Barbary macaque

Barbary apeMacaca sylvanusBarbary apesBarbary MacaquesBarbary monkeyBarbary monkeysM. sylvanusmacaquemacaques
The Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus), also known as Barbary ape or magot, is a species of macaque unique for its distribution outside Asia.wikipedia
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Old World monkey

CercopithecidaeCercopithecoideaold world monkeys
Found in the Atlas Mountains of Algeria and Morocco along with a small population of uncertain origin in Gibraltar, the Barbary macaque is one of the best-known Old World monkey species.
They inhabited much of Europe in the past; today, the only survivors in Europe are the Barbary macaques of Gibraltar.

Barbary macaques in Gibraltar

Barbary macaquesGibraltar Barbary macaquesGibraltar's Barbary macaques
The Barbary macaque population of Gibraltar is the only such population outside Northern Africa and the only population of wild monkeys in Europe.
Originally from the Atlas Mountains and the Rif Mountains of Morocco, the Barbary macaque population in Gibraltar is the only wild monkey population on the European continent.

Macaque

macaquesMacacamacaque monkey
The Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus), also known as Barbary ape or magot, is a species of macaque unique for its distribution outside Asia.
Aside from humans (genus Homo), the macaques are the most widespread primate genus, ranging from Japan to the Indian subcontinent, and in the case of the barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus), to North Africa and Southern Europe.

Monkey

monkeysbush monkeychief monkey
Although the species is commonly referred to as the "Barbary ape", the Barbary macaque is actually a true monkey.
Also, a few monkey species have the word "ape" in their common name, such as the Barbary ape.

Gibraltar

GIBGibraltar Health AuthorityGibraltarian
Found in the Atlas Mountains of Algeria and Morocco along with a small population of uncertain origin in Gibraltar, the Barbary macaque is one of the best-known Old World monkey species.
This species, known scientifically as Macaca sylvanus, is listed as endangered by the IUCN Red List and is declining.

Algeria

AlgerianPeople's Democratic Republic of AlgeriaAlgérie
Found in the Atlas Mountains of Algeria and Morocco along with a small population of uncertain origin in Gibraltar, the Barbary macaque is one of the best-known Old World monkey species. The Barbary macaque is mainly found in the Atlas and Rif Mountain ranges of Morocco and Algeria.
Barbary macaques are the sole native monkey.

Atlas Mountains

AtlasAtlas Mountain SystemAtlas mountain range
Found in the Atlas Mountains of Algeria and Morocco along with a small population of uncertain origin in Gibraltar, the Barbary macaque is one of the best-known Old World monkey species. The Barbary macaque is mainly found in the Atlas and Rif Mountain ranges of Morocco and Algeria.
It is home to the majority of the world's population of Barbary macaque.

Primate

primatesnon-human primatesnon-human primate
Besides humans, they are the only free-living primates in Europe.
Species that live outside of the tropics; include the Japanese macaque which lives in the Japanese islands of Honshū and Hokkaido; the Barbary macaque which lives in North Africa and several species of langur which live in China.

Social grooming

groomingallogroomingmutual grooming
Males may spend a considerable amount of time playing with and grooming infants.
In Barbary macaques, social grooming results in the formation of crucial relationships among partners.

Rif

Rif MountainsRif regionRif mountain range
The Barbary macaque is mainly found in the Atlas and Rif Mountain ranges of Morocco and Algeria.
According to C. Michael Hogan, there are between five and eight separate subpopulations of the endangered primate Barbary macaque, Macaca sylvanus.

Alarm signal

alarm callalarm callsalarm
The approach of eagles and domestic dogs is known to elicit an alarm call response.
Another species that exhibits alarm calls is the Barbary macaque.

Rock of Gibraltar

The RockRockGibraltar
About 230 macaques live on the Rock of Gibraltar.
Some animals of the Rock have been reintroduced by the Alameda Wildlife Conservation Park who have three Barbary macaques.

Sexual swelling

swelling and redness of the genitaliaa swellingperineal swelling
Although Barbary macaques are sexually active at all points during a female's reproductive cycle, male Barbary macaques determine a female's most fertile period by sexual swellings on the female.
Indeed, females who are seasonal breeders, such as the female Barbary macaques, also exhibit exaggerated sexual swellings.

Middle Atlas

Moyen AtlasMiddleMiddle Moroccan Atlas
Three-quarters of the world population is located in the Middle Atlas Mountains.
The Barbary macaque is native to the Middle Atlas, and chief populations occur only in restricted range in parts of Morocco and Algeria.

African leopard

leopardBarbary leopardleopards
Their main predators are leopards, eagles, and domestic dogs.
In North Africa, the leopard preys on Barbary macaques.

Cedrus atlantica

Atlas cedarcedarBlue Atlas Cedar
Barbary macaques can cause major damage to the trees in their prime habitat, the Atlas cedar forests in Morocco.
These forests can provide habitat for the endangered Barbary macaque, Macaca sylvanus, a primate that had a prehistorically much wider distribution in northern Morocco and Algeria.

Alexander of Greece

AlexanderKing AlexanderKing Alexander I of Greece
King Alexander of Greece (1893-1920) was famously killed from the results of an attack by a Barbary macaque.
Soon after returning to Greece with his wife, Alexander was bitten by a domestic Barbary macaque and died of sepsis.

Dissection

dissecteddissectingdissect
Many of the mistaken ideas about human anatomy contained in the writings of Galen are apparently due to his use of these animals, the only anthropoid available to him, in dissections.
Galen, for example, dissected the Barbary macaque and other primates, assuming their anatomy was basically the same as that of humans.

Alloparenting

alloparental carealloparentalloparental
Generally, Barbary macaques of all ages and sexes contribute in alloparental care of young.
This is seen when male Barbary macaques carry around unrelated infants and care for them for hours at a time.

Navan Fort

Emain MachaEamhain MachaEamhain Mhacha
Their remains have been found in such sites as Emain Macha in Ireland, dating to no later than 95 BC; an Iron Age hillfort, the Titelberg in Luxembourg; and two Roman sites in Britain.
They include a chape, a finely-decorated pin and the skull of a Barbary monkey, which was likely a pet that was either imported or given as a gift.

Djebel Babor Nature Reserve

This reserve offers one of the few remaining disjunctive habitats for the endangered Barbary macaque, Macaca sylvanus, a primate species which prehistorically held a much wider range.

Trentham Estate

Trentham GardensTrentham HallTrentham Monkey Forest
It consists of 60 acres of forest, which contain 140 Barbary macaques, wandering freely.

Morocco

MoroccanSultanate of MoroccoKingdom of Morocco
Found in the Atlas Mountains of Algeria and Morocco along with a small population of uncertain origin in Gibraltar, the Barbary macaque is one of the best-known Old World monkey species. The Barbary macaque is mainly found in the Atlas and Rif Mountain ranges of Morocco and Algeria. Barbary macaques can cause major damage to the trees in their prime habitat, the Atlas cedar forests in Morocco.

Human

humanshuman beinghuman beings
Besides humans, they are the only free-living primates in Europe.

Europe

EuropeanEUEuropean continent
Besides humans, they are the only free-living primates in Europe.