Banana

bananasbanana treebanana flowerbanana treesgreen bananabanana blossomsbanana plantdessert bananaSweet Bananasbanana blossom
A banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa.wikipedia
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Musa (genus)

MusabananaMusa'' (genus)
A banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa.
Musa is one of two or three genera in the family Musaceae; it includes bananas and plantains.

Fruit

fruitsseed podfruiting
A banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa.
In common language usage, "fruit" normally means the fleshy seed-associated structures of a plant that are sweet or sour, and edible in the raw state, such as apples, bananas, grapes, lemons, oranges, and strawberries.

Musa acuminata

M. acuminataappledessert banana
Almost all modern edible seedless (parthenocarp) bananas come from two wild species – Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana.
Musa acuminata is a species of banana native to Southeast Asia.

Berry (botany)

berryberriespepo
A banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa.
Berries so defined include grapes, currants, and tomatoes, as well as cucumbers, eggplants (aubergines) and bananas, but exclude certain fruits commonly called berries, such as strawberries and raspberries.

List of banana cultivars

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By contrast, Musa cultivars with firmer, starchier fruit are called "plantains".
Almost all modern cultivated varieties (cultivars) of edible bananas and plantains are hybrids and polyploids of two wild, seeded banana species, Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana.

Musa balbisiana

banana treesM. balbisiana
Almost all modern edible seedless (parthenocarp) bananas come from two wild species – Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana.
Musa balbisiana is a wild-type species of banana native to eastern South Asia, northern Southeast Asia, and southern China.

Fe'i banana

Fe'i banana cultivarsM.'' × ''troglodytarumMusa × troglodytarum
This can extend to other members of the genus Musa, such as the scarlet banana (Musa coccinea), the pink banana (Musa velutina), and the Fe'i bananas.
They are distinct in appearance and origin from the majority of bananas and plantains currently grown, which derive from different wild species.

Ensete ventricosum

ensetenseteAbyssinian Banana (''Ensete ventricosum'')
It can also refer to members of the genus Ensete, such as the snow banana (Ensete glaucum) and the economically important false banana (Ensete ventricosum). Both genera are in the banana family, Musaceae.
Ensete ventricosum, commonly known as the Ethiopian banana, Abyssinian banana, false banana, enset or ensete, is an herbaceous species of flowering plant in the banana family Musaceae.

Fiber

fibrefibersfibrous
They are grown in 135 countries, primarily for their fruit, and to a lesser extent to make fiber, banana wine, and banana beer and as ornamental plants.
Vegetable fibers are generally based on arrangements of cellulose, often with lignin: examples include cotton, hemp, jute, flax, ramie, sisal, bagasse, and banana. Plant fibers are employed in the manufacture of paper and textile (cloth), and dietary fiber is an important component of human nutrition.

Starch

starcheswheat starchrice starch
In some countries, bananas used for cooking may be called "plantains", distinguishing them from dessert bananas. The fruit is variable in size, color, and firmness, but is usually elongated and curved, with soft flesh rich in starch covered with a rind, which may be green, yellow, red, purple, or brown when ripe.
Inulin-like fructans are also present in grasses such as wheat, in onions and garlic, bananas, and asparagus.

Banana beer

urwagwabananabananas
They are grown in 135 countries, primarily for their fruit, and to a lesser extent to make fiber, banana wine, and banana beer and as ornamental plants.
Banana beer is an alcoholic beverage made from fermentation of mashed bananas.

Banana equivalent dose

bananabananas, which are also weakly naturally radioactiveeating a banana
The banana equivalent dose of radiation is sometimes used in nuclear communication to compare radiation levels and exposures.
Banana equivalent dose (BED) is an informal measurement of ionizing radiation exposure, intended as a general educational example to compare a dose of radioactivity to the dose one is exposed to by eating one average-sized banana.

Ensete

ensetfalse banana
It can also refer to members of the genus Ensete, such as the snow banana (Ensete glaucum) and the economically important false banana (Ensete ventricosum). Both genera are in the banana family, Musaceae.
It is one of the two genera in the banana family, Musaceae, and includes the false banana or enset (E. ventricosum), an economically important food crop in Ethiopia.

Cooking banana

plantainplantainscooking plantain
In some countries, bananas used for cooking may be called "plantains", distinguishing them from dessert bananas. The fruit is variable in size, color, and firmness, but is usually elongated and curved, with soft flesh rich in starch covered with a rind, which may be green, yellow, red, purple, or brown when ripe.
Cooking bananas are banana cultivars in the genus Musa whose fruits are generally used in cooking.

Chiquita Brands International

ChiquitaChiquita BananaUnited Brands
Thus the banana producer and distributor Chiquita produces publicity material for the American market which says that "a plantain is not a banana".
Chiquita Brands International Sàrl, formerly known as Chiquita Brands International Inc., is a Swiss producer and distributor of bananas and other produce.

Banana wine

bananas
They are grown in 135 countries, primarily for their fruit, and to a lesser extent to make fiber, banana wine, and banana beer and as ornamental plants.
Banana wine is a fruit wine made exclusively from bananas.

Plant stem

stemstemsinternode
Plants are normally tall and fairly sturdy, and are often mistaken for trees, but what appears to be a trunk is actually a "false stem" or pseudostem.
Pseudostem – a false stem made of the rolled bases of leaves, which may be 2 or 3 m tall as in banana

Musaceae

banana familybanana and plantainbananas
It can also refer to members of the genus Ensete, such as the snow banana (Ensete glaucum) and the economically important false banana (Ensete ventricosum). Both genera are in the banana family, Musaceae.
Cultivated bananas are commercially important members of the family, and many others are grown as ornamental plants.

East African Highland bananas

matokematookeibitoke
The cooking bananas of East Africa belong to a different group, the East African Highland bananas, so would not qualify as "true" plantains on this definition.
East African Highland bananas (EAHB) are triploid banana cultivars originating from the African Great Lakes region.

Zingiberales

Zingiberales sp.zingiberaleans
The APG III system assigns Musaceae to the order Zingiberales, part of the commelinid clade of the monocotyledonous flowering plants.
The order includes many familiar plants, and are used as ornamental plants (Bird of Paradise flower, heliconias, prayer-plants), food crops (bananas, plantains, arrowroot), spices and traditional medicines (ginger, cardamom, turmeric, galangal and myoga).

Musa × paradisiaca

Musa'' × ''paradisiacabananabananas
The old biological name Musa sapientum = "Muse of the wise" arose because of homophony in Latin with the classical Muses.
Most cultivated bananas and plantains are triploid cultivars either of this hybrid or of M. acuminata alone.

Wolof language

WolofwolClassical Wolof
The word banana is thought to be of West African origin, possibly from the Wolof word banaana, and passed into English via Spanish or Portuguese.
The English language is believed to have adopted some Wolof words, such as banana, via Spanish or Portuguese, and yum/yummy, from Wolof nyam "to taste"; nyam in several Caribbean English Creoles meaning "to eat" (compare Seychellois Creole nyanmnyanm, also meaning "to eat").

Parthenocarpy

parthenocarpic parthenocarpousparthenocarp
Almost all modern edible seedless (parthenocarp) bananas come from two wild species – Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana.
Seedlessness is seen as a desirable trait in edible fruit with hard seeds such as banana, pineapple, orange and grapefruit.

Antonius Musa

MusaPs.-Antonius Musa
The name may be derived from Antonius Musa, physician to the Emperor Augustus, or Linnaeus may have adapted the Arabic word for banana, mauz.
Musa, the plant group which includes the banana, the plantain and numerous other species, was apparently named after him.

Latundan banana

Latundanpisang raja
Thus the Latundan banana is placed in the AAB Group, showing that it is a triploid derived from both M. acuminata (A) and M. balbisiana (B).
Latundan bananas (also called Tundan, silk bananas, Pisang raja sereh, Manzana bananas or apple bananas), are triploid hybrid banana cultivars from the Philippines.