Battle of Fort Cumberland

Eddy RebellionFort CumberlandSiege of Fort Cumberlandattempt to capture Fort CumberlandAmerican Revolutionarybeen besiegedcapture Fort CumberlandFort Cumberland during the Eddy Rebellionlaid siege to Fort Cumberlandsiege of nearby Fort Cumberland
The Battle of Fort Cumberland (also known as the Eddy Rebellion) was an attempt by a small number of militia commanded by Jonathan Eddy to bring the American Revolutionary War to Nova Scotia in late 1776.wikipedia
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Nova Scotia

NSNova Scotia, CanadaNova Scotian
The Battle of Fort Cumberland (also known as the Eddy Rebellion) was an attempt by a small number of militia commanded by Jonathan Eddy to bring the American Revolutionary War to Nova Scotia in late 1776.
Initially, Nova Scotia—"the 14th American Colony" as some called it—displayed ambivalence over whether the colony should join the more southern colonies in their defiance of Britain, and rebellion flared at the Battle of Fort Cumberland (1776) and at the Siege of Saint John (1777).

American Revolutionary War

Revolutionary WarAmerican War of IndependenceAmerican Revolution
The Battle of Fort Cumberland (also known as the Eddy Rebellion) was an attempt by a small number of militia commanded by Jonathan Eddy to bring the American Revolutionary War to Nova Scotia in late 1776.
They continued in 1776 at Canso and then a land assault on Fort Cumberland.

Jonathan Eddy

The Battle of Fort Cumberland (also known as the Eddy Rebellion) was an attempt by a small number of militia commanded by Jonathan Eddy to bring the American Revolutionary War to Nova Scotia in late 1776.
He led a failed attempt to capture Fort Cumberland in 1776 and was forced to retreat to Massachusetts, the place of his birth.

Royal Fencible American Regiment

Royal Fencible Americans
The fort's defenders, the Royal Fencible American Regiment led by Joseph Goreham, a veteran of the French and Indian War, successfully repelled several attempts by Eddy's militia to storm the fort, and the siege was ultimately relieved when the RFA plus Royal Marine reinforcements drove off the besiegers on November 29.
The most notable achievement of the RFA (and its only combat as a regiment) was the successful defense of Fort Cumberland during the Eddy Rebellion in November, 1776, which prevented the revolution in the other American colonies from moving into Nova Scotia.

Fort Beauséjour

Fort CumberlandFort BeausejourFort Beauséjour – Fort Cumberland National Historic Site
With minimal logistical support from Massachusetts and four to five hundred volunteer militia and Natives, Eddy attempted to besiege and storm Fort Cumberland in central Nova Scotia (near the present-day border between Nova Scotia and New Brunswick) in November 1776.
The fort played an important role in the Anglo-French rivalry of 1749-63 and in the 1776 Battle of Fort Cumberland when sympathisers of the American Revolution were repulsed.

Loyalist (American Revolution)

LoyalistLoyalistsTories
The successful defense of Fort Cumberland preserved the territorial integrity of the British Maritime possessions, and Nova Scotia remained loyal throughout the war.
Britain in any case built up powerful forces at the naval base of Halifax after the failure of Jonathan Eddy to capture Fort Cumberland in 1776.

The Maritimes

MaritimesMaritime ProvincesCanadian Maritimes
The successful defense of Fort Cumberland preserved the territorial integrity of the British Maritime possessions, and Nova Scotia remained loyal throughout the war.
The largest military action in the Maritimes during the revolutionary war was the attack on Fort Cumberland (the renamed Fort Beausejour) in 1776 by a force of American sympathizers led by Jonathan Eddy.

Miꞌkmaq

Mi'kmaqMicmacMi'kmaq people
Patriots in these communities were in contact with each other, and those of Cumberland and Maugerville were active in trying to interest nearby natives (Passamaquoddy, Maliseet, and Mi'kmaq) in their cause.
They participated in the Maugerville Rebellion and the Battle of Fort Cumberland in 1776.

Battle of Fort Beauséjour

Battle of BeausejourBattle of Fort Beausejourcaptured Fort Beauséjour
Won from the French in the Battle of Fort Beauséjour in 1755, the fortifications had been minimally garrisoned by the British after the Seven Years' War and abandoned in 1768.
The fort would face another siege with the 1776 Battle of Fort Cumberland during the American Revolution.

Joseph Goreham

Joseph GorhamGorham's RangersMajor Joseph Gorham
The fort's defenders, the Royal Fencible American Regiment led by Joseph Goreham, a veteran of the French and Indian War, successfully repelled several attempts by Eddy's militia to storm the fort, and the siege was ultimately relieved when the RFA plus Royal Marine reinforcements drove off the besiegers on November 29.
He also fought in the American Revolution, leading the Royal Fencible American Regiment and was also noted as the commander of British forces victorious at Fort Cumberland in 1776.

Maugerville

Maugerville, New BrunswickMaugerville RebellionMaugerville Parish
The other major areas of Patriot activity were Maugerville in the St. John River valley of Sunbury County (present-day New Brunswick), and Cobequid, and there were also pockets of activity in Pictou and the Passamaquoddy Bay area, which separates present-day Maine and New Brunswick.
(Shortly after, the rebellion continued at the nearby Battle of Fort Cumberland.) In 1779, Maugerville was raided again by Maliseets working with John Allan in Machias, Maine.

Windsor, Nova Scotia

WindsorTown of WindsorTownship of Windsor
Goreham heightened the guard on the fort, but did not immediately attempt to notify Halifax or Windsor, since he was uncertain what routes away from the fort might have been blocked by Eddy.
A relief force was mustered at Windsor to crush the American-led siege at the Battle of Fort Cumberland in 1776.

Sackville, New Brunswick

SackvilleSackville, NB Sackville
This enlarged force marched to Sackville, where more settlers joined the force, swelling it (by Eddy's account) to about 180 men.
When the American War of Independence broke out in 1775, many of the American settlers in the area were sympathetic with the Americans, and rebels led by Jonathan Eddy laid siege to Fort Cumberland.

Battle of Machias (1777)

Battle of Machiasthe attacka Royal Navy raid
Commodore Collier followed up by attacking Machias, intending to break Allan's plans.
The raid, led by Commodore Sir George Collier, was executed in an attempt to head off a planned second assault on Fort Cumberland, which had been besieged in November 1776.

Thomas Dixson

Thomas
When the news reached Halifax through the efforts of Thomas Dixson, Lieutenant Governor Marriot Arbuthnot responded by dispatching orders on the 15th for any available ship based at Annapolis to go to Fort Edward in Windsor, to convoy troops to relieve the siege.
To resist this siege, known as the Battle of Fort Cumberland, Captain Dixson sailed himself and three volunteers in a small open boat across the Minas Basin (known for some of the highest tides on Earth), part of the Bay of Fundy, to warn the authorities in Halifax and bring reinforcements to the loyalists' aid.

Miramichi, New Brunswick

MiramichiMiddle IslandMiramichi, NB
Some unrest continued for the remainder of the war (e.g., the Battle at Miramichi), although no further large scale military threat occurred.
They participated in the Maugerville Rebellion and the Battle of Fort Cumberland in 1776.

St. John River expedition

Siege of Saint John (1777)Siege of Saint Johna rebel expedition
The most significant attempt occurred in the summer of 1777, when John Allan was authorized by Congress to take actions in Nova Scotia; however, only a small number of forces were raised for this effort at Saint John, and a British show of force put an end to the attempt.
In late 1776, Jonathan Eddy raised a mixed force of Indians, Massachusetts Patriots, and Nova Scotian sympathizers, and unsuccessfully besieged Fort Cumberland, which protected the land approach to Halifax from the west.

Richard John Uniacke

Uniacke Estate
Homes and farms of rebel supporters were burned in reprisal but British authorities took a lenient approach toward captured rebels, including Richard John Uniacke, who went on to become Attorney General of Nova Scotia.
In 1776, Uniacke joined the American rebels in the Battle of Fort Cumberland, despite the loyalty of his father-in-law Delesdernier.

List of American Revolutionary War battles

American defeat of the warBattles of the American Revolutionary WarAmerican Revolutionary War

Fencibles

FencibleAngusshire Regiment of Fencible InfantryBombay Fencibles
The Royal Fencible Americans was a Loyalist unit raised by the British in Nova Scotia in 1775, that successfully withstood an attack by Patriot forces under Jonathan Eddy at the Battle of Fort Cumberland.

Benoni Danks

Captain Beloni Danks
Sympathetic to the American Revolution, Danks was captured after taking part in a rebellion - the Battle of Fort Cumberland - led by Jonathan Eddy and died at Windsor, Nova Scotia from an infected wound.

Militia (United States)

militiastate militiaIllinois Militia
The Battle of Fort Cumberland (also known as the Eddy Rebellion) was an attempt by a small number of militia commanded by Jonathan Eddy to bring the American Revolutionary War to Nova Scotia in late 1776.

Massachusetts

MACommonwealth of MassachusettsMass.
With minimal logistical support from Massachusetts and four to five hundred volunteer militia and Natives, Eddy attempted to besiege and storm Fort Cumberland in central Nova Scotia (near the present-day border between Nova Scotia and New Brunswick) in November 1776.

First Nations

First NationNorth American IndianIndian
With minimal logistical support from Massachusetts and four to five hundred volunteer militia and Natives, Eddy attempted to besiege and storm Fort Cumberland in central Nova Scotia (near the present-day border between Nova Scotia and New Brunswick) in November 1776.

French and Indian War

French & Indian WarFrench and IndianSeven Years' War
The fort's defenders, the Royal Fencible American Regiment led by Joseph Goreham, a veteran of the French and Indian War, successfully repelled several attempts by Eddy's militia to storm the fort, and the siege was ultimately relieved when the RFA plus Royal Marine reinforcements drove off the besiegers on November 29.