Battle of Orleans (463)

Battle of Orleansbattle of Orléansdefeated
The Battle of Orléans took place in the year 463 pitting the forces of the Kingdom of Soissons, under the command of the magister militum Aegidius, against those of the Visigoths who were commanded by the Visigoth King Theodoric II and his brother Federico.wikipedia
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Aegidius

The Battle of Orléans took place in the year 463 pitting the forces of the Kingdom of Soissons, under the command of the magister militum Aegidius, against those of the Visigoths who were commanded by the Visigoth King Theodoric II and his brother Federico. Aegidius, who had proclaimed the secession of the northern part of Gaul in 461 after the assassination of Emperor Majorian by Ricimer, a magister militum of Germanic origin who wanted greater control over the Western Empire. Aegidius, having been stripped of his title by Ricimer, threatened to attack the Italian Peninsula with his considerable army. This was fortunate for Aegidius and the Roman rump state as they were also being constantly harassed by the Saxons under Odoacer.
Aegidius launched several campaigns against the Visigoths and the Burgundians, recapturing Lyons from the Burgundians in 458, and routing the Visigoths at the Battle of Orleans.

Alans

AlanAlanicAlanian
In 463 the Alans defeated the Goths at the battle of Orléans, and they later defeated the Franks led by Childeric in 466.

List of Roman wars and battles

warfareconquestsList of Roman Wars
List of Roman battles
463 – Battle of Orleans – Gallo-Roman and Salian Frank forces under the command of Aegidius defeat a force of Visigoths at Orleans.

Kingdom of Soissons

Domain of SoissonsSoissonsKingdom of Syagrius
The Battle of Orléans took place in the year 463 pitting the forces of the Kingdom of Soissons, under the command of the magister militum Aegidius, against those of the Visigoths who were commanded by the Visigoth King Theodoric II and his brother Federico.

Magister militum

magistri militummagister peditummagister militum per Orientem
The Battle of Orléans took place in the year 463 pitting the forces of the Kingdom of Soissons, under the command of the magister militum Aegidius, against those of the Visigoths who were commanded by the Visigoth King Theodoric II and his brother Federico.

Visigoths

VisigothicVisigothGothic
The Battle of Orléans took place in the year 463 pitting the forces of the Kingdom of Soissons, under the command of the magister militum Aegidius, against those of the Visigoths who were commanded by the Visigoth King Theodoric II and his brother Federico. The Visigoths, sensing an opportunity to extend the frontier of their northern kingdom past the Loire River which was the contemporary boundary of their empire, and having been encouraged by Ricimer to attack the Alans, then allied to the Romans, to deflect their attention away from Italy, mobilized their army for an attack.

Theodoric II

Theoderic IITheodoricTheodoric II of the Ostrogoths
The Battle of Orléans took place in the year 463 pitting the forces of the Kingdom of Soissons, under the command of the magister militum Aegidius, against those of the Visigoths who were commanded by the Visigoth King Theodoric II and his brother Federico.

Gaul

GallicGalliaGaulish
Aegidius, who had proclaimed the secession of the northern part of Gaul in 461 after the assassination of Emperor Majorian by Ricimer, a magister militum of Germanic origin who wanted greater control over the Western Empire.

Majorian

Flavius Julius Valerius MajorianusJulius Majorianus AugustusMajorien
Aegidius, who had proclaimed the secession of the northern part of Gaul in 461 after the assassination of Emperor Majorian by Ricimer, a magister militum of Germanic origin who wanted greater control over the Western Empire.

Ricimer

Flavius Ricimer
Aegidius, who had proclaimed the secession of the northern part of Gaul in 461 after the assassination of Emperor Majorian by Ricimer, a magister militum of Germanic origin who wanted greater control over the Western Empire. Aegidius, having been stripped of his title by Ricimer, threatened to attack the Italian Peninsula with his considerable army.

Germans

Germanethnic Germanethnic Germans
Aegidius, who had proclaimed the secession of the northern part of Gaul in 461 after the assassination of Emperor Majorian by Ricimer, a magister militum of Germanic origin who wanted greater control over the Western Empire.

Libius Severus

SeverusFlavius '''Libius [Severus]''' Serpentius AugustusFlavius Libius Severus Serpentius
Ricimer installed what he hoped would be a more easily controllable emperor, Flavius Libius Severus Serpentius, a move that backfired as he was not recognized by a few of the provinces or by the eastern half of the empire.

Italian Peninsula

ItalyItalianmainland Italy
Aegidius, having been stripped of his title by Ricimer, threatened to attack the Italian Peninsula with his considerable army.

Loire

River LoireLoire RiverLoire estuary
The Visigoths, sensing an opportunity to extend the frontier of their northern kingdom past the Loire River which was the contemporary boundary of their empire, and having been encouraged by Ricimer to attack the Alans, then allied to the Romans, to deflect their attention away from Italy, mobilized their army for an attack.

Orléans

OrleansAurelianumOrleans, France
The two armies met at Orléans in 463.

Saxons

SaxonSaxonySaxones
This was fortunate for Aegidius and the Roman rump state as they were also being constantly harassed by the Saxons under Odoacer.

Odoacer

Kingdom of ItalyKingdom of OdoacerOdoacer's Kingdom
This was fortunate for Aegidius and the Roman rump state as they were also being constantly harassed by the Saxons under Odoacer.

Battle of Déols

This Visigoth timidity ended with the Roman provocation at Battle of Déols where a Romano-British invasion army under Riothamus was defeated by the Visigoths from 470-71.

Romano-British culture

Romano-BritishRomano-BritonsRomano-Celtic
This Visigoth timidity ended with the Roman provocation at Battle of Déols where a Romano-British invasion army under Riothamus was defeated by the Visigoths from 470-71.

Riothamus

RhiothamusRiotamusRiotham
This Visigoth timidity ended with the Roman provocation at Battle of Déols where a Romano-British invasion army under Riothamus was defeated by the Visigoths from 470-71.

Hydatius

Chronicle of HydatiusIdaciusIdatius
Hydatius: ''Adversus Aegidium comitem utriusque militiae, virum, ut fama commendat, Deo bonis operibus complacentem, in Armoricana provincia Fretiricus frater Theuderici regis insurgens, cum his cum quibus fuerat, superatus occiditur. (Chronicle'', 218). Of note, Hydatius places this battle in the year 461, missing from his account any data for the years ranging from 462 to 464.

Chronica Gallica of 511

Chronica gallica anno 511
The Chronica Gallica of 511: In the fifth year of the reign of Leo I the Thracian [which took place around 461-462] Fredericus frater Theuderici regis pugnans cum Francis occiditur iuxta Ligerim.

Leo I the Thracian

Leo ILeoEmperor Leo
The Chronica Gallica of 511: In the fifth year of the reign of Leo I the Thracian [which took place around 461-462] Fredericus frater Theuderici regis pugnans cum Francis occiditur iuxta Ligerim.

Marius Aventicensis

MariusMarius AventiciusMarius of Aventicum
Marius Aventicensis: [During the councilship of Basil and Vibiano of 463] His consulibus pugna facta est inter Aegidium et Gothos inter Ligerum et Ligericinum iuxta Aurelianis ibique interfectus est Fredericus rex Gothorum.

Gregory of Tours

GregorySt. Gregory of ToursHistory of the Franks
Also, Gregory of Tours (II, 18) refers to the fighting in which the king of the Salian Franks, Childeric I had participated in during those years. Most modern historians have come to the conclusion that Aegidius had Frankish troops in his service and that Childeric was either a Roman ally or client during this time. That being stated, there is no concrete proof to affirm that there Childeric had been present, nor of the alliance between the two groups.