A report on Battle of Lepanto

The Battle of Lepanto, Paolo Veronese
The banner of the Holy League, flown by John of Austria on his flagship Real. It is made of blue damask interwoven with gold thread, of a length of 7.3 m and a width of 4.4 m at the hoist. It displays the crucified Christ above the coats of arms of Pius V, of Venice, of Charles V, and of John of Austria. The coats of arms are linked by chains symbolizing the alliance.
Order of battle of the two fleets, with an allegory of the three powers of the Holy League in the foreground, fresco by Giorgio Vasari (1572, Sala Regia).
Depiction of the Ottoman Navy, detail from the painting by Tommaso Dolabella (1632)
One of the Venetian Galleasses at Lepanto (1851 drawing, after a 1570s painting).
Plan of the Battle (formation of the fleets just before contact)
Fresco in the Vatican's Gallery of Maps
The Victors of Lepanto, John of Austria, Marcantonio Colonna and Sebastiano Venier (anonymous oil painting, c. 1575, formerly in Ambras Castle, now Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna)
Jacopo Ligozzi, The Return of the Knights of Saint Stephen from the Battle of Lepanto (c. 1610, Santo Stefano dei Cavalieri, Pisa)
Battle of Lepanto by Martin Rota, 1572 print, Venice
Felipe II offers Prince Fernando to Victory by Titian, c. 1572–1575, Museo del Prado, Madrid
Monument to John of Austria in Messina
The Battle of Lepanto by Andrea Vicentino (c. 1600, Doge's Palace, Venice)
The Battle of Lepanto by Tommaso Dolabella (c. 1625–1630, Wawel Castle, Cracow)
The Battle of Lepanto by Andries van Eertvelt (1640)
The Battle of Lepanto by Juan Luna (1887, Spanish Senate, Madrid)
The Battle of Lepanto by Tintoretto
The Battle of Lepanto by anonymous
The Battle of Lepanto by Giorgio Vasari

Naval engagement that took place on 7 October 1571 when a fleet of the Holy League, a coalition of Catholic states arranged by Pope Pius V, inflicted a major defeat on the fleet of the Ottoman Empire in the Gulf of Patras.

- Battle of Lepanto
The Battle of Lepanto, Paolo Veronese

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Occhiali

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Italian farmer, then Ottoman privateer and admiral, who later became beylerbey of the Regency of Algiers, and finally Grand Admiral (Kapudan Pasha) of the Ottoman fleet in the 16th century.

Italian farmer, then Ottoman privateer and admiral, who later became beylerbey of the Regency of Algiers, and finally Grand Admiral (Kapudan Pasha) of the Ottoman fleet in the 16th century.

Uluç Ali Reis bust at the Mersin Naval Museum.
Ottoman troops (about 5,000 janissaries) led by Uluç Ali, then Pasha of Algiers, marching on Tunis in 1569.
Statue of Uluç Ali Reis in his hometown of Le Castella, Italy.

On 7 October 1571, Uluj Ali commanded the left flank of Ali Pasha's fleet in the Battle of Lepanto.

Portrait of Giovanni Andrea Doria ca. 1594

Giovanni Andrea Doria

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Italian admiral from Genoa.

Italian admiral from Genoa.

Portrait of Giovanni Andrea Doria ca. 1594
Giovanni Andrea Doria

He also participated in the Battle of Lepanto in 1571, commanding the right wing of the Christian coalition force known as the Holy League.

Álvaro de Bazán, Marquis of Santa Cruz

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Spanish admiral and landlord.

Spanish admiral and landlord.

Depiction of the Battle of Lepanto by Tintoretto
Marquess of Santa Cruz on the 1953 one-peseta banknote
Statue in Madrid (Mariano Benlliure, 1891)

He took part in the seizure of the rock of Vélez de la Gomera (1564), the relief to the besieged during the Great Siege of Malta (1565), the quelling of the Alpujarras Rebellion (1569), the Battle of Lepanto (1571), the conquest of Tunis (1573), the incorporation of Portugal to the Hispanic monarchy (1580), and the conquest of Terceira (1582).

Grand Duchy of Tuscany

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Italian monarchy that existed, with interruptions, from 1569 to 1859, replacing the Republic of Florence.

Italian monarchy that existed, with interruptions, from 1569 to 1859, replacing the Republic of Florence.

The Grand Duchy of Tuscany from 1815 to 1847.
The Grand Duchy of Tuscany from 1815 to 1847.
Cosimo I de' Medici
Coat of arms of House of Medici
The Grand Duke Ferdinando I.
Maria Maddalena, Cosimo II and Ferdinando II, painting after Justus Sustermans
The Grand Duke Cosimo III in old age
The Grand Duke Gian Gastone's coronation portrait; he was the last Medicean monarch of Tuscany
A doppelporträt of Francis Stephen and his wife Maria Theresa, by Peter Kobler von Ehrensorg
Silver coin: 10 paoli of Grand Duchy of Tuscana 1747, under Francis of House Lorraine
Coat of arms of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine (Tuscany).
Grand Duke Leopold I with his children and wife, 1776
The Kingdom of Etruria, Tuscany's successor state during the Napoleonic Wars
Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (r. 1824–1859) in the uniform of an Austrian Field Marshal, 1828, after Pietro Benvenuti
Map of Grand Duchy of Tuscany in 1815
Coat of arms (1562–1737)
Naval flag
Civil ensign
Imperial Banner of the HRE as state/naval flag (1749–1765)
State flag with Lesser Coat of arms (1815–1848, 1849–1860)
State flag with Great Coat of arms (1765–1800, 1815–1848, 1849–1860)<ref name="rbvex.it">Bandiere degli Stati italiani preunitari: Toscana.</ref>
Flag of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany (1848–1849)
Lesser Coat of arms (1815–1848, 1849–1860)
Great Coat of arms (1765–1800, 1815–1848, 1849–1860)<ref name="rbvex.it"/>
Naval flag (1737–1749)
Civil flag and civil ensign (1815–1848, 1849–1860)

The Holy League inflicted a crushing defeat against the Ottomans at the Battle of Lepanto.

Coat of arms of Sebastiano Venier

Sebastiano Venier

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Sebastiano Venier (or Veniero) (c.

Sebastiano Venier (or Veniero) (c.

Coat of arms of Sebastiano Venier
The Victors of Lepanto (from left: John of Austria, Marcantonio Colonna, Sebastiano Venier)
Votive Portrait of Doge Sebastiano Venier by Veronese
Funeral effigy in the [[Santi Giovanni e Paolo, Venice|Basilica di San Giovanni e Paolo

He is best remembered in his role as the Venetian admiral at the Battle of Lepanto.

Mehmed Siroco headed the Turkish right wing (at top right) during the 1571 Battle of Lepanto, where both him and the commander of the opposing Holy League left wing, Agostino Barbarigo, were killed in action. This diagram labels him as Sirocco.

Mahomet Sirocco

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Mehmed Siroco headed the Turkish right wing (at top right) during the 1571 Battle of Lepanto, where both him and the commander of the opposing Holy League left wing, Agostino Barbarigo, were killed in action. This diagram labels him as Sirocco.

Şuluk Mehmed Pasha (1525 – 7 October 1571), better known in Europe as Mehmed Siroco or Mahomet Sirocco, and also spelled Sulik, Chulouk, Şolok, Seluk, or Suluc and known with the titles Pasha, Reis, or Bey, was the Ottoman Bey (regional governor) of Alexandria in the mid-16th century.

Tunis

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Capital and largest city of Tunisia.

Capital and largest city of Tunisia.

Tunis as viewed from space
Roofs of the medina
Ruins of the Baths of Antoninus in Carthage.
Courtyard of Zaytuna Mosque, founded in the late 7th century by the Umayyad dynasty
Historic map of Tunis by Piri Reis. The Walters Art Museum.
Entry of Charles V into Tunis in 1535
Mustapha Khaznadar, Prime Minister of Tunis from 1837 to 1873. and one of the most influential persons in modern Tunisian history.
View of Tunis c. 1890–1900. Zaytuna Mosque is slightly right of center.
Urban evolution between 1890 and 1914
Bab Suika-Suker Square in Tunis, ca. 1899
Extension of the city in the 1950s with the district of El Menzah
Kasbah Square comprising the finance ministry and the prime ministry of Tunisia
City Hall
Souad Abderrahim, mayor of Tunis since 2018.
Elderly man in Tunis
Muslims in Tunis attend the mosque in 1899.
A souk shopkeeper
Avenue Mohamed V in the financial district
Tunisia Mall
Statue of Ibn Khaldoun in Independence Square
View of the building of "Tour de la nation" in avenue Mohamed-V
Tunis at Night
Avenue Habib-Bourguiba
Court of Dar Ben Abdallah
Court of Dar Soulaimania, once the boarding lodge of University of Ez-Zitouna.
Souk En Nhas with items of copper
Walls and gates of the city in 1888
Cathedral of St. Vincent de Paul
St. Louis Cathedral on the Byrsa hill at Carthage
Zaytuna Mosque
Bab el Bhar
Bardo National Museum
Tunis Municipal Theatre
Tunis Old Tribunal
Faculty of the Human and Social Sciences
Higher School of Communication of Tunis
National Library of Tunisia
Tunis bus
Tunis Light Metro
Tunis south surb train
Tunis-Carthage International Airport
Radès Bridge
Tunis road
Oussama Mellouli, gold medallist at the Beijing Summer Olympics and at the London Summer Olympics
Ibn Khaldoun-Kassus
Stade Olympique de Radès
Stade El Menzah
Palais des sports d'El Menzah
Salle Omnisport de Radès

However, following the Battle of Lepanto in 1571, the Spanish under John of Austria succeeded in retaking the city and re-establishing the Hafsid sovereign in October 1573.

The Victors of Lepanto (from left: John of Austria, Marcantonio Colonna, Sebastiano Venier).

Marcantonio Colonna

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Roman aristocrat who served as a Viceroy of Sicily in the service of the Spanish Crown, Spanish general, and Captain General of the Church.

Roman aristocrat who served as a Viceroy of Sicily in the service of the Spanish Crown, Spanish general, and Captain General of the Church.

The Victors of Lepanto (from left: John of Austria, Marcantonio Colonna, Sebastiano Venier).
The Colonna coat of arms, from the Palazzo Bellomo in Syracuse.
Entry of Marcantonio Colonna to Rome, 1571. Etching by Francesco Tramezzino.

He is best remembered for his part as the admiral of the Papal fleet in the Battle of Lepanto.

The Ottoman fleet attacking Tunis at La Goulette in 1574.

Conquest of Tunis (1574)

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The conquest of Tunis in 1574 marked the conquest of Tunis by the Ottoman Empire over the Spanish Empire, which had seized the place a year earlier.

The conquest of Tunis in 1574 marked the conquest of Tunis by the Ottoman Empire over the Spanish Empire, which had seized the place a year earlier.

The Ottoman fleet attacking Tunis at La Goulette in 1574.
Ottoman troops (about 5,000 janissaries) and Kabyle troops, led by Uluç Ali, Pasha of Algiers, marching on Tunis in 1569
John of Austria attempted several times to relieve the siege, but in vain.
Cığalazade Yusuf Sinan Pasha, an Italian Muslim, led the Ottoman capture of Tunis.
The capture of Tunis gave the territories of the Hafsid dynasty to the Ottoman Empire.

The Bey of Algiers Uluj Ali Pasha captured Tunis in 1569 for the Ottoman Empire, but in the aftermath of the 1571 Christian victory at the Battle of Lepanto, John of Austria managed to take Tunis in October 1573.

Real (galley)

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Real (Spanish for "Royal") was a Spanish galley and the flagship of Don John of Austria in the Battle of Lepanto in 1571.