Battle of Dara

Daraagainst the Persiansbattle of Dara in 530Dara, Battle of
The Battle of Dara was fought between the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire and the Sassanids in 530.wikipedia
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Kavad I

Kavadh IKavadKavadh
The Byzantine Empire was at war with the Sassanids from 527, supposedly because Kavadh I had tried to force the Iberians to become Zoroastrians.
Although Kavad's forces suffered two notable losses at Dara and Satala, the war was largely indecisive, with both sides suffering heavy losses.

Belisarius

Flavius BelisariusGeneral BelisariusBelisarius invades Africa
This failed to satisfy Kavadh, who attacked Byzantine allies, so Justin sent his generals Sittas and Belisarius into Persia, where they were initially defeated.
He also won an important battle against the Persians at Dara but was defeated at Callinicum.

Dara (Mesopotamia)

DaraDarasDara Syrorum of the Syriacs
In 529, the failed negotiations of Justin's successor Justinian prompted a Sassanian expedition of 40,000 men towards Dara.
Because of its great strategic importance, it featured prominently in the Roman-Persian conflicts of the 6th century, with the famous Battle of Dara taking place before its walls in 530.

Justinian I

JustinianEmperor JustinianJustinian the Great
In 529, the failed negotiations of Justin's successor Justinian prompted a Sassanian expedition of 40,000 men towards Dara.
In 530 the Persian forces suffered a double defeat at Dara and Satala, but the next year saw the defeat of Roman forces under Belisarius near Callinicum.

Iberian War

warcampaignIberian
It was one of the battles of the Iberian War.
In 530, Belisarius led the Romans to victory over a much larger Persian force under Mihran through his superior generalship in the Battle of Dara, while Sittas and Dorotheus were defeated and a Persian army under Mihr-Mihroe was defeated at the Battle of Satala.

Perozes

Mihran
The next year, Belisarius was sent back to the region alongside Hermogenes and an army; Kavadh answered with another 10,000 troops under the general Perozes, who set up camp about five kilometers away at Ammodius.
Perozes (Περόζης, from Middle Persian Pērōz) was the Sassanid Persian general opposing the Byzantines under Belisarius at the Battle of Dara (530).

Hermogenes (magister officiorum)

Hermogenes
The next year, Belisarius was sent back to the region alongside Hermogenes and an army; Kavadh answered with another 10,000 troops under the general Perozes, who set up camp about five kilometers away at Ammodius.
Hermogenes shared command with Belisarius during the subsequent Battle of Dara, which ended in a major Byzantine victory.

Zhayedan

ImmortalImmortals
The Persians then attacked the Byzantine right wing, where Perozes sent the Sassanid Zhayedan, also known as the Immortals, who were the elite Persian armored lancers.
Their appearances include the Battle of Dara, the Battle of Thannuris, the Battle of Avarayr, Battle of the Bridge, and the Battle of al-Qādisiyyah.

Battle of Callinicum

Callinicumbattleensuing battle
Belisarius foiled their plan by swift maneuvering and forced the Persians, who were retreating, into a heavy battle at Callinicum in which the Byzantines were defeated, but with heavy casualties on both sides.
After a defeat at the Battle of Dara, the Sasanians moved to invade Syria in an attempt to turn the tide of the war.

Sunicas

Supporting them on their interior flanks were small bodies of Huns: 300 Hun cavalry under Sunicas and Aigan supporting the left; and as many more Huns on the right under Simmas and Ascan.
In this capacity, he participated at the great Byzantine victory in the Battle of Dara in June 530, where, along with Aigan, he commanded a 600-strong unit of Hun cavalry stationed on the Byzantine left flank.

Pharas the Herulian

PharasPharus
Belisarius also placed a body of Heruli cavalry under Pharas in ambush position off of his left flank.
In 530, Procopius related, Varas and his forces supported Rome at Dara against a Persian invasion against Byzantium (526-530).

Azarethes

Following the defeat, the Sasanians under Spahbod Azarethes together with their client Lakhmids started another invasion, this time, unexpectedly, via Commagene.
According to the account of Procopius (De bello Persico, I.18), Azarethes was placed in command of the Persian army in Mesopotamia after the Persian defeat in the Battle of Dara in 530.

Sasanian Empire

SassanidSasanianSassanid Empire
The Battle of Dara was fought between the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire and the Sassanids in 530.
The army was met by the Roman general Belisarius, and, though superior in numbers, was defeated at the Battle of Dara.

Baresmanas

Baresmanes
He is known only from his participation in the Battle of Dara in 530 against the Byzantines led by Belisarius, recorded by Procopius of Caesarea.

Time Commanders

It was depicted in 2005 in the TV series Time Commanders.

Byzantine Empire

ByzantineEastern Roman EmpireByzantines
The Battle of Dara was fought between the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire and the Sassanids in 530.

Kingdom of Iberia (antiquity)

IberiaKingdom of IberiaIberian
The Byzantine Empire was at war with the Sassanids from 527, supposedly because Kavadh I had tried to force the Iberians to become Zoroastrians.

Zoroastrianism

ZoroastrianZoroastriansZoroastrian religion
The Byzantine Empire was at war with the Sassanids from 527, supposedly because Kavadh I had tried to force the Iberians to become Zoroastrians.

Justin I

JustinEmperor JustinEmperor Justin I
The Iberian king fled from Kavadh, but Kavadh tried to make peace with the Byzantines, and attempted to have Justin I adopt his son Khosrau.

Sittas

This failed to satisfy Kavadh, who attacked Byzantine allies, so Justin sent his generals Sittas and Belisarius into Persia, where they were initially defeated.

Battlement

embattledcrenellatedcastellated
Here he placed his unreliable infantry behind the center ditch, being placed close enough to the walls of the fortress to provide supporting fire from the city battlements.

Herules

HeruliHerulsHerulian
Belisarius also placed a body of Heruli cavalry under Pharas in ambush position off of his left flank.

Bucellarii

Bucellariusbodyguard regimentBoukellarioi
A reserve composed of his own bucellarii household cavalry was held behind his center and commanded by John the Armenian, his trusted lieutenant and boyhood friend.

Nusaybin

NisibisNisibinNasibin
On the second day of the battle, 10,000 more Persian troops arrived from Nisibis.

Spahbed

ispahbadhSpahbodIspahbad
Following the defeat, the Sasanians under Spahbod Azarethes together with their client Lakhmids started another invasion, this time, unexpectedly, via Commagene.