Ages when Norsemen known as Vikings undertook large-scale raiding, colonizing, conquest, and trading throughout Europe and reached North America.

The period during the Middle Ages when Norsemen known as Vikings undertook large-scale raiding, colonizing, conquest, and trading throughout Europe and reached North America.

Viking Age picture stone, Gotland, Sweden.
Viking voyages in the North Atlantic
Viking expansion in Europe between the 8th and 11th centuries: The yellow colour corresponds to the expansion of the Normans, only partly descending from the Vikings
Viking-era towns of Scandinavia
Viking expeditions (blue line): depicting the immense breadth of their voyages through most of Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, Northern Africa, Asia Minor, the Arctic, and North America. Lower Normandy, depicted as a ″Viking territory in 911″, was not part of the lands granted by the king of the Franks to Rollo in 911, but Upper Normandy.
Anglo-Saxon-Viking coin weight, used for trading bullion and hacksilver: Material is lead and weighs around 36 g. It is embedded with an Anglo-Saxon sceat (Series K type 32a) dating to 720–750 and minted in Kent. It is edged in a dotted triangle pattern. Origin is the Danelaw region and dates to 870–930.
"Irishmen oppose the landing of the Viking fleet", a painting in Dublin City Hall by James Ward (c.1914).
The Iru Fort in Northern Estonia
Longship on Tjängvide image stone, Sweden 800–1099.
Stone ships at Altes Lager Menzlin
Statue in Catoira, Galicia, commemorating the Viking invasions
The last written records of the Norse Greenlanders are from a 1408 marriage in the Church of Hvalsey.
Modern replica of a Viking longship
A typical fortified Viking town. This is a model of the town of Aros about 950. The town is now known as Aarhus
The fortified Viking Age town of Aros

Voyaging by sea from their homelands in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, the Norse people settled in the British Isles, Ireland, the Faroe Islands, Iceland, Greenland, Normandy, and the Baltic coast and along the Dnieper and Volga trade routes in eastern Europe, where they were also known as Varangians.

Map of the Baltic Sea, showing the Gulf of Bothnia in the upper half

Gulf of Bothnia

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Map of the Baltic Sea, showing the Gulf of Bothnia in the upper half
Satellite image of Fennoscandia in winter. The northern part of the Gulf of Bothnia, the Bothnian Bay, is covered with sea ice.
June 2006 view of the Gulf of Bothnia in Finland.
Pilot station and lighthouse in the Hailuoto Island, a municipality island at the Bothnian Bay near the city of Oulu
Sandy beaches of Kalajoki at the shores of the Gulf of Bothnia

The Gulf of Bothnia (Pohjanlahti; Bottniska viken), divided into the Bothnian Bay and Bothnian Sea, is the northernmost arm of the Baltic Sea, between Finland's west coast (East Bothnia) and Sweden's east coast (West Bothnia and North Bothnia).