Battle of Motien Pass

The Battle of Motien Pass was a minor land battle of the Russo-Japanese War, fought between the Imperial Japanese Army under General Kuroki Tamemoto and the Imperial Russian Army under General Count Fedor Keller over control of a strategic mountain pass on the main road between the coast and Liaoyang, Manchuria on 10 July 1904.wikipedia
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Fyodor Keller

Fedor KellerGeneral Keller
The Battle of Motien Pass was a minor land battle of the Russo-Japanese War, fought between the Imperial Japanese Army under General Kuroki Tamemoto and the Imperial Russian Army under General Count Fedor Keller over control of a strategic mountain pass on the main road between the coast and Liaoyang, Manchuria on 10 July 1904. General Count Fyodor Keller had assumed command of the Russian Eastern Force from General Zasulich after the Battle of Yalu River.
Theodor Graf von Keller (Фёдор Эдуа́рдович Ке́ллер, Fyodor Eduardovich Keller; 1850 – 31 July 1904), better known as Fyodor Keller, was a general in the Imperial Russian Army, noted for his role in the Battle of Motien Pass during the Russo-Japanese War.

List of battles of the Russo-Japanese War

land battlemajorland engagement
The Battle of Motien Pass was a minor land battle of the Russo-Japanese War, fought between the Imperial Japanese Army under General Kuroki Tamemoto and the Imperial Russian Army under General Count Fedor Keller over control of a strategic mountain pass on the main road between the coast and Liaoyang, Manchuria on 10 July 1904.

Russo-Japanese War

Russian-Japanese WarRusso Japanese WarRusso–Japanese War
The Battle of Motien Pass was a minor land battle of the Russo-Japanese War, fought between the Imperial Japanese Army under General Kuroki Tamemoto and the Imperial Russian Army under General Count Fedor Keller over control of a strategic mountain pass on the main road between the coast and Liaoyang, Manchuria on 10 July 1904.

First Army (Japan)

Japanese First Army1st armyFirst Army
The Japanese 1st Army, under command of General Kuroki Tamemoto, paused at Fenghaungshang (modern Fengheng, Liaoning Province, China) from 2–8 July to await supplies and reinforcements.
Its forces were the first to land in Korea and Manchuria and it fought in most of the major campaigns of the war, including the Battle of Yalu River, Battle of Motien Pass, Battle of Liaoyang, Battle of Shaho, Battle of Sandepu, and Battle of Mukden.

Imperial Japanese Army

Japanese ArmyJapanese Imperial ArmyJapanese
The Battle of Motien Pass was a minor land battle of the Russo-Japanese War, fought between the Imperial Japanese Army under General Kuroki Tamemoto and the Imperial Russian Army under General Count Fedor Keller over control of a strategic mountain pass on the main road between the coast and Liaoyang, Manchuria on 10 July 1904.

Kuroki Tamemoto

Tamemoto Kuroki General '''Baron Kuroki TamemotoGeneral Kuroki
The Battle of Motien Pass was a minor land battle of the Russo-Japanese War, fought between the Imperial Japanese Army under General Kuroki Tamemoto and the Imperial Russian Army under General Count Fedor Keller over control of a strategic mountain pass on the main road between the coast and Liaoyang, Manchuria on 10 July 1904. The Japanese 1st Army, under command of General Kuroki Tamemoto, paused at Fenghaungshang (modern Fengheng, Liaoning Province, China) from 2–8 July to await supplies and reinforcements.

Liaoyang

Eastern CapitalLiaoyang CityYodong
The Battle of Motien Pass was a minor land battle of the Russo-Japanese War, fought between the Imperial Japanese Army under General Kuroki Tamemoto and the Imperial Russian Army under General Count Fedor Keller over control of a strategic mountain pass on the main road between the coast and Liaoyang, Manchuria on 10 July 1904. His force of 25,000 men held Motien Pass, in the middle of Liaodong Peninsula, on the main road between Antung (modern Dandong, China) and Liaoyang.

Manchuria

ManchurianThree Eastern ProvincesNortheast
The Battle of Motien Pass was a minor land battle of the Russo-Japanese War, fought between the Imperial Japanese Army under General Kuroki Tamemoto and the Imperial Russian Army under General Count Fedor Keller over control of a strategic mountain pass on the main road between the coast and Liaoyang, Manchuria on 10 July 1904.

Battle of the Yalu River (1904)

Battle of Yalu RiverBattle of Yalu River (1904)Battle of the Yalu River
General Count Fyodor Keller had assumed command of the Russian Eastern Force from General Zasulich after the Battle of Yalu River.

Dandong

AndongAntungDandong City
His force of 25,000 men held Motien Pass, in the middle of Liaodong Peninsula, on the main road between Antung (modern Dandong, China) and Liaoyang.

Aleksey Kuropatkin

Alexei KuropatkinKuropatkinAleksei Kuropatkin
Keller, a loyal friend of General Aleksey Kuropatkin and a student of General Mikhail Skobelev, observed that the Japanese strategy was similar to that of the First Sino-Japanese War (i.e. that the three Japanese armies would converge on Haicheng, as they had 10 years previously).

Mikhail Skobelev

SkobelevGeneral SkobelevMikhail Dmitrievich Skobelev
Keller, a loyal friend of General Aleksey Kuropatkin and a student of General Mikhail Skobelev, observed that the Japanese strategy was similar to that of the First Sino-Japanese War (i.e. that the three Japanese armies would converge on Haicheng, as they had 10 years previously).

First Sino-Japanese War

Sino-Japanese WarSino-Japanese War (1894-1895)Sino–Japanese War
Keller, a loyal friend of General Aleksey Kuropatkin and a student of General Mikhail Skobelev, observed that the Japanese strategy was similar to that of the First Sino-Japanese War (i.e. that the three Japanese armies would converge on Haicheng, as they had 10 years previously).

Battle of Te-li-Ssu

Battle of TelissuTe-Li-SsuTokuriji
Keller, already weakened by the loss of men at the Battle of Te-li-Ssu, was further forced to give up two more regiments to Kuropatin's defenses at Haicheng.

Regiment

Infantry Regimentregimentalregiments
Keller, already weakened by the loss of men at the Battle of Te-li-Ssu, was further forced to give up two more regiments to Kuropatin's defenses at Haicheng.

Liaoning

Liaoning ProvinceFengtianFengtian Province
The Japanese 1st Army, under command of General Kuroki Tamemoto, paused at Fenghaungshang (modern Fengheng, Liaoning Province, China) from 2–8 July to await supplies and reinforcements.

China

People's Republic of ChinaChineseCHN
The Japanese 1st Army, under command of General Kuroki Tamemoto, paused at Fenghaungshang (modern Fengheng, Liaoning Province, China) from 2–8 July to await supplies and reinforcements.

Infantry

infantry regimentinfantrymanP.
Guarding the strategic Motien Pass, the Russians had three infantry regiments, three artillery batteries and a Cossack regiment.

Artillery

heavy artilleryordnanceartillery piece
Guarding the strategic Motien Pass, the Russians had three infantry regiments, three artillery batteries and a Cossack regiment.

Cossacks

CossackUkrainian CossacksUkrainian Cossack
Guarding the strategic Motien Pass, the Russians had three infantry regiments, three artillery batteries and a Cossack regiment.

Maxim gun

Maxim machine gunMaximMaxim machine guns
This force was supported by Maxim machine guns and mountain artillery.

Shrapnel shell

shrapnelshrapnel grenadesspherical case shot
Keller, who perished due to shrapnel wounds from Japanese artillery in an ill-fated counterattack to retake Motien Pass, left no notes.

Liaodong Peninsula

LiaodongLiaotung PeninsulaLiaotung
His force of 25,000 men held Motien Pass, in the middle of Liaodong Peninsula, on the main road between Antung (modern Dandong, China) and Liaoyang.