A report on Battle of Lepanto and Composite bow

The Battle of Lepanto, Paolo Veronese
Reconstruction of a Ming dynasty Kaiyuan bow by Chinese bowyer Gao Xiang. This is a horn, bamboo, and sinew composite.
The banner of the Holy League, flown by John of Austria on his flagship Real. It is made of blue damask interwoven with gold thread, of a length of 7.3 m and a width of 4.4 m at the hoist. It displays the crucified Christ above the coats of arms of Pius V, of Venice, of Charles V, and of John of Austria. The coats of arms are linked by chains symbolizing the alliance.
Heon Kim using a modern Korean composite bow
Order of battle of the two fleets, with an allegory of the three powers of the Holy League in the foreground, fresco by Giorgio Vasari (1572, Sala Regia).
Early Bronze Age cultures in the Asian steppe
Depiction of the Ottoman Navy, detail from the painting by Tommaso Dolabella (1632)
Ramses II at the Battle of Kadesh
One of the Venetian Galleasses at Lepanto (1851 drawing, after a 1570s painting).
Ottoman horse archer
Plan of the Battle (formation of the fleets just before contact)
Scythians shooting with bows, Panticapaeum (known today as Kertch, Crimea), 4th century BCE
Fresco in the Vatican's Gallery of Maps
A Saracen pirate holding a bow of the then-popular short Kipchak (Mamluk) design
The Victors of Lepanto, John of Austria, Marcantonio Colonna and Sebastiano Venier (anonymous oil painting, c. 1575, formerly in Ambras Castle, now Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna)
A Persian miniature representing a man with a composite bow
Jacopo Ligozzi, The Return of the Knights of Saint Stephen from the Battle of Lepanto (c. 1610, Santo Stefano dei Cavalieri, Pisa)
Zhang Xian shooting a pebble bow at the tiangou causing an eclipse
Battle of Lepanto by Martin Rota, 1572 print, Venice
Felipe II offers Prince Fernando to Victory by Titian, c. 1572–1575, Museo del Prado, Madrid
Monument to John of Austria in Messina
The Battle of Lepanto by Andrea Vicentino (c. 1600, Doge's Palace, Venice)
The Battle of Lepanto by Tommaso Dolabella (c. 1625–1630, Wawel Castle, Cracow)
The Battle of Lepanto by Andries van Eertvelt (1640)
The Battle of Lepanto by Juan Luna (1887, Spanish Senate, Madrid)
The Battle of Lepanto by Tintoretto
The Battle of Lepanto by anonymous
The Battle of Lepanto by Giorgio Vasari

The Christians embarked with their much improved arquebusier and musketeer forces, while the Ottomans trusted in their greatly feared composite bowmen.

- Battle of Lepanto

Until 1571, archers with composite bows were a main component of the forces of the Ottoman Empire, but in the Battle of Lepanto in that year, they lost most of these troops and never replaced them.

- Composite bow
The Battle of Lepanto, Paolo Veronese

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