Barefoot running

barefootrunning barefootran barefootbarefoot runnerbarefoot runnerscompeting barefootminimalist runningMinimalist running and footwearminimalist running shoerunning
Barefoot running, also called "natural running", is the act of running without footwear.wikipedia
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Barefoot

bare feetbarefoot parkBarefoot hiking
With the advent of modern footwear, running barefoot has become less common in most parts of the world but is still practiced in parts of Africa and Latin America.
There are many sports that are performed barefoot, most notably gymnastics and martial arts, but also beach volleyball, barefoot running, barefoot hiking, and water skiing.

Gait (human)

gaithuman gaitheel strike
While footwear might provide protection from cuts, bruises, impact and weather, proponents argue that running barefoot reduces the risk of chronic injuries (notably repetitive stress injuries) caused by heel striking in padded running shoes.
Typically, barefoot walking features heel or midfoot strike, while barefoot running features midfoot or forefoot strike.

Rarámuri

TarahumaraTarahumara peopleRarámuri people
This practice continues today in Kenya and among the Tarahumara people of northern Mexico.
In his book, [[Born to Run: A Hidden Tribe, Superathletes, and the Greatest Race the World Has Never Seen|Born to Run]], author Christopher McDougall argues in favor of the endurance running hypothesis and the barefoot running movement based on his time with the Tarahumara people and their running in huaraches.

Zola Budd

Zola Pieterse
During the 1980s, a South African runner, Zola Budd, became known for her barefoot running style as well as training and racing barefoot.
Budd's career was unusual in that she mainly trained and raced barefoot.

Rick Roeber

One barefoot runner, Rick Roeber, has been running barefoot since 2003, and has run more than 50 marathons, 2 ultra-marathons of 40 miles, and over 17000 mi all barefoot.
Rick Roeber, also known as Barefoot Rick, is a well-known barefoot runner that uses his barefoot running ministry to help addicts, alcoholics, and the homeless.

Tegla Loroupe

Tegla LaroupeTegla Leroupe
Kenyan runner Tegla Loroupe began running barefoot 10 km to and from school every day at the age of seven.
In 1994 and 1998, Loroupe won the Goodwill Games over 10,000 metres, barefoot.

Bruce Tulloh

British runner Bruce Tulloh competed in many races during the 1960s while barefoot, and won the gold medal in the 1962 European Games 5,000 metre race.
He was famous for running barefoot in many of his races.

Huarache (running shoe)

huaracheshuarachemodern huarache
The barefoot movement has prompted some manufacturers to introduce thin-soled and flexible shoes such as traditional moccasins and huaraches for minimalist running.

Nike Free

Conversely, the Nike Free line of footwear, designed as a 5, features a segmented sole which provides greater flexibility while still having an amount of cushioning, Saucony introduced the Kinvara line of shoes which feature a dropped sole, which halves the thickness of the sole and removes much of the heel cushioning, to encourage more of a midfoot strike for the foot.
Nike Free is a minimalist running shoe.

Minimalist shoe

minimalist runnersminimalist shoes
Minimalist shoes are shoes intended to closely approximate barefoot running or walking conditions in comparison to traditional shoes.

Vibram FiveFingers

FiveFingersToe shoeToe shoes
The Vibram FiveFingers has separate slots for each toe and no cushioning.
The two American groups were adult athletes who had run with shoes since childhood, and those who habitually ran barefoot or with minimal footwear such as Vibram FiveFingers (mentioned by name in the study).

Racing flat

racing flatsflatter and flexible shoes
Traditional racing flats are fairly minimal; offering good ground feel and control.
As a result, a growing number of runners train and race exclusively in racing flats, other minimalist shoes, or barefoot.

Locomotor effects of shoes

Much of the research on unshod locomotion has been conducted on barefoot running.

Footwear

fashion footwearApparel/Footwear Retaildesigner
Barefoot running, also called "natural running", is the act of running without footwear.

Repetitive strain injury

repetitive strain injuriesoveruse injuriesRSI
While footwear might provide protection from cuts, bruises, impact and weather, proponents argue that running barefoot reduces the risk of chronic injuries (notably repetitive stress injuries) caused by heel striking in padded running shoes.

Moccasin

moccasinsDriving moccasinsmocassins
The barefoot movement has prompted some manufacturers to introduce thin-soled and flexible shoes such as traditional moccasins and huaraches for minimalist running.

Kenya

KenyanRepublic of KenyaKEN
This practice continues today in Kenya and among the Tarahumara people of northern Mexico. Kenyan runner Tegla Loroupe began running barefoot 10 km to and from school every day at the age of seven.

Ancient Greece

Greekancient Greekancient Greeks
Historians believe that the runners of Ancient Greece ran barefoot.

Pheidippides

PhidippidesPhilippidesPhillipides
According to legend, Pheidippides, the first marathoner, ran from Athens to Sparta in less than 36 hours.

Marathon

marathon racemarathon runnermen's marathon
According to legend, Pheidippides, the first marathoner, ran from Athens to Sparta in less than 36 hours.

Athens

Athens, GreeceAthenianAthenians
According to legend, Pheidippides, the first marathoner, ran from Athens to Sparta in less than 36 hours.

Sparta

LacedaemonSpartanLacedaemonians
According to legend, Pheidippides, the first marathoner, ran from Athens to Sparta in less than 36 hours.

Battle of Marathon

MarathonGreek victory over the Persians10000 metres and set a new
After the Battle of Marathon, it is said he ran straight from the battlefield to Athens to inform the Athenians of the Greek victory over Persia.

Charles Robbins (athlete)

Charlie "Doc" RobbinsCharles Robbins, Jr.Dr. Charles Robbins
Dr. Charles Robbins who won 11 U.S. national championships including the Yonkers Marathon in 1944, finished the Boston Marathon 20 times, with a third place in 1944, and was an alternate to the marathon team at the 1948 London Olympics often ran races barefoot.

Abebe Bikila

Olympic marathon champion Abebe Bikila
In 1960, Abebe Bikila of Ethiopia won the Olympic marathon in Rome barefoot setting a new world record after discovering that Adidas, the Olympic shoe supplier, had run out of shoes in his size.