Battle of Breadfield

Battle of KenyérmezőBreadfieldCâmpul PâiniiEkmek Otlak (Câmpul Pâinii)famous 1479 Kenyérmező victory
The Battle of Breadfield (Kenyérmezei csata, Bătălia de la Câmpul Pâinii, Ekmek Otlak Savaşı) was the most tremendous conflict fought in Transylvania up to that time in the Ottoman–Hungarian Wars taking place on October 13, 1479, on the Breadfield Zsibód (Şibot) near the Mureş River.wikipedia
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Breadfield

Câmpul PâiniiKenyérmező
The Battle of Breadfield (Kenyérmezei csata, Bătălia de la Câmpul Pâinii, Ekmek Otlak Savaşı) was the most tremendous conflict fought in Transylvania up to that time in the Ottoman–Hungarian Wars taking place on October 13, 1479, on the Breadfield Zsibód (Şibot) near the Mureş River.
In 1479 the Hungarians scored a victory over the Ottoman Army in the Battle of Breadfield (near Șibot).

Pál Kinizsi

Paul KinizsiKinizsiPavel Chinezul
The Hungarian army was led by Pál Kinizsi, István Báthory, Vuk Branković, and Basarab Laiotă cel Bătrân. The hero of the battle was Pál Kinizsi, the legendary Hungarian general and a man of Herculean strength in the service of Matthias Corvinus' Black Army of Hungary. When King Matthias was alerted, in the Edict of Gragnica (July.11.), he ordered Stephen V Báthory, the Voivode of Transylvania and his general Pál Kinizsi to mobilize.
He is famous for his victory over the Ottomans in the Battle of Breadfield in October 1479.

Kingdom of Hungary

HungaryHungarianHungarian Kingdom
The result of the battle was an important victory for the Kingdom of Hungary and the Serbian Despotate.
In 1479, under the leadership of Pál Kinizsi, the Hungarian army destroyed the Ottoman and Wallachian troops at the Battle of Breadfield.

Ottoman–Hungarian wars

Ottoman-Hungarian WarsTurkish invasionOttoman Wars
The Battle of Breadfield (Kenyérmezei csata, Bătălia de la Câmpul Pâinii, Ekmek Otlak Savaşı) was the most tremendous conflict fought in Transylvania up to that time in the Ottoman–Hungarian Wars taking place on October 13, 1479, on the Breadfield Zsibód (Şibot) near the Mureş River.
In 1479 an Ottoman army, on its return home from ravaging Transylvania, was annihilated at Szászváros (modern Orăştie, 13 October 1479) in the Battle of Breadfield.

Vuk Grgurević

Vuk Grgurević BrankovićZmaj Ognjeni VukVuk
The Hungarian army was led by Pál Kinizsi, István Báthory, Vuk Branković, and Basarab Laiotă cel Bătrân.
In 1479, along with Dmitar Jakšić, he led Serbian light cavalry squadrons in Battle of Breadfield, near Zsibót.

Basarab Țepeluș cel Tânăr

Basarab Ţepeluş cel TânărBasarab ȚepelușBasarab cel Tânăr
Koca Bey was obliged into the campaign by the insistence of Basarab cel Tânăr, a Wallachian prince, who himself brought 1,000–2,000 infantry to the cause.
Basarab IV brought approx.: 2,000 infantry to the campaign, and with help from Hungarians defeated the combined forces of Wallachia and the Ottomans at the Battle of Breadfield.

Basarab Laiotă cel Bătrân

Basarab LaiotăBasarab IIIBasarab III Laiotă
The Hungarian army was led by Pál Kinizsi, István Báthory, Vuk Branković, and Basarab Laiotă cel Bătrân.
In 1479 he joined in the Battle of Breadfield, and died in December 1480.

Black Army of Hungary

Black ArmyCorvinus' armyFekete Sereg
The hero of the battle was Pál Kinizsi, the legendary Hungarian general and a man of Herculean strength in the service of Matthias Corvinus' Black Army of Hungary.
It was a standing mercenary army that conquered large parts of Austria (including the capital Vienna in 1485) and more than half of the Crown of Bohemia (Moravia, Silesia and both Lusatias), the other important victory of the army was won against the Ottomans at the Battle of Breadfield in 1479.

Ottoman–Venetian War (1463–1479)

First Ottoman–Venetian WarOttoman–Venetian WarOttoman–Venetian War of 1463–1479
After the Ottoman–Venetian War (1463–79) in the spring of 1479, a major Ottoman army convened under Szendrő, above all, Akıncıs.
After the Venetian War the Ottomans attacked Hungary, but their army was defeated in the Battle of Breadfield.

Hungary

HungarianHUNRepublic of Hungary
The Breadfield battle was a great psychological victory for the Hungarians, and as a result the Ottoman Turks did not attack southern Hungary and Transylvania for many years thereafter.
Under his rule, in 1479, the Hungarian army destroyed the Ottoman and Wallachian troops at the Battle of Breadfield.

Matthias Corvinus

Matthias Corvinus of HungaryKing MatthiasMatthias I
The hero of the battle was Pál Kinizsi, the legendary Hungarian general and a man of Herculean strength in the service of Matthias Corvinus' Black Army of Hungary. When King Matthias was alerted, in the Edict of Gragnica (July.11.), he ordered Stephen V Báthory, the Voivode of Transylvania and his general Pál Kinizsi to mobilize.
Stephen Báthory and Paul Kinizsi annihilated the marauders in the Battle of Breadfield on 13 October.

Mihaloğlu Ali Bey

Ali Bey MihaloğluAli BeyAli Beg Mihaloglu
Ali bey was forced to retreat.
He led his army over the Szászsebes region, pillaged Gyulafehérvár, but was stopped by Pál Kinizsi in the Battle of Breadfield.

Jakšić noble family

Dmitar JakšićJakšić familyDmitar
In 1479, Dmitar participated in the Battle of Breadfield with some 900 Serbs, the outcome was a decisive Hungarian victory.

Transylvania

TransylvanianTransilvaniaSiebenbürgen
The Battle of Breadfield (Kenyérmezei csata, Bătălia de la Câmpul Pâinii, Ekmek Otlak Savaşı) was the most tremendous conflict fought in Transylvania up to that time in the Ottoman–Hungarian Wars taking place on October 13, 1479, on the Breadfield Zsibód (Şibot) near the Mureş River.

Șibot

Balomiru de CâmpŞibotBăcăinți
The Battle of Breadfield (Kenyérmezei csata, Bătălia de la Câmpul Pâinii, Ekmek Otlak Savaşı) was the most tremendous conflict fought in Transylvania up to that time in the Ottoman–Hungarian Wars taking place on October 13, 1479, on the Breadfield Zsibód (Şibot) near the Mureş River.

Stephen V Báthory

Stephen BáthoryStefan BáthoryBáthory István
The Hungarian army was led by Pál Kinizsi, István Báthory, Vuk Branković, and Basarab Laiotă cel Bătrân. When King Matthias was alerted, in the Edict of Gragnica (July.11.), he ordered Stephen V Báthory, the Voivode of Transylvania and his general Pál Kinizsi to mobilize.

Serbian Despotate

Despot of SerbiaSerbian DespotSerbia
The result of the battle was an important victory for the Kingdom of Hungary and the Serbian Despotate.

Vojvodina

Autonomous Province of VojvodinaVoivodinaAP Vojvodina
Turkish marauders attacked Transylvania and Vojvodina several times between 1474 and 1475.

Szendrő

Szendro
After the Ottoman–Venetian War (1463–79) in the spring of 1479, a major Ottoman army convened under Szendrő, above all, Akıncıs.

Akinji

Akıncıakinciakinjis
After the Ottoman–Venetian War (1463–79) in the spring of 1479, a major Ottoman army convened under Szendrő, above all, Akıncıs.

Voivode

vojvodavoivodvoyevoda
When King Matthias was alerted, in the Edict of Gragnica (July.11.), he ordered Stephen V Báthory, the Voivode of Transylvania and his general Pál Kinizsi to mobilize.

Câlnic, Alba

CâlnicKellingKelnek (Câlnic)
The Ottoman army entered Transylvania on October 9, near Kelnek (Câlnic), led by Ali Koca Bey.

Market town

market rightsmarketmarket charter
The Akıncıs attacked a few villages, homesteads and market towns, taking a number of Hungarians, Vlachs and Saxons captive.

Infantry

infantry regimentinfantrymanP.
Koca Bey was obliged into the campaign by the insistence of Basarab cel Tânăr, a Wallachian prince, who himself brought 1,000–2,000 infantry to the cause.