Bass guitar

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The bass guitar (or simply bass) is a plucked string instrument similar in appearance and construction to an electric or an acoustic guitar, except with a longer neck and scale length, and typically four to six strings or courses.wikipedia
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Plucked string instrument

pluckedplucked stringsplucked string
The bass guitar (or simply bass) is a plucked string instrument similar in appearance and construction to an electric or an acoustic guitar, except with a longer neck and scale length, and typically four to six strings or courses.
Most plucked string instruments belong to the lute family (such as guitar, bass guitar, mandolin, banjo, balalaika, sitar, pipa, etc.), which generally consist of a resonating body, and a neck; the strings run along the neck and can be stopped at different pitches.

Bass amplifier

bass ampbass amplifiersBass instrument amplification
The electric bass guitar has pickups and must be connected to an amplifier and speaker to be loud enough to compete with other instruments.
A bass amplifier or "bass amp" is a musical instrument electronic device that uses electrical power to make lower-pitched instruments such as the bass guitar or double bass loud enough to be heard by the performers and audience.

Electric upright bass

Electric Bassstick bassBass
The addition of frets enabled bassists to play in tune more easily than on fretless acoustic or electric upright basses.
Some EUBs have built-in pickups and volume controls, similar in function to the pickups and knobs on an electric bass (also called the bass guitar).

Fender Precision Bass

Precision BassFender PrecisionPrecision
The Fender Electric Instrument Manufacturing Company began producing the Precision Bass, or P-Bass, in October 1951.
The Precision Bass (often shortened to "P-Bass") is a bass guitar manufactured by Fender Musical Instruments Corporation.

Plectrum

pickplectrapicked
It is played primarily with the fingers or thumb, or striking with a pick.
A plectrum for electric guitars, acoustic guitars, bass guitars and mandolins is typically a thin piece of plastic or other material shaped like a pointed teardrop or triangle.

Paul Tutmarc

Audiovox
In the 1930s, musician and inventor Paul Tutmarc of Seattle, Washington, developed the first electric bass guitar in its modern form, a fretted instrument designed to be played horizontally.
He developed a number of variant types of stringed musical instruments, such as electrically amplified double basses, electric basses, and lap steel guitars.

Carol Kaye

Carole Kayebass guitaristCarol K
The bass guitar was intended to appeal to guitarists as well as upright bass players, and many early pioneers of the instrument, such as Carol Kaye, Joe Osborn, and Paul McCartney were originally guitarists.
Carol Kaye (nee Smith, born March 24, 1935) is an American musician, who is one of the most prolific recorded bass guitarists in rock and pop music, playing on an estimated 10,000 recordings in a career spanning over 50 years.

Double bass

bassupright bassacoustic bass
Since the 1960s, the bass guitar has largely replaced the double bass in popular music.
In jazz, blues, rockabilly and other genres outside of classical music, this instrument is commonly called the upright bass, standup bass or acoustic bass to distinguish it from the electric bass guitar.

Shifty Henry

John HenryJohn Willie Henry
Roy Johnson (with Lionel Hampton), and Shifty Henry (with Louis Jordan and His Tympany Five), were other early Fender bass pioneers.
John Willie "Shifty" Henry (4 October 1921 – 30 November 1958) was an American musician, most noted as a double bass and bass guitar player, and blues songwriter.

Joe Osborn

The bass guitar was intended to appeal to guitarists as well as upright bass players, and many early pioneers of the instrument, such as Carol Kaye, Joe Osborn, and Paul McCartney were originally guitarists.
Joe Osborn (August 28, 1937 – December 14, 2018 ) was an American bass guitar player known for his work as a session musician in Los Angeles with the Wrecking Crew and Nashville with the A-Team of studio musicians during the 1960s through the 1980s.

Monk Montgomery

MonkWilliam "Monk" MontgomeryWilliam Montgomery
In 1953, Monk Montgomery became the first bassist to tour with the Fender bass guitar, in Lionel Hampton's postwar big band.
He is perhaps the first electric bassist of significance to jazz, taking up the Fender Precision Bass in 1952 or '53 after replacing Roy Johnson in the Lionel Hampton Orchestra.

Gibson EB-0

EB-0EB-0 Bass
In 1959, these were followed by the more conventional-looking EB-0 Bass.
The Gibson EB-0 is a bass guitar that was introduced by Gibson in 1959.

The Art Farmer Septet

in 1953
Montgomery was also possibly the first to record with the bass guitar, on July 2, 1953, with the Art Farmer Septet.
The recordings made on July 2, 1953 are possibly the earliest studio recordings of the electric bass.

Gibson EB-1

EB-1Gibson's EB-1
Gibson renamed the bass the EB-1 in 1958.
The Gibson EB-1 is a bass guitar that Gibson introduced in 1953.

Rickenbacker

Rickenbacker International CorporationRickenbacker GuitarsRickenbacker 330-12
A number of other companies also began manufacturing bass guitars during the 1950s: Kay in 1952, Hofner and Danelectro in 1956, Rickenbacker in 1957 and Burns/Supersound in 1958.
The company is credited as the first known maker of electric guitars —in 1932—and eventually produced a range of electric guitars and bass guitars.

Guitar

guitarslead guitarbass
The 1935 sales catalog for Tutmarc's company Audiovox featured his "Model 736 Bass Fiddle", a solid-bodied electric bass guitar with four strings, a 30+1/2 in scale length, and a single pickup.
Like the traditional electric bass guitar and the double bass, the acoustic bass guitar commonly has four strings, which are normally tuned E-A-D-G, an octave below the lowest four strings of the 6-string guitar, which is the same tuning pitch as an electric bass guitar.

Clef

treble clefbass cleftreble
The bass guitar is a transposing instrument, as it is notated in bass clef an octave higher than it sounds, to reduce the need for ledger lines in music written for the instrument, and simplify reading.
This clef is used for the cello, euphonium, double bass, bass guitar, bassoon, contrabassoon, trombone, baritone horn, tuba, and timpani.

The Beatles

BeatlesBeatleBeatlesque
The design was eventually known popularly as the "Beatle Bass", due to its endorsement and use by Beatles bassist Paul McCartney.
Led by the band's primary songwriters, Lennon and McCartney, the Beatles built their reputation playing clubs in Liverpool and Hamburg over a three-year period from 1960, initially with Stuart Sutcliffe playing bass.

Höfner 500/1

Hofner 500/1Höfner violin bassHöfner 500/1 violin bass
1956 saw the appearance at the German trade fair "Musikmesse Frankfurt" of the distinctive Höfner 500/1 violin-shaped bass made using violin construction techniques by Walter Höfner, a second-generation violin luthier.
The Höfner 500/1 violin bass (nicknamed the "Beatle bass" or "Cavern bass") is a hollow-bodied bass guitar manufactured by Höfner under several varieties.

Burns London

BurnsBurns of LondonBurns amps
A number of other companies also began manufacturing bass guitars during the 1950s: Kay in 1952, Hofner and Danelectro in 1956, Rickenbacker in 1957 and Burns/Supersound in 1958.
Burns Guitars London is an English manufacturer of electric guitars and bass guitars, founded by Alice Louise Farrell (1908–1993) and James Ormston (Jim) Burns (1925–1998) in 1959.

Rock music

rockrock bandrock musician
With the explosion of the popularity of rock music in the 1960s, many more manufacturers began making electric basses, including Yamaha, Teisco and Guyatone.
Musically, rock has centered on the electric guitar, usually as part of a rock group with electric bass, drums, and one or more singers.

Fender Jazz Bass

Fender JazzJazz BassFender bass
Introduced in 1960, the Fender Jazz Bass, initially known as the "Deluxe Bass", was intended to accompany the Jazzmaster guitar.
The Jazz Bass (or J Bass) is the second model of electric bass created by Leo Fender.

Danelectro

bass guitarCoralDaddy-O
A number of other companies also began manufacturing bass guitars during the 1950s: Kay in 1952, Hofner and Danelectro in 1956, Rickenbacker in 1957 and Burns/Supersound in 1958.
Some of the products manufactured by Danelectro include electric and resonator guitars, basses, electric sitars, amplifiers, pickups, effects units

Fender Bass VI

Fender VIFender 6-string basssix-string bass
The Fender VI, a 6 string bass, was tuned one octave lower than standard guitar tuning.
The Fender Bass VI, originally known as the Fender VI, is a six-string electric bass guitar made by Fender.

Fender Musical Instruments Corporation

FenderFender GuitarsFender bass
The Fender Electric Instrument Manufacturing Company began producing the Precision Bass, or P-Bass, in October 1951.
Fender produces acoustic guitars, bass amplifiers and public address equipment, but is best known for its solid-body electric guitars and bass guitars, particularly the Stratocaster, Telecaster, Precision Bass, and the Jazz Bass.