Battle of Solachon

Solachon586 invasion of Byzantine EmpireSolachon, Battle of
The Battle of Solachon was fought in 586 CE in northern Mesopotamia between the East Roman (Byzantine) forces, led by Philippicus, and the Sassanid Persians under Kardarigan.wikipedia
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Philippicus (general)

PhilippicusPhilippikos
The Battle of Solachon was fought in 586 CE in northern Mesopotamia between the East Roman (Byzantine) forces, led by Philippicus, and the Sassanid Persians under Kardarigan.
After Persian peace proposals were rejected, he advanced his troops to the frontier, where he defeated a superior Persian force under Kardarigan at the Battle of Solachon.

Byzantine–Sasanian War of 572–591

Byzantine–Sassanid WarByzantine–Sassanid War of 572–591ongoing war
The engagement was part of the long and inconclusive Byzantine–Sassanid War of 572–591.
During the mid-580s, the war continued inconclusively through raids and counter-raids, punctuated by abortive peace talks; the one significant clash was a Byzantine victory at the Battle of Solachon in 586.

Kardarigan (6th century)

Kardariganwho was active during the 580s
The Battle of Solachon was fought in 586 CE in northern Mesopotamia between the East Roman (Byzantine) forces, led by Philippicus, and the Sassanid Persians under Kardarigan.
In summer 586, Kardarigan attacked the army of Philippicus at Solachon, commanding the central division of the Persian army in person.

Maurice (emperor)

MauriceEmperor MauriceMaurikios
In 582, Maurice (r.
In 586 his troops defeated them at the Battle of Solachon south of Dara.

Heraclius the Elder

Heraclius
The centre was commanded by the general Heraclius the Elder, later Exarch of Africa and father of Emperor Heraclius (r.
As a subordinate general (or hypostrategos), Heraclius served under the command of Philippicus during the Battle of Solachon and possibly served under Comentiolus during the Battle of Sisarbanon.

Mesopotamia

MesopotamianMesopotamiansAncient Iraq
The Battle of Solachon was fought in 586 CE in northern Mesopotamia between the East Roman (Byzantine) forces, led by Philippicus, and the Sassanid Persians under Kardarigan. 582–602), who had served as a general in the war, ascended to the Byzantine throne at Constantinople; by that time, the Persians had gained the upper hand in Mesopotamia through their capture of Dara in 574, while the Byzantines prevailed in Arzanene.

Byzantine Empire

ByzantineEastern Roman EmpireByzantines
The Battle of Solachon was fought in 586 CE in northern Mesopotamia between the East Roman (Byzantine) forces, led by Philippicus, and the Sassanid Persians under Kardarigan. In 572 the Byzantine ruler Justin II (reigned 565–578) refused to renew the annual payments to Sassanid Persia that had been part of the peace agreement concluded by his uncle, Justinian I (r.

Shah

ShahanshahShahzadaShahzadi
The war dragged on until 591, when it ended with a negotiated settlement between Maurice and the Persian shah Khosrau II (r.

Khosrow II

Khosrau IIChosroes IIKhosrow Parviz
The war dragged on until 591, when it ended with a negotiated settlement between Maurice and the Persian shah Khosrau II (r.

Pincer movement

double envelopmentpincerpincer attack
Under threat of a double envelopment, the Persian army collapsed and fled, with many dying in the desert of thirst or from water poisoning.

Water intoxication

water poisoningoverhydrationcan be dangerous
Under threat of a double envelopment, the Persian army collapsed and fled, with many dying in the desert of thirst or from water poisoning.

Justin II

Emperor Justin IIJustinFlavius Justinus
In 572 the Byzantine ruler Justin II (reigned 565–578) refused to renew the annual payments to Sassanid Persia that had been part of the peace agreement concluded by his uncle, Justinian I (r.

Reign

r.racceded
In 572 the Byzantine ruler Justin II (reigned 565–578) refused to renew the annual payments to Sassanid Persia that had been part of the peace agreement concluded by his uncle, Justinian I (r.

Justinian I

JustinianEmperor JustinianJustinian the Great
In 572 the Byzantine ruler Justin II (reigned 565–578) refused to renew the annual payments to Sassanid Persia that had been part of the peace agreement concluded by his uncle, Justinian I (r.

Khosrow I

Khosrau IChosroes IChosroes
527–565) and the Persian shah Khosrau I (r.

Zemarchus

initiated contactssent an embassy
Thus the Byzantines initiated contacts with the Central Asian Göktürks for a joint effort against Persia, while the Persians intervened in Yemen against the Christian Axumites, allies of Byzantium.

Central Asia

Central AsianCentralCentral Asian Republics
Thus the Byzantines initiated contacts with the Central Asian Göktürks for a joint effort against Persia, while the Persians intervened in Yemen against the Christian Axumites, allies of Byzantium.

Göktürks

TujueGöktürkGokturks
Thus the Byzantines initiated contacts with the Central Asian Göktürks for a joint effort against Persia, while the Persians intervened in Yemen against the Christian Axumites, allies of Byzantium.

Yemen

Republic of YemenYemeniJemen
Thus the Byzantines initiated contacts with the Central Asian Göktürks for a joint effort against Persia, while the Persians intervened in Yemen against the Christian Axumites, allies of Byzantium.

Kingdom of Aksum

AksumiteAksumKingdom of Axum
Thus the Byzantines initiated contacts with the Central Asian Göktürks for a joint effort against Persia, while the Persians intervened in Yemen against the Christian Axumites, allies of Byzantium.

Sasanian Armenia

Persian ArmeniaArmeniaMarzpanate Armenia
Justin furthermore regarded the annual tribute as an indignity unworthy of Romans, and used the outbreak of a major revolt in Persian Armenia in 571–572 as a pretext for refusing to continue the payments.

Late antiquity

Late Antiqueancientantiquity
Justin's refusal was tantamount to a declaration of war, the fourth fought between the two great powers of Late Antiquity in the 6th century.

Dara (Mesopotamia)

DaraDarasDara Syrorum of the Syriacs
After initial Persian successes such as the capture of Dara, the conflict proved inconclusive and became a drawn-out affair, with Byzantine victories followed by Persian successes, intermittent negotiations, and temporary truces.

Constantinople

ConstantinopolitanConstantinopolisConstantinopole
582–602), who had served as a general in the war, ascended to the Byzantine throne at Constantinople; by that time, the Persians had gained the upper hand in Mesopotamia through their capture of Dara in 574, while the Byzantines prevailed in Arzanene.

Arzanene

AghdznikArzanArzon
582–602), who had served as a general in the war, ascended to the Byzantine throne at Constantinople; by that time, the Persians had gained the upper hand in Mesopotamia through their capture of Dara in 574, while the Byzantines prevailed in Arzanene.