Batavian Revolution

Patriot revoltFrench eraoverthrown with French assistancerevolt in the Netherlands in 1787termination of the Dutch republic
The Batavian Revolution (De Bataafse Revolutie) was a time of political, social and cultural turmoil at the end of the 18th century that marked the end of the Dutch Republic and saw the proclamation of the Batavian Republic.wikipedia
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Dutch Republic

United ProvincesDutchNetherlands
The Batavian Revolution (De Bataafse Revolutie) was a time of political, social and cultural turmoil at the end of the 18th century that marked the end of the Dutch Republic and saw the proclamation of the Batavian Republic.
The United Provinces of the Netherlands, or simply United Provinces (officially the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands), and commonly referred to historiographically as the Dutch Republic, was a confederal republic formally established from the formal creation of a confederacy in 1581 by several Dutch provinces—seceded from Spanish rule—until the Batavian Revolution of 1795.

County of Holland

HollandCounty of Frisiacounts of Holland
The Patriots held Holland and the city of Utrecht, while the Orangists held the states of Guelders and Utrecht (outside of its capital city).
The County of Holland was a State of the Holy Roman Empire and from 1432 part of the Burgundian Netherlands, from 1482 part of the Habsburg Netherlands and from 1581 onward the leading province of the Dutch Republic, of which it remained a part until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.

William V, Prince of Orange

William VWilliam V of OrangeWillem V
The people of the Netherlands grew increasingly discontent with the authoritarian regime of the stadtholder, William V. In 1785, stadtholder William V fled his palace in the west of the country for Nijmegen in the east, as the States of Holland were not willing to send their troops to fight the Patriots.
A few days later the Batavian Revolution occurred, and the Dutch Republic was replaced with the Batavian Republic.

Orangism (Dutch Republic)

OrangistOrangistsOrangism
Thus, a division emerged between the Orangists, who supported the stadtholder, and the Patriots who, inspired by the ideals of the Enlightenment, desired a more democratic government and a more equal society.
Following the French invasion of the Dutch Republic and the Batavian Revolution in 1795, resulting in the founding of the Batavian Republic, William V, Prince of Orange fled to Britain.

Provisional Representatives of the People of Holland

Provisionele Representanten van het Volk van HollandBatavian" Declaration of the Rights of Man and CitizenProvisionele Representanten van het Volk van Holland
The States of Holland and West Friesland, for instance, were abolished and replaced with the Provisional Representatives of the People of Holland
The Provisional Representatives of the People of Holland (Provisionele Representanten van het Volk van Holland) was the name given to the supreme governing body of the province of Holland, instituted after the Batavian Revolution, during the period in which the Netherlands was transitioning from the constitution under the Dutch Republic to the new constitution of the Batavian Republic.

Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick

Duke of BrunswickCharles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-WolfenbüttelCharles William Ferdinand
On September 13 a Prussian army of 20,000 men under the command of Duke of Brunswick crossed the border.
The goal was to suppress the Patriots of the Batavian Revolution, restoring the authority of the stadtholder William V of the House of Orange.

Patriottentijd

PatriotsPatriotPatriot party
Thus, a division emerged between the Orangists, who supported the stadtholder, and the Patriots who, inspired by the ideals of the Enlightenment, desired a more democratic government and a more equal society. This concentration of wealth led to the formation of the Dutch Patriots by a minor Dutch noble named Joan van der Capellen tot den Pol, who were seeking to reduce the amount of power held by the stadtholder.
Provisional Representatives of the People of Holland during the Batavian Revolution of 1795, that founded the Batavian Republic, was its repeal and ritual burning on 16 February 1795.

William I of the Netherlands

William IKing William IKing William I of the Netherlands
In 1813, the Netherlands regained their independence, with William's son William Frederick as sovereign prince.
After the Patriot revolt had been suppressed in 1787, he in 1788-89 attended the military academy in Brunswick which was considered an excellent military school, together with his brother.

States of Holland and West Friesland

States of HollandEstates of HollandStates
The States of Holland and West Friesland, for instance, were abolished and replaced with the Provisional Representatives of the People of Holland In 1785, stadtholder William V fled his palace in the west of the country for Nijmegen in the east, as the States of Holland were not willing to send their troops to fight the Patriots.
First mentioned in 1428, the States of Holland existed until 1795 when the Batavian Republic was established in the Batavian Revolution.

Batavian Republic

BatavianBataviaDutch
The Batavian Revolution (De Bataafse Revolutie) was a time of political, social and cultural turmoil at the end of the 18th century that marked the end of the Dutch Republic and saw the proclamation of the Batavian Republic.

Fourth Anglo-Dutch War

Fourth Anglo–Dutch War4th Anglo-Dutch Warat war
By the end of the 18th century, the Netherlands found themselves in a deep economic crisis, caused by the devastating Fourth Anglo-Dutch War.

Capital (economics)

capitalcapital flowsinvestment capital
During this time, the banks of the Dutch Republic held much of the world's capital.

Government debt

national debtpublic debtsovereign debt
The government-sponsored banks owned up to 40% of Great Britain's national debt.

Stadtholder

stadholderstadhouderStatthalter
The people of the Netherlands grew increasingly discontent with the authoritarian regime of the stadtholder, William V.

Joan Derk van der Capellen tot den Pol

Joan van der Capellen tot den PolJoan van der Capellen
This concentration of wealth led to the formation of the Dutch Patriots by a minor Dutch noble named Joan van der Capellen tot den Pol, who were seeking to reduce the amount of power held by the stadtholder.

Age of Enlightenment

Enlightenmentthe EnlightenmentFrench Enlightenment
Thus, a division emerged between the Orangists, who supported the stadtholder, and the Patriots who, inspired by the ideals of the Enlightenment, desired a more democratic government and a more equal society.

Exercitiegenootschap

Free Corpscivic militias
The Patriots built support from most of the middle-class, and founded militias (Exercitiegenootschappen) of armed civilians which between 1783 and 1787 managed to take over several cities and regions in an effort to force new elections which would oust the old government officials.

Utrecht

Utrecht, NetherlandsUtrecht (city)city of Utrecht
The Patriots held Holland and the city of Utrecht, while the Orangists held the states of Guelders and Utrecht (outside of its capital city).

Guelders

Duchy of GueldersGelreCounty of Guelders
The Patriots held Holland and the city of Utrecht, while the Orangists held the states of Guelders and Utrecht (outside of its capital city).

Lordship of Utrecht

UtrechtPrince-Bishopric, later Lordship of Utrecht
The Patriots held Holland and the city of Utrecht, while the Orangists held the states of Guelders and Utrecht (outside of its capital city).

Nijmegen

Nijmegen, NetherlandsUlpia Noviomagus BatavorumNoviomagus
In 1785, stadtholder William V fled his palace in the west of the country for Nijmegen in the east, as the States of Holland were not willing to send their troops to fight the Patriots.

Vreeswijk

In May 1787, the stadholder's troops were defeated by the militia of Utrecht near Vreeswijk.

Wilhelmina of Prussia, Princess of Orange

Wilhelmina of PrussiaPrincess Wilhelmina of PrussiaWilhelmina
When Princess Wilhelmina was stopped by patriot militia near Goejanverwellesluis on June 28, 1787, she applied to her brother Frederick William II of Prussia for help.

Goejanverwellesluis

When Princess Wilhelmina was stopped by patriot militia near Goejanverwellesluis on June 28, 1787, she applied to her brother Frederick William II of Prussia for help.

Frederick William II of Prussia

Frederick William IIFriedrich Wilhelm IIKing Frederick William II
When Princess Wilhelmina was stopped by patriot militia near Goejanverwellesluis on June 28, 1787, she applied to her brother Frederick William II of Prussia for help.