A report on Bass (voice type) and Bass-baritone

Bass vocal range (E2–E4) notated on the bass staff (left) and on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4).

A bass-baritone is a high-lying bass or low-lying "classical" baritone voice type which shares certain qualities with the true baritone voice.

- Bass-baritone

It is produced using a more Italianate vocal production, and possesses a faster vibrato, than its closest Germanic/Anglo-Saxon equivalent, the bass-baritone.

- Bass (voice type)
Bass vocal range (E2–E4) notated on the bass staff (left) and on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4).

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Baritone vocal range (G2–G4) notated on the bass staff (left) and on the piano keyboard in green with middle C (C4) shown in yellow

Baritone

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Baritone vocal range (G2–G4) notated on the bass staff (left) and on the piano keyboard in green with middle C (C4) shown in yellow

A baritone is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range lies between the bass and the tenor voice-types.

Many operatic works of the 18th century have roles marked as bass that in reality are low baritone roles (or bass-baritone parts in modern parlance).

Theatre poster for The Mikado

The Mikado

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Comic opera in two acts, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert, their ninth of fourteen operatic collaborations.

Comic opera in two acts, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert, their ninth of fourteen operatic collaborations.

Theatre poster for The Mikado
Cover of vocal score, c. 1895
Photo at the Japanese village taken by W. S. Gilbert
Durward Lely as Nanki-Poo
Ko-Ko – 1926 costume design by Charles Ricketts
Nanki-Poo as a wand'ring minstrel, from The Story of the Mikado. Art by Alice B. Woodward.
Theatre poster, Edinburgh, 1885
Political parody celebrating the bicentennial of Albany, New York
Geraldine Ulmar, Yum-Yum in the New York cast
Ko-Ko reveals that when a man is beheaded, his wife is buried alive: from Gilbert's children's book The Story of the Mikado. Art by Alice B. Woodward.
Grossmith "made up" as Ko-Ko
Temple as the Mikado
Barrington: "Lord-high everything else"
D'Oyly Carte Opera Company production, 1962
Cover of re-issue of 1907 Mikado recording
Cover of The Story of the Mikado. Art by Alice B. Woodward.
1886 advertisement featuring the "three little maids"
Wallpaper showing characters from The Mikado and other Savoy operas
From The Capitalist, 1888
Film poster for The Little Shop of Horrors parodying the song "The Flowers that Bloom in the Spring, Tra la!" changing the word "bloom" to "kill"

The Mikado of Japan (bass or bass-baritone)

Theatre poster, 1879

H.M.S. Pinafore

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Comic opera in two acts, with music by Arthur Sullivan and a libretto by W. S. Gilbert.

Comic opera in two acts, with music by Arthur Sullivan and a libretto by W. S. Gilbert.

Theatre poster, 1879
Punch cartoon, 1877, portraying First Lord of the Admiralty W. H. Smith as a land-lubber, saying: "I think I'll now go below." In Pinafore, Sir Joseph similarly sings: "When the breezes blow / I generally go below".
Scene from 1886 Savoy Theatre souvenir programme
Illustration of the characters in Act II by D. H. Friston, 1878
Rutland Barrington as A.B.S. Corcoran at the end of Pinafore
Poster illustration from original 1878 production
Opening night programme cover
Advertisement for a (probably unlicensed) American production of H.M.S. Pinafore
1880 programme for Carte's Children's Pinafore
Ruth Vincent as Josephine in 1899
Punch cartoon mocking Sullivan for his focus on comic opera
Rutland Barrington as Captain Corcoran in the first London revival, 1887
Souvenir programme cover from 1878 during the run of the original production
Theatre poster for an American production, c. 1879
Gilbert's Illustration of "A British tar" (1906)
Bond as Hebe with Grossmith as Sir Joseph, 1887 revival
Frontispiece by Alice B. Woodward to The Pinafore Picture Book, 1908
W.S. Gilbert in about 1878
Arthur Seymour Sullivan

Dick Deadeye, Able Seaman (bass-baritone)

Bob Becket, Carpenter's Mate (bass)

Drawing of the Act I finale

The Pirates of Penzance

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Comic opera in two acts, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert.

Comic opera in two acts, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert.

Drawing of the Act I finale
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Poster for the copyright performance at Paignton
George Grossmith as General Stanley, wearing Wolseley's trademark moustache
Marion Hood: "Yes, 'tis Mabel!"
George Power, the original Frederic in London
"Have mercy on us!"
Drawing of Richard Temple as the Pirate King
Isabel Jay as Mabel
Pirate King Henry Lytton denounces Major-General C. H. Workman.
1880 poster
1881 programme cover
Drawing from programme of children's Pirates, 1884
Smith, Ronstadt and Kline at the Delacorte Theatre
Opera Australia's 2007 touring production of Pirates, with Anthony Warlow as the Pirate King
The Major-General carries an encyclopedia in this "Bab" drawing.
Wallpaper showing characters from Pirates and other Savoy operas

The Pirate King (bass-baritone)

Sergeant of Police (bass)

Theatre poster, 1884

The Sorcerer

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Two-act comic opera, with a libretto by W. S. Gilbert and music by Arthur Sullivan.

Two-act comic opera, with a libretto by W. S. Gilbert and music by Arthur Sullivan.

Theatre poster, 1884
1878 programme cover
Richard Temple with Mrs Howard Paul in The Sorcerer (1877)
Incantation scene
Act II opening, from 1884 programme
Henry Lytton (J. W. Wells), Elsie Griffin (Aline) and Derek Oldham (Alexis), 1920
W. S. Gilbert illustration, 1890
From 1877 programme
Poster by H. M. Brock for the 1919 revival
Walter Passmore as J. W. Wells in the 1898 revival
Dr Daly accompanies himself on a flageolet on stage
"Welcome, joy, adieu to sadness!"
Grossmith as J. W. Wells, his first of many "patter roles". Sketch by W. S. Gilbert
Rutland Barrington as Dr Daly
Bond, as Constance, pines for Dr Daly, 1884
Warwick and Bentham, 1878, after Warwick took over the role of Aline
Wallpaper showing characters from The Sorcerer and other Savoy operas

Sir Marmaduke Pointdextre, an Elderly Baronet (bass-baritone)

Notary (bass)

Soprano voice range (C4–C6) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)

Voice type

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Group of voices with similar vocal ranges, capable of singing in a similar tessitura, and with similar vocal transition points .

Group of voices with similar vocal ranges, capable of singing in a similar tessitura, and with similar vocal transition points .

Soprano voice range (C4–C6) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)
Mezzo-soprano voice range (A3–A5) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)
Contralto voice range (F3–F5) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)
Countertenor voice range (E3–E5) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)
Tenor voice range (C3–C5) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)
Baritone voice range (A2–A4) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)
Bass voice range (E2–E4) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)
Treble voice range (A3–A5) indicated on piano keyboard in green with dot marking middle C (C4)

Men are usually divided into four groups: countertenor, tenor, baritone, and bass.

Baritones are often broken down into nine subcategories: baryton-Martin, lyric baritone, bel canto or coloratura baritone, kavalierbariton, heldenbaritone, Verdi baritone, dramatic baritone, baryton-noble, and bass-baritone.

The ghost scene, depicted by H. M. Brock for the first D'Oyly Carte Opera Company revival in 1921

Ruddigore

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Comic opera in two acts, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert.

Comic opera in two acts, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert.

The ghost scene, depicted by H. M. Brock for the first D'Oyly Carte Opera Company revival in 1921
Amédée Forestier's illustration of scenes in The Illustrated London News, before the opera's name change.
Richard, Rose and Robin
Robin and Rose
Durward Lely as Dauntless
Henry Lytton as Sir Ruthven
Courtice Pounds as Richard in the original New York production (1887)
George Grossmith as Robin Oakapple
Bond and Barrington: Margaret discloses one of her "odd thoughts" to Despard.
Geraldine Ulmar as Rose in New York
Jessie Bond as Margaret
William Bridges-Adams' Act II set design for the 1921 revival.
Poster from 1887, with Rose and Robin

Sir Despard Murgatroyd of Ruddigore, A Wicked Baronet (bass-baritone or baritone)

Old Adam Goodheart Robin's Faithful Servant (bass)

Scene from The Yeomen of the Guard D'Oyly Carte Opera Company 1906 Revival

The Yeomen of the Guard

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Savoy Opera, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert.

Savoy Opera, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert.

Scene from The Yeomen of the Guard D'Oyly Carte Opera Company 1906 Revival
1883 poster similar to the one Gilbert said gave him the inspiration for the opera
Denny (Wilfred) and Bond (Phœbe), 1888
Souvenir illustration from the New York Casino Theatre production, 1888
Gilbert's illustration of "I have a song to sing, O!"
Geraldine Ulmar as Elsie
"Strange Adventure, Maiden Wedded"
"Consider each person's auricular"
"When a Wooer Goes A-Wooing"
"Jealous Torments", written for Barrington, was not ultimately performed by his replacement, newcomer Denny
Charles H. Workman as Jack Point
Cover of tin box, with scene from Yeomen
Illustration of the 15th century Tower of London
Poster for 1897 production

Sergeant Meryll of the Yeomen of the Guard (bass-baritone)

Fourth Yeoman (bass) – see "Cut music"

From Act I of the 1907 D'Oyly Carte production at the Savoy Theatre

The Gondoliers

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Savoy Opera, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert.

Savoy Opera, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert.

From Act I of the 1907 D'Oyly Carte production at the Savoy Theatre
Barrington and Pounds as Giuseppe and Marco
The gavotte scene: Circa 1890 advertisement for a touring company of the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company.
Savoy Theatre, 1881
The Entr'acte expresses its pleasure that Gilbert and Sullivan are reunited.
W. H. Denny as The Grand Inquisitor
Pounds as Marco, Act II
"Try we life-long"
Brownlow and Moore as Luiz and Casilda
"At charity dinners, the best of speech-spinners, I get 10% of the takings!"

Don Alhambra del Bolero, the Grand Inquisitor of Spain (bass-baritone)

Giorgio, Venetian Gondolier (bass)

W. Russell Flint illustration, 1909: luncheon scene Act II: Hilarion (disguised as a woman) speaks with Ida.

Princess Ida

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Comic opera with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert.

Comic opera with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert.

W. Russell Flint illustration, 1909: luncheon scene Act II: Hilarion (disguised as a woman) speaks with Ida.
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Brandram as Blanche
Bab illustration for Princess Ida
Caricature of Charles Darwin contemplating a bustle, in Fun, 1872
Guron (Warwick Gray), Arac (Richard Temple) and Scynthius (William Lugg), 1884
Lytton as Gama, 1921
Illustration by Gilbert for the "Darwinian Man" song; compare with Darwin image above.
Rutland Barrington as Hildebrand, 1884
"I can tell a woman's age in half a minute – and I do!" (A line from King Gama's song, "If you give me your attention.")
Ida, Blanche and the students, 1884.
"Gently, Gently": 1884 illustration
"Jump for Joy and Gaily Bound!" (from Act II)
Winifred Lawson as Princess Ida, 1922
"Gently, Gently": Darnton (Cyril, left), Oldham (Hilarion, right) and Granville (Florian), 1921

King Hildebrand (bass-baritone)

Scynthius, King Gama's Son (bass)