Battle of Radzymin (1944)

Battle of Radzymin

One of a series of engagements between the 1st Byelorussian Front of the Red Army and the Army Group Centre of the German Army.

- Battle of Radzymin (1944)

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1st Belorussian Front

Major formation of the Soviet Army during World War II, being equivalent to a Western army group.

Standard of the 1st Belorussian Front

From 2 August to 30 September, the Front was engaged cleaning out Germans to the east of the Vistula (during which the Battle of Radzymin took place from 1–10 August).

Radzymin

Town in Poland and is one of the distant suburbs of the city of Warsaw.

Grave of Polish troops fallen in the Battle of Radzymin (1920)

In August 1944, it was the site of the Battle of Radzymin (1944) between Germany and the advancing Soviet troops.

5th SS Panzer Division Wiking

The 5th SS Panzer Division Wiking (5.

Unit insignia
Troops of the division in the Soviet Union in 1941.
Warsaw Uprising insurgents inspect war trophies including an armband with the Wiking name
A German SdKfz 251 armoured fighting vehicle of the Wiking Division captured by the Polish insurgents

Fighting alongside the Luftwaffe's "Hermann Göring" Panzer Division, the division participated in the Battle of Radzymin.

Lublin–Brest offensive

Part of the Operation Bagration strategic offensive by the Soviet Red Army to clear the Nazi German forces from the regions of Eastern Poland and Western Belarus.

Deployments during Operation Bagration

Germans counterattacked, in what became known as the Battle of Radzymin, with two panzer corps (XXXIX and IV SS).

Warsaw Uprising

Major World War II operation by the Polish underground resistance to liberate Warsaw from German occupation.

Clockwise from top left: 
Civilians construct an anti-tank ditch in Wola district; German anti-tank gun in Theatre Square; Home Army soldier defending a barricade; Ruins of Bielańska Street; Insurgents leave the city ruins after surrendering to German forces; Allied transport planes airdrop supplies near Holy Cross Church.
A captured German Sd.Kfz. 251 from the 5th SS Panzer Division, being used by the 8th "Krybar" Regiment. Furthest right; commander Adam Dewicz "Grey Wolf", 14 August 1944.
Polish Home Army positions, outlined in red, on the western bank of the Vistula (4 August 1944)
Warsaw Old Town in flames during Warsaw Uprising
Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski, commander of Polish Home Army
Weapons used by the resistance, including the Błyskawica submachine gun—one of very few weapons designed and mass-produced covertly in occupied Europe.
Kubuś, an armoured car made by the Home Army during the Uprising. A single unit was built by the "Krybar" Regiment on the chassis of a Chevrolet 157 van.
The 535th platoon of Slovaks under the command of Mirosław Iringh, part of the 1st company of the "Tur" battalion from the "Kryśka" Group fought in Czerniaków and Praga district during the uprising.
German soldiers fighting the Polish resistance at Theater Square in Warsaw, September 1944
Commanding officers of the collaborationist Freiwillige (the Waffen-SS volunteers) brigade R.O.N.A. during the Warsaw Uprising, August 1944
Resistance fighter armed with a flamethrower, 22 August 1944
The city's sewer system was used to move resistance fighters between the Old Town, Śródmieście and Żoliborz districts.
Home Army soldiers from Kolegium "A" of Kedyw formation on Stawki Street in the Wola District of Warsaw, September 1944
Home Army soldier armed with Błyskawica submachine gun defending a barricade in Powiśle District of Warsaw during the Uprising, August 1944
Jewish prisoners of Gęsiówka concentration camp liberated by Polish Home Army soldiers from "Zośka" Battalion, 5 August 1944
German Stuka Ju 87 bombing Warsaw's Old Town, August 1944; the rebels were unable to capture the airfields and only 6 German aircraft could make a large number of sorties, causing great destruction to the city
Warsaw's Old Town, August 1944
Monument to General Berling in Warsaw
Tadeusz Rajszczak "Maszynka" (left) and two other young soldiers from "Miotła" Battalion, 2 September 1944
Home Army soldiers Henryk Ożarek "Henio" (left) holding a Vis pistol and Tadeusz Przybyszewski "Roma" (right) firing a Błyskawica submachine gun, from "Anna" Company of the "Gustaw" Battalion fighting on Kredytowa-Królewska Street, 3 October 1944; the use of pistols in street battles indicates a very poor equipment of weapons of the rebels
Captured German Panther tank by resistance fighters from "Zośka" Battalion under the command of Wacław Micuta, 2 August 1944
Home Army soldiers from "Zośka" Battalion liberating Gęsiówka concentration camp. Only Juliusz Deczkowski (centre) survived. Tadeusz Milewski "Ćwik" (right) was killed later in the day and Wojciech Omyła "Wojtek" (left) was killed several days later, 5 August 1944
Soldier from the "Kiliński" Battalion pictured aiming his rifle at the German-occupied PAST building, 20 August 1944
Soldier from "Pięść" Battalion led by Stanisław Jankowski "Agaton", pictured on a rooftop of a house near the Evangelic Cemetery in Wola District of Warsaw, 2 August 1944
Polish-controlled areas of Warsaw after the fall of the Old Town, around 10 September 1944
Picture of the Uprising taken from the opposite side of the Vistula river. Kierbedź Bridge viewed from Praga District towards Royal Castle and the Old Town, 1944; the rebels were unable to capture the bridges over the Vistula river and thus lost a light hope of connecting with the Red Army
Home Army soldier from the Mokotów District surrenders to German troops.
Surrender of the Warsaw Uprising resistance, 5 October 1944
Warsaw Old Town; after the Warsaw Uprising, 85% of the city was deliberately destroyed by the German forces.
Warsaw c. 1950, still witness to the massive World War II destruction of the city. Northwest view of the Krasiński Gardens and Świętojerska Street.
Mały Powstaniec ("Little Insurrectionist") Monument erected just outside Warsaw's medieval city walls in 1981, commemorates the children who fought in the Warsaw Uprising, against the German occupation.
Monument to the resistance fighters who fought in the Warsaw Uprising.
Bunker in front of gate to University of Warsaw converted to a base for Wehrmacht viewed from Krakowskie Przedmieście Street, July 1944
Members of the SS-Sonderregiment Dirlewanger fighting in Warsaw, pictured in window of a townhouse at Focha Street, August 1944
German SS-Gruppenführer Heinz Reinefarth, the "Butcher of Wola" (left, in Cossack headgear) with Jakub Bondarenko, commander of Kuban Cossack Infantry regiment, Warsaw Uprising
Azerbaijani SS volunteer formation during the Warsaw Uprising; even the collaborationist units were well armed
Resistance fighters from "Chrobry I" Battalion in front of German police station "Nordwache" at the junction of Chłodna and Żelazna Streets, 3 August 1944; only one rebel has a weapon
Barricade erected such on Napoleon Square. In background: captured Hetzer tank destroyer. 3 August 1944
One of the German POW's captured during the fighting at the PAST building located on Zielna Street, 20 August 1944
German soldier killed by the resistance during the attack on Mała PAST building. 23 August 1944
Home Army soldiers from "Ruczaj" Battalion (after a fire fight for the Mała PAST building) take pictures at the main entrance at Piusa Street next to a bunker, 24 August 1944
Polish victims of the Wola massacre burned by members of Verbrennungskommando.
People of Wola leaving the city after the uprising

However, as a result of the initial battle of Radzymin in the final days of July, these advance units of the Soviet 2nd Tank Army were pushed out of Wołomin and back about 10 km.

4th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)

Armored division in the Army of German Wehrmacht.

A shoot-off between Leopard 2A6 tanks during the Strong Europe Tank Challenge, 2018

The 4th Panzer Division took part in the Battle of Radzymin (also known as the Battle of Wołomin) and on 2 August 1944, alongside the 19th Panzer Division, threw the Soviet III Tank Corps back to Wolomin.

Nikolai Vedeneyev

Soviet Army lieutenant general and a Hero of the Soviet Union.

On 30 July, the corps had reached a point 15 kilometers from Warsaw, but was thrown back by German counterattacks, in the Battle of Radzymin.

Tank corps (Soviet Union)

Type of Soviet armoured formation used during World War II.

The League of Nations assembly, held in Geneva, Switzerland, 1930

3rd Tank Corps – renamed 9th Guards Tank Corps after Battle of Radzymin (1944).

Strategic operations of the Red Army in World War II

The strategic operations of the Red Army in World War II were major military events carried out between 1941 and 1945 on the Eastern Front or in 1945 in the Far East during the Second World War.

Clockwise from top left: Soviet T-34 tanks storming Berlin; German Tiger I tanks during the Battle of Kursk; German Stuka dive bombers on the Eastern Front, December 1943; Ivanhorod Einsatzgruppen photograph of German death squads murdering Jews in Ukraine; Wilhelm Keitel signing the German Instrument of Surrender; Soviet troops in the Battle of Stalingrad

Battle of Radzymin (1944)

Index of World War II articles (B)

1) B-17 Flying Fortress

A B-17G, Sentimental Journey, performing at the 2014 Chino Airshow in Chino, California

308) Battle of Radzymin (1944)