Battle of Chlumec

War of succession to the Duchy of Bohemia1126Battle of KulmSecond Battle of Chlumec
The Battle of Chlumec was the culmination of a 12th-century war of succession in the Duchy of Bohemia.wikipedia
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Soběslav I, Duke of Bohemia

Soběslav ISoběslav I of BohemiaSoběslav
The Bohemian forces led by Duke Soběslav I defeated an Imperial contingent of troops under King Lothair III of Germany and his Moravian ally Duke Otto II the Black.
On 18 February 1126, the German and Moravian troops under Lothair met the Bohemian forces at the Battle of Chlumec, a frontier fortress at the border with the March of Meissen.

Přemyslid dynasty

PřemyslidPřemyslidsPremyslid dynasty
Since Duke Bretislaus I of Bohemia had implemented the inheritance principle of agnatic seniority in the 11th century, the order of succession in Bohemia, many rivalling scions of the ramified Přemyslid dynasty waged war against each other.
Vratislav's son Sobeslaus I destroyed the Imperial army of King Lothar III in the Battle of Chlumec in 1126.

Otto II the Black

OttoOtto II ''the BlackOtto the Black
The Bohemian forces led by Duke Soběslav I defeated an Imperial contingent of troops under King Lothair III of Germany and his Moravian ally Duke Otto II the Black.
Both sides met in the Battle of Chlumec on 18 February 1126: Lothair's forces were decisively defeated and Otto was killed in action.

Albert the Bear

Albert I of BrandenburgAlbert IAlbrecht the Bear
Otto fell in action, and Lothair was captured with many of his liensmen like Margrave Albert the Bear and Landgrave Louis I of Thuringia.
Albert was a loyal vassal of his relation, Lothar I, Duke of Saxony, from whom, about 1123, he received the Margraviate of Lusatia, to the east; after Lothar became King of the Germans, he accompanied him on a disastrous expedition to Bohemia against the upstart, Soběslav I, Duke of Bohemia in 1126 at the Battle of Kulm, where he suffered a short imprisonment.

Jílové

Eulau
As the thaw set in, Lothair on February 18 crossed the Bohemian border at the Nakléřov Pass with his army and met Sobeslav's troops either near Chlumec or in the vicinity of the Lotarův vrch ("Lothair Mountain") near Jílové.
The nearby Lotarův vrch mountain may already had been the site of the 1126 Battle of Chlumec between Duke Soběslav I of Bohemia and King Lothair III of Germany, whose exact location is unknown.

Říp Mountain

Říphistorical mountain Rip
To commemorate his victory, he had a rotunda built on top of the Říp Mountain and consecrated by the Olomuc bishop Jindřich Zdík, one of the oldest Czech national monuments.
This is mentioned for the first time in 1126, when Soběslav I, Duke of Bohemia, commemorating his victory at the Battle of Chlumec, where he defeated Holy Roman Emperor Lothair III, had the rotunda repaired and extended by the western circular tower.

Duchy of Bohemia

BohemiaBohemianHistory of the Czech lands in the Middle Ages
The Battle of Chlumec was the culmination of a 12th-century war of succession in the Duchy of Bohemia.

Chlumec (Ústí nad Labem District)

ChlumecKulmChlumec u Chabařovic
It occurred on 18 February 1126 in the vicinity of the village of Chlumec (Kulm) near Chabařovice on the southern slopes of the Eastern Ore Mountains.

Chabařovice

ChabaroviceKarbitz
It occurred on 18 February 1126 in the vicinity of the village of Chlumec (Kulm) near Chabařovice on the southern slopes of the Eastern Ore Mountains.

Eastern Ore Mountains

OsterzgebirgeEastern Ore Mountain region (''"Osterzgebirge"'')östlichen Erzgebirges
It occurred on 18 February 1126 in the vicinity of the village of Chlumec (Kulm) near Chabařovice on the southern slopes of the Eastern Ore Mountains.

Holy Roman Empire

ImperialHoly Roman EmperorGermany
The Bohemian forces led by Duke Soběslav I defeated an Imperial contingent of troops under King Lothair III of Germany and his Moravian ally Duke Otto II the Black.

Lothair III, Holy Roman Emperor

Lothair IIILothair of SupplinburgEmperor Lothair II
The Bohemian forces led by Duke Soběslav I defeated an Imperial contingent of troops under King Lothair III of Germany and his Moravian ally Duke Otto II the Black.

Moravia

Habsburg MoraviaMoravianMorava
The Bohemian forces led by Duke Soběslav I defeated an Imperial contingent of troops under King Lothair III of Germany and his Moravian ally Duke Otto II the Black.

Bretislav I

Bretislaus IBretislaus I of BohemiaBretislaus I, Duke of Bohemia
Since Duke Bretislaus I of Bohemia had implemented the inheritance principle of agnatic seniority in the 11th century, the order of succession in Bohemia, many rivalling scions of the ramified Přemyslid dynasty waged war against each other.

Agnatic seniority

agnaticseniorityAgnatic succession
Since Duke Bretislaus I of Bohemia had implemented the inheritance principle of agnatic seniority in the 11th century, the order of succession in Bohemia, many rivalling scions of the ramified Přemyslid dynasty waged war against each other.

Order of succession

successionline of successionsuccession laws
Since Duke Bretislaus I of Bohemia had implemented the inheritance principle of agnatic seniority in the 11th century, the order of succession in Bohemia, many rivalling scions of the ramified Přemyslid dynasty waged war against each other.

Prague Castle

PragueCastle of PraguePražský hrad
The claimants to the Prague throne sought for formal recognition by the Holy Roman Emperor, actually, the accession required the active support by the Bohemian nobility.

Holy Roman Emperor

EmperorHoly Roman EmperorsImperial
The claimants to the Prague throne sought for formal recognition by the Holy Roman Emperor, actually, the accession required the active support by the Bohemian nobility.

Vladislaus I, Duke of Bohemia

Vladislav IVladislaus IVladislaus I of Bohemia
The Přemyslid duke Vladislaus I of Bohemia, ruling since 1109, likewise had to struggle to consolidate his authority, defying the claims raised by his brother Bořivoj II who had reached his enfeoffment by Emperor Henry IV in 1101.

Bořivoj II, Duke of Bohemia

Bořivoj IIBorivoj II of BohemiaBořivoj II of Bohemia
The Přemyslid duke Vladislaus I of Bohemia, ruling since 1109, likewise had to struggle to consolidate his authority, defying the claims raised by his brother Bořivoj II who had reached his enfeoffment by Emperor Henry IV in 1101.

Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor

Henry IVEmperor Henry IVHenry IV of Germany
The Přemyslid duke Vladislaus I of Bohemia, ruling since 1109, likewise had to struggle to consolidate his authority, defying the claims raised by his brother Bořivoj II who had reached his enfeoffment by Emperor Henry IV in 1101.

Olomouc

OlmützOlmutzOlomouc, Czech Republic
When Vladislaus died in 1125 his succession was disputed among his surviving brother Soběslav I and his Moravian cousin Otto II, duke in Olomouc and Brno.

Brno

BrünnBrno, Czech RepublicBrunn
When Vladislaus died in 1125 his succession was disputed among his surviving brother Soběslav I and his Moravian cousin Otto II, duke in Olomouc and Brno.

Richeza of Berg

Richeza
Otto could appeal to the agnatic seniority principle, he also reached the support of Vladislaus' widow Richeza of Berg and King Lothair III.

Duchy of Bavaria

BavariaBavarianDukes of Bavaria
In November 1125 King Lothair met with Bavarian nobles in Regensburg.