Battle of Sacile

Porcia, the focus of major fighting
Archduke John in 1800
Jean Broussier
Eugène concentrated his army on the Livenza River at Sacile.
Seras and Severoli crossed the Livenza River near Brugnera.
Battle of Sacile, showing morning positions. Eugène was unaware of the presence of the IX Armeekorps.
Eugène retreated to the Adige at Verona.

Austrian army commanded by Archduke John of Austria defeat a Franco-Italian army led by Eugène de Beauharnais and force it to retreat.

- Battle of Sacile

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Eugène de Beauharnais

French nobleman, statesman and military commander who served during the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars.

Portrait by Joseph Karl Stieler, 1815
Eugène de Beauharnais (Eugenio di Beauharnais) as Viceroy of Italy, by Andrea Appiani (1810)
Tomb monument of Eugène de Beauharnais in St. Michael's Church, Munich, sculpted by Bertel Thorvaldsen
Monogram of Eugène de Beauharnais
Coat of arms as French Prince
Coat of arms as Viceroy of Italy
Coat of arms as Duke of Leuchtenberg

In April 1809 he fought and lost the Battle of Sacile against the Austrian army of the Archduke John, but Eugène's troops won the rematch at the Battle of the Piave in May and the Battle of Raab in June.

Archduke John of Austria

Austrian field marshal and imperial regent (Reichsverweser) of the short-lived German Empire during the Revolutions of 1848.

Portrait by Leopold Kupelwieser, 1828
Archduke John of Austria, c. 1795
Anna Plochl
John's proclamation to the German people of 15 July 1848, after provisionally taking central control
Election of Erzherzog Johann von Österreich 1848 as Imperial Regent (Reichsverweser) by the Frankfurt Parliament. Medal by Karl Radnitzky, obverse.
Election of Erzherzog Johann von Österreich 1848 as Imperial Regent (Reichsverweser) by the Frankfurt Parliament. Medal by Karl Radnitzky, reverse, showing the German double-headed Imperial Eagle.
Archduke John memorial in Graz

After winning a significant victory at the Battle of Sacile on 16 April 1809, his army advanced almost to Verona.

Sacile

Town and comune in the province of Pordenone, in the Friuli Venezia Giulia region of northeastern Italy.

On 16 April 1809 French troops were defeated by the Austrians in the Battle of Sacile which took place in the nearby hamlet of Camolli.

Army of Italy (France)

Field army of the French Army stationed on the Italian border and used for operations in Italy itself.

General Napoleon Bonaparte, commander of the Armée d'Italie on the bridge at Arcole
French Army entering Rome in 1798

Armée d'Italie participated in the war of the Third Coalition (1805), in the battles of Verona and Caldiero in northern Italy, under André Massena. During the war of the Fifth Coalition (1809), Armée d'Italie was commanded by Eugène de Beauharnais, and fought the Austrians at Sacile, Caldiero, Piave, and Raab.

War of the Fifth Coalition

European conflict in 1809 that was part of the Napoleonic Wars and the Coalition Wars.

Strategic situation in Europe in February 1809
The general situation from 17 to 19 April involved the Austrians moving towards the strategic city of Regensburg in hopes of attacking the isolated French III Corps.
The Landshut Maneuver and the expulsion of Austrian forces from Bavaria
The strategic situation and the Battle of Aspern-Essling on 22 May 1809
The strategic situation and the Battle of Wagram in early July 1809
A depiction of the evacuation from Walcheren
A depiction of the Battle of the Basque Roads
A 1901 depiction of Tyrol rebels

The Austrians defended against several bungled French assaults at the Battle of Sacile in April, causing Eugène to fall back on Verona and the Adige River.

Paul Grenier

Count Paul Grenier (29 January 1768 – 17 April 1827) joined the French royal army and rapidly rose to general officer rank during the French Revolutionary Wars.

Paul Grenier

He fought at the Battle of Sacile on 16 April.

Ignác Gyulay

Hungarian military officer, joined the army of Habsburg monarchy, fought against Ottoman Turkey, and became a general officer during the French Revolutionary Wars.

Gyulay in 1830
Battle of Hohenlinden
Archduke John
Napoleon retreats after being defeated at the Battle of Leipzig.

The IX Armeekorps fought at the Battle of Sacile on 16 April 1809.

Johann Maria Philipp Frimont

Austrian general.

Johann Maria Philipp Frimont.

In 1809 he again saw active service in Italy under the Archduke John in the rank of lieutenant field marshal, serving in Chasteler's Corps at 1st Sacile 15–16 April, and Caldiero (Soave).

Battle of Piave River (1809)

Fought on 8 May 1809 between the Franco-Italian army under the command of Eugène de Beauharnais and an Austrian army led by Archduke John of Austria.

The French army crossing the Piave in 1809.
Archduke John
Eugène de Beauharnais
Susegana from the hills
Battle of Piave showing afternoon positions
Jacques MacDonald
Paul Grenier
Ignaz Gyulai
Johann Frimont

On 16 April, John defeated Eugène at the Battle of Sacile near the Livenza River.

Louis Michel Antoine Sahuc

French army general born 7 January 1755 – died 24 October 1813, joined the French Royal Army and spent 20 years there before fighting in the French Revolutionary Wars.

General Louis-Michel-Antoine Sahuc
1st Chasseurs à Cheval
Sahuc fought at the Battle of Eylau. Simeon Fort's painting shows a massed cavalry charge.
In 1809 Sahuc fought under Eugène de Beauharnais, shown here by Andrea Appiani.
The 6th Hussars were in Sahuc's division in 1809.

In the Battle of Sacile on 16 April, Eugène refused to fully commit Sahuc's division because of the Austrian cavalry superiority.