Bass clarinet

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The bass clarinet is a musical instrument of the clarinet family.wikipedia
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Clarinet

clarinetsB-flat clarinetclarinettist
The bass clarinet is a musical instrument of the clarinet family.
Since the middle of the 19th century the bass clarinet (nowadays invariably in B but with extra keys to extend the register down a few notes) has become an essential addition to the orchestra.

Clarinet choir

Kalmen Opperman Clarinet ChoirClarinet quartetWalter Boeykens Clarinet Choir
It is also used in clarinet choirs, marching bands, and in film scoring, and has played a minor, but persistent, role in jazz.
Typically it will include E, B, alto, bass, and contra-alto or contrabass clarinets, although some pieces are scored for a smaller set of instruments.

Symphony No. 6 (Mahler)

Symphony No. 6Sixth SymphonySixth
All of Gustav Mahler's symphonies include the instrument prominently, and often contain lengthy solos for the instrument, especially in his Symphony No. 6 in A minor.
bass clarinet

Symphony No. 4 (Shostakovich)

Symphony No. 4Fourth SymphonyFourth
4, 7, 8, and 11, and Leoš Janáček's Sinfonietta.
1 Bass clarinet

Te Deum (Berlioz)

Te DeumBerliozBerlioz’ ''Te Deum
French composer Hector Berlioz was one of the first of the Romantics to use the bass clarinet in his large-scale works such as the Grande symphonie funèbre et triomphale, Op. 15 (1840), the Te Deum, Op. 22 (1849), and the opera Les Troyens, Op. 29 (1863).
4 clarinets (one doubling on bass clarinet)

Adolphe Sax

SaxSax, AdolpheAdolph Sax
While Adolphe Sax imitated its upturned metal bell in his design of the larger saxophones, the two instruments are fundamentally different.
Adolphe's first important invention was an improvement of the bass clarinet design, which he patented at the age of 24. Sax relocated permanently to Paris in 1842 and began working on a new set of instruments.

Contrabass clarinet

contra-alto clarinetcontrabassOctocontra-alto clarinet
Donald Martino: Triple Concerto for clarinet, bass clarinet, and contrabass clarinet.
Modern contrabass clarinets are pitched in BB, sounding two octaves lower than the common B soprano clarinet and one octave lower than the B bass clarinet.

Concert band

wind ensemblewind bandband
Bass clarinets regularly perform in orchestras, wind ensembles/concert bands, occasionally in marching bands, and play an occasional solo role in contemporary music and jazz in particular.
Bass clarinets 1 (, 2)

Symphony No. 2 (Rachmaninoff)

Symphony No. 2Second SymphonySymphony No. 2 in E minor
2 and 3 and in his symphonic poem, Isle of The Dead.
The symphony is scored for full orchestra with 3 flutes (the 3rd doubling on piccolo), 3 oboes (the 3rd doubling on cor anglais), 2 clarinets in A and B, bass clarinet in A and B, 2 bassoons, 4 horns, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, snare drum, bass drum, cymbals, glockenspiel, and strings.

Marching band

bandmarchingmarching bands
It is also used in clarinet choirs, marching bands, and in film scoring, and has played a minor, but persistent, role in jazz.
E♭ clarinets, alto clarinets, bass clarinets, and baritone saxophones are less common, but can be found in some bands.

Symphony No. 7 (Shostakovich)

Symphony No. 7Seventh SymphonyLeningrad Symphony
4, 7, 8, and 11, and Leoš Janáček's Sinfonietta.
Bass clarinet

Dennis Smylie

In addition to Horák, other specialist performers include Henri Bok (Netherlands), his student Luís Afonso (Brazil), Dennis Smylie (United States), Tommie Lundberg (Sweden), Harry Sparnaay (Netherlands, who has worked with important composers such as Luciano Berio, Iannis Xenakis, and Morton Feldman), Evan Ziporyn (United States), and Michael Lowenstern (United States); the latter two are also composers.
Dennis Smylie is an American bass clarinetist, known particularly for his performances of contemporary classical music.

Don Quixote (Strauss)

Don QuixoteR. Strauss: Don QuixoteDon Quixote'', Op. 35 (Strauss)
Richard Strauss wrote for the instrument in all of his symphonic poems except for Don Juan, and the instrument shared the spotlight with the tenor tuba in his 1898 tone poem, Don Quixote, Op. 35.
The work is scored for a large orchestra consisting of the following forces: piccolo, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, English horn, 2 clarinets in B (2nd doubling E-flat clarinet), bass clarinet, 3 bassoons, contrabassoon, 6 horns in F, 3 trumpets in D and F, 3 trombones, tenor tuba in B (often performed on euphonium), tuba, timpani, bass drum, snare drum, cymbals, triangle, tambourine, wind machine, and strings: harp, violins i, ii, violas (including an extensive solo viola part), violoncellos (including an extensive solo violoncello part), double basses.

Eric Dolphy

Dolphy, Ericthe multi-instrumentalistDolphy
However, avant-garde musician Eric Dolphy (1928–1964) was the first major jazz soloist on the instrument, and established much of the vocabulary and technique used by later performers.
Eric Allan Dolphy, Jr. (June 20, 1928 – June 29, 1964) was an American jazz alto saxophonist, bass clarinetist and flautist.

Sirius (Stockhausen)

SiriusSirius'' (Stockhausen)
Libra for bass clarinet and electronic music (a separable component of Sirius)
Sirius: eight-channel electronic music and trumpet, soprano, bass clarinet, and bass is a music-theatre composition by Karlheinz Stockhausen, composed between 1975 and 1977.

Edmund Welles

Edmund Welles is the name of a bass clarinet quartet based in San Francisco.
Edmund Welles (full name Edmund Welles: The Bass Clarinet Quartet) is an American bass clarinet quartet from Oakland, California.

Michael Lowenstern

In addition to Horák, other specialist performers include Henri Bok (Netherlands), his student Luís Afonso (Brazil), Dennis Smylie (United States), Tommie Lundberg (Sweden), Harry Sparnaay (Netherlands, who has worked with important composers such as Luciano Berio, Iannis Xenakis, and Morton Feldman), Evan Ziporyn (United States), and Michael Lowenstern (United States); the latter two are also composers.
Michael Lowenstern (born 1968 in Chicago, Illinois, United States) from the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago is an American bass clarinetist and composer specializing in new music.

Bennie Maupin

Maupin
Bennie Maupin emerged in the late 1960s as a primary player of the instrument, playing on Miles Davis's seminal record Bitches Brew as well as several records with Herbie Hancock's Mwandishi group.
Bennie Maupin (born August 29, 1940, Detroit, Michigan) is a jazz multireedist who performs on various saxophones, flute, and bass clarinet.

Symphony No. 11 (Shostakovich)

Symphony No. 1111th SymphonyEleventh Symphony
4, 7, 8, and 11, and Leoš Janáček's Sinfonietta.
The symphony is scored for 3 flutes (3rd doubling piccolo), 3 oboes (3rd doubling cor anglais), 3 clarinets (3rd doubling bass clarinet), 3 bassoons (3rd doubling contrabassoon), 4 horns, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, triangle, snare drum, cymbals, orchestral bass drum, tam-tam, xylophone, tubular bells, 2 harps (preferably doubled), celesta and strings.

Petrushka (ballet)

PetrushkaPetrouchkaPetroushka
Igor Stravinsky also wrote complex parts for the instrument throughout his career, most prominently in his ballets The Firebird (1910), Petrushka (1911) and The Rite of Spring (1913).
4 clarinets in B, (4th doubling bass clarinet in B)

Sinfonietta (Janáček)

Sinfonietta
4, 7, 8, and 11, and Leoš Janáček's Sinfonietta.
Bass Clarinet

Arnold Schoenberg

SchoenbergArnold SchönbergSchönberg
Composers of the Second Viennese School, Arnold Schoenberg, Anton Webern and Alban Berg, often favored the instrument over the bassoon, the instrument's closest relative in terms of range.
The ensemble, which is now commonly referred to as the Pierrot ensemble, consists of flute (doubling on piccolo), clarinet (doubling on bass clarinet), violin (doubling on viola), violoncello, speaker, and piano.

Orchestra

symphony orchestraorchestralchamber orchestra
Bass clarinets regularly perform in orchestras, wind ensembles/concert bands, occasionally in marching bands, and play an occasional solo role in contemporary music and jazz in particular.
1 bass clarinet

John Surman

John Surman's Rainbow Band
While the bass clarinet has been used often since Dolphy, it is typically used by a saxophonist or clarinetist as a second or third instrument; such musicians include David Murray, Marcus Miller, John Surman, John Gilmore, Bob Mintzer, John Coltrane (to whom Dolphy's mother left some of Dolphy's instruments including his bass clarinet), Brian Landrus, James Carter, Steve Buckley, Andy Biskin, Don Byron, Julian Siegel, Gunter Hampel, Michel Portal, and Chris Potter.
John Douglas Surman (born 30 August 1944) is an English jazz saxophone, bass clarinet, and synthesizer player, and composer of free jazz and modal jazz, often using themes from folk music.

Dante Symphony

DanteSymphony to Dante's Divina Commediaworks
Also around this time, Hungarian pianist and composer Franz Liszt wrote important parts for the instrument in his symphonic poems Ce qu'on entend sur la montagne (What One Hears on the Mountain), Tasso, and his Dante Symphony.
The symphony is scored for one piccolo (doubling as 3rd flute in the second movement), two flutes, two oboes, one English horn, two clarinets in B and A, one bass clarinet in B and A, two bassoons, four horns in F, two trumpets in B and D, two tenor trombones, one bass trombone, one tuba, two sets of timpani (requiring two players), cymbals, bass drum, tamtam, two harps (the second harp only in the second movement), strings, harmonium (second movement only), and a women's choir comprising soprano and alto singers (second movement only), one of the sopranos being required to sing a solo.