Bass-baritone

bass baritonebasse-taillebaritonebass-baritone (''basse-taille'')bass-baritone singerbass-baritone voicebasso cantantelight basses
A bass-baritone is a high-lying bass or low-lying "classical" baritone voice type which shares certain qualities with the true baritone voice.wikipedia
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Baritone

lyric baritonebaritonesbaryton-martin
A bass-baritone is a high-lying bass or low-lying "classical" baritone voice type which shares certain qualities with the true baritone voice.
Indeed, many operatic works of the 18th century have roles marked as bass that in reality are low baritone roles (or bass-baritone parts in modern parlance).

Die Walküre

The ValkyrieSiegmundSieglinde
For example, the role of Wotan in Die Walküre covers the range from F 2 (the F at the bottom of the bass clef) to F 4 (the F above middle C), but only infrequently descends beyond C 3 (the C below middle C).

Richard Temple (bass-baritone)

Richard TempleTemple
Gilbert and Sullivan's Savoy operas usually featured a comic bass-baritone character, created to make use of D'Oyly Carte company member Richard Temple.
Richard Barker Cobb Temple (2 March 1846 – 19 October 1912) was an English opera singer, actor and stage director, best known for his performances in the bass-baritone roles in the famous series of Gilbert and Sullivan comic operas.

The Flying Dutchman (opera)

The Flying DutchmanDer fliegende HolländerFlying Dutchman
The term arose in the late 19th century to describe the particular type of voice required to sing three Wagnerian roles: the Dutchman in Der fliegende Holländer, Wotan/Der Wanderer in the Ring Cycle and Hans Sachs in Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg.

George London (bass-baritone)

George LondonGeorge London CompetitionGeorge London (baritone)
Many bass-baritones have ventured into the baritone repertoire, including (among others) Leopold Demuth, Georges Baklanoff, Rudolf Bockelmann, George London, Thomas Stewart, James Morris, and Bryn Terfel.
George London (born George Burnstein; May 30, 1920 – March 24, 1985) was an American concert and operatic bass-baritone.

Thomas Stewart (bass-baritone)

Thomas Stewart
Many bass-baritones have ventured into the baritone repertoire, including (among others) Leopold Demuth, Georges Baklanoff, Rudolf Bockelmann, George London, Thomas Stewart, James Morris, and Bryn Terfel.
Thomas Stewart (August 29, 1928 – September 24, 2006) was an American bass-baritone who sang an unusually wide range of roles, earning global acclaim particularly for his performances in Wagner's operas.

James Morris (bass-baritone)

James MorrisMorris, James
Many bass-baritones have ventured into the baritone repertoire, including (among others) Leopold Demuth, Georges Baklanoff, Rudolf Bockelmann, George London, Thomas Stewart, James Morris, and Bryn Terfel.
James Peppler Morris (born 10 January 1947) is a leading American bass-baritone opera singer.

Bryn Terfel

BrynBryn Terfel JonesSir Bryn Terfel
Many bass-baritones have ventured into the baritone repertoire, including (among others) Leopold Demuth, Georges Baklanoff, Rudolf Bockelmann, George London, Thomas Stewart, James Morris, and Bryn Terfel.
Sir Bryn Terfel Jones, (born 9 November 1965) is a Welsh bass-baritone opera and concert singer.

Gilbert and Sullivan

Gilbert & SullivancollaborationGilbert and Sullivan Society
Gilbert and Sullivan's Savoy operas usually featured a comic bass-baritone character, created to make use of D'Oyly Carte company member Richard Temple.
The libretto of H.M.S. Pinafore relied on stock character types, many of which were familiar from European opera (and some of which grew out of Gilbert's earlier association with the German Reeds): the heroic protagonist (tenor) and his love-interest (soprano); the older woman with a secret or a sharp tongue (contralto); the baffled lyric baritone—the girl's father; and a classic villain (bass-baritone).

Voice type

singing voicevoiceVoices
A bass-baritone is a high-lying bass or low-lying "classical" baritone voice type which shares certain qualities with the true baritone voice.
Baritones are often broken down into nine subcategories: baryton-Martin, lyric baritone, bel canto or coloratura baritone, kavalierbariton, heldenbaritone, Verdi baritone, dramatic baritone, baryton-noble, and bass-baritone.

Bass (voice type)

bassbassesbasso
A bass-baritone is a high-lying bass or low-lying "classical" baritone voice type which shares certain qualities with the true baritone voice.
It is produced using a more Italianate vocal production, and possesses a faster vibrato, than its closest Germanic/Anglo-Saxon equivalent, the bass-baritone.

Pelléas et Mélisande (opera)

Pelléas et MélisandeMélisandePelléas and Mélisande
In Debussy's Pelléas et Mélisande the lower baritone role of Golaud is a bass-baritone, sitting between Pelleas (high baritone) and Arkel (bass).

Fach

German Fach systemSpieltenorbuffo
Wagner labelled these roles as Hoher Bass ("high bass")—see fach for more details.

The Marriage of Figaro

Le Nozze di FigaroMarriage of FigaroFigaro
In modern performance practice, Cherubino and Marcellina are usually assigned to mezzo-sopranos, and Figaro to a bass-baritone.

Der Ring des Nibelungen

Ring CycleRingThe Ring Cycle
The term arose in the late 19th century to describe the particular type of voice required to sing three Wagnerian roles: the Dutchman in Der fliegende Holländer, Wotan/Der Wanderer in the Ring Cycle and Hans Sachs in Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg.

D'Oyly Carte Opera Company

D'Oyly CarteD’Oyly Carte Opera CompanyComedy Opera Company
Gilbert and Sullivan's Savoy operas usually featured a comic bass-baritone character, created to make use of D'Oyly Carte company member Richard Temple.
Other performers who created a long series of roles in the original productions of the operas included baritone Rutland Barrington, mezzo-soprano Jessie Bond, soprano Leonora Braham, contralto Rosina Brandram, tenor Durward Lely and bass-baritone Richard Temple.

The Tales of Hoffmann

Les contes d'HoffmannThe Tales of HoffmanTales of Hoffmann

Porgy and Bess

Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg

Die MeistersingerThe Mastersingers of NurembergThe Mastersingers
The term arose in the late 19th century to describe the particular type of voice required to sing three Wagnerian roles: the Dutchman in Der fliegende Holländer, Wotan/Der Wanderer in the Ring Cycle and Hans Sachs in Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg.