Banda Aceh

KutarajaAcehBanda Aceh, IndonesiaKoetaradjaAcheenKoeta-RadjaKota Radja
Banda Aceh, formerly Kutaraja (Koetaradja, 1948–1962), is the capital and largest city in the province of Aceh, Indonesia.wikipedia
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Aceh

Aceh ProvinceAchehAtjeh
Banda Aceh, formerly Kutaraja (Koetaradja, 1948–1962), is the capital and largest city in the province of Aceh, Indonesia.
Its capital and largest city is Banda Aceh.

Aceh Sultanate

AcehSultanate of Acehsultan of Aceh
The city was originally established as Bandar Aceh Darussalam Kandang and served as a capital and hub for the Sultanate of Aceh upon its foundation in the late 15th century. Sultan Ali Mughayat Syah, ruler of the newly founded Sultanate of Aceh, aggressively expanded in the area in the 1520s and established sultanate was built on the remains of the Pasai and other extinct kingdoms in the area, and made Banda Aceh the capital, naming it for himself as Kutaraja or 'City of the King'.After a long period of rule by the Sultanate, Aceh began to come into conflict with the Dutch and the British in the second half of the 18th century.
Its capital was Kutaraja, the present-day Banda Aceh.

Sumatra

SumateraSumatra IslandSumatran
It is located on the island of Sumatra and has an elevation of 35 meters.
Arab geographers referred to the island as Lamri (Lamuri, Lambri or Ramni) in the tenth through thirteenth centuries, in reference to a kingdom near modern-day Banda Aceh which was the first landfall for traders.

Aceh War

Aceh30-year war in AcehAceh problem
Banda Aceh had long been at the centre of protracted conflicts between the Acehnese and foreign domination, including war with Portuguese, wars with the Dutch, the Japanese and the Indonesian government.
An expedition under Major General Johan Harmen Rudolf Köhler was sent out on 26 March 1873, which bombarded the capital Banda Aceh and was able to occupy most of the coastal areas by April.

Lamuri Kingdom

LamuriLambriIlamuri-Desam
Its first mention in western accounts comes from 1292 when Marco Polo and his expedition visited the city, referred to as 'Lambri' from Lamuri Kingdom which previously existed there and noted as the logical first port of call for travellers from Arabia and India to Indonesia.
Lamuri is generally considered to be located in the Aceh province near Banda Aceh.

Insurgency in Aceh

insurgencyAceh Insurgencyconflict
Banda Aceh had long been at the centre of protracted conflicts between the Acehnese and foreign domination, including war with Portuguese, wars with the Dutch, the Japanese and the Indonesian government.
During 8 November 1999 pro-referendum demonstrations in Banda Aceh, GAM gave support by providing transport to protesters from rural areas to the provincial capital.

Aceh River

Banda Aceh is located on the northwestern tip of Indonesia at the mouth of the Aceh River.
The Aceh river on the island of Sumatra in Indonesia flows from mountains that include the 2780-metre high Mount Peuët Sagoë for some two hundred kilometres northeastward to reach the junction of the Indian Ocean and the Andaman Sea at Banda Aceh, the capital of Aceh Province.

2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami

2004 Indian Ocean earthquake2004 Indian Ocean tsunami2004 tsunami
The city rose to international prominence in the aftermath of the Indian Ocean earthquake in 2004, which struck off the western coast of Sumatra.
The Indonesian city of Banda Aceh reported the largest number of victims.

Geographical renaming

renamedname changesformerly
Banda Aceh, formerly Kutaraja (Koetaradja, 1948–1962), is the capital and largest city in the province of Aceh, Indonesia.

Lhokseumawe

Lhokseumawe City
One runs down the eastern side of the province through main towns such as Bireuen and Lhokseumawe to Medan, the large capital of the province of North Sumatra.
Being between Banda Aceh and the large southern city of Medan, the town is a key regional centre important for the economy of Aceh.

Meulaboh

Meulaboh cityMeulaboh, Aceh
The other highway runs down the western side of the province, through lesser-populated areas, to the towns of Calang, Meulaboh, and Singkil.
Meulaboh is about 245 km southeast of Banda Aceh, the capital of Aceh province.

Ulèë Lheuë

Ulee LheueUleelheeUlèëlheuë
Banda Aceh has two sea ports, Pelabuhan (port) Ulèë Lheuë and Pelabuhan Malahayati.
Ulèë Lheuë is an area in Meuraxa sub-district, Banda Aceh, Indonesia.

First Aceh Expedition

Atjeh 1873–1874Firstfirst expedition
The Dutch expedition commander General Johan Köhler was killed in a skirmish around the city, leading to the failure of the first expedition.
In March 1873, the Dutch bombed the Acehnese capital Banda Aceh (Kutaraja) and in April they landed 3,000 troops led by Johan Harmen Rudolf Köhler.

Sultan Iskandar Muda International Airport

Sultan Iskandarmuda AirportSultan Iskandar Muda AirportBanda Aceh
Sultan Iskandar Muda International Airport is located in Blang Bintang, 13.5 km from Banda Aceh.
Sultan Iskandar Muda International Airport (Indonesian: Bandar Udara Internasional Sultan Iskandar Muda, Acehnese: Bandar Udara Antar Nanggroë Sultan Iskandar Muda), also called Banda Aceh International Airport (Indonesian: Bandar Udara Internasional Banda Aceh) is the airport located 13,5 kilometres southeast of the capital of Aceh province, Banda Aceh.

Persiraja Banda Aceh

PersirajaAceh FC
Persatuan Sepakbola Indonesia Kuta Raja, commonly known as Persiraja, is an Indonesian football club based in Banda Aceh, Aceh.

Harapan Bangsa Stadium

Harapan BangsaHarapan Bangsa Lhongraya Stadium
Harapan Bangsa Stadium or Lhong Raya Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Banda Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia.

Ali Mughayat Syah

Ali Mughayat ShahSultan Ali Mughayat Syah
Sultan Ali Mughayat Syah, ruler of the newly founded Sultanate of Aceh, aggressively expanded in the area in the 1520s and established sultanate was built on the remains of the Pasai and other extinct kingdoms in the area, and made Banda Aceh the capital, naming it for himself as Kutaraja or 'City of the King'.After a long period of rule by the Sultanate, Aceh began to come into conflict with the Dutch and the British in the second half of the 18th century.
At the end of the fifteenth century a Raja Inayat Syah, son of Abdullah Almalik Almubin, reigned over Dar al-Kamal, the direct predecessor of Banda Aceh.

Baiturrahman Grand Mosque

Masjid Raya BaiturrahmanRaya Baiturrahman Mosque
Baiturrahman Grand Mosque is a Mosque located in the center of Banda Aceh city, Aceh Province, Indonesia.

H. Dimurthala Stadium

H. DimurthalaHaji DimurthalaLampineung Stadium
H. Dimurthala Stadium or previously known as Lampineung Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Banda Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia.

Teuku Muhammad Hasan

Muhammad HasanMr. Teuku Muhammad HasanTeuku Mohammad Hasan
The main bus station, Terminal Terpadu Batoh, is located at Jalan Mr. Teuku Muhammad Hasan.
Teuku Muhammad Hasan returned to Indonesia, and landed in Ulèë Lheuë Sea Port, Kutaradja (now Banda Aceh) in 1934.

Aceh Tsunami Museum

museumTsunami Museum
The Aceh Tsunami Museum, located in Banda Aceh, Indonesia, is a museum designed as a symbolic reminder of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami disaster, as well as an educational center and an emergency disaster shelter in case the area is ever hit by a tsunami again.

Aceh Museum

State Museum of Aceh
Aceh State Museum, popularly known as Aceh Museum or Banda Aceh Museum is a museum in Banda Aceh, Indonesia.

Apung 1

PLTD Apung 1
PLTD Apung 1 is an electric generator ship in Banda Aceh, Sumatra, Indonesia that has become a tourist attraction.

North Sumatra

North SumateraSumatera Utaranorthern Sumatra
One runs down the eastern side of the province through main towns such as Bireuen and Lhokseumawe to Medan, the large capital of the province of North Sumatra.
Regional Division I North Sumatra and Aceh or Divre I is regional railway from Aceh to North Sumatra operated by Kereta Api Indonesia, but only in-operation railway are from Binjai to Medan (Sri Lelawangsa), Medan to Pematangsiantar (Siantar Express), Medan to Tanjungbalai (Putri Deli) and Medan to Rantau Parapat (Sribilah), there are an underconstruction rail way to Banda Aceh in Aceh province also to Pekanbaru, Riau province.