A report on Baseball

Mookie Betts hits a pitch by swinging his bat
Diagram of a baseball field Diamond may refer to the square area defined by the four bases or to the entire playing field. The dimensions given are for professional and professional-style games. Children often play on smaller fields.
David Ortiz, the batter, awaiting a pitch, with the catcher and umpire
A shortstop tries to tag out a runner who is sliding head first, attempting to reach second base.
Defensive positions on a baseball field, with abbreviations and scorekeeper's position numbers (not uniform numbers)
A first baseman receives a pickoff throw, as the runner dives back to first base.
Jackie Robinson in 1945, with the era's Kansas City Royals, a barnstorming squad associated with the Negro American League's Kansas City Monarchs
Sadaharu Oh managing the Japan national team in the 2006 World Baseball Classic. Playing for the Central League's Yomiuri Giants (1959–80), Oh set the professional world record for home runs.
Pesäpallo, a Finnish variation of baseball, was invented by Lauri "Tahko" Pihkala in the 1920s, and after that, it has changed with the times and grown in popularity. Picture of Pesäpallo match in 1958 in Jyväskylä, Finland.
A well-worn baseball
Babe Ruth in 1920, the year he joined the New York Yankees
Fenway Park, home of the Boston Red Sox. The Green Monster is visible beyond the playing field on the left.
A New York Yankees batter and a Boston Red Sox catcher at Fenway Park
Rickey Henderson—the major leagues' all-time leader in runs and stolen bases—stealing third base in a 1988 game
Cy Young—the holder of many major league career marks, including wins and innings pitched, as well as losses—in 1908. MLB's annual awards for the best pitcher in each league are named for Young.
Two players on the baseball team of Tokyo, Japan's Waseda University in 1921
The Tampere Tigers celebrating the 2017 title in Turku, Finland
An Afghan girl playing baseball in August 2002
The American Tobacco Company's line of baseball cards featured shortstop Honus Wagner of the Pittsburgh Pirates from 1909 to 1911. In 2007, the card shown here sold for $2.8 million.
Fenway Park, home of the Boston Red Sox. The Green Monster is visible beyond the playing field on the left.

Bat-and-ball sport played between two teams of nine players each, taking turns batting and fielding.

- Baseball
Mookie Betts hits a pitch by swinging his bat

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Overall

Major League Baseball player Noah Syndergaard pitching for the New York Mets in 2015

Pitcher

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Major League Baseball player Noah Syndergaard pitching for the New York Mets in 2015
The position of the pitcher
Chris Young throws a four-seam fastball in the bullpen pregame.
A pitcher for the DeLand Suns prepares to throw a pitch against the Lakeland Lightning. June 8, 2019.

In baseball, the pitcher is the player who throws ("pitches") the baseball from the pitcher's mound toward the catcher to begin each play, with the goal of retiring a batter, who attempts to either make contact with the pitched ball or draw a walk.

Australia vs. Japan on 24 March 2012 at Hawker International Softball Centre

Softball

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Australia vs. Japan on 24 March 2012 at Hawker International Softball Centre
First photo of a softball team, Chicago, 1897
Indoor baseball player, 1907
Diagram of a softball diamond
Fielding in softball
Fastpitch softball batter in a helmet with mask
Catcher wearing a helmet and chest protector
The plate umpire often uses an indicator (sometimes called a clicker or counter) to keep track of the game
The target normally used in slow pitch softball. In some forms of slow pitch, the pitched ball must hit the black carpet behind the base to count as a strike
Fastpitch pitcher Megan Gibson pitching the ball in the "windmill" motion
A batter swings at a pitch
The Texas Longhorns softball team gets a strikeout against Penn State to end the game, February 15, 2008.
A player trying to avoid a tag at third base.
A collision at home plate — the player in red scores as the catcher has failed to secure the ball
Handshakes at the conclusion of a championship game in a co-ed recreational league, as seen in New Jersey in 1997
Recreational game in progress, New Jersey, 1996
Unlike in baseball, softball pitches are thrown in an underhand style
Pitching in softball involves various styles
2014 Women's College World Series Championship Series
A modern optic yellow softball

Softball is a game similar to baseball played with a larger ball (11 to 16 inches or 28 to 40 cm circumference) on a field that has base lengths of 60 feet, a pitcher's mound that ranges from 35 to 43 feet away from home plate, and a home run fence that is 220–300 feet away from home plate, depending on the type of softball being played.

A 1911 American Tobacco Company baseball card illustrating a baserunner being tagged out at third base

Out (baseball)

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A 1911 American Tobacco Company baseball card illustrating a baserunner being tagged out at third base

In baseball, an out occurs when the umpire rules a batter or baserunner out.

Marcus Thames of the Detroit Tigers batting in 2007

Batting (baseball)

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Marcus Thames of the Detroit Tigers batting in 2007
Barry Bonds in the on deck circle with various warm up devices.

In baseball, batting is the act of facing the opposing pitcher and trying to produce offense for one's team.

Barry Bonds holds the all-time home run record in Major League Baseball

Home run

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Barry Bonds holds the all-time home run record in Major League Baseball
Sadaharu Oh, pictured here in 2006, holds the officially verified all-time world home run record in professional baseball.
If a batted ball hits the foul pole (orange pole on the right), the ball is fair and a home run is awarded to the batter
Scooter Gennett had four home runs in a 2017 game, nearly completing a home run cycle.
Graph depicting the yearly number of home runs (blue line), and stolen bases (pink line) per MLB game from 1900 to 2008.
The Polo Grounds left field foul line with guide rope, as seen from upper deck, 1917

In baseball, a home run (abbreviated HR) is scored when the ball is hit in such a way that the batter is able to circle the bases and reach home plate safely in one play without any errors being committed by the defensive team.

The baseball diamond of the San Diego Padres' Petco Park in 2005

Baseball field

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The baseball diamond of the San Diego Padres' Petco Park in 2005
Diagram of a baseball field.
Kevin Pillar of the Toronto Blue Jays reaches first base safely as Chris Davis of the Baltimore Orioles attempts to scoop a bouncing ball thrown by one of the other infielders during a game in May 2017
Brian Dozier of the Minnesota Twins leaps over a sliding Jonathan Schoop of the Baltimore Orioles attempting to turn a double play
Specifications of home plate (inches)
David Ortiz (in gray) of the Boston Red Sox stands in the left-handed hitters' batter's box at U.S. Cellular Field against the Chicago White Sox on July 7, 2006.
Kansas City Royals pitcher Gil Meche moves forward off the rubber as the pitch is released
The Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome, showing a white "grass" line.
The warning track abutting the outfield fence of Husky Field, used by the Houston Baptist Huskies baseball team
Boston's Fenway Park's left-field wall, the Green Monster, in 2006, showing the manual scoreboard, and Green Monster seating, and the additions of charity advertisements along the top, billboards above the seating, and the American League East standings.
One of two foul poles at Citizens Bank Park, Philadelphia
Pitchers warming up in the bullpen

A baseball field, also called a ball field or baseball diamond, is the field upon which the game of baseball is played.

The all-time stolen base leader, Rickey Henderson, steals third base in 1988.

Stolen base

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The all-time stolen base leader, Rickey Henderson, steals third base in 1988.
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Tim Locastro steals second base for the Oklahoma City Dodgers during a 2017 game
"Abbot Nailing the First Steal Attempted on Swayne Field" 1909
Lastings Milledge steals a base.

In baseball, a stolen base occurs when a runner advances to a base to which he is not entitled and the official scorer rules that the advance should be credited to the action of the runner.

A labelled drawing of the strike zone superimposed onto an image from a game, showing a batter, catcher and umpire. The batter attempts to hit a baseball pitched by the pitcher (not pictured) to the catcher; and the umpire decides whether pitches are balls or strikes.

Strike zone

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A labelled drawing of the strike zone superimposed onto an image from a game, showing a batter, catcher and umpire. The batter attempts to hit a baseball pitched by the pitcher (not pictured) to the catcher; and the umpire decides whether pitches are balls or strikes.

In baseball, the strike zone is the volume of space through which a pitch must pass in order to be called a strike even if the batter does not swing.

Ruth in 1920

Babe Ruth

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Ruth in 1920
Ruth's birthplace in Baltimore, Maryland, is now a museum.
George Herman Ruth Sr. family in the 1900 US Census
Baseball card showing Ruth as a Baltimore Oriole, 1914
Ruth pitching for the Boston Red Sox
Providence Grays with Babe Ruth (top row, center), 1914
Ruth during batting practice in 1916.
Ruth in 1918, his penultimate year with the Red Sox
Ruth in 1919
Ruth in his first year with the New York Yankees, 1920
"How Does He Do It?" In this Clifford Berryman cartoon, presidential candidates Warren G. Harding and James M. Cox wonder at Ruth's record home run pace.
Ruth and Shoeless Joe Jackson looking at one of Babe's home run bats, 1920
Ruth in the stands on Opening Day, April 12, 1922, at Griffith Stadium in Washington, D.C.
Ruth after losing consciousness from running into the wall at Griffith Stadium during a game against the Washington Senators on July 5, 1924. Ruth insisted on staying in the game, despite evident pain and a bruised pelvic bone, and hit a double in his next at-bat. Note the absence of a warning track along the outfield wall.
Ruth took time off in 1927 to star with Anna Q. Nilsson in this First National silent production Babe Comes Home. This film is now lost.
Lou Gehrig, Tris Speaker, Ty Cobb, and Ruth, 1928
1933 Goudey Sport Kings baseball card
Gary Cooper and Ruth in the 1942 film The Pride of the Yankees
Ruth and his first wife, Helen Woodford, 1915
The Pulitzer Prize-winning photo of Ruth by Nat Fein
Tribute to Babe Ruth, Monument Park, as seen at the original Yankee Stadium
The unveiling of a Babe Ruth memorial plaque in Baltimore's old Memorial Stadium in 1955 with Claire Ruth, his widow, present.
Ruth memorabilia at the Baseball Hall of Fame (2014)

George Herman "Babe" Ruth Jr. (February 6, 1895 – August 16, 1948) was an American professional baseball player whose career in Major League Baseball (MLB) spanned 22 seasons, from 1914 through 1935.

Cover of Official Base Ball Rules, 1921 edition, used by the American League and National League

Baseball rules

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Cover of Official Base Ball Rules, 1921 edition, used by the American League and National League
Diagram of a baseball diamond
A batter follows through after swinging at a pitched ball.
The typical motion of a right-handed pitcher
1906 World Series, infielders playing "in" for the expected bunt and the possible play at the plate with the bases loaded
Pick-off attempt on runner (in red) at first base

The rules of baseball differ slightly from league to league, but in general share the same basic game play.