Battle of Lechfeld

LechfeldBattle of Lechfeld (955)Battle of Lechfeld of 955Battle of the Lechfeld955 (Lechfeld)955 invasion of GermanyBattle of Augsburgbattle on the Lechfeldd. 955defeated the Magyars in 955
The Battle of Lechfeld was a series of military engagements over the course of three days from 10–12 August 955 in which the German forces of King Otto I the Great annihilated a Hungarian army led by harka Bulcsú and the chieftains Lél and Súr.wikipedia
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Lehel

LélLél (Lehel)
The Battle of Lechfeld was a series of military engagements over the course of three days from 10–12 August 955 in which the German forces of King Otto I the Great annihilated a Hungarian army led by harka Bulcsú and the chieftains Lél and Súr.
After the Magyar defeat at the Battle of Lechfeld, he was executed in Regensburg.

Duchy of Bavaria

BavariaBavarianDukes of Bavaria
The Hungarians invaded the Duchy of Bavaria in late June or early July 955 with 8,000–10,000 horse archers, infantry and siege engines, intending to draw the main German army under Otto into battle in the open field and destroy it. According to Widukind, Otto had at his disposal eight legiones (divisions) included three from Bavaria, two from Swabia, one from Franconia under Duke Conrad and one well-trained legion from Bohemia, under a prince of an unknown name, son of Boleslaus I.
He still had to deal with the Hungarian threat, which was not eliminated until King Otto's victory at the 955 Battle of Lechfeld.

Horka (title)

horkaharkaHorca
The Battle of Lechfeld was a series of military engagements over the course of three days from 10–12 August 955 in which the German forces of King Otto I the Great annihilated a Hungarian army led by harka Bulcsú and the chieftains Lél and Súr.
However, in other sources the term horka was applied to a military leader (such as Bulcsú, who led the Magyar forces at the Battle of Lechfeld).

Hungary

HungarianHUNRepublic of Hungary
The battle appears as the second Battle of Augsburg in Hungarian historiography.
A later defeat at the Battle of Lechfeld in 955 signaled a provisory end to most campaigns on foreign territories, at least towards the West.

Duchy of Bohemia

BohemiaBohemianHistory of the Czech lands in the Middle Ages
As Otto approached Augsburg on 10 August, a Hungarian surprise attack destroyed Otto's Bohemian rearguard legion. According to Widukind, Otto had at his disposal eight legiones (divisions) included three from Bavaria, two from Swabia, one from Franconia under Duke Conrad and one well-trained legion from Bohemia, under a prince of an unknown name, son of Boleslaus I.
As the king's ally, his Bohemian troops together with the Kingdom of Germany forces fought in the 955 Battle of Lechfeld and after the defeat of the Magyars received the lands of Moravia in recognition of his services.

Bulcsú

BulcsuBulcsudiVérbulcsú
The Battle of Lechfeld was a series of military engagements over the course of three days from 10–12 August 955 in which the German forces of King Otto I the Great annihilated a Hungarian army led by harka Bulcsú and the chieftains Lél and Súr.
During these military campaigns, the Magyars threatened much of Western Europe; therefore a common saying at that time was "A sagittis Hungarorum, libera nos Domine" (Lord, save us from the arrows of the Hungarians") Modena, 925 AD . After his army had lost the disastrous Battle of Lechfeld in 955, he was caught by the German victors and executed.

Taksony of Hungary

TaksonyGrand Prince TaksonyTaksony, Grand Prince of the Hungarians
The captured Magyars were either executed, or sent back to their ruling prince, Taksony, missing their ears and noses. The Hungarian leader Fajsz was dethroned following the defeat, and was succeeded as Grand Prince of the Hungarians by Taksony.
Taksony (, also Taxis or Tocsun ; before or around 931 – early 970s) was the Grand Prince of the Hungarians after their catastrophic defeat in the 955 Battle of Lechfeld.

Lech (river)

LechLech RiverRiver Lech
The Hungarians laid siege to Augsburg on the Lech river.

Conrad, Duke of Lorraine

Conrad the RedConradConrad of Lorraine
The Hungarian force stopped to plunder the German camp and Duke Conrad the Red led a counter-attack with heavy cavalry, dispersing the Hungarians.
Conrad the Red was killed in the 955 Battle of Lechfeld near Augsburg, while fighting alongside King Otto as commander of the Franconian contingent against the invading Hungarian forces.

Henry I, Duke of Bavaria

Henry IHenry I of BavariaHenry
Soon, couriers from Otto's brother Henry I, Duke of Bavaria, arrived to inform Otto in Magdeburg of a Hungarian invasion.
While his brother gained a glorious victory over the Hungarians in the Battle of Lechfeld, Henry fell ill in 955 and died on 1 November in Pöhlde Abbey.

Ulrich of Augsburg

Saint UlrichSt. UlrichUlrich
The city was defended by Bishop Ulrich.
Bishop Ulrich subsequently contributed much to the decisive victory at the Battle of Lechfeld (10 August 955), where the invaders were finally defeated.

Árpád dynasty

ÁrpádHouse of ÁrpádÁrpáds
The Hungarian leaders Lél, Bulcsú and Súr, who were not Árpáds, were executed after the battle.
Such activities continued westwards until the Battle of Lechfeld (955), when Otto, King of the Germans destroyed their troops; their raids against the Byzantine Empire ended in 970.

Hungarian invasions of Europe

Hungarian invasionsMagyarsHungarian
The westward raids were stopped only with the Magyar defeat of the Battle of Lechfeld of 955, which led to a new political order in Western Europe centered on the Holy Roman Empire.

Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor

Otto IOtto the GreatEmperor Otto I
The Battle of Lechfeld was a series of military engagements over the course of three days from 10–12 August 955 in which the German forces of King Otto I the Great annihilated a Hungarian army led by harka Bulcsú and the chieftains Lél and Súr.
After putting down a brief civil war among the rebellious duchies, Otto defeated the Magyars at the Battle of Lechfeld in 955, thus ending the Hungarian invasions of Western Europe.

Fajsz

The Hungarian leader Fajsz was dethroned following the defeat, and was succeeded as Grand Prince of the Hungarians by Taksony.
The historian Gyula Kristó proposes that Fajsz abdicated after the Hungarians' catastrophic defeat by the Germans in the battle of Lechfeld in 955.

Burchard III, Duke of Swabia

Burchard IIIBurchard III of SwabiaDuke Burchard III
A legion of Swabians was commanded by Burchard III, Duke of Swabia, who had married Otto's niece Hedwig.
He was often at the royal court and he accompanied Otto on his campaign against the Magyars and was present at the great Battle of the Lechfeld on 10 August 955.

Battle of Lechfeld (910)

Battle of AugsburgAugsburgBattle of Lechfeld
The first Battle of Lechfeld happened in the same area forty-five years earlier.
However, the Hungarian raids in Germany continued until 955, their defeat in the second Battle of Lechfeld.

Principality of Hungary

HungarianHungariansHungary
The intermittent Hungarian campaigns lasted until 970, however two military defeats in 955 (Lechfeld) and 970 (Arcadiopolis) marked a shift in the evolution of the Hungarian principality.

Early Middle Ages

early medievalEarlyearly medieval period
The battle has been viewed as a symbolic victory for the knightly cavalry, who would define European warfare in the High Middle Ages, over the nomadic, light cavalry that characterized warfare during the Early Middle Ages in Central and Eastern Europe.
At Lechfeld, near Augsburg in Bavaria, Otto caught up with the Magyars while they were enjoying a razzia and achieved a signal victory in 955.

Boleslaus I, Duke of Bohemia

Boleslaus IBoleslaus I of BohemiaBoleslaus I the Cruel
According to Widukind, Otto had at his disposal eight legiones (divisions) included three from Bavaria, two from Swabia, one from Franconia under Duke Conrad and one well-trained legion from Bohemia, under a prince of an unknown name, son of Boleslaus I.
Five years later, the armies of Czechs and Germans allied against the Magyars in the victorious Battle of Lechfeld on 10 August 955.

Kingdom of Germany

GermanyGermanGerman kingdom
The Battle of Lechfeld was a series of military engagements over the course of three days from 10–12 August 955 in which the German forces of King Otto I the Great annihilated a Hungarian army led by harka Bulcsú and the chieftains Lél and Súr.

Western Christianity

Western ChristianWestWestern
With this German victory, further invasions by the Magyars into Latin Europe were ended.

Mounted archery

horse archerhorse archersmounted archers
The Hungarians invaded the Duchy of Bavaria in late June or early July 955 with 8,000–10,000 horse archers, infantry and siege engines, intending to draw the main German army under Otto into battle in the open field and destroy it.

Infantry

infantry regimentinfantrymanP.
The Hungarians invaded the Duchy of Bavaria in late June or early July 955 with 8,000–10,000 horse archers, infantry and siege engines, intending to draw the main German army under Otto into battle in the open field and destroy it.

Siege engine

siege enginessiege trainsiege machine
The Hungarians invaded the Duchy of Bavaria in late June or early July 955 with 8,000–10,000 horse archers, infantry and siege engines, intending to draw the main German army under Otto into battle in the open field and destroy it.