Bass-baritone

Bass vocal range (E2–E4) notated on the bass staff (left) and on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4).

High-lying bass or low-lying "classical" baritone voice type which shares certain qualities with the true baritone voice.

- Bass-baritone
Bass vocal range (E2–E4) notated on the bass staff (left) and on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4).

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Terfel in Stockholm, December 2013

Bryn Terfel

Terfel in Stockholm, December 2013
Sain (Recordings) Ltd; 1990
Sain (Recordings) Ltd; 1988
Sain (Recordings) Ltd; 1990
Sain (Recordings) Ltd; 1993
Sain (Recordings) Ltd; 1995
Sain (Recordings) Ltd; 2003
Sain (Recordings) Ltd; 2005

Sir Bryn Terfel Jones, (born 9 November 1965) (known professionally as Bryn Terfel) is a Welsh bass-baritone opera and concert singer.

Bass vocal range (E2–E4) notated on the bass staff (left) and on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4).

Bass (voice type)

Type of classical male singing voice and has the lowest vocal range of all voice types.

Type of classical male singing voice and has the lowest vocal range of all voice types.

Bass vocal range (E2–E4) notated on the bass staff (left) and on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4).

It is produced using a more Italianate vocal production, and possesses a faster vibrato, than its closest Germanic/Anglo-Saxon equivalent, the bass-baritone.

London in 1953

George London (bass-baritone)

London in 1953

George London (born George Burnstein; May 30, 1920 – March 24, 1985) was an American concert and operatic bass-baritone.

Early 19th-century engraving depicting Count Almaviva and Susanna in act 3

The Marriage of Figaro

Commedia per musica (opera buffa) in four acts composed in 1786 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, with an Italian libretto written by Lorenzo Da Ponte.

Commedia per musica (opera buffa) in four acts composed in 1786 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, with an Italian libretto written by Lorenzo Da Ponte.

Early 19th-century engraving depicting Count Almaviva and Susanna in act 3
Act 1: Cherubino hides behind Susanna's chair as the Count arrives.
Libretto 1786

In modern performance practice, Cherubino and Marcellina are usually assigned to mezzo-sopranos, and Figaro to a bass-baritone.

Richard Temple as Strephon in Iolanthe (1882)

Richard Temple (bass-baritone)

Richard Temple as Strephon in Iolanthe (1882)
Temple with Mrs Howard Paul in The Sorcerer
Temple as Dick Deadeye in H.M.S. Pinafore
Temple as The Mikado of Japan
Temple as Sancho in The Chieftain

Richard Barker Cobb Temple (2 March 1846 – 19 October 1912) was an English opera singer, actor and stage director, best known for his performances in the bass-baritone roles in the famous series of Gilbert and Sullivan comic operas.

Soprano voice range (C4–C6) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)

Voice type

This article focuses on voice classification within classical music.

This article focuses on voice classification within classical music.

Soprano voice range (C4–C6) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)
Mezzo-soprano voice range (A3–A5) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)
Contralto voice range (F3–F5) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)
Countertenor voice range (E3–E5) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)
Tenor voice range (C3–C5) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)
Baritone voice range (A2–A4) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)
Bass voice range (E2–E4) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)
Treble voice range (A3–A5) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)

Baritones are often broken down into nine subcategories: baryton-Martin, lyric baritone, bel canto or coloratura baritone, kavalierbariton, heldenbaritone, Verdi baritone, dramatic baritone, baryton-noble, and bass-baritone.

Baritone vocal range (G2–G4) notated on the bass staff (left) and on the piano keyboard in green with middle C (C4) shown in yellow

Baritone

Type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range lies between the bass and the tenor voice-types.

Type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range lies between the bass and the tenor voice-types.

Baritone vocal range (G2–G4) notated on the bass staff (left) and on the piano keyboard in green with middle C (C4) shown in yellow

Many operatic works of the 18th century have roles marked as bass that in reality are low baritone roles (or bass-baritone parts in modern parlance).

Scene from The Yeomen of the Guard D'Oyly Carte Opera Company 1906 Revival

The Yeomen of the Guard

Savoy Opera, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert.

Savoy Opera, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert.

Scene from The Yeomen of the Guard D'Oyly Carte Opera Company 1906 Revival
1883 poster similar to the one Gilbert said gave him the inspiration for the opera
Denny (Wilfred) and Bond (Phœbe), 1888
Souvenir illustration from the New York Casino Theatre production, 1888
Gilbert's illustration of "I have a song to sing, O!"
Geraldine Ulmar as Elsie
"Strange Adventure, Maiden Wedded"
"Consider each person's auricular"
"When a Wooer Goes A-Wooing"
"Jealous Torments", written for Barrington, was not ultimately performed by his replacement, newcomer Denny
Charles H. Workman as Jack Point
Cover of tin box, with scene from Yeomen
Illustration of the 15th century Tower of London
Poster for 1897 production

Sergeant Meryll of the Yeomen of the Guard (bass-baritone)

Theatre poster for The Mikado

The Mikado

Comic opera in two acts, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert, their ninth of fourteen operatic collaborations.

Comic opera in two acts, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert, their ninth of fourteen operatic collaborations.

Theatre poster for The Mikado
Cover of vocal score, c. 1895
Photo at the Japanese village taken by W. S. Gilbert
Durward Lely as Nanki-Poo
Ko-Ko – 1926 costume design by Charles Ricketts
Nanki-Poo as a wand'ring minstrel, from The Story of the Mikado. Art by Alice B. Woodward.
Theatre poster, Edinburgh, 1885
Political parody celebrating the bicentennial of Albany, New York
Geraldine Ulmar, Yum-Yum in the New York cast
Ko-Ko reveals that when a man is beheaded, his wife is buried alive: from Gilbert's children's book The Story of the Mikado. Art by Alice B. Woodward.
Grossmith "made up" as Ko-Ko
Temple as the Mikado
Barrington: "Lord-high everything else"
D'Oyly Carte Opera Company production, 1962
Cover of re-issue of 1907 Mikado recording
Cover of The Story of the Mikado. Art by Alice B. Woodward.
1886 advertisement featuring the "three little maids"
Wallpaper showing characters from The Mikado and other Savoy operas
From The Capitalist, 1888
Film poster for The Little Shop of Horrors parodying the song "The Flowers that Bloom in the Spring, Tra la!" changing the word "bloom" to "kill"

The Mikado of Japan (bass or bass-baritone)

Theatre poster, 1884

The Sorcerer

Two-act comic opera, with a libretto by W. S. Gilbert and music by Arthur Sullivan.

Two-act comic opera, with a libretto by W. S. Gilbert and music by Arthur Sullivan.

Theatre poster, 1884
1878 programme cover
Richard Temple with Mrs Howard Paul in The Sorcerer (1877)
Incantation scene
Act II opening, from 1884 programme
Henry Lytton (J. W. Wells), Elsie Griffin (Aline) and Derek Oldham (Alexis), 1920
W. S. Gilbert illustration, 1890
From 1877 programme
Poster by H. M. Brock for the 1919 revival
Walter Passmore as J. W. Wells in the 1898 revival
Dr Daly accompanies himself on a flageolet on stage
"Welcome, joy, adieu to sadness!"
Grossmith as J. W. Wells, his first of many "patter roles". Sketch by W. S. Gilbert
Rutland Barrington as Dr Daly
Bond, as Constance, pines for Dr Daly, 1884
Warwick and Bentham, 1878, after Warwick took over the role of Aline
Wallpaper showing characters from The Sorcerer and other Savoy operas

Sir Marmaduke Pointdextre, an Elderly Baronet (bass-baritone)