Battle axe

battle-axebattleaxeaxewar axebattle-axesBattleaxesweaponZulu Axeaxesbattle ax
A battle axe (also battle-axe, battle ax, or battle-ax) is an axe specifically designed for combat.wikipedia
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Axe

axfire axeaxes
A battle axe (also battle-axe, battle ax, or battle-ax) is an axe specifically designed for combat.
An axe (sometimes ax in American English; [[American and British English spelling differences#Miscellaneous spelling differences|see spelling differences]]) is an implement that has been used for millennia to shape, split and cut wood, to harvest timber, as a weapon, and as a ceremonial or heraldic symbol.

Corded Ware culture

Corded WareBattle Axe cultureSingle Grave culture
The axes proved critical in wood working and became cult objects (see, for example, the entry for the Battle-axe people of Scandinavia, who treated their axes as high-status cultural objects).
Battle Axe culture, or Boat Axe culture, is named from its characteristic grave offering to males, a stone boat-shaped battle axe.

Epsilon axe

epsilon
The epsilon axe was widely used during the Bronze Age by irregular infantry unable to afford better weapons.
The epsilon axe is a type of battle axe named for its similarity to the Greek letter epsilon .

Sagaris

The sagaris—described as either single bitted or double bitted—became associated by the Greeks with the mythological Amazons, though these were generally ceremonial axes rather than practical implements.
The sagaris was a kind of battle-axe, or sometimes war hammer.

Mace (bludgeon)

macemacesflanged mace
The newly invented flanged mace, for example, was no crude bludgeon like its predecessors.
For a heavily armed Persian knight, a mace was as effective as a sword or battle axe.

Tabar (axe)

tabarzinTabar
The tabarzin (, lit. "saddle axe" or "saddle hatchet") is the traditional battle axe of Persia.
The tabar (also called tabarzin, which means "saddle axe" [in persian]) is a type of battle axe.

Labrys

double axedouble axesdouble-headed axe
In the eastern Mediterranean Basin during the Iron Age, the double-bladed labrys axe was prevalent, and a hafted, single-bitted axe made of bronze or later iron was sometimes used as a weapon of war by the heavy infantry of ancient Greece, especially when confronted with thickly-armored opponents.

Halberd

halberdshalberdierhalberdiers
Such medieval polearms as the halberd and the pollaxe were variants of the basic battle-axe form.

Panabas

The panabas is the 19th-century battle axe as well as the chopping tool favored by the Moro tribes of Mindanao.
The panabas, also known as nawi, is a large, forward-curved sword or battle axe used by certain ethnic groups in the southern Philippines.

Dane axe

Danish axeaxeGreat Axe
Axes designed for warfare ranged in weight from just over, and in length from just over to upwards of, as in the case of the Danish axe or the sparth axe.
The Dane axe is an early type of battle axe, primarily used during the transition between the European Viking Age and early Middle Ages.

Henry de Bohun

Sir Henry de Bohun
Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland, used an axe to defeat Henry de Bohun in single combat at the start of the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314.
Riding in the vanguard of heavy cavalry, de Bohun caught sight of the Scottish king who was mounted on a small palfrey (ane gay palfray Li till and joly) armed only with a battle-axe.

Viking Age arms and armour

Viking Age arms and armorViking shieldhelmets from the Viking era
(See entry for Viking Age arms and armor.)
A wealthy Viking would likely have a complete ensemble of a spear, a wooden shield, and either a battle axe or a sword.

Francisca

Francisca battle-axesFrankish axeFrankish throwing axe
Axes could be modified into deadly projectiles as well (see the francisca for an example).

Sword

energy swordswordsbeam sword
Axes were often cheaper than swords and considerably more available.

Splitting maul

maulmaulssplit wood
Battle axes generally weigh far less than modern splitting axes, especially mauls, because they were designed to cut legs and arms rather than wood; consequently, slightly narrow slicing blades are the norm.

Ancient Rome

RomanRomansRome
The crescent-shaped heads of European battle axes of the Roman and post-Roman periods were usually made of wrought iron with a carbon steel edge or, as time elapsed across the many centuries of the medieval era, steel.

Wrought iron

wrought-ironbar ironiron
The crescent-shaped heads of European battle axes of the Roman and post-Roman periods were usually made of wrought iron with a carbon steel edge or, as time elapsed across the many centuries of the medieval era, steel.

Carbon steel

mild steelhigh-tensile steelhigh-carbon steel
The crescent-shaped heads of European battle axes of the Roman and post-Roman periods were usually made of wrought iron with a carbon steel edge or, as time elapsed across the many centuries of the medieval era, steel.

Vikings

VikingNorseDanes
Battle axes are particularly associated in Western popular imagination with the Vikings.

Hand axe

bifacehandaxebifacial
Stone hand axes were in use in the Paleolithic period for hundreds of thousands of years.

Paleolithic

PalaeolithicOld Stone AgePaleolithic Age
Stone hand axes were in use in the Paleolithic period for hundreds of thousands of years.

Mesolithic

Mesolithic periodMesolithic EuropeMesolithic Age
The first hafted stone axes appear to have been produced about 6000 BCE during the Mesolithic period.

Neolithic

Neolithic periodNeolithic AgeNew Stone Age
Technological development continued in the Neolithic period with the much wider usage of hard stones in addition to flint and chert and the widespread use of polishing to improve axe properties.

Flint

flintsgunflintflint stone
Technological development continued in the Neolithic period with the much wider usage of hard stones in addition to flint and chert and the widespread use of polishing to improve axe properties.

Chert

Chertychert miningChert rock
Technological development continued in the Neolithic period with the much wider usage of hard stones in addition to flint and chert and the widespread use of polishing to improve axe properties.