A report on Jakarta and Banten

Replica of the Padrão of Sunda Kalapa (1522), a stone pillar with a cross of the Order of Christ commemorating a treaty between the Portuguese Empire and the Hindu Sunda Kingdom, at Jakarta History Museum.
The 5th-century Tugu inscription discovered in Tugu district, North Jakarta
Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin of Banten. Together with his father, Sunan Gunungjati, Hasanuddin founded the Sultanate of Banten
Batavia around 1780
Bird's-eye view of the city of Banten, 1599.
The City Hall of Batavia (Stadhuis van Batavia), the seat of the Governor-General of the VOC in the late 18th century by Johannes Rach c. 1770. The building now houses the Jakarta History Museum, Jakarta Old Town.
Warriors of Banten, 1596.
One of the most monumental projects launched by Sukarno was the demolition of government buildings in Merdeka Square to make way for the National Monument.
François Valentijn painting of Banten, in 1694.
Aerial view of North Jakarta
In 1808, Dutch Governor-General Herman Williem Daendels ordered the annexation of the Banten Sultanate. This marked the demise of the four-century-old Sultanate and the beginning of direct Dutch rule in the region for the next 150 years
Ancol beach
Rōmusha after being freed by the Dutch. Thousands of labores died during the construction of the Saketi-Bayah railway under the Japanese
Facade of the Museum Bank Indonesia in Kota Tua
Tanjung Lesung beach, Pandegelang Regency
Wisma 46 in post-modernist architecture, the fourth tallest building in Jakarta
Mangrove forest in Ujung Kulon National Park
view of Monas, Jakarta's landmark
Sawarna Banten Green View, Lebak Regency
Bundaran HI, a 1960s landmark of Jakarta located at the west end of Menteng District.
Rawa Danau, Lebak Regency
Boat ride at Indonesian archipelago lake in Taman Mini Indonesia Indah
Administrative Map of Banten Province
Ancol Gondola
Baduy people in Serang during the Seba Baduy event
Chinese in Jakarta praying during Chinese New Year in Glodok, Jakarta
Mass wedding ceremony of Benteng Chinese
The Indonesian Stock Exchange (Bursa Efek Indonesia) building in Jakarta, one of the oldest in Asia.
Languages map of Banten
Bank Indonesia head office
Students from a pesantren wearing Islamic dress. Most of the people in Banten are Muslims
Gandaria City Mall in South Jakarta
Rampak bedug performance at event of Culinary Festival of Serang
Jakarta Old City Post Office at Fatahillah Square, Central Jakarta
Selection of Kang Nong Banten in 2017. The finalists wear Bantenese traditional dress.
Most visitors to Jakarta are domestic tourists, and Taman Mini Indonesia Indah is aimed at supporting national identity and patriotism.
Betawi men performing pencak silat
The main TV tower of TVRI at its headquarters in Jakarta
Bantenese men during a debus performance
Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia campus at Semanggi
The Great Mosque of Banten
University of Indonesia campus
Jojorong, a food originated from Pandeglang. This food is made from rice flour, brown sugar, coconut milk, and pandan leaves which served into a bowl made from banana leaves.
Tanjidor music of Betawi culture demonstrate European influence
Soekarno–Hatta International Airport in Tangerang. It is the main airport of the province, as well as the main gateway to Jakarta and Indonesia
Gado-gado is a popular Indonesian salad dish.
A Commuter Line in the Tangerang railway station
Football match at Gelora Bung Karno Stadium
A public bus in Poris terminal, Tangerang
Asian Games 2018 opening ceremony in Gelora Bung Karno Stadium, 2018
The Port of Merak serves ferries to and from Sumatra
Jakarta Merdeka Palace
Map of the administrative cities (Kota administratif) in Jakarta province. The Thousand Islands Regency (to the north) is not shown. Each administrative city is further divided into districts (Kecamatan).
Batavia map of Meester Cornelis (now Jatinegara)
The Secretariat of ASEAN at Jl. Sisingamangaraja No.70A, South Jakarta, Indonesia
Jakarta Street in Tripoli, Libya
Al-Azhar Great Mosque, It was Jakarta's largest mosque when it was built until it was surpassed by the Istiqlal Mosque.
The Jakarta Cathedral, one of the oldest churches in Jakarta.
Kim Tek Ie, the oldest Taoist and Buddhist temple in Jakarta.
Aditya Jaya Hindu temple, Rawamangun, East Jakarta.
Ondel-Ondel, often used as a symbol of Betawi culture
Chinese paifang in Mangga Dua, Central Jakarta
The Golden Snail IMAX theatre at Taman Mini Indonesia Indah
Jakarta Fair of 2007
Japanese community celebrating Ennichisai in Blok M, South Jakarta
Traditional Betawi dance, Tari Yapong

The province borders West Java and the Special Capital Region of Jakarta to the east, the Java Sea to the north, the Indian Ocean to the south, and the Sunda Strait to the west, which separates Java from the neighbouring island of Sumatra.

- Banten

In 1602, the British East India Company's first voyage, commanded by Sir James Lancaster, arrived in Aceh and sailed on to Banten where they were allowed to build a trading post.

- Jakarta

20 related topics with Alpha


Mount Bromo in East Java


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One of the Greater Sunda Islands in Indonesia.

One of the Greater Sunda Islands in Indonesia.

Mount Bromo in East Java
Parahyangan highland near Buitenzorg, c. 1865–1872
Banteng at Alas Purwo, eastern edge of Java
Male Javan rhino shot in 1934 in West Java. Today only small numbers of Javan rhino survive in Ujung Kulon; it is the world's rarest rhino.
Mount Sumbing surrounded by rice fields. Java's volcanic topography and rich agricultural lands are the fundamental factors in its history.
Cangkuang Hindu temple a shrine for Shiva, dated from the 8th century the Galuh Kingdom.
The 9th century Borobudur Buddhist stupa in Central Java
Tea plantation in Java during Dutch colonial period, in or before 1926
Japanese prepare to discuss surrender terms with British-allied forces in Java 1945
Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia
Betawi mask dance (Tari Topeng Betawi)
SambaSunda music performance, featuring traditional Sundanese music instruments.
Lakshmana, Rama and Shinta in Ramayana ballet at Prambanan, Java.
Languages spoken in Java (Javanese is shown in white). "Malay" refers to Betawi, the local dialect as one of Malay creole dialect.
Water buffalo ploughing rice fields near Salatiga, in Central Java.
Java transport network
"Welcome!" statue in Central Jakarta
A Hindu shrine dedicated to King Siliwangi in Pura Parahyangan Agung Jagatkarta, Bogor.
Mendut Vihara, a Buddhist monastery near Mendut temple, Magelang.
Masjid Gedhe Kauman in Yogyakarta, build in traditional Javanese multi-tiered roof.
Ganjuran Church in Bantul, built in traditional Javanese architecture.

Indonesia's capital city, Jakarta, is on Java's northwestern coast.

Java is divided into four administrative provinces: Banten, West Java, Central Java, and East Java, and two special regions, Jakarta and Yogyakarta.

West Java

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Province of Indonesia on the western part of the island of Java, with its provincial capital in Bandung.

Province of Indonesia on the western part of the island of Java, with its provincial capital in Bandung.

Rice fields terrace in Priangan highland, West Java, Dutch East Indies. In/before 1926.
Parahyangan highland near Buitenzorg (Bogor), c. 1865–1872
2nd-level Administrative map of West Java Province
View of the mount and the crater of Tangkuban Parahu, Bandung
Tea plantations in Malabar, southern Bandung. Tea plantations are common sight across mountainous West Java
Rancabali, Bandung Regency
Kawah Putih
Gamelan Degung Orchestra
SambaSunda performance in Cologne 2010
Angklung as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
Wayang Golek, a traditional Sundanese puppetry.
Jaipongan dance performance accompanied by Sundanese degung mixed with modern instruments.
A painting depicting Nyai Loro Kidul
Cities and regencies of West Java by Human Development Index in 2020
Jagorawi Toll Road.
West hall of Bandung Institute of Technology

West Java is bordered by the province of Banten and the country's capital region of Jakarta to the west, the Java Sea to the north, the province of Central Java to the east and the Indian Ocean to the south.

The territory of Sunda Kingdom

Sunda Kingdom

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The territory of Sunda Kingdom
The word Sunda written in Sundanese script
Batutulis inscription (dated 1533), in Bogor, commemorate the great King of Sunda Sri Baduga Maharaja (rule 1482-1521).
The Sundanese royal party arrived at the port of Hujung Galuh by Junk Sassana, a type of Javanese junk, which also incorporates Chinese techniques, such as using iron nails alongside wooden dowels, the construction of watertight bulkhead, and addition of central rudder.
Sundanese traditional house with Julang Ngapak roof in Garut circa 1920s. It was built on poles and having a thatched roof, as described in a 12th-century Chinese source.
Old map of Java still thought that land of Sunda in the west is separated from the rest of Java island. Here the capital of Sunda is called Daio which refer to Dayeuh Pakuan Pajajaran
The ruin of Bojongmenje Hindu temple in Priangan highlands, estimated was built in the 7th century.
Citarum River separates Sunda and Galuh
Cangkuang Hindu temple a shrine for Shiva, dated from the 8th century the Galuh Kingdom.
Sanghyang Tapak inscription
One of Kawali inscriptions
Statue of a Hindu god from Talaga near Kuningan, West Java, dated from the Sunda Kingdom.
Keraton Kasepuhan of Cirebon. By 1482, the Sunda kingdom lost its important eastern port of Cirebon.
The port of Sunda Kelapa, the cradle of Jakarta. For centuries it was the royal port of Sunda Kingdom serving the capital Dayeuh Pakuan Pajajaran 60 kilometres inland to the south until it fell to Demak and Cirebon forces in 1527.
The Port of Banten in the 16th century. The Islamic Sultanate of Banten was responsible for the demise of Hindu Sunda Kingdom, and supplant it as the dominant polity in western parts of Java in the following centuries.
Hindu Brahmin's ritual objects, including bronze bell and holy water container from Kawali, the historic capital of Galuh Kingdom.
Location of Pakuan Pajajaran copied from book "Kabudayaan Sunda Zaman Pajajaran" Part 2", 2005
Makuta Binokasih Sanghyang Paké, the royal crown of Sunda kingdom. After the fall of Pajajaran to Banten, the crown was evacuated to Sumedang Larang and become their regalia.
A Sundanese woman retrieving rice from a leuit, Sundanese economy mainly rely on rice agriculture
The statue of Shiva Mahadeva from Cibodas village, Cicalengka Subdistrict, Bandung Regency, West Java. Possibly from the Sunda Kingdom period 8th to 9th century.
A bronze statue of Hindu god Shiva discovered in Talaga near Kuningan, West Java. Sunda kingdom period, circa 14th century.
Padrão of Sunda Kalapa (1522), a stone pillar with a cross of the Order of Christ commemorating a treaty between Portuguese Kingdom and Hindu Sunda Kingdom, at National Museum of Indonesia, Jakarta.
Lontar palm-leaf manuscript written in Sundanese

The Sunda Kingdom (Karajaan Sunda, ) was a Sundanese Hindu kingdom located in the western portion of the island of Java from 669 to around 1579, covering the area of present-day Banten, Jakarta, West Java, and the western part of Central Java.


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Map of Tangerang's fort dated 1709
A traditional Cina Benteng wedding ceremony.
Tangcity Mall
Soekarno–Hatta Airport Rail Link EA203 at the Batuceper railway station.
Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Terminal 1
The main road in Alam Sutera

Tangerang (Sundanese:, ) is a city in the province of Banten, Indonesia.

Located on the western border of Jakarta, it is the third largest urban centre in the Greater Jakarta metropolitan area after Jakarta and Bekasi; the sixth largest city proper in the nation; and the largest city in Banten province.

Jakarta metropolitan area

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Sudirman Central Business District
KA Commuter Jabodetabek system map
Soekarno–Hatta International Airport
Jakarta Kota railway station
The facade of Pasar Senen Station

The Jakarta metropolitan area or Greater Jakarta, known locally as Jabodetabek (an acronym of Jakarta–Bogor–Depok–Tangerang–Bekasi), and sometimes extended to Jabodetabekjur (with the acronym extended to include part of Cianjur Regency), or Jabodetabekpunjur (further extended to include Puncak and the Cipanas district), is the most populous metropolitan area in Indonesia.

The area comprises Jakarta Special Capital Region and parts of West Java and Banten provinces, specifically the three regencies - Bekasi Regency and Bogor Regency in West Java, and Tangerang Regency in Banten.

A Sundanese couple wearing neo-traditional wedding attire

Sundanese people

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Indigenous ethnic group native to the western region of Java island in Indonesia.

Indigenous ethnic group native to the western region of Java island in Indonesia.

A Sundanese couple wearing neo-traditional wedding attire
Jaipongan Mojang Priangan, a Sundanese traditional dance performance.
Batutulis inscription in Bogor, describes the deeds of Sunda King, Sri Baduga Maharaja, popularly known as Prabu Siliwangi.
Sundanese boys playing Angklung in Garut, c. 1910–1930.
Map showing the location of the Sundanese in Java.
Sundanese scripts.
Cangkuang temple, the 8th century Hindu temple near Garut testify the Sundanese Hindu past.
Akad nikah, Sundanese Islamic wedding vows in front of penghulu and witnesses.
A Hindu shrine dedicated to King Siliwangi in the Hindu temple Pura Parahyangan Agung Jagatkarta, Bogor, West Java.
Elderly Sundanese woman near a rice paddy, at Garut, West Java.
Wayang Golek, traditional Sundanese puppetry.
SambaSunda music performance, featuring traditional Sundanese music instruments such as kecapi, suling, and kendang.
Traditional Sundanese house with Capit Gunting shape in Papandak, Garut.
A typical modest Sundanese meal consists of steamed rice, fried salted fish, sayur asem (vegetable with tamarind based soup), lalab sambal (raw vegetables salad with chili paste) and karedok (vegetable salad with peanuts paste).
A Sundanese Leuit (rice barn), initially Sundanese are rice farmers.
A depiction of King Siliwangi or Sri Baduga Maharaja, in Keraton Kasepuhan Cirebon.

The western third of the island of Java, namely the provinces of West Java, Banten, and Jakarta, as well as the westernmost part of Central Java, is called by the Sundanese people Tatar Sunda or Pasundan (meaning Sundanese land).

Banten Sultanate

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Bantenese Islamic trading kingdom founded in the 16th century and centred in Banten, a port city on the northwest coast of Java; the contemporary English name of both was Bantam.

Bantenese Islamic trading kingdom founded in the 16th century and centred in Banten, a port city on the northwest coast of Java; the contemporary English name of both was Bantam.

Rough extent of Banten at the death of Hasanudin, controlling both sides of Sunda Strait
Bird's-eye view of the city of Bantam, 1599.
Colonial era sketch of Grand Mosque of Banten
The reception of Cornelis de Houtman in Java in 1596 by Paulides.
Warriors of Banten, 1596.
The golden crown of the Sultan of Banten
The statue of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa
De Stad Bantam, engraving by François Valentijn, Amsterdam, 1726
Banten Residency after annexation to Dutch East Indies, with neighbouring Batavia (now Jakarta) and Buitenzorg (now Bogor)
The ruins of Kaibon palace, the former residence of Banten Sultan's queen mother.
Piper nigrum, the main commodity of Banten.
The Great Mosque of Banten, the remnant of Banten Sultanate, a popular destination for Indonesian Muslims.

Its core territory now forms the Indonesian province of Banten.

Ranamanggala restored the state's authority on commercial affairs; levying taxes, imposing price and volume of trade, and exiling the ponggawa elites to the port of Jayakarta in the east, stripping the merchants' power altogether.

The territory of Tarumanagara


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Early Sundanese Indianised kingdom, located in western Java, whose 5th-century ruler, Purnawarman, produced the earliest known inscriptions in Java, which are estimated to date from around 450 CE.

Early Sundanese Indianised kingdom, located in western Java, whose 5th-century ruler, Purnawarman, produced the earliest known inscriptions in Java, which are estimated to date from around 450 CE.

The territory of Tarumanagara
Ciaruteun inscription discovered by Tjiaroeteun river near Buitenzorg, photographed before 1900.
Citarum river in West Java, etymologically connected to Taruma kingdom.
1600-year-old stone inscription from the era of Purnawarman, king of Tarumanagara, founded in Tugu sub-district of Jakarta.
Fragment of Hindu god Vishnu discovered in Batujaya archaeological site, West Java.
The fine brickwork on the base of Batujaya Buddhist stupa in Karawang, dated from late Tarumanagara period (5th-7th century) to early Srivijaya influence (7th-10th century).
Two Vishnu statues from Cibuaya, Karawang, West Java. Tarumanagara c. 7th-8th century. The tubular crown bears similarities with Cambodian Khmer art.
Buddhist clay votive tablets discovered at Batujaya stupa.

At least seven stone inscriptions connected to this kingdom were discovered in Western Java area, near Bogor and Jakarta.

It seems that he left the coastal areas of port of Sunda and Kalapa (today coastal areas of modern Banten and Jakarta) under Srivijayan mandala's control.

Batavia around 1780 (note this a mirror image - for example the castle should be placed left of the canal)

Batavia, Dutch East Indies

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The capital of the Dutch East Indies.

The capital of the Dutch East Indies.

Batavia around 1780 (note this a mirror image - for example the castle should be placed left of the canal)
Batavia around 1780 (this image is now in the correct order after horizontally flipping that mirror image - for example, the castle is correctly placed left of the canal)
Batavia between 1675 and 1725
Replica of an East Indiaman of the Dutch East India Company/United East Indies Company (VOC).
Coat of arms of Batavia
Batavia and its eastern expansion
The coconut-tree-lined Tijgersgracht canal
Batavia in 1667
Contemporary etching of the massacre
Southern expansion, 1840
Batavia in 1897
Batavia, Weltevreden, Koningsplein, Hotel der Nederlanden c. 1912
Batavia c. 1914
Drawing of the imagined Japanese entry into Batavia
Many coolies and slaves were employed from outside Java.
Trams in Molenvliet

The area corresponds to present-day Jakarta, Indonesia.

Batavia can refer to the city proper or its suburbs and hinterland, the Ommelanden, which included the much-larger area of the Residency of Batavia in the present-day Indonesian provinces of Jakarta, Banten and West Java.

Tangerang Regency

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Tangerang Regency is a regency of Banten province, Indonesia.

Tangerang Regency is bounded by the Java Sea to the north, by Jakarta city, Tangerang city and South Tangerang city to the east, by Bogor Regency (in West Java) to the south, by a small section of Lebak Regency to the southwest, and by Serang Regency to the west.