Battle of Chaffin's Farm

Union assault on Fort Harrison, September 29 (after a sketch by William Waud)
Map of the action at New Market Heights
Company I of the 36th Colored Regiment, which served in the Battle of Chaffin's Farm.
James H. Harris, of the 38th Colored Infantry Unit, who earned the Medal of Honor for his actions in the Battle of Chaffin's Farm.

Fought in Virginia on September 29–30, 1864, as part of the siege of Petersburg in the American Civil War.

- Battle of Chaffin's Farm

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Army of the James

Union Army that was composed of units from the Department of Virginia and North Carolina and served along the James River during the final operations of the American Civil War in Virginia.

Negro quarters, Army of the James

Butler's only major success as commander of the army was in September 1864 at the Battle of Chaffin's Farm, in which the army took a significant portion of the Confederate works guarding Richmond, including Fort Harrison.

XVIII Corps (Union Army)

North Carolina corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Union Army 1st Division Badge, XVIII Corps
The war in Virginia - the 18th Army Corps storming a fort on the right of the Rebel line before Petersburg, June 15

Charles A. Heckman briefly commanded the corps following the wounding of General Ord during the Battle of Chaffin's Farm.

Alfred Terry

Union general in the American Civil War and the military commander of the Dakota Territory from 1866 to 1869 and again from 1872 to 1886.

Maj. Gen. Alfred Terry (painting/excerpt 1890): leading the Union Army to capture Fort Fisher in January 1865.
Alfred Terry after the war
Terry as he appears at the Cape Fear Museum in Wilmington, North Carolina, near which he captured Fort Fisher in 1865.

Once the Siege of Petersburg began, Terry continued to fight in the battles north of the James River, notably at the Battle of New Market Heights.

Siege of Petersburg

Series of battles around Petersburg, Virginia, fought from June 9, 1864, to March 25, 1865, during the American Civil War.

The "Dictator" siege mortar at Petersburg. In the foreground, the figure on the right is Brig. Gen. Henry J. Hunt, chief of artillery of the Army of the Potomac.
Fredericksburg, Virginia; May 1863. Soldiers in the trenches. Trench warfare would appear again more infamously in World War I
A portion of the 4th USCT Infantry
Siege of Petersburg, assaults on June 15–18
Siege of Petersburg, movements against the railroads and A.P. Hill's counterattack, June 21–22
Wilson–Kautz Raid, June 22 – July 1
"Dictator" siege mortar on the U.S. Military Railroad at Petersburg
First Battle of Deep Bottom, July 27–29
Siege of Petersburg, Battle of the Crater, July 30
Sketch of the explosion seen from the Union line.
Second Battle of Deep Bottom, August 14–20
Siege of Petersburg, capture of the Weldon Railroad, August 18–19
Siege of Petersburg, actions on October 27
Siege of Petersburg, actions preceding Five Forks
Grant's final assaults and Lee's retreat (start of the Appomattox Campaign)
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Fascine Trench Breastworks, Petersburg, Va. – NARA – 524792. Although identified as Confederate Trenches this is actually Union Fort Sedgwick aka "Fort Hell" which was opposite Fort Mahone aka "Fort Damnation"<ref>Civil War talk Forum</ref>
Union Army 9th Corps attacking Fort Mahone aka "Fort Damanation" sketch by Alfred Ward.
Confederate artilleryman killed during the final Union assault against the trenches at Petersburg. Photo by Thomas C. Roche, April 3, 1865.<ref>Frassanito, p. 360.</ref><ref>See website Petersburg Project on location of Many of the Roche photographs at Petersburg April 1865</ref> Although prints of this picture list it as being taken at Ft Mahone, historians at the "Petersburg Project" believe it was taken at Confederate Battery 25<ref>Dead Artilleryman comments Petersburg Project</ref>
Smoke is still rising from the ruins of Richmond, Virginia after surrendering on April 3, 1865 following the Union victory at the siege of Petersburg. Union cavalry mounts with carbines visible are hitched in the foreground.

It also featured the war's largest concentration of African-American troops, who suffered heavy casualties at such engagements as the Battle of the Crater and Chaffin's Farm.

American Battlefield Trust

Charitable organization (3)) whose primary focus is in the preservation of battlefields of the American Civil War, the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812 through acquisition of battlefield land.

Jim Lighthizer at Slaughter Pen Farm
CWPT Preserved Land at Chancellorsville
A billboard drawing attention to the proposed casino at Gettysburg
Volunteers help clean up the battlefields on Park Day

87 acre at New Market Heights, Virginia

Battle of Peebles's Farm

The western part of a simultaneous Union offensive against the Confederate works guarding Petersburg and Richmond, Virginia, during the Siege of Petersburg in the American Civil War.

5th Corps attacking a Confederate fort, September 30th
Map of Peebles' Farm Battlefield core and study areas by the American Battlefield Protection Program.

The eastern attack would be carried out by the Army of the James under Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler against the Confederate works at Chaffin's Farm.

United States Colored Troops

The United States Colored Troops (USCT) were regiments in the United States Army composed primarily of African-American (colored) soldiers, although members of other minority groups also served within the units.

USCT recruiting poster
USCT soldiers at an abandoned farmhouse in Dutch Gap, Virginia, 1864
Colored Troops singing "John Brown's Body" as they marched into Charleston, South Carolina, in February 1865. Note the attitude of the local population, and the white officers.
Union soldier in uniform with family; he has been identified as Sgt. Samuel Smith of the 119th USCT
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Escaped slave, Gordon (also called "Whipped Peter"), in USCT uniform
Captain Francis Jackson Meriam, 3rd South Carolina Colored Infantry
U.S. Colored Troops medal issued by General Benjamin Butler
African-American corporal (United States Colored Troops)outside 8 Whitehall Street, Atlanta, a slave auction house; Fall 1864
Printed broadside, calling all men of color to arms, 1863
Sgt Major Christian Fleetwood. Civil War, Medal of Honor recipient
3rd US Colored Troops banner {obverse}
22th US Colored Troops banner
24th US Colored Troops banner
26th US Colored Troops banner
27th US Colored Troops banner
45th US Colored Troops banner
Harriet Tubman with family and ex-slaves; sitting at left is Tubmans 2nd husband Nelson Davis (8th USCT veteran)

Fourteen African-American soldiers, including Sergeant Major Christian Fleetwood and Sergeant Alfred B. Hilton (mortally wounded) of the 4th USCT, were awarded the Medal of Honor for their actions at the Battle of Chaffin's Farm in September 1864, during the campaign to take Petersburg.

Edward Ord

American engineer and United States Army officer who saw action in the Seminole War, the Indian Wars, and the American Civil War.

Edward O. C. Ord and his family
Edward Ord
Grave of Edward Ord in Arlington National Cemetery

In the fall of 1864 he was seriously wounded in the attack on Fort Harrison and did not return to action until January 1865.

Medal of Honor

United States government's highest and most prestigious military decoration that may be awarded to recognize American soldiers, sailors, marines, airmen, guardians, and coast guardsmen who have distinguished themselves by acts of valor.

Medals of honor of the three military departments
All three Military Department medals together
Medal of Honor (without the suspension ribbon) awarded to Seaman John Ortega in 1864.
Medal of Honor awarded posthumously in 1866 to John Morehead Scott, one of the Andrews Raiders
Service ribbon
Lapel button
Medal of Honor Flag
President Calvin Coolidge bestowing the Medal of Honor upon Henry Breault, March 8, 1924
Medal of Honor monument and Medal of Honor headstones of the Civil War recipients of "Andrews Raid" at the Chattanooga National Cemetery in Chattanooga, Tennessee.
Medal of Honor gravemarker of Jimmie W. Monteith at the Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial
Medal of Honor headstone of James H. Robinson at the Memphis National Cemetery
Admiral Eric T. Olson salutes Sergeant First Class Leroy Petry at a ceremony at The Pentagon (July 2011)
William Harvey Carney, wearing his Medal of Honor
A Medal of Honor monument at the Texas State Cemetery in Austin, Texas
1862–95 Army version
1896–1903 Army version
1904–44 Army version
Post 1944 Army version
1862–1912 Navy version
1913–42 Navy version
1919–42 Navy "Tiffany Cross" version
Post 1942 Navy version

The first black recipients of the Medal of Honor were sixteen Army soldiers and sixteen Navy sailors that fought during the Civil War. The first award was announced on April 6, 1865, to twelve black soldiers from the five regiments of U.S. Colored Troops who fought at New Market Heights outside of Richmond on September 29, 1864. The first black man to earn the Medal of Honor was William Harvey Carney. He earned the Medal during the Battle of Ft Wagner, but was not presented with it until 1900.

Benjamin Butler

American major general of the Union Army, politician, lawyer and businessman from Massachusetts.

Portrait by Mathew Brady
Engraving depicting the Baltimore riot of 1861
Map of Fort Monroe, 1862
Contemporary drawing of military movements in the Battle of Big Bethel, by Alfred Waud
Portrait of Butler in his Union Army uniform, Brady-Handy 1862–1865
Benjamin Franklin Butler
Illustration of Butler (left) delivering the opening remarks of the prosecution during the impeachment trial of Andrew Johnson
Harper's Weekly illustration by Thomas Nast in 1874 with helpless baby "Boston"
Butler's memorial at the Hildreth family cemetery in Lowell, Massachusetts

At the Battle of Chaffin's Farm (sometimes also called the Battle of New Market Heights, the USCT troops performed extremely well.