Banded penguin

SpheniscusSpheniscus urbinaiS. urbinaiSpheniscus sp.
The banded penguins are penguins that belong to the genus Spheniscus.wikipedia
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Penguin

penguinsSpheniscidaeSphenisciformes
There are four living species of penguins known as banded penguins, and all have similar coloration.
The genera Spheniscus and Eudyptula contain species with a mostly Subantarctic distribution centred on South America; some, however, range quite far northwards.

Magellanic penguin

MagellanicSpheniscus magellanicusMagellanic penguin (''Spheniscus magellanicus'')
It is the most numerous of the Spheniscus penguins.

Galapagos penguin

Galápagos penguinpenguinGalápagos penguins
The Galápagos penguin is one of the banded penguins, the other species of which live mostly on the coasts of Africa and mainland South America.

Spheniscus muizoni

S. muizoni
Spheniscus muizoni is an extinct species of banded penguins that lived during the early Late Miocene in what is now Peru, South America.

Inguza

Spheniscus predemersusInguza predemersus
The former Spheniscus predemersus is now placed in a monotypic genus Inguza.
It was formerly placed in the genus Spheniscus and presumed to be a close relative of the African penguin, but after its well-distinct tarsometatarsus was found, it was moved into its present monotypic genus.

African penguin

Spheniscus demersusjackass penguinAfrican penguins
Banded penguins belong to the genus Spheniscus, which was introduced by the French zoologist Mathurin Jacques Brisson in 1760 with the African penguin (Spheniscus demersus) as the type species.
The African penguin is a banded penguin, placed in the genus Spheniscus.

Donkey

burrodonkeysass
They are sometimes also known as "jack-ass penguins" due to their loud locator calls sounding similar to a donkey braying.

Mathurin Jacques Brisson

BrissonM. J. Brisson
Banded penguins belong to the genus Spheniscus, which was introduced by the French zoologist Mathurin Jacques Brisson in 1760 with the African penguin (Spheniscus demersus) as the type species.

Type species

typesingle speciestype specimen
Banded penguins belong to the genus Spheniscus, which was introduced by the French zoologist Mathurin Jacques Brisson in 1760 with the African penguin (Spheniscus demersus) as the type species.

Ancient Greek

GreekClassical GreekGr.
The genus name Spheniscus is derived from the Ancient Greek word σφήν (sphẽn) meaning "wedge" and is a reference to the animal's thin, wedge-shaped flippers.

Monotypic taxon

monotypicmonotypic genusonly member
The former Spheniscus predemersus is now placed in a monotypic genus Inguza.

Late Miocene

Upper MioceneLateLate/Upper Miocene epoch

Zanclean

Early PlioceneLower Pliocenearound 5.33 million years ago

South America

South AmericanSouthSouth-America
Scientists believe that the genus Spheniscus originated in South America, even though the oldest fossils assigned to the taxon are from Antarctica.

Fossil

fossilsfossil recordfossilized
Scientists believe that the genus Spheniscus originated in South America, even though the oldest fossils assigned to the taxon are from Antarctica.

Taxon

taxagrouppolytypic
Scientists believe that the genus Spheniscus originated in South America, even though the oldest fossils assigned to the taxon are from Antarctica.

Antarctica

AntarcticAntarctic continentReference Elevation Model of Antarctica
Scientists believe that the genus Spheniscus originated in South America, even though the oldest fossils assigned to the taxon are from Antarctica.

Temperate climate

temperatetemperate zonetemperate zones
African, Humboldt, and Magellanic penguins all live in temperate climates.

South Africa

South AfricanRepublic of South AfricaRSA
The African penguin lives in South Africa, the Humboldt penguin lives in coastal Peru and Chile while the Magellanic penguin lives in coastal Chile, Argentina, and the Falkland Islands.

Peru

PerúRepublic of PeruPeruvian
The African penguin lives in South Africa, the Humboldt penguin lives in coastal Peru and Chile while the Magellanic penguin lives in coastal Chile, Argentina, and the Falkland Islands.

Chile

Republic of ChileChileanCHI
The African penguin lives in South Africa, the Humboldt penguin lives in coastal Peru and Chile while the Magellanic penguin lives in coastal Chile, Argentina, and the Falkland Islands.

Argentina

ArgentineARGArgentinian
The African penguin lives in South Africa, the Humboldt penguin lives in coastal Peru and Chile while the Magellanic penguin lives in coastal Chile, Argentina, and the Falkland Islands.

Falkland Islands

FalklandsFalklands IslandsFalkland Island
The African penguin lives in South Africa, the Humboldt penguin lives in coastal Peru and Chile while the Magellanic penguin lives in coastal Chile, Argentina, and the Falkland Islands.