Battle of Friday on the Chickahominy
Alfred R. Waud, artist, June 27, 1862
"Battle of Gaines Mill, Valley of the Chickahominy, Virginia, June 27, 1862." Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer, 1860 - 1985.
Confederate Major General George E. Pickett
A.P. Hill's attack
Thure de Thulstrup's Battle of Gettysburg, showing Pickett's Charge.
Ewell's attack
Pickett's grave site at Hollywood Cemetery
General Confederate attack
"Unburied Dead on Battlefield" by John Reekie; issued as Stero #914 being taken on the Battlefield of Gaines Mills aka First Cold Harbor April 1865; taken near the Adams Farm where 7th New York artillery was stationed June 1864 see Civil war Talk.
"Unburied Dead on Battlefield of Gaines Mills" by John Reekie; issued as Stero #916 see Library of Congress.
Right handed version of preceding photograph Stero #917 <ref>Part of a series of unburied dead is at Civil war Richmond website</ref>
"African Americans collecting bones of soldiers killed at Cold Harbor (by John Reekie; issued as Stero #918, April 1865).<ref>Library of Congress</ref> Note part of a series:<ref>Part of a series- Stero #919 is of Richmond VA is at Civil war Richmond website</ref>
"Virginia, Cold harbor extreme Line of Confederate Works" An April 1865 John Reekie photograph
An April 1865 John Reekie photograph of the Ruins of Gaines' Mill showing remains of a soldier's grave in the foreground
Ruins of Gaines Mills

Pickett was wounded at the Battle of Gaines's Mill on June 27.

- George Pickett

In Longstreet's attack, Brig. Gen. George E. Pickett's brigade attempted a frontal assault and was beaten back under severe fire with heavy losses.

- Battle of Gaines' Mill
Battle of Friday on the Chickahominy
Alfred R. Waud, artist, June 27, 1862

7 related topics

Alpha

A. P. Hill

Confederate general who was killed in the American Civil War.

Confederate general who was killed in the American Civil War.

General A.P. Hill
Appomattox, A. P. Hill's sword
Portrait of Hill by William Ludwell Sheppard, 1898

He made friends easily, including such prominent future generals as Darius N. Couch, George Pickett, Jesse L. Reno, George Stoneman, Truman Seymour, Cadmus M. Wilcox, and George B. McClellan.

Hill's rookie division was in the thick of the fighting during the Seven Days Battles, being heavily engaged at Mechanicsville, Gaines Mill, and Glendale.

James Longstreet

One of the foremost Confederate generals of the American Civil War and the principal subordinate to General Robert E. Lee, who called him his "Old War Horse".

One of the foremost Confederate generals of the American Civil War and the principal subordinate to General Robert E. Lee, who called him his "Old War Horse".

Antebellum portrait of Longstreet
Sketch of Longstreet as a Confederate
August 30, 4 p.m.: Start of Longstreet's attack
Longstreet circa 1862
A map of the Battle of Fredericksburg
Longstreet at Gettysburg c. undefined 1900
Gettysburg, July 2
Pickett's Charge, July 3
Longstreet's Left Wing assaults, mid-day September 20
Carte de Visite portrait of Longstreet
James Longstreet after the war
James Longstreet after the war
James Longstreet in later life (1896), affecting the sideburns of his opponent at Fredericksburg and Knoxville
Longstreet's grave
Equestrian statue of General Longstreet on his horse Hero in Pitzer Woods at Gettysburg National Military Park

Longstreet was popular with his classmates, however, and befriended a number of men who would become prominent during the Civil War, including George Henry Thomas, William Rosecrans (his West Point roommate), John Pope, Daniel Harvey Hill, Lafayette McLaws, George Pickett, and Ulysses S. Grant.

At daybreak on June 27 at Gaines's Mill, the Confederate Army attacked the V Corps of the Union Army under Brigadier General Fitz John Porter, which was positioned north of the Chickahominy River on McClellan's right flank.

Cadmus M. Wilcox

Career United States Army officer who served in the Mexican–American War and also was a Confederate general during the American Civil War.

Career United States Army officer who served in the Mexican–American War and also was a Confederate general during the American Civil War.

Wilcox as US Army second lieutenant
Attack by Anderson's division, July 2
Wilcox in later life

At the 1862 Battle of Seven Pines, Wilcox commanded two brigades, and at Battle of Gaines' Mill on June 27 he led three—his own, Featherston's, and Pryor's. On June 30 at the Battle of Glendale during the Seven Days Battles, nearly every regimental officer in Wilcox's command was killed, and Wilcox himself had his clothing pierced by six bullets, but he somehow escaped injury.

On the third day of the battle, during Pickett's Charge, his brigade served as support on the right flank of the division of his West Point classmate, Maj. Gen. George Pickett.

Battle of Cold Harbor by Kurz and Allison, 1888

Battle of Cold Harbor

Fought during the American Civil War near Mechanicsville, Virginia, from May 31 to June 12, 1864, with the most significant fighting occurring on June 3.

Fought during the American Civil War near Mechanicsville, Virginia, from May 31 to June 12, 1864, with the most significant fighting occurring on June 3.

Battle of Cold Harbor by Kurz and Allison, 1888
Map of Southeastern Virginia
Union marches and operations in Central Virginia (1864-65)
Movements in the Overland Campaign, May 29, and actions May 30, 1864
Opposing commanders: Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, USA, at Cold Harbor, photographed by Edgar Guy Fawx in 1864; Gen. Robert E. Lee, CSA, photographed by Mathew Brady in 1865
The Burnett Inn at Old Cold Harbor (by Timothy H. O'Sullivan, June 4, 1864)
Positions of the armies on the afternoon of June 1, 1864
Cold Harbor, June 1
Makeshift Confederate breastworks at the extreme left of their line
Earthworks photographed after the battle
7th New York Heavy Artillery (serving as infantry) preparing to leave the trenches and charge the Confederate line, sketched by Alfred Waud
"Unburied Dead on Battlefield" by John Reekie; issued as Stero #914 being taken on the 1862 Battlefield of Gaines Mills aka First Cold Harbor April 1865; taken near the Adams Farm where 7th New York artillery was stationed June 1864 see Civil war Talk.
Cold Harbor, June 3
Union Coehorn mortars in action, drawn by Alfred Waud

First Corps, under Lt. Gen. Richard H. Anderson, including the divisions of Maj. Gens. Charles W. Field and George Pickett, and Brig. Gen. Joseph B. Kershaw.

The battle was fought in central Virginia, in what is now Mechanicsville, over the same ground as the Battle of Gaines's Mill during the Seven Days Battles of 1862.

Photograph by Mathew Brady, 1861

George B. McClellan

American soldier, Civil War Union general, civil engineer, railroad executive, and politician who served as the 24th governor of New Jersey.

American soldier, Civil War Union general, civil engineer, railroad executive, and politician who served as the 24th governor of New Jersey.

Photograph by Mathew Brady, 1861
The Julian Scott portrait of McClellan in the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C.
George B. McClellan and Mary Ellen Marcy (Nelly) McClellan
Patriotic cover honoring the arrival of Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan in Washington, D.C., on July 26, 1861
General George B. McClellan with staff & dignitaries (from left to right): Gen. George W. Morell, Lt. Col. A.V. Colburn, Gen. McClellan, Lt. Col. N.B. Sweitzer, Prince de Joinville (son of King Louis Phillippe of France), and on the very right—the prince's nephew, Count de Paris
"Quaker guns" (logs used as ruses to imitate cannons) in former Confederate fortifications at Manassas Junction
Battle of Seven Pines
Seven Days' Battles, June 25 – July 1, 1862
Federal troops under heavy attack at the Battle of Gaines's Mill, sketched by Alfred R. Waud and published in Harper's Weekly, July 26, 1862
Wounded men after the Battle of Savage's Station, one of the Seven Days Battles
McClellan riding through Frederick, Maryland, September 12, 1862 (From Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper)
Maryland campaign, actions September 3–15, 1862
Battle of South Mountain
Overview of the Battle of Antietam
Lincoln with McClellan and staff after the Battle of Antietam. Notable figures (from left) are 5. Alexander S. Webb, Chief of Staff, V Corps; 6. McClellan;. 8. Dr. Jonathan Letterman; 10. Lincoln; 11. Henry J. Hunt; 12. Fitz John Porter; 15. Andrew A. Humphreys; 16. Capt. George Armstrong Custer
Lincoln in McClellan's tent after the Battle of Antietam
An anti-McClellan poster from Harper's Weekly, drawn by Thomas Nast, showing rioters assaulting children, slave-catchers chasing runaway slaves, and a woman being sold at a slave auction
Currier and Ives print of the McClellan–Pendleton Democratic presidential party ticket, 1864. Lithograph with watercolor.
Cartoon of McClellan used by his political opponents in 1864 presidential campaign
McClellan photographed by William S. Warren, circa 1880
Major General George B. McClellan on Connecticut Avenue in Washington, D.C.
McClellan statue in front of Philadelphia City Hall

His closest friends were aristocratic southerners including George Pickett, Dabney Maury, Cadmus Wilcox, and A. P. Hill.

Lee continued his offensive at Gaines's Mill to the east.

John Bell Hood

Confederate general during the American Civil War.

Confederate general during the American Civil War.

Hood's birthplace
Confederate general John Bell Hood

At the Battle of Gaines's Mill on June 27, Hood distinguished himself by leading his brigade in a charge that broke the Union line, which was the most successful Confederate performance in the Seven Days Battles.

And in the spring of 1863, he missed the Battle of Chancellorsville because most of Longstreet's First Corps was on detached duty in Suffolk, Virginia, involving Longstreet himself and Hood's and George Pickett's divisions.

Eppa Hunton

Virginia lawyer and soldier who rose to become a brigadier general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War.

Virginia lawyer and soldier who rose to become a brigadier general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War.

Brig. Gen. Eppa Hunton.

Anticipating the Seven Days Battles he disregarded his physician's advise and returned to the army to fight at the Battle of Frazier's Farm and Battle of Gaines' Mill (which Hunton later cited as the unit's most gallant charge).

Promoted to brigade command late because of his ongoing health issues, Hunton was assigned to Lt. Gen. James Longstreet's corps, Maj. Gen. George Pickett's division, and the Army of Northern Virginia.