Battle of Jackson, Mississippi

Union soldiers attacking at Jackson
Map of Jackson Battlefield study area by the American Battlefield Protection Program
A Sherman's necktie. Destruction such as this was performed in Jackson after the battle.

Fought on May 14, 1863, in Jackson, Mississippi, as part of the Vicksburg campaign during the American Civil War.

- Battle of Jackson, Mississippi

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Siege of Vicksburg

The final major military action in the Vicksburg campaign of the American Civil War.

The Siege of Vicksburg by Kurz and Allison
May 19 assaults on Vicksburg
Statue of General Grant at Vicksburg National Military Park
May 22 assaults on Vicksburg
Siege of Vicksburg. Corps and division commanders are shown for the period June 23 – July 4.
Heavy artillery pieces that were used by the Union in order to force the besieged city and its defenders into surrender
"Whistling Dick" was the name given to this Confederate 18-pounder because of the peculiar noise made by its projectiles. It was part of the defensive batteries facing the Mississippi River at Vicksburg. On May 28, 1863, its fire sank USS Cincinnati.
Fighting at the crater at the Third Louisiana Redan
Shirley's House, also known as the White House, during the siege of Vicksburg, 1863. Union troops of Logan's division set about as engineers and sappers to undermine Confederate fortifications but they had to stay under cover for fear of Confederate sharpshooters.
Troops of John A. Logan's division enter Vicksburg on July 4
<center>Maj. Gen.
<center>Lt. Gen.

After crossing the Mississippi River south of Vicksburg at Bruinsburg and driving northeast, Grant won battles at Port Gibson and Raymond and captured Jackson, the Mississippi state capital, on May 14, 1863, forcing Pemberton to withdraw westward.

Jackson, Mississippi

Capital and most populous city of the U.S. State of Mississippi.

The entire Choctaw Nation's location and size compared to the U.S. state of Mississippi
Andrew Jackson, the 7th President of the United States and the city's namesake
"Raising the Stars and Stripes Over the Capitol of the State of Mississippi", engraving from Harper's Weekly, June 20, 1863, after the capture of Jackson by Union forces during the American Civil War
September 1863 map of the Siege of Jackson
Mississippi Old Capitol, downtown Jackson
Map of Jackson in 1919
April 16, 1921 flood on Town Creek, a tributary of the Pearl River in Jackson. The photo is a view of East Capitol Street looking east from North Farish Street.
Standard Life Building, downtown Jackson
Old Greyhound Bus Station
Photograph of Jackson Mississippi taken from the International Space Station
Map of racial distribution in Jackson, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people:
1874 engraving in Scribner's Monthly of the Old Capitol, the seat of Mississippi's legislature from 1839 to 1903.
Jackson State University band "The Sonic Boom"
Millsaps College is one of several institutions in and around Jackson established before 1900.
Mississippi State Capitol
Thalia Mara Hall in Jackson, Mississippi
Lamar Life Building, downtown Jackson.
Veterans Memorial Stadium is the largest stadium facility in Jackson. Its parking lot often is used by employees of the University of Mississippi Medical Center nearby.

On May 13, 1863, Union forces won the first Battle of Jackson, forcing Confederate forces to flee northward towards Canton.

XVII Corps (Union Army)

Corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

XVII Corps badge
Francis Blair Jr. (center), shown with his staff, led the Union XVII Corps in the Atlanta campaign.

It fought the Battle of Raymond and captured Jackson alongside William T. Sherman's XV Corps.

Joseph E. Johnston

American career army officer, serving with distinction in the United States Army during the Mexican–American War (1846–1848) and the Seminole Wars.

Johnston in uniform, c. undefined 1862
Portrait by Benjamin Franklin Reinhart (c. 1860)
Johnston's map Reconnoissances [sic.] of Routes from San Antonio de Bexar to El Paso del Norte, 1849
Vicksburg Campaign
The Atlanta Campaign from Dalton to Kennesaw Mountain
Carolinas Campaign
The surrender of Gen. Joe Johnston - Currier & Ives lithograph
Joseph E. Johnston and Robert E. Lee in 1869–1870
Johnston statue in Dalton, Georgia, where he took command of the Army of Tennessee
Johnston statue at the location of the Battle of Bentonville, in North Carolina

Johnston ordered a fighting evacuation (the Battle of Jackson, May 14) and retreated with his force to the north.

Ulysses S. Grant

American military officer and politician who served as the 18th president of the United States from 1869 to 1877.

Portrait by Mathew Brady, 1870–1880
Grant's birthplace, Point Pleasant, Ohio
Grant c. undefined 1845–1847
Battle of Monterrey Published 1847
Chinook Indian Plank House Published 1845
Grant believed Pacific Northwest Indians were a peaceful people and not a threat to settlers.
"Hardscrabble" Published 1891
The farm home Grant built in Missouri for his family. His wife Julia called the home an "unattractive cabin".
Brigadier General Grant photographed at Cairo, Illinois, September 1861 (Published 1911)
21st Illinois regiment monument in the Viniard Field, Chickamauga
Grant's successful gamble: Porter's gunboats night ran the Confederate gauntlet at Vicksburg on the Mississippi River.
Published 1863
The Battle of Jackson, fought on May 14, 1863, was part of the Vicksburg Campaign.
Published 1863
Union troops swarm Missionary Ridge and defeat Bragg's army. Published 1886
Commanding General Grant at the Battle of Cold Harbor, June 1864
Grant (center left) next to Lincoln with General Sherman (far left) and Admiral Porter (right) – The Peacemakers by Healy, 1868
Defeated by Grant, Lee surrendered at Appomattox Court House
Ulysses S. Grant by Balling (1865)
Grant–Colfax Republican Ticket
Published 1868
Inauguration of President U.S. Grant, Capitol building steps.
March 4, 1869
Anthony Comstock Grant's vigorous prosecutor of abortionists and pornographers.
Amos T. Akerman, appointed Attorney General by Grant, who vigorously prosecuted the Ku Klux Klan
Image of mobs rioting entitled "The Louisiana Outrage". White Leaguers at Liberty Place attacked the integrated police force and state militia, New Orleans, September 1874.
Published October 1874
Secretary of Treasury George S. Boutwell aided Grant to defeat the Gold Ring.
Secretary of State Hamilton Fish and Grant successfully settled the Alabama Claims by treaty and arbitration.
Wharf of Santo Domingo City
Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic
American Captain Frye and his crew were executed by Spanish authority.
King Kalākaua of Hawaii meets President Grant at the White House on his state visit, 1874.
Published January 2, 1875
Ely Samuel Parker
Grant appointed Parker the first Native American (Seneca) Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
Battle of the Little Big Horn
Great Sioux War
Published 1889
Cartoon by Thomas Nast on Grant's opponents in the reelection campaign
Grant is congratulated for vetoing the "inflation bill" in 1874.
Cartoonist Thomas Nast praises Grant for rejecting demands by Pennsylvania politicians to suspend civil service rules.
Harper's Weekly
cartoon on Bristow's Whiskey Ring investigation
Grant and Bismarck in 1878
Cartoonist Joseph Keppler lampooned Grant and his associates. Grant's prosecutions of the Whiskey Ring and the Klan were ignored.
Puck, 1880
Official White House portrait of President Grant by Henry Ulke, 1875
Commanding General Grant
Constant Mayer's portrait of 1866
Grant National Memorial, known as "Grant's Tomb", largest mausoleum in North America

Grant's army captured Jackson, the state capital.

Jackson Expedition

The Jackson Expedition occurred in the aftermath of the surrender of Vicksburg, Mississippi, in July 1863.

Siege of Jackson, Mississippi, July 10–16, 1863
Siege of Jackson

In the Vicksburg Campaign, one of the intermediate battles was the battle of Jackson on May 14, 1863, in which Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's Army of the Tennessee captured the capital city of Jackson, Mississippi, but then evacuated it to move west toward Vicksburg.

John Gregg (Texas politician)

American politician who served as a Deputy from Texas to the Provisional Congress of the Confederate States from 1861 to 1862.

John Gregg during the American Civil War
John Gregg, c. 1862
Bust of John Gregg, Gregg County Courthouse, Longview, Texas

Gregg was forced to retreat back to Jackson, Mississippi after the battle, where he would be involved in the Battle of Jackson on May 14, 1863.

Marcellus M. Crocker

General in the Union Army during the American Civil War most noted for his service in the Western Theater.

Brig. Gen. Marcellus M. Crocker

Crocker led his division into action at the Battle of Jackson.

Addison W. Merrill

Member of the Wisconsin State Assembly.

Desks and voting board

Conflicts he participated in include the Battle of Jackson, Mississippi, Battle of Champion Hill and the Siege of Vicksburg.

Charles Henry Manship

Mayor of Jackson, Mississippi, during the American Civil War.

Manship's house

He had to surrender his city to General Sherman during the Civil War, in May 1863 following the Battle of Jackson.